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The purpose of this paper is to examine the direct and indirect crossover effects of leadersâ€™ exhaustion on followersâ€™ somatic complaints by testing leadersâ€…
The purpose of this paper is to examine the direct and indirect crossover effects of leadersâ€™ exhaustion on followersâ€™ somatic complaints by testing leadersâ€™ health-oriented behavior toward employees as a possible underlying mechanism.
A two-wave online study using data from different sources was conducted. In a sample of 106 leaders and followers, leaders were paired with one or two followers. Leaders rated their level of exhaustion at Time 1, and followers rated their leadersâ€™ health-oriented leadership behavior (i.e. StaffCare behavior) and their own level of somatic complaints three months later (Time 2).
Results provided evidence of an indirect crossover effect from leadersâ€™ exhaustion to followersâ€™ somatic complaints through StaffCare behavior. There was no direct crossover effect.
Findings suggest that organizations should attend to leadersâ€™ health as a means to allow for StaffCare behavior and thus protect employee health.
StaffCare behavior represents a new concept that focuses on health-related aspects of leadership. This is the first study to take an in-depth look at the question of how this leadership behavior is tied to crossover from leader exhaustion to follower health.