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Article
Publication date: 27 March 2020

Dong Yang, Zelong Wei, Huibin Shi and Jie Zhao

This study aims to investigate how market orientation (MO) motivates firms to develop business model innovation and how such effects are moderated by strategic flexibility.

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to investigate how market orientation (MO) motivates firms to develop business model innovation and how such effects are moderated by strategic flexibility.

Design/methodology/approach

In this study, a questionnaire-based survey was undertaken to test the proposed hypotheses. The empirical study was conducted on a sample of 204 firms using two key informants (408 respondents) in China. The regression model is used to test the proposed model.

Findings

This research finds that both responsive market orientation (RMO) and proactive market orientation (PMO) have a positive effect on business model innovation. The effects of RMO and PMO on business model innovation are contingent on resource (coordination) flexibility in different ways. More importantly, this study finds that resource flexibility enhances the positive effect of RMO and weakens the positive effect of PMO. The study also finds that coordination flexibility enhances the positive effect of PMO.

Research limitations/implications

Future research can explore the internal mechanisms through which RMO and PMO promote business model innovations. Although the study finds that both the MOs promote business model innovation, they may promote business model innovation through different mediating effects. Future research can explore the role of external dynamic capabilities. This research mainly focuses on the internal dynamic capability of focal firms. However, as a focal firm-centered boundary spanning activity system, to transform into a new business model, firms not only need to reconfigure internal resource base, but also need to realign external collaboration network.

Practical implications

This research also bears important managerial implications. First, firms should be aware of the positive effect of MO on business model innovation. Firms with higher level of RMO or PMO can promote business model innovation. Second, when firms implement RMO for business model innovation, managers should focus on resource flexibility. Where MO is responsive, marketing managers need to be concerned with ensuring various applications of existing resource so as to understand effectively the current customers and market domain. Third, to leverage PMO for business model innovation, firms should adopt coordination flexibility. For firms with higher level PMO, firms should try to find the new internal coordination process for customer latent needs.

Originality/value

The conclusion extends the business model innovation research from the view of dynamic capabilities. As one of types of dynamic capabilities, MO is also the important antecedent of business model innovation. Further, this research also discusses the role strategic flexibility plays in business model innovation.

Details

Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing, vol. 35 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0885-8624

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Article
Publication date: 21 October 2020

Le Fu and Jie Zhao

Admittance control is a typical complaint control methodology. Traditionally, admittance control systems are based on a dynamical relationship described by Voigt model. By…

Abstract

Purpose

Admittance control is a typical complaint control methodology. Traditionally, admittance control systems are based on a dynamical relationship described by Voigt model. By contrast, after changing connection of spring and damper, Maxwell model produces different dynamics and has shown better impact absorption performance. This paper aims to design a novel compliant control method based on Maxwell model and implement it in a robot catching scenario.

Design/methodology/approach

To achieve this goal, this paper proposed a Maxwell model based admittance control scheme. Considering several motion stages involved in one catching attempt, the following approaches are adopted. First, Kalman filter is used to process the position data stream acquired from motion capture system and predict the subsequent object flying trajectory. Then, a linear segments with parabolic blends reaching motion is generated to achieve time-optimal movement under kinematic and joint inherent constraints. After robot reached the desired catching point, the proposed Maxwell model based admittance controller performs such as a cushion to moderate the impact between robot end-effector and flying object.

Findings

This paper has experimentally demonstrated the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed method. Compared with typical Voigt model based compliant catching, less object bounding away from end-effector happens and the success rate of catching has been improved.

Originality/value

The authors proposed a novel Maxwell model based admittance control method and demonstrated its effectiveness in a robot catching scenario. The author’s approach may inspire other related researchers and has great potential of practical usage in a widespread of robot applications.

Details

Assembly Automation, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-5154

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Article
Publication date: 30 December 2020

Ming-Yang Li, Xiao-Jie Zhao, Lei Zhang, Xin Ye and Bo Li

In recent years, the updating speed of products has been significantly accelerated, which not only provides diversified styles for consumers to select from but also makes…

Abstract

Purpose

In recent years, the updating speed of products has been significantly accelerated, which not only provides diversified styles for consumers to select from but also makes consumers face selection problems sometimes. In addition, a large number of online reviews for products emerge on many e-commerce websites and influence consumers’ purchasing decisions. The purpose of this study is to propose a method for product selection considering consumer’s expectations and online reviews to support consumers’ purchasing decisions.

Design/methodology/approach

The product attributes are divided into two categories, i.e. demand attributes and word-of-mouth (WOM) attributes. For the demand attributes, for which the consumers can give specific quantified expectations, the value function of prospect theory is used to determine the consumer’s perceived values to the alternative products according to consumers’ expectations for these attributes and products’ specifications. For the WOM attributes, for which the consumers cannot give specific quantified expectations, the sentiment analysis method is used to identify the sentiment strengths for these attributes in the online reviews, and then the consumer’s perceived values to the alternative products are determined. On this basis, the product selection methods for single consumers and group consumers are given respectively.

