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Article
Publication date: 20 June 2016

Jonathan Foster

It is a commonplace that innovation in the digital economy is now driven by data. Business organizations, media companies, and government, for example all create economic…

1468

Abstract

Purpose

It is a commonplace that innovation in the digital economy is now driven by data. Business organizations, media companies, and government, for example all create economic and societal value from the digital traces left by the user population. At the same time the data captured also contains information that personally identifies consumers, citizens and patients as individuals. The purpose of this paper is to place this new form of data work in the context of previous approaches to information work; to identify the differences between information and data work and the resulting challenges for data professionals.

Design/methodology/approach

Informed by a review of previous approaches to information work, the paper argues that the shift in value from information to data as an economic asset and a societal good entails a new form of human-oriented data work. One that is more sensitive to the contextual conditions and consequences of the capture, processing and use of data than has been the case hitherto. The implications of this for a shift in emphasis from the data scientist to the data professional is addressed, as are emerging issues of governance and ethics.

Findings

The main consequence for data professionals is to ensure that processes are in place not only to enable the creation of valued products and services from data, but also to mitigate the risks related to their development. The paper argues that ensuring this involves taking a contextual view that locates data processing within the user, governance, legal, and ethical conditions related to data work. The consequences for the governance of data, and the education of data professionals are addressed.

Originality/value

The value of the paper rests in its development of an analytical and methodologically driven framework, that places new forms of data work in the context of their conditions and consequences. The framework builds on prior approaches to information work, current approaches to data work, and addresses the governance, and educational challenges arising from organizations’ emphasis on data-driven innovation in a digital economy.

Details

Library Hi Tech, vol. 34 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0737-8831

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 16 January 2009

Jonathan Foster

The purpose of this research is to identify the organization, functions, and forms of talk that occur as groups collectively review, interpret, and organise information…

1643

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this research is to identify the organization, functions, and forms of talk that occur as groups collectively review, interpret, and organise information sought and retrieved as part of a learning activity.

Design/methodology/approach

Participants in the study were undergraduate students conducting a series of group investigations into the topic of information management. A content analysis of the discourse generated during the presentation‐planning stage of the group investigations was conducted.

Findings

Findings relate to the discovery of a focus formulation step; speakers' use of structuring, informing, eliciting, and summarizing sequences; and speakers' use of exploratory, coordinating, disputational, and cumulative forms of talk. Variations in the use of the functions and forms of talk across the steps of the task and across the groups are discussed.

Research limitations/implications

Issues relating to the reliability and validity of the content analysis are discussed; along with the implications of the study for the support of dialogic interaction during collaborative information seeking and use.

Originality/value

The originality of the paper rests in analyzing collaboration in information seeking and use as a discourse; and in hypothesizing as to the nature of educationally‐valued interaction when speakers collaborate on the seeking and use of information in learning settings.

Details

Journal of Documentation, vol. 65 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0022-0418

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 14 October 2013

Jonathan Foster, Steve Benford and Dominic Price

This article aims to develop a framework that considers digital archiving as a form of networked information production, in which the different stages of producing a…

1837

Abstract

Purpose

This article aims to develop a framework that considers digital archiving as a form of networked information production, in which the different stages of producing a digital archive are modularized and distributed across different actors. The framework is applied and developed within the context of designing a digital archive for the electronic artwork Rider Spoke. More specifically the framework is applied and developed within the context of designing a subject scheme that provides its users with consistent yet relevant access to the content of the archive.

Design/methodology/approach

A total of 74 postgraduate students from the Information School at the University of Sheffield were invited to tag four videos from the Riders Have Spoken archive as a voluntary exercise. Students were evenly distributed across the four videos and each participant was invited to generate up to ten tags; with each tag or annotation representing a point of interest in the content of the video for viewer. The time was also noted. In total, 46 students completed the exercise and this generated 356 user tags. As a collection these tags and annotations represent the terms and vocabulary on which a subsequent content analysis was conducted and a subject language developed.

Findings

The development of a subject scheme for a particular single electronic artwork with seven facets, sub-facets, and illustrative examples is presented. The design of the scheme and its relations to prior work in classification is discussed.

