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Book part
Publication date: 11 July 2019

Janet Currie, Jonas Jin and Molly Schnell

This chapter uses quarterly county-level data from 2006 to 2014 to examine the direction of causality in the relationship between per capita opioid prescription rates and…

Abstract

This chapter uses quarterly county-level data from 2006 to 2014 to examine the direction of causality in the relationship between per capita opioid prescription rates and employment-to-population ratios. We first estimate models of the effect of per capita opioid prescription rates on employment-to-population ratios, instrumenting opioid prescriptions for younger ages using opioid prescriptions to the elderly. We find that the estimated effect of opioids on employment-to-population ratios is positive but small for women, while there is no relationship for men. We then estimate models of the effect of employment-to-population ratios on opioid prescription rates using a shift-share instrument and find ambiguous results. Overall, our findings suggest that there is no simple causal relationship between economic conditions and the abuse of opioids. Therefore, while improving economic conditions in depressed areas is desirable for many reasons, it is unlikely on its own to curb the opioid epidemic.

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Health and Labor Markets
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78973-861-2

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Book part
Publication date: 11 July 2019

Abstract

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Health and Labor Markets
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78973-861-2

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Article
Publication date: 2 September 2014

Karina Clara C. Romero and Richel L. Lamadrid

This investigation is guided by the following research questions: employing Hart and Milstein’s (2003) Sustainable Value Framework as analytic tool, what is the extent of…

Abstract

Purpose

This investigation is guided by the following research questions: employing Hart and Milstein’s (2003) Sustainable Value Framework as analytic tool, what is the extent of the integration of sustainability focused strategies by Asian-based companies in their corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives? How can the ethics of responsibility of Hans Jonas help rethink the current understanding and doing of CSR in Asia towards achieving a truly responsible and sustainable corporate identity?

Design/methodology/approach

This research uses Centering Resonance Analysis (CRA), which is a relatively sophisticated form of content analysis methodology suitable for studying formal written communication such as the published CSR reports. To accomplish the complex task of CRA, the Crawdad Text Analysis System 1.2 is used. The Crawdad Text Analysis Software is an analytical software package developed specifically to perform CRA.

Findings

Using the Hart and Milstein Sustainable Value Framework as a diagnostic tool, the empirical findings reveal that Asian-based companies’ CSR projects exhibit a very low degree of integration of sustainability strategies. This paper proposes a theoretical process model that explains the planned development of CSR initiatives – through a CSR tract elucidated as corporate sustainability and responsibility – a holistic management approach aimed at providing impetus for companies in Asia to pursue the goal of becoming responsible and sustainable companies. It reconciles the concepts of CSR and corporate sustainability using Hans Jonas’ ethics of responsibility as the philosophical footing.

Research limitations/implications

The primary objective of this study, therefore, is to examine how companies located in Asia embrace sustainability in their CSR engagement. It stems back to the fundamental question, “How do companies in Asia manage their CSR” – i.e. as a strategic response to changing circumstances and new corporate challenges? This question drives this study’s search for empirically based conclusions on current CSR program thrusts and the advancement of sustainability strategies of firms operating in Asia.

Practical implications

Building upon the empirical results gained from the above objective is the equally important goal of the study to advance Hans Jonas’ ethics of responsibility as a basis for a blueprint to a revitalized view of CSR amongst Asian firms in their pursuit to become responsible and sustainable corporations. The integration of philosophical theory adds foundational depth to the study.

Social implications

Building upon the empirical results gained from the above objective is the equally important goal of the study to advance Hans Jonas’ ethics of responsibility as a basis for a blueprint to a revitalized view of CSR among Asian firms in their pursuit to become responsible and sustainable corporations. The integration of philosophical theory adds foundational depth to the study.

