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Article

Galina Ivanova, John Rolfe, Stewart Lockie and Vanessa Timmer

The coal mining industry makes a key contribution to the Queensland economy, and is the underlying driver of employment and economic conditions in many local and regional…

Abstract

Purpose

The coal mining industry makes a key contribution to the Queensland economy, and is the underlying driver of employment and economic conditions in many local and regional communities. This article aims to focus on how the social and economic impacts of mining should be assessed and negotiated with local and regional communities.

Design/methodology/approach

The following assessment tools were trialed to ascertain the impacts on communities of changes in the mining industry: extended stakeholder analysis of key community representatives; economic modeling of changes in the level of mining activity; a random survey of householders involving choice experiments to assess tradeoffs; and experimental workshops to assess how residents were prepared to prioritise different community development options.

Findings

The results showed that impact assessment should be addressed using different economic and social science tools to ensure regulatory approval as well as community acceptance.

Originality/value

This article suggests alternative social and economic impact assessment mechanisms that can be applied to any industry and any situation (e.g. growth, decline, new development, simultaneous changes).

Details

Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, vol. 18 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1477-7835

Keywords

Abstract

Details

The Aging Workforce Handbook
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78635-448-8

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Article

J.M. Rolfe

THE flight deck is the aircrew's primary point of contact with the aeroplane. Unlike the rest of the aeroplane which is designed with the specific objective of exceeding…

Abstract

THE flight deck is the aircrew's primary point of contact with the aeroplane. Unlike the rest of the aeroplane which is designed with the specific objective of exceeding human capabilities the flight deck must be designed with human limitations very much in mind.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 48 no. 11
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

Abstract

Details

Public Policy and Governance Frontiers in New Zealand
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83867-455-7

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Book part

Natalie Tatiana Churyk, Alan Reinstein and Lance Smith

This exercise exposes students to complex lease transactions, requiring research in the FASB Accounting Standards Codification, archived standards, and future standards…

Abstract

Purpose

This exercise exposes students to complex lease transactions, requiring research in the FASB Accounting Standards Codification, archived standards, and future standards (exposure drafts (ED)).

Design/methodology/approach

Case study/exercise/assignment.

Findings

Students analyze how a retail establishment examines lease transactions to ensure its practices are in line with its mission. Students gain experience researching archived, current, and future standards. Student feedback suggests that students feel the exercise is valuable because it reinforces what they learned in earlier courses and it requires them to understand all aspects related to capital and operating leases. Furthermore, direct assessment data based on grading rubrics indicates that most students meet instructor expectations and indirect assessment data based on student perceptions indicates students are meeting the exercise learning outcomes.

Originality/value

This learning exercise fosters critical thinking skills; emulating professional practice issues and enhancing written and communication skills. It reinforces graduate students’ undergraduate learning related to leases.

Details

Advances in Accounting Education: Teaching and Curriculum Innovations
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78560-969-5

Keywords

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Article

C.M.C. Albuquerque, R.M.C. Miranda, V. Richter‐Trummer, M.A.V. de Figueiredo, R. Calçada and P.M.S.T. de Castro

The purpose of this paper is to study the fatigue crack growth (FCG) behaviour of the steel and weldments of a railway bridge.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study the fatigue crack growth (FCG) behaviour of the steel and weldments of a railway bridge.

Design/methodology/approach

Tests were carried out on compact tension (CT) specimens using the thickness (B=32 mm) of a structural detail. The test matrix included three R values and three material conditions: base material (BM), heat affected zone (HAZ) and weld metal (WM). An evaluation of opening load behavior was carried out. The full field measurement of the residual stress perpendicular to the crack plane was performed using the contour technique. A simplified finite element analysis supported the interpretation of the results. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observation of the fracture surface of BM and HAZ specimens was carried out.

Findings

Extensive crack closure effects were found in the welded specimens. Important through‐the‐thickness variation of residual stress was found using the contour technique. The residual stress fields of HAZ and WM specimens led to slowing down the FCG rate in the initial stages of crack propagation and to uncommon fracture surfaces. When the opening load effect was taken into consideration it was found that the da/dN vs ΔK of the different types of specimens are approximately identical. The ratio (striation spacing)/(da/dN) decreases up to approximately unity as a/W increases. In the specimens analyzed, FCG rates below approximately 2E‐7 to 3E‐7 m/cycle are associated with approximately constant striation spacing values, which could be considered a conservative upper bound of the real crack growth rate.

Originality/value

Fatigue crack growth behavior of thick welded steel CT specimens was analyzed on the basis of tests including full field residual stress measurements, crack closure behavior and striation spacing, allowing for the simultaneous consideration of all those aspects. It is shown that the striations spacing provides no more than a conservative upper bond of the real crack propagation rate.

Details

International Journal of Structural Integrity, vol. 3 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1757-9864

Keywords

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Article

R.F. Sandenbergh

The stress corrosion properties of 3CR12 were evaluated in various media by means of potentiodynamic scanning and the slow strain rate techniques. In general 3CR12 shows…

Abstract

The stress corrosion properties of 3CR12 were evaluated in various media by means of potentiodynamic scanning and the slow strain rate techniques. In general 3CR12 shows good resistance to stress corrosion except in hot chloride solutions above 100°C.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 34 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

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Article

A.N. Du Feu

THE altimeter is one of the most important aircraft instruments, and is likely to remain so for many years to come. It is pertinent therefore to attempt to forecast what…

Abstract

THE altimeter is one of the most important aircraft instruments, and is likely to remain so for many years to come. It is pertinent therefore to attempt to forecast what the future holds for this instrument. As the future is to some extent an extrapolation of the past, it is germane to review briefly the altimeter's development history. A study of the subject reveals four key features which are responsible for the present form of the instrument and which will determine its future development. These are:—

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 47 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

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Article

Najam Ul Zia

This study aims to examine the association of knowledge-oriented leadership (KOL), knowledge management (KM) behaviour and innovation performance in project-based small…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to examine the association of knowledge-oriented leadership (KOL), knowledge management (KM) behaviour and innovation performance in project-based small and medium-sized enterprises. It investigates the moderation of goal-orientation in the relationship of KOL with knowledge-acquisition, transfer, documentation and application.

Design/methodology/approach

Data are collected from 215 employees in 32 small project-based software firms in Pakistan. Partial least square is used to test the hypotheses.

Findings

KOL is positively associated with KM behaviour and innovation performance. KM mediates the relationship of KOL and innovation performance. Furthermore, goal orientations play a moderating role in the relationship of KOL with knowledge acquisition, transfer and application activities.

Originality/value

This study extends the literature on knowledge-based dynamic capabilities, by examining the relationship of KOL, KM behaviour and project-based innovation performance. Investigating the moderation of goal-orientation in the relationship of KOL with KM behaviour is also an original contribution.

Details

Journal of Knowledge Management, vol. 24 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1367-3270

Keywords

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Article

Alyssa Cox, Hayley Simmons, Ginny Painter, Pippa Philipson, Rachel Hill and Verity Chester

Patients treated within secure/forensic settings experience numerous barriers to meaningful vocation, including restrictions under the Mental Health Act, which limit…

Abstract

Purpose

Patients treated within secure/forensic settings experience numerous barriers to meaningful vocation, including restrictions under the Mental Health Act, which limit community access. The purpose of this paper is to describe the development of Real Work Opportunities, an inclusive and accessible vocational rehabilitation programme within a forensic intellectual disability service. The programme involved setting up employment and interview workshops, interviews, and interview feedback, and job roles within the secure service, to simulate the real work process.

Design/methodology/approach

A reflective account of the development and implementation of the Real Work Opportunity programme with a forensic intellectual disability population.

Findings

The programme was well received by the patients involved and a high attendance rate was maintained over time despite the demands that were expected. Roles have been advertised for two employment periods and have had two sets of successful candidates. Patients demonstrated skills development throughout the employment process, including general work-based skills, punctuality and time management, managing duties, responsibility, specific role-related skills, interpersonal skills and personal presentation.

Research limitations/implications

Despite limited experience of work prior to admission, many patients were enthusiastic and motivated to work. The initial trial of the programme has been well received by both patients and staff. Future developments will include widening the number and types of opportunity offered by the programme.

Originality/value

This paper describes a vocational rehabilitation programme for a particularly marginalised population, people with intellectual disabilities within a forensic service. The programme proved highly popular with patients, and enabled them to develop transferable employment skills.

Details

Journal of Intellectual Disabilities and Offending Behaviour, vol. 5 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2050-8824

Keywords

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