Findings

Finally, taking the data of JD.com (https://www.jd.com/) as an example, the practicability and rationality of the method proposed in this paper is validated.

Originality/value

First, a new product selection problem considering consumer’s expectations and online reviews is extracted. Second, the product attributes are considered more comprehensively and are classified into two main categories. Third, the bounded rationality of the consumers in the decision-making process is described more reasonably. Fourth, the sentiment dictionaries for each WOM attribute are constructed and the algorithm step of identifying the sentiment strengths is designed, which can help to identify the sentiment strengths in the online reviews more accurately. Fifth, the situation that a group plans to purchase the same products and the members have inconsistent expectations for the product attributes is considered.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

Keywords

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Book part
Publication date: 10 July 2019

Jie Zhao, Jianfei Wang, Suping Fang, Huinan Zhang and Peiquan Jin

With the advance of the Silk Road Initiative proposed by China, it has been a focus of China government to develop strategic emerging industries. The development of…

Abstract

With the advance of the Silk Road Initiative proposed by China, it has been a focus of China government to develop strategic emerging industries. The development of strategic emerging industries needs the support of competitive intelligence on many aspects such as strategical planning, policy making, industrial structure adjustment, and technology innovation. However, so far there are few studies toward the competitive intelligence systems for strategic emerging industries. In this article, we focus on a number of issues related to the competitive intelligence for strategic emerging industries in China. First, we conduct a strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats analysis on the situations of strategic emerging industries in China, based on which the necessity of building a competitive intelligence (CI) service system for strategic emerging industries is discussed. Next, the authors present a framework of a CI service system for strategic emerging industries in China. The principles, components, working process, and product forms are deeply described. The CI service system proposed in this article consists of a cooperation network platform, three layered organizations, and three systems, which integrates organizations, information, people, network, and service platforms into an ecosystem to offer competitive intelligence supports for government, industry, and enterprises. Finally, the authors discuss a case study of the proposed CI service system for the new energy automobile industry.

Details

The New Silk Road Leads through the Arab Peninsula: Mastering Global Business and Innovation
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78756-680-4

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Article
Publication date: 1 September 2006

Sun Jie, Zhao Yang, Sun Zhaowei and An Nan

To provide a new method to determine parameters of the attitude determination system facing micro‐core.

Abstract

Purpose

To provide a new method to determine parameters of the attitude determination system facing micro‐core.

Design/methodology/approach

Take example for attitude determination systems based on star‐sensor and fiber‐optic gyroscope combination and only based on star‐sensor. The optimum parameters of sensors are obtained by setting up of optimization design model of the attitude determination system adopting genetic algorithm.

Findings

Put forward a new concept of micro‐core aiming at a micro satellite. Further aiming at micro‐core, a new method which differs from traditional satellite design methods is adopted in this paper. The method proposed in this paper is instructive to the design of future micro satellites.

Research limitations/implications

The method proposed in this paper only applied to attitude determination system. With the development of this method, it is hoped that the method can apply to other systems of a micro satellite.

Practical implications

The method proposed in this paper is instructive to the engineering design of a micro satellite.

Originality/value

Put forward a new concept of micro‐core, and aiming at its design a new method is proposed to design the attitude determination system by adopting genetic algorithm. The method is different from traditional satellite design methods.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 78 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 July 2006

Jie Zhao, Shuchun Yu and Hegao Cai

In order to solve the problem that dynamic programming (DP) stereo algorithm is slow, a local‐global stereo matching algorithm is presented. In this method, local and…

Abstract

Purpose

In order to solve the problem that dynamic programming (DP) stereo algorithm is slow, a local‐global stereo matching algorithm is presented. In this method, local and global stereo algorithms are united to apply to the stereo vision field.

Design/methodology/approach

Local and DP stereo algorithms are used. Multi‐resolution images are obtained by pyramid algorithm and matching costs are gained by using eight‐stripe correlation window.

Findings

The time of disparity space image creation is greatly reduced because matching costs are computed by eight‐stripe window. Candidate ground control points (GCPs) are gained in the low‐resolution image. The total time of gaining GCPs is decreased in the extreme. Whole algorithm has a high matching‐rate and a fast speed.

Research limitations/implications

The time of the whole algorithm is still a little bigger than local algorithm.

Practical implications

The findings can be used in the stereo vision system equipped with planet vehicle.

Originality/value

Local and global stereo algorithms are united to apply to the stereo vision field. Matching costs are gained by using eight‐stripe correlation window.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 78 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 July 2006

Yang Zhao, Jie Sun and Hao Tian

To set up the analytical model of reaction wheel assembly (RWA) by using the other theory and to provide a new method to identify the parameters of the empirical model of RWA.

Abstract

Purpose

To set up the analytical model of reaction wheel assembly (RWA) by using the other theory and to provide a new method to identify the parameters of the empirical model of RWA.

Design/methodology/approach

Setting up the analytical model of RWA using virtual work theory, and presents the energy compensation method. The energy compensation method to improve the computation accuracy of amplitude coefficients of the empirical model of RWA. In the empirical model of RWA, the assumption is that the disturbances consist of discrete harmonics, and the amplitudes is proportion to the square of the wheel speed.

