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Article
Publication date: 12 October 2018

Eduardo Simões, Ana Patricia Duarte, José Neves and Vítor Hugo Silva

The purpose of this paper is to examine human resources (HR) professionals’ self-perceptions of ethically questionable human resource management (HRM) practices (i.e…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine human resources (HR) professionals’ self-perceptions of ethically questionable human resource management (HRM) practices (i.e. disregard for the individual, favoring those in power and discrimination). The research sought specifically to determine how these perceptions are influenced by their organizations’ ethical infrastructure and corporate social responsibility (CSR) practices.

Design/methodology/approach

Data were collected from 134 HR professionals using an anonymous structured questionnaire.

Findings

The scope of organizations’ ethics programs and the degree of importance given to developing an ethical infrastructure were found to predict the level of acceptance of unethical HRM practices related to discrimination. These practices are also less acceptable to professionals from organizations that are perceived as more socially responsible regarding their employees.

Research limitations/implications

Additional studies with larger samples are needed to determine more clearly not only the influence of contextual determinants, but also the practical consequences of high levels of acceptance of unethical practices in HRM.

Practical implications

Organizations can decrease their HR professionals’ acceptance of ethically questionable HRM practices by developing and emphasizing a strong ethical infrastructure and CSR practices, especially those affecting employees.

Originality/value

HR professionals’ perceptions of ethical issues have rarely been analyzed using empirically tested methods. By surveying HR professionals, this study contributes to a fuller understanding of their perceptions regarding the ethics of their own practices. The results show that contextual determinants play an important role in predicting the level of acceptance of unethical HRM practices, especially those leading to discrimination.

Details

European Journal of Management and Business Economics, vol. 28 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2444-8494

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Article
Publication date: 28 February 2020

Maria Teresa Medeiros Garcia and José Amílcar Neves Domingos

The objective of the paper is to test the existence of a direct effect between the funding level of a firm's pension fund and its respective market price in Portugal, from…

Abstract

Purpose

The objective of the paper is to test the existence of a direct effect between the funding level of a firm's pension fund and its respective market price in Portugal, from 2010 to 2015, using a selected sample of Portuguese Stock Index (PSI Geral) firms. Although this relationship has been contemplated in the literature, especially in the United States and the United Kingdom, there is no finding concerning Portugal. The study of pension assets and obligations is of particular importance to investors and market makers alike.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper utilizes two distinct methods – a cross-sectional model and a variable-effect event study – to assess the hypothesis that an increase in pension deficit is reflected in the market value of a firm by a decrease of equal magnitude.

Findings

This paper finds that a firm's market value is not reduced by an increase in pension deficit and that pension liabilities are already integrated in corporate debt. These results suggest that shareholders fail to take into account occupational pension plan funding status when valuing a firm in such a way that contrasts with the normal evaluation of debt.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first attempt to examine this relationship in Portugal.

Details

Journal of Economic Studies, vol. 47 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-3585

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 16 October 2019

Gabriela Scur, Adriana Marotti de Mello, Lilian Schreiner and Fernando José das Neves

The purpose of this paper is to investigate how technology-forcing regulations affect the product development process in the supply chain of heavyweight vehicles.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate how technology-forcing regulations affect the product development process in the supply chain of heavyweight vehicles.

Design/methodology/approach

Through a case study, this paper seeks to understand how one of the leading companies in heavyweight vehicles manufacturing industry and its engine supplier in Brazil introduce eco-design practices into its engine development process.

Findings

Through case studies conducted in a heavyweight vehicle producer and its engine supplier, this study shows that, in addition to meeting the standards and legislation, the automaker uses ecodesign practices during the product development cycle such as a design that eliminates harmful and hazardous materials and a project that allows recycling, the reuse of parts and energy efficiency, thereby reducing the environmental impact. However, without the mandatory requirements imposed by federal legislation, products with lower environmental impacts would rarely be developed, as environmental performance is not demanded by customers, who are mainly cost driven. Technology-forcing regulations play an important role in enhancing the adoption of ecodesign practices, but market and competitive conditions also play an important role.

