Search results

1 – 2 of 2
To view the access options for this content please click here
Article

Reino Hjerppe, Pellervo Hämäläinen, Jaakko Kiander and Matti Viren

To analyse productivity of public expenditures; especially to find out the effect of human capital investment on private sector productivity.

Abstract

Purpose

To analyse productivity of public expenditures; especially to find out the effect of human capital investment on private sector productivity.

Design/methodology/approach

Several measures of public sector capital stock are constructed. These measures are used in testing the effects on private sector productivity. Empirical analysis makes use of cross‐country panel data and utilizes various panel econometric methods.

Findings

The main finding is that public sector capital has a positive impact on private sector productivity. Some evidence is provided to the hypotheses that also human capital that is generated within the public sector increases private sector productivity.

Research limitations/implications

There are a lot of measurement problems with the cross‐country data. Also the non‐stationarity of data creates some estimation problems. These may have some impact on the quantitative, but perhaps not on qualitative, nature of results.

Originality/value

Relatively few analysis have made in this area; this is true in particular with comparative (cross‐country) analysis.

Details

International Journal of Social Economics, vol. 34 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0306-8293

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article

Jaakko Pehkonen, Hector Sala and Pablo F. Salvador

This paper aims to provide an account of the unemployment performance of two Nordic countries during their recent labour market booms and slumps.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to provide an account of the unemployment performance of two Nordic countries during their recent labour market booms and slumps.

Design/methodology/approach

Based on the empirical models of Karanassou et al., we conduct dynamic simulation exercises and explore the determinants of unemployment.

Findings

The analysis yields two main findings. First, the capital stock was the most important determinant of the unemployment trajectory in both countries. This result appears in all periods considered: in the slump of the early 1990s and the boom of the late 1990s, as well as in the stabilisation period of the early 2000s. Second, the role of the foreign sector on the unemployment trajectory was significant in Finland, its quantitative impact being one‐third of the effect for the capital stock in the first and third periods, and half of the latter in the second period.

Originality/value

The results illustrate the importance of non‐standard labour market variables in examining unemployment trajectories. The findings call for a wider than usual perspective in trying to solve the unemployment problem.

Details

Journal of Economic Studies, vol. 38 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-3585

Keywords

1 – 2 of 2