Originality/value

This multidisciplinary study seeks to contribute to CSR literature in two ways. First, it highlights the significance of the need for empirical descriptions of firm-level CSR structures and practices that may give a more thorough account of the overall quality of business involvement of Asian-based firms on sustainability issues. Second, this investigation underscores the need for conceptual robustness to guide CSR initiatives undertaken by firms within a sustainability paradigm. A grounded theoretical model is henceforth presented in this paper to enrich the discussion on the strategic management of ecological responsibility through a holistic approach to CSR.

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Journal of Global Responsibility, vol. 5 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2041-2568

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Article
Publication date: 7 December 2018

Nabil Ghantous and Amro A. Maher

Previous literature has reported inconsistent findings regarding the impact of uncertainty avoidance (UA) on intercultural experiences. This includes positive, negative…

Abstract

Purpose

Previous literature has reported inconsistent findings regarding the impact of uncertainty avoidance (UA) on intercultural experiences. This includes positive, negative and insignificant associations between UA on the one hand and cosmopolitanism or comfort with intercultural service encounters (ICSE) on the other hand. The purpose of this paper is to participate in addressing these contradictions. More specifically, this study examines how UA affects expatriate cosmopolitanism as well as approach of service environments patronized by local customers by introducing two moderators: national identification and perceived discrimination.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors propose a conceptual model based on the results of a literature review. The authors test it with survey data collected from Indian expatriates (n=341) living in Qatar, using structural equation modeling.

Findings

The results corroborate the moderating role of national identification. Under low identification, expatriate consumers engage in a prospective form of uncertainty management, leading them to adopt a more cosmopolitan stance. Under high identification, their uncertainty plays an inhibitory role, reducing their cosmopolitanism and negatively affecting their approach of service places patronized by local consumers. Perceived discrimination did not moderate the impact of UA as expected on either cosmopolitanism or approach.

Originality/value

This paper extends the prior research on UA by testing how two moderators could activate either a prospective or an inhibitory form of uncertainty. It also contributes to research on ICSE, by focusing on customer-to-customer interactions in a multicultural marketplace.

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International Marketing Review, vol. 36 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0265-1335

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Article
Publication date: 17 August 2015

Jonas Holmqvist, Duncan Guest and Christian Grönroos

The field of service research has devoted considerable attention to the customer’s role as value creator, but there is a lack of research on understanding customers…

Abstract

Purpose

The field of service research has devoted considerable attention to the customer’s role as value creator, but there is a lack of research on understanding customers’ psychological processes in value creation. The purpose of this paper is to highlight the importance of psychological distance in value-creation processes. Psychological distance is the customer’s perceived distance from service interactions in terms of spatial distance, temporal distance, social distance and hypothetical distance. Critically, psychological distance influences cognitive processes and can influence how customers think and feel about the service interaction. An appreciation of psychological distance within service contexts can help managers to tailor the interaction in order to facilitate value creation.

Design/methodology/approach

In this conceptual paper, the authors build on psychology research and service research to develop seven propositions that explore how psychological distance can operate within service interactions and how this might influence value creation.

Findings

The authors divide the propositions into three sections. The first concerns how perceived psychological distance from the service interaction can act as a barrier to entering a service interaction. In particular, the authors consider the influence of social distance and spatial distance within the context of service interactions. The second section examines how psychological distance to the expected point of service use can influence how customers construe the service and the value creation. The third aspect addresses customer-specific characteristics that can impact on value creation by influencing perceived psychological distance toward the service.

Research limitations/implications

Existing research suggests that customers ultimately decide if value is created in the interaction. This paper proposes that perceived psychological distance influences customers’ value creation by examining the service interaction from the customer perspective. The authors suggest that complex context-specific features of the service interaction can be understood by considering psychological distance from the service interaction and from the service itself and evaluating how this impacts on value-creation processes.

Practical implications

From a practical point of view, the paper helps managers to better understand how to manage the service interaction with customers by identifying psychological antecedents of customer value creation.

Originality/value

The paper introduces the notion of psychological distance into service research about value, proposing that the customer’s role in creating value in interactions with the service provider is influenced by the psychological distance to the interaction and to the service offered in this interaction.