Originality/value

Several studies on the impacts of public policies and development for the automobile sector have been conducted, but there is a lack of studies in the area of commercial vehicles, especially in Brazil. Therefore, this research is justified by new demands of society, in addition to the necessity of complying with legal requirements and the adoption of good practices related to eco-design.

Details

Innovation & Management Review, vol. 16 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2515-8961

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Article
Publication date: 17 November 2014

Ana Patrícia Duarte, Daniel Roque Gomes and José Gonçalves das Neves

This study aims to examine the influence of different corporate social responsibility (CSR) dimensions on prospective applicants’ responses, namely, organizational…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to examine the influence of different corporate social responsibility (CSR) dimensions on prospective applicants’ responses, namely, organizational attractiveness and intention to apply for a job vacancy (IAJV).

Design/methodology/approach

Using an experimental 2 × 3 crossed factorial design (n = 195), the level of engagement of a hypothetical company in socially responsible practices (high vs low) was manipulated concerning three dimensions of CSR (employees, community and environment and economic level). Participants were randomly assigned to one of the six conditions and, after reading the corresponding scenario, were asked to evaluate the extent to which the company was considered a good place to work and their IAJV in it.

Findings

The level of engagement in socially responsible practices had a positive effect both on the degree to which participants favorably perceived the organization as a place to work and on their IAJV. Furthermore, the level of engagement in practices toward employees and in the economic domain had a stronger effect on participants’ responses than the engagement in practices that benefit community and environment.

Research limitations/implications

Data were obtained in a laboratory setting, so the generalization of results to actual job search settings must be made with caution.

Practical implications

CSR can be a source of competitive advantage in the recruitment of new employees. Because not all CSR dimensions have the same effect on applicants’ responses, companies should take into account the CSR dimensions in which they are engaged and communicate them to the public.

Originality/value

As far as we know, this is the first study to examine the impact of different CSR dimensions both on organizational attractiveness and IAJV.

Details

Management Research: The Journal of the Iberoamerican Academy of Management, vol. 12 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1536-5433

Keywords

Abstract

Details

Management Research: The Journal of the Iberoamerican Academy of Management, vol. 12 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1536-5433

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Article
Publication date: 13 August 2010

Ana Patrícia Duarte, Carla Mouro and José Gonçalves das Neves

The purpose of this paper is to address the social meaning of corporate social responsibility (CSR) and improve understanding of this concept.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to address the social meaning of corporate social responsibility (CSR) and improve understanding of this concept.

Design/methodology/approach

A free association task was completed by a sample of 275 individuals, mostly employees from different industries, who were given “socially responsible corporation” as the stimulus.

Findings

The results elicit three distinct views of a socially responsible corporation. Some individuals consider a socially responsible corporation to be one that undertakes its business operations in an efficient and ethical manner. Others see it as an organisation that takes an active role in contributing to the well being of society and behaves in an ecologically friendly way and acts in the field of social solidarity. For yet another set of participants a socially responsible corporation is one that adopts human resources practices that demonstrate respect and concern for the well being of employees and their families.

Research limitations/implications

The social meaning of CSR includes ideas that to some extent mirror the conceptualisation introduced by previous theoretical models. However, this paper suggests that the translation of the theoretical models into instruments addressing stakeholders' perceptions of CSR requires closer scrutiny and validation through contextual (e.g. national) adaptations.

Originality/value

The paper contributes by providing additional knowledge on the social meaning of CSR in a European country, Portugal, and not only on Anglo‐Saxon countries, therefore, introducing specific situational challenges.

Details

Management Research: Journal of the Iberoamerican Academy of Management, vol. 8 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1536-5433

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 8 February 2008

Maria Helena Vinagre and José Neves

The purpose of this research is to develop and empirically test a model to examine the major factors affecting patients' satisfaction that depict and estimate the…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this research is to develop and empirically test a model to examine the major factors affecting patients' satisfaction that depict and estimate the relationships between service quality, patient's emotions, expectations and involvement.

