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The Handbook of Road Safety Measures
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84855-250-0

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Book part
Publication date: 27 June 2013

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Transformational and Charismatic Leadership: The Road Ahead 10th Anniversary Edition
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78190-600-2

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Book part
Publication date: 21 November 2016

Douglas Jozef Angus and Eddie Harmon-Jones

Extensive human and animal research has examined approach and withdrawal motivation, which we define as the simple urge to move toward or away, respectively. In this…

Abstract

Extensive human and animal research has examined approach and withdrawal motivation, which we define as the simple urge to move toward or away, respectively. In this chapter, we review seminal and recent research that showing that asymmetrical frontal cortical activity underlies approach and withdrawal motivation that occur during childhood, that characterize certain psychopathologies, and are present in everyday emotional experiences. Specifically, greater left-frontal activity is involved in approach motivation, including the expression and experience of anger, jealousy, desire, and joy. Conversely, greater right-frontal activity is involved in withdrawal motivation, including the expression and experience of some forms of sadness, crying, and depressed mood. We also review recent research suggesting that connectivity between the frontal and parietal cortices is a potential mechanism for the motivation-related effects of asymmetrical frontal activity.

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Recent Developments in Neuroscience Research on Human Motivation
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78635-474-7

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Book part
Publication date: 20 September 2018

Arwen H. DeCostanza, Katherine R. Gamble, Armando X. Estrada and Kara L. Orvis

Unobtrusive measurement methodologies are critical to implementing intelligent tutoring systems (ITS) for teams. