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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1992

DEREK RIDYARD and JEAN DE BOLLE

The paper sets out the findings of a study by the authors of the EC audit and consultancy sectors, presenting their view that it is auditors' independence rather than…

Abstract

The paper sets out the findings of a study by the authors of the EC audit and consultancy sectors, presenting their view that it is auditors' independence rather than competition which provides those concerned with regulation of the industry with the most urgent public policy issues. The authors consider the approaches adopted by EC Member States to protect auditors' independence, concluding that these approaches have a limited effect. The paper closes by proposing an alternative approach to improving assurances of auditors' independence which would combine independent inspection of audit standards, consumer demand for safeguards and moves by suppliers to anticipate that demand.

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Journal of Financial Regulation and Compliance, vol. 1 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1358-1988

Book part
Publication date: 28 January 2022

Bitouloulou Christopher Jivot

The geopolitical phenomenon commonly known as ‘France-Africa’ (Gourévitch 1997) is the fruit of the historical and political relations that France as a colonizing power…

Abstract

The geopolitical phenomenon commonly known as ‘France-Africa’ (Gourévitch 1997) is the fruit of the historical and political relations that France as a colonizing power has maintained and continues to maintain to this day with its former colonies in Africa. Before the colonial period, Africa was originally made up of autonomous political entities (states). 1 The current mapping of African states is the result of the European political will expressed at the Berlin Conference held from 15 November 1884 to 26 February 1885. 2

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The Impact of Foreign Interventions on Democracy and Human Rights
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-80117-341-4

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1949

JOS. GALEA

UP to the present the knowledge of these archives is most unsatisfactory. There is only one complete catalogue, which apparently was begun by Dr. L. Vella during the first…

Abstract

UP to the present the knowledge of these archives is most unsatisfactory. There is only one complete catalogue, which apparently was begun by Dr. L. Vella during the first half of the nineteenth century, and completed in 1890 by Doctors Camilleri and Briffa. This catalogue is a manuscript volume written in the Italian language, and has never been published in its entirety. A copy exists, however, also in manuscript, at the headquarters of the Sovereign Military Order of St. John in Rome.

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Journal of Documentation, vol. 5 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0022-0418

Article
Publication date: 1 April 1979

Carolynne A. Sanders

There are over 35 books listed under “Resumes” in the Subject Guide to Books in Print, 1979–1980. They range in price from $ .50 to $17.50. At a glance, all the titles…

Abstract

There are over 35 books listed under “Resumes” in the Subject Guide to Books in Print, 1979–1980. They range in price from $ .50 to $17.50. At a glance, all the titles sound the same, advocating better resumes and boasting valuable pointers, but like patrons, all resume‐writing books are not alike.

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Reference Services Review, vol. 7 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0090-7324

Article
Publication date: 1 September 2010

Melinda Benko

One of the innumerable ways to systemise contemporary European urban projects is to analyse the urban form originates from the master-plan concept. The duality of closed…

Abstract

One of the innumerable ways to systemise contemporary European urban projects is to analyse the urban form originates from the master-plan concept. The duality of closed and open urban situations is an excellent conceptual tool for classification. This classification helps us to recognise, understand and represent the diversity of the city, as it is present on each level of a settlement and architecture.

In the case of “Solid-oriented” projects construction and emplacement of buildings are the main goals. The principle of “Solid-oriented” projects are based on two very different, still existing traditions One is the classical European closed block structure, while the other one is the Modernist open urban system. Today we can identify two new approaches combining those two traditions in different ways. Urban transparency preserves streets, the effect of enclosure, and the dominance of buildings. At the same time density is coupled with spaciousness, blocks are fractured and the environment becomes more complex even within one block. The in-between method, based on the idea of structuralism, attempts to balance the importance of mass and space and creates permeable blocks in a new open urban structure. Besides creating urban volumes or buildings in the city, there is a new type of challenge in contemporary urban design. Since the 1990's attention has shifted to cityscape, i.e. to re-interpreting and reforming open spaces. The international literature calls this un-volumetric architecture. The duality of openness and closedness also appears here. While openness seems to dominate urban situations in contemporary cities, buildings are predominantly used in a closed manner.

Details

Open House International, vol. 35 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0168-2601

Keywords

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