Design/methodology/approach

The approach was tested using structural equation modeling, with a sample of 317 patients from six Portuguese public healthcare centres, using a revised SERVQUAL scale for service quality evaluation and an adapted DESII scale for assessing patient emotions.

Findings

The scales used to evaluate service quality and emotional experience appears valid. The results support process complexity that leads to health service satisfaction, which involves diverse phenomena within the cognitive and emotional domain, revealing that all the predictors have a significant effect on satisfaction.

Research limitations/implications

The emotions inventory, although showing good internal consistency, might be enlarged to other typologies in further research – needed to confirm these findings.

Practical implications

Patient's satisfaction mechanisms are important for improving service quality.

Originality/value

The research shows empirical evidence about the effect of both patient's emotions and service quality on satisfaction with healthcare services. Findings also provide a model that includes valid and reliable measures.

Details

International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, vol. 21 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0952-6862

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 9 August 2013

Abstract

Details

Management Research: Journal of the Iberoamerican Academy of Management, vol. 11 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1536-5433

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Article
Publication date: 9 February 2010

Helena Vinagre and José Neves

The aim of this paper is to test empirically a framework that contributes to the understanding of patients' satisfaction by estimating the relationships between the…

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this paper is to test empirically a framework that contributes to the understanding of patients' satisfaction by estimating the relationships between the satisfaction of particular types of customers with their emotions and perceived justice.

Design/methodology/approach

The study was developed in two segments. First, an exploratory analysis was conducted to find a factor structure and to test the psychometric properties of satisfaction and perceived justice scales. After that the hypothesized model was tested through an empirical study, with a sample of 520 patients from six Portuguese public healthcare services, using structural equation modelling.

Findings

The results show that the scales are psychometrically sound and confirm that satisfaction results from a complex cognitive and affective mechanism, thus highlighting the interactive characteristics of the services.

Research limitations/implications

Further research is needed to confirm these findings and to find if there is any possible conditioning factors that would interfere with these variables and change their effects on satisfaction.

Practical implications

Patients' satisfaction is an important issue for improving the provided healthcare services.

Originality/value

The paper offers empirical evidence about the complementary effect of emotions and perceived justice on the satisfaction with healthcare services. Findings also provide a model of analysis with valid and reliable measures.

Details

International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, vol. 23 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0952-6862

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Article
Publication date: 12 November 2010

Daniel Roque Gomes and José Gonçalves Neves

The paper aims to clarify some incongruence between theoretical established grounds, that assume that an applicants' assessment of organizations is constrained by…

Abstract

Purpose

The paper aims to clarify some incongruence between theoretical established grounds, that assume that an applicants' assessment of organizations is constrained by individual contextual factors, and dubious empirical findings. It seeks to propose that previous work experience (PWE) and previous response to job advertisements experience (PRA) interact with the vacancy elements of job and organizational attributes (OA) for the prediction of organizational attractiveness.

Design/methodology/approach

An adapted employment advertisement describing a job and an organization was presented to 227 participants from the marketing area (72 professionals and 155 marketing undergraduates), who were asked to respond to a questionnaire containing the measures of the study variables. The hypotheses were tested using linear regression methodology.

Findings

Empirical evidence showed that the assessment of the vacancy is constrained by individual contextual factors. PWE and PRA moderated the relation between the OA and attractiveness. PRA moderated the relation between perceived knowledge of results (KR) of the job and attractiveness.

Practical implications

The results imply different job searching profiles according to the type of applicants' prior experiences. A more experienced profile of applicants appears to have a job‐searching strategy based on the KR of the job itself and on the type of OA. A more junior profile appears to have a job‐searching strategy focused on the organization, and less related with the job itself.

Originality/value

Theoretically, the paper discusses the influences of individual context factors in organizational attraction. Empirically, it provides evidence of the role of applicants' previous experiences when assessing organizations. In practical terms, it discusses directions towards employee attraction activities. 

Details

Management Research: Journal of the Iberoamerican Academy of Management, vol. 8 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1536-5433

Keywords

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