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Management Decision, vol. 53 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0025-1747

Keywords

Content available
Book part
Publication date: 22 June 2021

John N. Moye

Abstract

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The Psychophysics of Learning
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-80117-113-7

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Article
Publication date: 27 January 2021

Maksim Godovykh, Abraham Pizam and Frida Bahja

The purpose of this paper is to clarify the concept of perceived risks, identify the main antecedents and outcomes of health risk perceptions and propose a conceptual…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to clarify the concept of perceived risks, identify the main antecedents and outcomes of health risk perceptions and propose a conceptual model of health risk perceptions in tourism.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper provides a review of the literature on customer risk perceptions, along with their antecedents and outcomes, and proposes a conceptual model of health risk perceptions in tourism.

Findings

Key findings reveal that the main factors of health risk perceptions can be broadly classified into cognitive, affective, individual and contextual components. The proposed conceptual model of health risk perceptions provides a theoretically integrated overview of relationships between all groups of factors, tourists’ risk perceptions and travel intentions.

Originality/value

The paper contributes to theory by offering a new approach to health risk perceptions in tourism, which remain underexplored in previous studies. The literature review adds to the body of knowledge by introducing four main groups of factors affecting tourists’ health risk perceptions, while the conceptual model proposes relationships between these factors, tourists’ risk perceptions and travel intentions.

目的

本文的目的是阐明可感知风险的概念, 确定健康风险感知的主要前提和結果, 并提出旅遊业健康风险感知的概念模型。

设计/方法/途径

本文提供了一份关于顾客风险认知的文献综述, 连同他们的前提和结果, 并提出了一个旅遊业健康风险感知的概念模型。

发现

主要发现揭示了健康风险感知的主要因素可以大致分为认知, 情感, 个体和情境成分。所提出的健康风险感知概念模型提供了一个理论上的关于各个成分之间, 游客风险感知, 和出游意向之间综合关系的概况。

创意/价值

本文通过提供一种在以前研究中未被探索的新的旅遊业健康风险感知方法, 为理论发展做出了贡献。文献综述通过介绍影响遊客健康风险感知的四个主要因素丰富了相关知识体系, 所提概念模型则建议了这些因素, 遊客风险感知以及出游意向之间的关系。

Antecedentes y resultados de las percepciones de riesgos para la salud en el turismo: Un modelo conceptual

Objetivo

El propósito de este artículo es clarificar el concepto de riesgos percibidos, identificar los principales antecedentes y resultados de las percepciones de riesgos para la salud, y proponer un modelo conceptual de las percepciones de riesgo para la salud en el turismo.

Diseño/metodología/método

Este artículo provee una revisión de la literatura sobre las percepciones de riesgo de los clientes, junto con sus antecedentes y resultados, y propone un modelo conceptual de las percepciones de riesgo para la salud en el turismo.

Resultados

Los resultados clave revelan que los principales factores de las percepciones de riesgos para la salud pueden clasificarse generalmente en componentes cognitivos, afectivos, individuales, y contextuales. El modelo conceptual propuesto de las percepciones de riesgos para la salud provee una perspectiva teoréticamente integrada de la relación entre todos los grupos de factores, las percepciones de riesgo de los turistas, y las intenciones de viaje.

Originalidad/valor

El artículo contribuye teoréticamente al ofrecer un nuevo enfoque sobre las percepciones de riesgos para la salud en el turismo, que siguen sin ser exploradas en estudios anteriores. La revisión de literatura contribuye al cuerpo de conocimiento al introducir los cuatro principales grupos de factores que afectan las percepciones de riesgo para la salud de los turistas, mientras que el modelo conceptual propone la relación entre estos factores, las percepciones de riesgo de los turistas, y las intenciones de viaje.

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Article
Publication date: 1 July 2014

Jun Chen and Jin Wang

The purpose of this paper is to build a flow stress model and microstructure evolution models which can be used to fulfill the multi-physics prediction of hot forging…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to build a flow stress model and microstructure evolution models which can be used to fulfill the multi-physics prediction of hot forging process, in this way the process design can be virtually verified and optimized. This is especially crucial for micro-alloyed steel forging which microstructure determines the component properties, since the downstream quenching is usually not needed.