Research limitations/implications

Implications of the research for the design of a digital archive and the methods used to construct them are discussed

Originality/value

The originality of the article lies in its characterization of digital archiving as a form of networked information production; and the application of the framework to the design of a faceted scheme enabling subject access to the digital archive of an electronic artwork called Rider Spoke.

Details

Journal of Documentation, vol. 69 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0022-0418

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 1 March 2006

Philip Calvert

158

Abstract

Details

Online Information Review, vol. 30 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1468-4527

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 11 September 2007

Toby Burrows

185

Abstract

Details

Library Hi Tech, vol. 25 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0737-8831

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 June 1927

After reviewing the literature upon the subject, the author observes :—It is apparent that the determination of sulphur dioxide in most foods, in the amounts in which it…

Abstract

After reviewing the literature upon the subject, the author observes :—It is apparent that the determination of sulphur dioxide in most foods, in the amounts in which it is usually present as a preservative, does not present any special difficulties. When simple titration methods, either direct or after distillation, cannot be applied, distillation into bromine, iodine, or hydrogen peroxide solution, followed by gravimetric determination as barium sulphate, will always give accurate results, provided that certain precautions are taken. The most important points are (i) to ensure that the whole of the sulphur dioxide has been separated from combination with aldehydes, sugars, etc., and has been driven over into the distillate, (ii) to prevent oxidation of sulphur dioxide during distillation, and (iii) to correct the results for volatile sulphur compounds oxidized to sulphuric acid in the distillate.

Details

British Food Journal, vol. 29 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-070X

Content available
503

Abstract

Details

Online Information Review, vol. 35 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1468-4527

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 1 September 2006

David Bawden

191

Abstract

Details

Journal of Documentation, vol. 62 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0022-0418

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 13 May 2019

Paula Smith

Students studying exclusively online face the challenge of gauging their progress in relation to that of their disparate peers. The purpose of this paper is to describe…

Abstract

Purpose

Students studying exclusively online face the challenge of gauging their progress in relation to that of their disparate peers. The purpose of this paper is to describe the creation of a student progress “dashboard” in an online Masters programme, and the perceived effectiveness of the tool for engaging students.

Design/methodology/approach

Tableau® visualisation software was used to create a dashboard displaying cohort comparison data comprising metrics relating to the continuous assessment components of the Masters programme. An anonymous questionnaire gauged students’ perceptions of the dashboard.

Findings

Feedback from students (n=137) suggests the dashboard improved their motivation, incentivising change in study behaviours, and sense of belonging to an online community of learners. It also acted as a conversation catalyst between staff and students, whereby students more readily engaged in dialogue with their personal tutor.

Practical implications

Distance learners are more likely to feel isolated and can become demotivated, which contributes to typically higher levels of withdrawal from online programmes vs those delivered on-campus. Tutors may consider communicating progress data as dashboards to enable online students to monitor their academic progress alongside that of their peers, as a motivational tool in an otherwise disparate group of learners, and to reduce feelings of isolation by reminding distance learners that they are part of a larger online community.

Originality/value

This paper shares student and tutor perspectives on the use of dashboards to increase online students’ motivation, and examines whether the benefits of a peer-comparison dashboard are reserved for high-achieving students.

Details

Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education, vol. 12 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2050-7003

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 5 August 2011

Beatrix F. Perez and Harriett D. Romo

Purpose – Mobility of youth in multiple foster care placements contributes to diminished life chances and outcomes. Foster care youth mobility during care results in…

Abstract

Purpose – Mobility of youth in multiple foster care placements contributes to diminished life chances and outcomes. Foster care youth mobility during care results in numerous school changes within one academic year which hinders educational achievement. This qualitative study examines a group of Latino alumni of foster care and their experiences related to housing and education.

Methodology – Interviews with 25 young Latino adults ranging in age from 18 to 22 examined foster care placement, transitions to independence, and experiences after foster care. Researchers used a semi-structured interview guide, and tape-recorded interviews transcribed and coded for emergent themes.

Findings – Results suggest that as youth experience school mobility, social capital aids in promoting positive educational experiences. This research emphasizes the importance of positive social capital for Latino foster care youth and their educational achievement, evidenced in both adult and peer social networks. Few studies have examined Latino foster care youth experiences, and currently there are no studies that address educational experiences of these youth.

Details

The Well-Being, Peer Cultures and Rights of Children
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78052-075-9

Keywords

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