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Book part
Publication date: 30 December 2004

Tony E. Smith and James P. LeSage

A Bayesian probit model with individual effects that exhibit spatial dependencies is set forth. Since probit models are often used to explain variation in individual…

Abstract

A Bayesian probit model with individual effects that exhibit spatial dependencies is set forth. Since probit models are often used to explain variation in individual choices, these models may well exhibit spatial interaction effects due to the varying spatial location of the decision makers. That is, individuals located at similar points in space may tend to exhibit similar choice behavior. The model proposed here allows for a parameter vector of spatial interaction effects that takes the form of a spatial autoregression. This model extends the class of Bayesian spatial logit/probit models presented in LeSage (2000) and relies on a hierachical construct that we estimate via Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods. We illustrate the model by applying it to the 1996 presidential election results for 3,110 U.S. counties.

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Spatial and Spatiotemporal Econometrics
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76231-148-4

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Book part
Publication date: 25 February 2011

Maureen L. Mackenzie and James P. Smith

This chapter explores the question of where and how leaders in the library field gain the knowledge, skills, and ability to lead and manage people. The authors report…

Abstract

This chapter explores the question of where and how leaders in the library field gain the knowledge, skills, and ability to lead and manage people. The authors report empirical evidence to answer this question based on the results of the third stage of an ongoing study—a study which examines the academic preparation of professional librarians who have become directors of libraries. The results of a survey inquiring into the formal training received by practicing library directors are detailed. Among other findings, 55.1% of the library directors surveyed and observed that graduate library school did not prepare them to become library directors. There is some evidence that a shift of perception regarding the need for traditional management training has begun to occur in library schools. The authors contend that this trend needs to accelerate if the information profession intends to prepare library directors to assume leadership roles in the future. This chapter briefly reviews the research findings from stage one and two research, which provided the foundation for the current study. As a result of this research a fourth stage of research is planned which will use in person in-depth interviews of library directors. The influence of leadership on organizational results has been explored within the broader management literature. There is clearly a relationship between leadership and results. What is unclear is how and where these leaders gain the knowledge, skills, and ability to lead and manage.

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Advances in Librarianship
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-85724-755-1

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Book part
Publication date: 30 December 2004

Abstract

Details

Spatial and Spatiotemporal Econometrics
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76231-148-4

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 2005

James P. Smith

Describes the history and development of biosensors and their commercial application.

Abstract

Purpose

Describes the history and development of biosensors and their commercial application.

Design/methodology/approach

Provides background information on different forms of biosensors and how they can be brought to market. This review is edited from a very detailed market research report “Medical and Biological Sensor and Sensor Systems: markets, applications and competitors worldwide”.

Findings

Finds that the commercial potential for biosensors is very large and is expected to reach US$ 2.3 billion worldwide in 2005.

Originality/value

The full market research report provides a detailed insight into biosensors and how they are made and the various application areas, together with discussion regarding a large number of vendor and research companies.

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Sensor Review, vol. 25 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0260-2288

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Article
Publication date: 1 September 2000

Bert Chapman

Immigration has been a subject of intense historical and contemporary debate in US political life. Proponents of immigration cite the important contributions immigrants…

Abstract

Immigration has been a subject of intense historical and contemporary debate in US political life. Proponents of immigration cite the important contributions immigrants have made and continue to make to the USA’s national development and evolution. Advocates of more restrictive immigration policies stress concerns over the USA’s ability to support immigrant residents and whether newer immigrants threaten the US national identity and social cohesion. Proponents and opponents of current US immigration policy will use figures from the 2000 census to justify their respective arguments in upcoming debates on this subject. This article examines a variety of immigration literature resources such as scholarly books, government documents, and Websites and seeks to emphasize the subject’s complexities and contradictions along with US and transnational perspectives.

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Reference Services Review, vol. 28 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0090-7324

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Book part
Publication date: 28 January 2003

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Progress in Psychobiology and Physiological Psychology
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-12-542118-8

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Book part
Publication date: 25 February 2011

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Advances in Librarianship
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-85724-755-1

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1984

The Spring 1984 issue of Public Personnel Management includes an article by Joy Ann Grune and Nancy Reder entitled “Addendum — Pay Equity: An Innovative Public Policy…

Abstract

The Spring 1984 issue of Public Personnel Management includes an article by Joy Ann Grune and Nancy Reder entitled “Addendum — Pay Equity: An Innovative Public Policy Approach to Eliminating Sex‐Based Wage Discrimination”. The authors are both members of the National Committee on Pay Equity, founded in 1979. The article explains the goals of the National Committee, the extent of the problem, reviews the new approaches and solutions in place or underway, and looks at the challenges facing public policymakers and advocates of pay equity.

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Equal Opportunities International, vol. 3 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0261-0159

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Book part
Publication date: 25 February 2011

Anne Woodsworth

The first half of this volume is on the theme of library operations and management. The second half covers three different topics which point toward trends and…

Abstract

The first half of this volume is on the theme of library operations and management. The second half covers three different topics which point toward trends and implications for libraries, education, and the use of electronic texts by humanities researchers.

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Advances in Librarianship
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-85724-755-1

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Histories of Economic Thought
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76230-997-9

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