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Article
Publication date: 17 August 2010

Jennifer Watts Perotti, Patricia Wall and Gabriele McLaughlin

This paper aims to describe findings from a study of current leading edge knowledge workers and to discuss the challenges and issues that knowledge workers may face in

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to describe findings from a study of current leading edge knowledge workers and to discuss the challenges and issues that knowledge workers may face in 2020, as the world of work shifts into a knowledge economy.

Design/methodology/approach

This is a discussion paper inspired by findings from an ethnographic study of knowledge workers who worked remotely or on the go, using leading edge technology like smart phones.

Findings

Today's knowledge workers have a need for better information integration across devices and sources. They struggle to maintain ubiquitous access to electrical power and the internet, and they find it difficult to integrate multiple formats of incoming information into their digital landscape. It is expected that the problems of information integration and infrastructure access will be solved by 2020. However, the paper predicts that knowledge workers of the future will face the daunting task of making sense of vast amounts of incoming information, once they have ubiquitous, integrated access. The paper discusses several solutions and approaches that will help with this daunting task: making information spaces visible, context‐aware systems, and user awareness and control. Additionally, it describes three tensions, which provides a backdrop for discussing opportunities for technology innovations in support of future knowledge workers. These tensions are: information does not equal knowledge; knowledge is global, mobile and difficult to contain behind the firewall; and increasing knowledge‐intensity is not reflected in today's educational outcomes. The paper concludes with a discussion of the kinds of tools and processes that will support the success of knowledge workers in 2020.

Originality/value

The paper is grounded in observations of today's leading edge knowledge workers. Based on study findings, it predicts challenges that future knowledge workers will face and propose processes and solutions that can help knowledge workers to successfully overcome these challenges.

Details

On the Horizon, vol. 18 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1074-8121

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 29 June 2010

Margaret O'Connor, Jennifer Watts, Melissa Bloomer and Kevin Larkins

The purpose of this paper is to determine how Australian workplaces, their managers and employees respond to those who are grieving at work, as a result of chronic or…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to determine how Australian workplaces, their managers and employees respond to those who are grieving at work, as a result of chronic or terminal illness, or caring for those with chronic or terminal illness. The review draws on Australian and relevant international literature and seeks to answer this question.

Design/methodology/approach

A literature review was undertaken in preparation for an Australian study examining workplace supports for people who are grieving – because they are carers, have experienced a death, or are balancing their own illness with their work. Using a range of search terms, the literature was searched for relevant work between 1980 and 2010. The search found examples of workplace supports throughout the world and some developing Australian literature.

Findings

Despite illness and death occurring at any stage of a person's life, there is little research that identifies workplace issues associated with grief and loss. And while workplace legislation allows for minimal supports, there was evidence that some workplaces have begun to offer flexibility for work life balance.

Practical implications

Effective workplace supports will involve individual and workplace responses, but also require legislative approaches in order to effect broad‐based system change.

Originality/value

The paper compares Australian and international literature about workplace supports and provides an overview of the issues arising.

Details

International Journal of Workplace Health Management, vol. 3 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1753-8351

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Book part
Publication date: 14 September 2010

Sharmila Rudrappa

This chapter examines the emergence of India as a site for surrogacy, which has led intended parents from all over the world to contract with Indian gestational surrogates…

Abstract

This chapter examines the emergence of India as a site for surrogacy, which has led intended parents from all over the world to contract with Indian gestational surrogates to carry “their” babies for them. Through participant observation in a surrogacy workshop, interviews with American intended parents, and interviews with Indian surrogates, I show how ideologies of normative, nuclear families built around genetically similar children, drives American consumers' desires to seek fertility intervention, and, finally, surrogacy. In India, gender ideologies shape the contours of an inexpensive, compliant labor force of surrogate mothers.

Details

Gender and Sexuality in the Workplace
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84855-371-2

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1982

A Manpower Services Commission study of the training currently offered — and its effectiveness — for staff who operate, manage or make use of text processing systems has…

Abstract

A Manpower Services Commission study of the training currently offered — and its effectiveness — for staff who operate, manage or make use of text processing systems has revealed that where the new technology has been introduced it has been accepted, but the systems are not being fully utilised. The study also concludes that additional and more effective training would contribute greatly to the full development of text processing systems and their many uses. The study undertaken by Research Bureau Limited as part of an MSC research programme to help develop guidelines for training of office staff involved with new technology. The research revealed that although the new technology was well accepted, it was being used by only a small percentage of organisations in Britain. From 664 interviews with managers, word processing supervisors, system operators, and text authors it was clear that the advantages of efficiency, speed, quality of work and greater job satisfaction were recognised. But the survey also indicated that equipment was not being used to its full potential. Over half of the 158 establishments involved used the system for less than 40 per cent of their total typing needs. Although most training given was concentrated on supervisors and operators, it was found not to be adequate. For example machine orientated skills were well covered, but human and organisational factors were not. Training for text authors was almost non‐existent.