Findings

The errors of amplitude coefficients adopting energy compensation window excel the amplitude spectrum method. The energy compensation method improves the parameters identification accuracy, and provides a new method to set up more accurate empirical disturbance model of RWA.

Practical implications

Providing a valuable identification method of amplitude coefficients of the empirical model of RWA, and improving the accuracy of identification.

Originality/value

Putting forward up the method of energy compensation to identify the amplitude coefficients of the empirical model of RWA, and improving the accuracy. This method is simple, practical for the system design.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 78 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 11 September 2009

Dongyu Zhao, Shuhong Wang, Jie Wu, Xuduo Bai and Qingquan Lei

The purpose of this paper is to study a new method with which multi‐walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) can be dispersed and aligned in low density polyethylene (LDPE) for…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study a new method with which multi‐walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) can be dispersed and aligned in low density polyethylene (LDPE) for improving its mechanical properties.

Design/methodology/approach

Dispersion and alignment of MWNTs in LDPE matrix are enhanced by ultrasonic vibration, solution casting and melt mixing and flow moulding method. The properties of the composite are characterised using scanning electron microscopy, tensile testing machine and the Izod impact testing machine.

Findings

It is found that MWNTs in LDPE achieve some dispersion and alignment resulting in improvement in LDPE's strength and toughness.

Practical implications

Polymer/CNTs nanocomposites are expected to have good process ability of the polymers and high mechanical and functional properties of the CNTs. Enhancing dispersion and alignment of MWNTs in the polymer matrix will promote and expand the applications and development of polymer/MWNTs nanocomposites.

Originality/value

The method that enhances MWNTs dispersion and alignment in LDPE matrix provides a new way for alignment of other CNTs in polymer matrix.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 38 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 10 April 2009

Cong‐qian Cheng, Jie Zhao, Yang Xu, Fu‐Min Xu and Ming‐liang Huang

The aim of this paper is to investigate the growth behaviours of intermetallic compound (IMC) layers in solid‐liquid interfacial reactions of Sn1.5Cu/Cu in various…

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this paper is to investigate the growth behaviours of intermetallic compound (IMC) layers in solid‐liquid interfacial reactions of Sn1.5Cu/Cu in various intensities of high‐magnetic field.

Design/methodology/approach

Sn1.5Cu solder was prepared and melted in a vacuum furnace at 873 K and cast into solder bars. Samples were mounted using resin and etched after being carefully polished. Then the IMC layers were observed by using scanning electron microscopy.

Findings

The results show that the growth of IMC layers has been accelerated by high‐magnetic field through the comparison of growth kinetics of IMC layers among 0‐2.5 T magnetic filed. IMC grains in high‐magnetic field are much bigger than that in 0 T. By the analyzing of X‐ray diffractometer patterns of IMC layers, it can be found that the orientations of IMC have been changed by magnetic field.

Originality/value

This paper investigates the growth behaviour of IMC layers during the solid‐liquid interfacial reactions of Sn1.5Cu/Cu in a high magnetic field.

Details

Soldering & Surface Mount Technology, vol. 21 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0954-0911

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Article
Publication date: 13 July 2015

Jie Zhao, Khee Poh Lam, Tajin Biswas and Haopeng Wang

This study aims to develop a web-based tool – LEED Energy Performance Online Submission Tool (LEPOST) to reduce the submission cost of the leadership in energy and…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to develop a web-based tool – LEED Energy Performance Online Submission Tool (LEPOST) to reduce the submission cost of the leadership in energy and environmental design (LEED) application process and facilitate green building design. Lifecycle cost reduction is a major driver for designing green buildings. LEED rating system has been well recognised and widely used in the green building industry. However, certification cost incurred in time and money is often a deterrent for some projects.

Design/methodology/approach

LEPOST automatically maps EnergyPlus and eQUEST energy simulation results to the LEED energy performance requirement submission templates using an extensible markup language (XML) data structure. It incorporates the Energy Star Target Finder online engine and current utility data to calculate points required to assess LEED Energy and Atmosphere Prerequisite 2 and Credit 1 automatically.

Findings

A comparative case study is conducted using an office building project. The study results show that the tool can reduce the amount of time for the LEED energy performance evaluation and submission process from more than 6 hours to 2 minutes. The total number of manual data entries is reduced from 442 to 20.

Research limitations/implications

Future work includes the update to support LEED V4, the development of a parametric design function that can help design teams perform design alternatives to evaluate energy performance with minimum effort, and the integration with the LEED Online system.

Practical implications

The use of the tool by the building industry may decrease the cost of LEED certification for building owners, developers and design teams by simplifying the submission process.

Originality/value

The overall development framework of LEPOST contributes to the knowledge of the data interoperability in the building sector by demonstrating a viable solution to extract and map digital model information for achieving code and standard compliance purposes.

Details

Construction Innovation, vol. 15 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1471-4175

Keywords

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