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The history and development of urban transportation sysems inBrazil are reviewed in some detail. Early urban developments were servedby rail and relied upon the rail…
The history and development of urban transportation sysems in Brazil are reviewed in some detail. Early urban developments were served by rail and relied upon the rail transit systems but this has deteriorated since the 1930s as a result of high urban growth rate. Rail transport has chiefly been replaced by buses and micro‐buses, and latterly by cars but these have compounded rather than improved the situation. Industrialisation in the 1950s had a profound effect as existing networks were unable to cope with rapid urban development and growth. The social implications of transport costs, wasted travel time, the development of slum areas in inner cities, are considered and viewed as a poor reflection on an industrial and urban economy such as Brazil. The conclusion is drawn that the transportation system may ultimately jeopardise the continuity of Brazil′s industrialisation and modernisation.
The background and an overall review of the implementation of theRio de Janeiro Rapid Transit System – Metro – with itsimplications in the structure of the transport…
The background and an overall review of the implementation of the Rio de Janeiro Rapid Transit System – Metro – with its implications in the structure of the transport system within the metropolitan area and in its urban development is provided. Emphasis is given to the social role played by the Metro lines in terms of reducing the travel costs and travelling time of the working population. As such it is also a major political issue which will affect federal and state governments′ priorities and resources allocation.