Design/methodology/approach

First, hot compression tests have been completed; second, experimental data are used to build the flow stress model and models for microstructure evolution; third, programming has been finished to integrate the proposed models into the commercial finite element method (FEM) code; fourth, case study is conducted to simulate multi-stage hot forging process of micro-alloyed steel F38MnV piston; and fifth, simulation results are validated by experiment.

Findings

First, simulation results in grain size and phase volume fraction are in well agreement with experimental ones; second, the austenite grain is dramatically refined by the dynamic recrystallization in pre-forging process and static recrystallization in the two intervals has no obvious change during the following final forging and cooling above the Ae3 temperature; third, during the cooling process below the Ae3 temperature, ferrite and pearlite transformation begin from the thin skirt to the thick skirt and piston bottom because of different cooling speeds at different areas.

Originality/value

First, flow stress model, dynamic recrystallization model, static recrystallization model, austenite grain growth model and phase transformation models are established for a micro-alloyed steel; second, the multi-physics FEM simulation of multi-stage hot forging of industrial piston has been conducted and verified by experiment, which show good agreement.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 31 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

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Article
Publication date: 18 March 2021

Vartika Pundir, Elangbam Binodini Devi and Vishnu Nath

This study aims to examine the collective impact of awareness and knowledge about fake news, attitudes toward news verification, perceived behavioral control, subjective…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to examine the collective impact of awareness and knowledge about fake news, attitudes toward news verification, perceived behavioral control, subjective norms, fear of missing out (FoMO) and sadism on social media users’ intention to verify news before sharing on social media.

Design/methodology/approach

The current study’s conceptual framework is developed by a comprehensive literature review on social networking and the theory of planned behavior. The data for samples were collected from 400 respondents in India to test the conceptual framework using the partial least square–structural equation modeling technique.

Findings

The results show that awareness and knowledge, perceived behavioral control, attitudes toward news verification and FoMO are significant predictors of intention to verify news before sharing.

Research limitations/implications

The present study concludes implications for managers of social media companies and policy actors that want to take steps toward arresting the spread of fake news via social media.

Originality/value

Academic investigation on fake news sharing on social media has recently gained traction. The current work is unique because it uses the theory of planned behavior as a basis for predicting social media user’s intention to verify news before sharing on social media.

Details

Management Research Review, vol. 44 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2040-8269

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 21 June 2021

Sandro Castaldo, Lara Penco and Giorgia Profumo

Cruising is one of the industries most susceptible to the current COVID-19 health crisis, due to the closed environment and the contacts between cruisers and crewmembers…

Abstract

Purpose

Cruising is one of the industries most susceptible to the current COVID-19 health crisis, due to the closed environment and the contacts between cruisers and crewmembers. This study aims to understand if the perceived crowding and the health risk perception related to the pandemic situation might threaten passengers’ intentions to cruise. The study also examines corporate reputation and trust, as well as social motivation and self-confidence, as possible predictors of consumers’ intention to cruise.

Design/methodology/approach

The study is based on the development of a structured questionnaire submitted online via social media. Overall, 553 individuals’ responses were used for understanding the factors that can affect consumers’ intention to cruise by performing several regression models.

Findings

The results show that the perceived crowding related to the pandemic does not seem to influence people’s intention to cruise. On the contrary, trust in the cruise company, corporate reputation, cruisers’ self-confidence and research of social motivation are positive predictors of intention to cruise, thus reducing the perceived risk’s deterring impact. The importance of such factors differs in respect of repeat and not repeat cruisers.

Practical implications

The study presents several managerial implications as it analyses the variables that could help cruise management cope better with COVID-19’s negative impact.

Originality/value

Despite the severity of COVID-19’s impact on the cruise industry, no studies have yet focussed on how the current pandemic situation may influence customers’ intention to cruise in the future.

Details

International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0959-6119

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