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Empirical findings on interest rate dynamics imply that short rates show some long memories and non-Markovian. It is well-known that fractional Brownian motion (IBm) is a proper candidate for modelling this empirical phenomena. IBm. however. is not a semimartingale process. For this reason. it is very hard to apply such processes for asset price modelling.
Without using Ito formula, we investigate the IBm interest rate theory‘ We obtain a pure discount bond price. and Greeks by using Malllavin calculus.
This paper derives the analytic solutions of the pure discount bond price under the various types of -stable Levy process. It is well-known that only a few cases in-stable…
This paper derives the analytic solutions of the pure discount bond price under the various types of -stable Levy process. It is well-known that only a few cases in-stable Levy process have the moment generating function. This paper extends the model to damped-stable Levy processes, which have artificial stable process with the moment generating function. This paper also extends models to stochastic volatility by time change method of Levy process.
This paper examines the pricing of interest rates derivatives such as caps and swaptions in the pricing kernel framework. The underlying state variable is extended to the…
This paper examines the pricing of interest rates derivatives such as caps and swaptions in the pricing kernel framework. The underlying state variable is extended to the general infinitely divisible Levy process. For computational purposes, a simple pricing kernel as in Flesaker and Hughston (1996) and Jin and Glasserman (2001) is used. The main contribution or purpose of this paper is to find several proper positive martingales, which is key role of practical applications of the pricing kernel approach with interest rates guarantee to be positive. Particularly, this paper first finds and applies a quite general type of a positive martingale process to pricing interest rate derivatives such as swaptions and range notes in the incomplete market setting. Such interest rate derivatives are hard to find analytic solutions. Consequently, this paper shows that such a choice of the positive martingale in the kernel framework is a promising approach to price interest rate derivatives
Any finance models must specify the market prices of risk that determines the relationship between the two probability measures. Although the general form of the change of…
Any finance models must specify the market prices of risk that determines the relationship between the two probability measures. Although the general form of the change of measure is well known, few papers have investigated the change of measure for interest rate models and their implications for the way a model can fit to empirical facts about the behaviour of interest rates. This paper demonstrates that arbitrary specifications of market price of risk in empirical studies under the two factor affine interest rate model with jumps are not compatible with the theory of original interest rate model. Particularly, the empirical models of Duffee (2002) and Duarte (2003) may be wrong specifications in some parts under a rigorous theoretical interest rate theory.
From 1953 to 1961, the South Korean economy grew slowly; the average per capita GNP growth was a mere percent, amounting to less than $100 in 1961. Few people, therefore…
From 1953 to 1961, the South Korean economy grew slowly; the average per capita GNP growth was a mere percent, amounting to less than $100 in 1961. Few people, therefore, look for the sources of later dynamism in this period. As Kyung Cho Chung (1956:225) wrote in the mid‐1950s: “[South Korea] faces grave economic difficulties. The limitations imposed by the Japanese have been succeeded by the division of the country, the general destruction incurred by the Korean War, and the attendant dislocation of the population, which has further disorganized the economy” (see also McCune 1956:191–192). T.R. Fehrenbach (1963:37), in his widely read book on the Korean War, prognosticated: “By themselves, the two halves [of Korea] might possibly build a viable economy by the year 2000, certainly not sooner.”
The purpose of this paper is to review historical progress and current picture of decentralization in Korea from political, administrative and fiscal perspectives.
This paper draws on economic as well as political theories regarding decentralization and describes historical development of the local autonomy system in Korea.
This paper discusses the current discrepancies among the progress of political, administrative and fiscal independence in the local autonomy system in Korea and concludes that the lack of fiscal independence in the local level significantly undermines the efficacy of political and administrative decentralization in Korea.
Decentralization has three distinct perspectives. This paper examines decentralization in Korea from all three perspectives.
The issue of the reunification of North and South Korea attracted worldwide attention in June 2000, when the historic summit meeting between the two top Korean leaders was…
The issue of the reunification of North and South Korea attracted worldwide attention in June 2000, when the historic summit meeting between the two top Korean leaders was held in North Korea. Although recently the two Koreas have stepped up their efforts toward reconciliation, international scholars and researchers in Korean studies seem to agree that Korean reunification will be slow and difficult. For this reason, they are researching possible solutions to the critical problems involved, and thus there has been an upsurge of published materials on reunification. This annotated bibliography aims to serve as a guide to these materials. Although this bibliography is selective in that it is limited to literature published in English since 1996, it has wide content coverage and includes books, journals, government publications, special reports, research papers, and Websites. Given the complicated and dynamic situation in Korea, this bibliography will be of use to those who are concerned with Korean reunification.
After the Korean War, South Korean politics was dominated by national security concerns. Reversing Carl von Clausewitz's well-known dictum, in South Korea, “politics is…
After the Korean War, South Korean politics was dominated by national security concerns. Reversing Carl von Clausewitz's well-known dictum, in South Korea, “politics is the continuation of war by other means.” Until the late 1980s, politics in South Korea was far from democratic. South Korea had five direct presidential elections (1987, 1992, 1997, 2002, and 2007) and six national assembly elections (1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, and 2008) after the democratic transition of 1987. In 1992, a civilian candidate, Young Sam Kim, was elected president. Young Sam Kim (1993–1998) prosecuted and punished former generals turned presidents Doo Hwan Chun (1980–1988) and Tae Woo Roh (1988–1993) for corruption, mutiny and treason in 1995. Dae Jung Kim (1998–2003) was elected president in 1997. For the first time in South Korean political history, regime change occurred between a ruling party and an opposition party.
In this chapter, the change and continuity of civil–military relations through the fluctuating dynamics of the democratic transition and consolidation in South Korea is examined. A positive consolidation of democratic reform is one that, while securing indisputable civilian supremacy, grants the military enough institutional autonomy for the efficient pursuit of its mission. Civilian supremacy should be institutionalized not only by preventing military intervention in civilian politics but also by ensuring civilian control over the formation and implementation of national defense policy.
In sum, despite three terms of civilian presidency, civilian supremacy has not yet fully institutionalized. Although significant changes in civil-military relations did occur after the democratic transition, they were not initiated by elected leaders with the intention of establishing a firm institutional footing for civilian supremacy. South Korea's political leaders have not crafted durable regulations and institutions that will sustain civilian control over the military.
More than six decades, Korea is still divided. The most highly militarized zone in the world lies along the demilitarized zone. How to draw the line prudently between seeking national security and promoting democracy shall be the most delicate task facing all the civilian regimes to come in South Korea. That mission will remain challenging not only for civilian politicians but also for military leaders.