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Article
Publication date: 1 September 1998

Jeffrey K. Liker, Rajan R. Kamath and S. Nazli Wasti

This paper examines supplier involvement in design based on survey data from 145 Japanese, 189 US and 87 UK automotive component suppliers. First, cross‐national…

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Abstract

This paper examines supplier involvement in design based on survey data from 145 Japanese, 189 US and 87 UK automotive component suppliers. First, cross‐national differences in the degree of supplier involvement are examined. Second, regression analysis is used to identify factors which predict high or low levels of supplier involvement in design. Third, the effects of supplier involvement in product development on the degree to which products are designed for manufacturability are assessed. The data show that, contrary to much of the literature that suggests the highest levels of supplier involvement in design are in Japan, suppliers in the USA and UK are more likely to report greater influence on product design decisions, earlier involvement and more frequent communications with customers about design. Moreover, manufacturing planning and design begin later, as a proportion of the development cycle, in Japan than in the USA and the UK. Regression analysis shows that involving suppliers early and giving them influence over design is associated with greater contributions of suppliers to cost reduction, quality improvement and design for manufacturability. Suppliers are given the greatest influence and communication is most intensive for the design of complex subsystems and new designs, and this does not vary by country.

Details

International Journal of Quality Science, vol. 3 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1359-8538

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 18 December 2007

Jean‐Baptiste Fouquet

Many practitioners strive to increase the efficiency of their product development. In addition, smaller companies must satisfy customers’ expectations of their product…

Abstract

Many practitioners strive to increase the efficiency of their product development. In addition, smaller companies must satisfy customers’ expectations of their product development. These expectations can be e.g. use of specific methodologies such as Lean Product Development (LPD) and/or Design for Six Sigma (DFSS). This study attempts to identify differences and similarities between these methodologies and the connection between them. This comparison is of interest to practitioners that must choose a strategy for their product development as well as to researchers. The aim of both methodologies is to reduce waste and time of development and to raise the quality of a product at the very roots of the product: its development. LPD and DFSS help development managers to structure projects and focus as much as possible on customer expectations and satisfaction.

Details

Asian Journal on Quality, vol. 8 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1598-2688

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 24 September 2021

Galina Robertsone, Iveta Mezinska and Inga Lapina

The fundamentals of Lean are applicable and can be used in any industry, even non-profit and government organizations, however, there might be certain limitations due to…

Abstract

Purpose

The fundamentals of Lean are applicable and can be used in any industry, even non-profit and government organizations, however, there might be certain limitations due to the nature and the specifics of the industry. This study aims to explore what barriers of Lean implementation textile manufacturers might encounter. The authors consider the problem is worth to be explored for the potential to improve the effectiveness of Lean implementation in textile sector companies.

Design/methodology/approach

This research was conducted by using qualitative content analysis with open coding of the selected literature followed by empirical research in a Latvian textile manufacturing company.

Findings

The presented literature review shows Lean implementation barriers and critical success factors in various industries. The findings from the case study can be divided into two groups. The first confirmed the barriers already identified in the previous research. The second identified industry specific implementation barriers that were not recognized in the related literature.

Research limitations/implications

The original research was limited in scope to one Latvian textile manufacturer, therefore future studies on the subject to confirm the outcome of the research are required.

Originality/value

There is a limited number of studies on the application of Lean in the textile and apparel industry. The literature on Lean implementation in the Latvian manufacturing sector is also limited. The results of this research may have a practical application for textile manufactures considering implementing Lean in their processes.

Details

International Journal of Lean Six Sigma, vol. 13 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2040-4166

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 March 1985

Through a survey of 200 employees working in five of the thirty establishments analysed in previous research about the microeconomic effects of reducing the working time…

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Abstract

Through a survey of 200 employees working in five of the thirty establishments analysed in previous research about the microeconomic effects of reducing the working time (Cahier 25), the consequences on employees of such a reduction can be assessed; and relevant attitudes and aspirations better known.

Details

International Journal of Manpower, vol. 6 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-7720

Article
Publication date: 1 November 1997

Beth Vanfossen and Frances Rothstein

The post‐World War ? period has been one of intense development activity throughout the world. Lesser developed countries have showed significant economic growth…

Abstract

The post‐World War ? period has been one of intense development activity throughout the world. Lesser developed countries have showed significant economic growth throughout this time‐span. Among the many consequences which are attributed to development, changes in gender relations are often mentioned. However, prior research has been unable to establish conclusively how economic development is related to gender inequality, particularly as this is referenced by women's participation in important economic activities. For example, some researchers have found that as development increases, women's participation in and return from the economy declines, others that it increases, and several have suggested it first declines then increases. Similar uncertainties exist about how an increasing emphasis on producing goods for export, and the often‐accompanying reliance on foreign investment, affects women's work. Recent research also suggests that the consequences of development are more diverse than previously thought. Recognition of the diversity requires greater specification of the links between developmental diversity and women's labor force participation.

Details

International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, vol. 17 no. 11/12
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-333X

Article
Publication date: 24 July 2007

Jonathan Ledwidge

This article advances the view that British Airways could be less prone to disruptions and public‐relations blunders if it adopted the human‐asset approach.

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Abstract

Purpose

This article advances the view that British Airways could be less prone to disruptions and public‐relations blunders if it adopted the human‐asset approach.

Design/methodology/approach

Describes the main aspects of the human‐asset approach, shows how it has been successful at Toyota and Jet Blue, and reveals the ways in which it could help British Airways to rediscover the success it enjoyed in the aftermath of privatization.

