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Open Access
Publication date: 9 August 2022

Paulo Rita, Celeste Vong, Flávio Pinheiro and João Mimoso

With the growing popularity of social media, it has become common practice for consumers to write online reviews to share their opinion and experience as well as consider others'…




With the growing popularity of social media, it has become common practice for consumers to write online reviews to share their opinion and experience as well as consider others' reviews to inform purchase decision-making. This study investigated how online review sentiments towards four key aspects (food, service, ambience and price) change after a restaurant is awarded a Michelin Star to shed light on how the award of a Michelin Star affects online reviews as well as what factors contribute to positive online restaurant reviews.


The authors conducted a sentiment analysis of online restaurant reviews on TripAdvisor. A total of 8,871 English-written reviews from 87 restaurants located in Europe were extracted using a web crawler developed by Beautiful Soup, and data were then processed using Semantria.


The study findings revealed that overall sentiments decreased after restaurants were awarded a Michelin Star, in which service sentiment was the most affected aspect, followed by food and ambience. Yet, price sentiment showed a prominent increase. This provides valuable insights for Michelin-starred restaurant operators and owners to create a unique and compelling gastronomic experience that triggers positive online reviews.

Practical implications

The results of this study argue that consumers tend to hold higher expectations for this type of upscale restaurants given its recognition and quality assurance, so they are more likely to have negative feelings when their expectations are disconfirmed. Therefore, restaurants should continuously improve their food and service while paying attention to small details such as ambience, through creativity and innovation. Also, high-end restaurants, especially Michelin-starred restaurants, usually have the edge in premium pricing, yet competitive pricing may backfire considering its perceived luxurious values.


This study analyzed changes in customer sentiments when a restaurant is awarded a Michelin Star through text analytics. Through the lens of online restaurant reviews, the study findings contribute to identifying aspects that are most or least affected by the award of a Michelin Star as well as highlight the role of ambience in customer satisfaction which might have been overlooked in previous studies.


隨著社交媒體日趨普及,消費者出現一種常見的做法,就是在網上書寫評論,分享他們的意見和體驗,他們也會參考其他消費者的評論,以在購物時能作出知情決定。本研究擬探討當餐館獲得米其林星級時,消費者對它們在四個主要方面 (即食物、服務、情調和價格) 的網上評價會如何改變。我們藉此能更容易了解、餐館獲得米其林星級會如何影響其網上評論,以及是哪些因素、會為這些餐館帶來正面的網上評價。


我們對貓途鷹平台上的網上餐館評論進行情感分析。透過BeautifulSoup 研發的網絡爬蟲,我們取出位於歐洲87間餐館、共8,871個以英文書寫的評論,並把這些數據以Semantria加以處理。


研究結果顯示、當餐館獲得米其林星級時,顧客的整體情緒會下降,而其中最受影響的是服務情懷,其次是食物和情調; 但價格情緒卻有明顯的上升。這研究結果給獲得米其林星級餐館的經營者及其東主提供寶貴的啟示,讓他們了解如何為顧客創造一個可帶來正面網上評價的獨特而難忘的美食體驗。


本研究透過文本挖掘、去分析當餐館獲得米其林星級時,顧客情緒會如何改變; 透過網上餐館評論這面透視鏡子,本研究得到的結果、幫助我們確定米其林星級的聲譽所影響最大和最小的是哪些方面,以及讓我們更深入了解餐館的情調在顧客滿意程度上所扮演的角色,而這個角色在過去的研究中似被忽視。


本研究的結果提供了論據、證明由於消費者對擁有相關的認可和品質保證的這類高檔餐館一般予以較高的期望,故當他們發現期望與現實不符時,他們更容易產生負面的情緒; 因此,餐館在關注如情調方面的細節的同時,也應透過創造力和新觀念、去不斷改善他們提供的食物素質和服務水平; 而且,高檔餐館,尤其是獲得米其林星級的餐館,通常在溢價定價方面享有優勢,但當考慮到感知的奢華價值時,具競爭力的價格或會為餐館帶來反效果。


European Journal of Management and Business Economics, vol. 32 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2444-8451


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