Details

Education + Training, vol. 24 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0040-0912

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Book part
Publication date: 5 October 2017

Louise Gillies and Helen M. Burrows

Families conduct their affairs through processes that are built upon those of previous generations and also social capacities such as culture, class, oppression and…

Abstract

Families conduct their affairs through processes that are built upon those of previous generations and also social capacities such as culture, class, oppression and poverty. The media has played a part in stereotyping the lower classes through their portrayal on the television programmes such as Benefits Street and Jeremy Kyle and tabloid newspaper stories. This chapter is a case study of two families who are at the opposing ends of the social scale, the Horrobin/Carter and Aldridge families. The two families were chosen due to them being linked by marriage in the younger generation. Through the use of genograms, we explore how the families differ in their attitudes towards relationships within their individual families, and also how they relate to each other as separate family groups. Despite the many differences, there are also a number of key similarities, particularly regarding the key females in the families, in terms of family background and snobbery. We also show that there is little family loyalty in the more privileged family and a power differential between the two families (oppressors vs. oppressed) in terms of the crimes committed.

Details

Custard, Culverts and Cake
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78743-285-7

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Book part
Publication date: 19 February 2021

Sam Bailey

Abstract

Details

The Canterbury Sound in Popular Music: Scene, Identity and Myth
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78769-490-3

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Article
Publication date: 20 March 2017

Isabel-Maria García-Sánchez, Jennifer Martínez-Ferrero and Emma García-Meca

The purpose of this paper is to analyze whether gender diversity on board and financial expertise on audit committee affect accounting conservatism in banking sector…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to analyze whether gender diversity on board and financial expertise on audit committee affect accounting conservatism in banking sector. Additionally, the authors focus on the effects of board characteristics on bank earnings quality and examine their effects on earnings persistence.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors use a large sample of 159 banks from nine different countries from the period 2004-2010. The authors study whether the differences in the timeliness of earnings to bad news and earnings quality across governance structures of banks are driven by differences across investor protection and bank regulation levels in banks.

Findings

The findings confirm the monitoring role of both female and financial experts, noting a positive effect of them on accounting conservatism and earnings quality in banks. According to the institutional characteristics, the results suggest the complementary role of banking regulation and investor protection levels in these effects, noting that in contexts of higher regulatory and greater investor protection environments, gender diversity and financial expertise on boards have more influence on the conservatism and earnings quality of banks.

Originality/value

The authors contribute to both the accounting quality literature and the corporate governance literature by identifying board characteristics that are associated with higher conservatism and quality of earnings in banks around the world. In addition, this study also contributes to the ethics literature by highlighting the benefits of gender diversity and financial expertise in upholding the integrity of financial reporting. Moreover, this paper adds to prior literature about board of directors and accounting quality by identifying additional complementary factors – bank regulation and investor protection – and by focusing on a specific industry, the banking industry.

Details

Management Decision, vol. 55 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0025-1747

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 11 November 2014

Grigoris Giannarakis, George Konteos and Nikolaos Sariannidis

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the vital determinants on the extent of corporate social responsibility (CSR) disclosure in a US context. The selected…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the vital determinants on the extent of corporate social responsibility (CSR) disclosure in a US context. The selected variables are CEO duality, the presence of women in the board, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, emission reduction initiatives, company's risk premium, financial leverage and industry's profile.

Design/methodology/approach

The environmental, social and governance (ESG) disclosure score is used as a proxy for the extent of CSR disclosure calculated by Bloomberg. The influence of plausible variables on the ESG disclosure score and its sub-categories was examined by using the least squares dummy variable model (LSDV) incorporating 100 companies listed on Standard & Poor's 500 Index for the period 2009-2012.

Findings

The results show that the emission reduction initiatives and GHG emissions influence positively the extent of ESG score. In addition, slight differences exist concerning the determinants of different types of disclosures. Furthermore, it is illustrated that a company's industrial profile seems to have differences among the extent of the different types of disclosure.

Research limitations/implications

The sample of companies is based on the US companies incorporating only large-sized ones.

Originality/value

The study extends previous studies with the inclusion of both traditional and innovative determinants of the CSR disclosure in USA taking into account four years of corporate data. A third party rating approach was adopted in order to calculate the extent of CSR disclosure. Finally, both the shareholders’ and the investors’ attitudes in relation to CSR disclosure are presented.

Details

Management Decision, vol. 52 no. 10
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0025-1747

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Article
Publication date: 2 September 2014

Grigoris Giannarakis

The aim of this study is to investigate the potential effects of corporate governance and financial characteristics on the extent of corporate social responsibility (CSR…

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this study is to investigate the potential effects of corporate governance and financial characteristics on the extent of corporate social responsibility (CSR) disclosure focusing on the US companies.

Design/methodology/approach

The sample consists of 366 companies from the Fortune 500 list for 2011. The environmental, social and governance disclosure score calculated by Bloomberg is used as a proxy for the extent of CSR disclosure. Multiple regression analysis was developed to identify factors that affect the extent of CSR disclosure.

Findings

Results show that company and board size is significantly and positively related to the extent of CSR disclosure, and companies with Chief Executive Officer (CEO) duality characteristics publish less information on their CSR disclosure, while there are significant differences between different industries and the extent of CSR disclosure.

Research limitations/implications

The research is based only on the presence or the absence of CSR disclosure without receiving the quality aspect of the CSR disclosure which could lead to misinterpretation. The results should not be generalized as the sample was based on large-size US companies for 2011.

Originality/value

This study extends the scope of previous studies by introducing new independent and dependent variables. It contributes to the understanding of determinants of CSR disclosure to improve the implementation of disclosure guidelines.

Details

International Journal of Law and Management, vol. 56 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1754-243X

Keywords

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Abstract

Details

Visionary Leadership in a Turbulent World
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78714-242-8

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