Findings

Argues that BA's drive for efficiency – in terms of relentless cost‐cutting and outsourcing – came at a cost as the airline experienced industrial disputes and employee unrest that dented its image. Puts forward the opinion that approaching efficiency from a human perspective provides organizations with a more sustainable and effective business model, where values drive the efficiency and productivity necessary for success. Explains how Toyota and Jet Blue have adopted such a model.

Practical implications

Reveals that there is no magic formula for developing a human asset model for a particular business; it needs thorough analysis of the needs of human assets, and the main factors and values that drive the quality of relationships between them.

Originality/value

Contends that the human‐asset model provides an effective framework for integrating HR with the business strategy.

Details

Human Resource Management International Digest, vol. 15 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0967-0734

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 December 1994

Andrew Lee‐Mortimer

Reports on two presentations given at the 1994 R&D Managementconference organized by Manchester Business School, which highlightedthe research being undertaken to study…

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Abstract

Reports on two presentations given at the 1994 R&D Management conference organized by Manchester Business School, which highlighted the research being undertaken to study customer‐supplier partnerships – an aspect of the product development process whose importance is now being recognized by Western industry. Outlines past research which graphically illustrated the contrast that existed within the automotive industry between Japanese assemblers′ use of suppliers and that of US and European companies; provides examples of differences and the benefits gained by Japanese companies. Highlights the fact that the automotive industry has changed significantly and new research is being undertaken to examine the present extent of supplier involvement in product design. Provides an emerging picture of UK processes from the data being collected. Other industries also recognize the importance of partnership. Discusses the general findings of ongoing research at two OEMs and their suppliers; reveals practices already found to be conducive to supplier integration.

Details

World Class Design to Manufacture, vol. 1 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1352-3074

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 August 1993

Carolyn B. Erdener

“Is there reason to believe that top management might be receptive to dramatically expanded HRM involvement in decision making? Yes, because intense competition and…

Abstract

“Is there reason to believe that top management might be receptive to dramatically expanded HRM involvement in decision making? Yes, because intense competition and unprecedented environmental changes, particularly in the last two years, have irreversibly changed the way successful businesses must be run… Therefore, top management… should support a new vision of the HRM function, especially a vision that enhances corporate performance.” (Anderson & Fenton, 1993:73)

Details

Management Research News, vol. 16 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0140-9174

Case study
Publication date: 20 January 2017

David Austen-Smith, Daniel Diermeier and Eitan Zemel

In late 2009 Toyota became the subject of media and U.S. government scrutiny after multiple deaths and injuries were attributed to accidents resulting from the unintended…

Abstract

In late 2009 Toyota became the subject of media and U.S. government scrutiny after multiple deaths and injuries were attributed to accidents resulting from the unintended and uncontrolled acceleration of its cars. Despite Toyota's voluntary recall of 4.2 million vehicles for floor mats that could jam the accelerator pedal and a later recall to increase the space between the gas pedal and the floor, the company insisted there was no underlying defect and defended itself against media reports and regulatory statements that said otherwise. As the crisis escalated, Toyota was further criticized for its unwillingness to share information from its data recorders about possible problems with electronic throttle controls and sticky accelerator pedals, as well as braking problems with the Prius. By the time Toyota Motor Company president Akio Toyoda apologized in his testimony to the U.S. Congress, Toyota's stock price had declined, in just over a month, by 20 percent---a $35 billion loss of market value.

Understand the strategic and reputational nature of crises Recognize the challenges of managing a crisis Learn the requirements for building trust in a crisis Understand the challenges of managing a crisis that may not be the company's fault Identify the strategic business problem in a crisis Understand how corporate structure may help or hinder effective crisis management Understand the media landscape and its impact on crisis management

Article
Publication date: 31 May 2021

Praveen Puram and Anand Gurumurthy

International Journal of Lean Six Sigma (IJLSS) has completed a decade. To celebrate the same, this study aims to review the articles published in IJLSS from its inception…

Abstract

Purpose

International Journal of Lean Six Sigma (IJLSS) has completed a decade. To celebrate the same, this study aims to review the articles published in IJLSS from its inception to the year 2020. The journal’s trends and professional impact over the years are investigated and potential future research directions are proposed.

Design/methodology/approach

A bibliometric analysis comprising of citation, co-citation and keyword co-occurrence methods is used on all the articles published in IJLSS till the year 2020. Content analysis is further done to analyse the type of research, type of industry studied and the articles’ target audience.

Findings

The journal has improved its reputation, productivity and impact over the years. Currently, studies published in IJLSS have been cited more than 5,000 times, with the most prominent themes being Six Sigma, Lean Six Sigma (LSS) and Lean in manufacturing and services. Researchers from India, the USA and the UK have contributed a significant number of publications. Most of the work published is case-based. There is a need for more empirical or survey-based research having high generalizability. Future studies should also focus on integrating LSS with emerging topics such as sustainability, Industry 4.0 and the like.

Research limitations/implications

The study provides evidence of the impact of IJLSS and highlights the trend in the domain of LSS. It can be of use for the editorial board members to identify potential areas to focus on in the future. Researchers can use it to further their research by working on the research gaps identified.

Originality/value

This paper is the first to trace the progress of IJLSS from its inception till the year 2020.

Details

International Journal of Lean Six Sigma, vol. 12 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2040-4166

Keywords

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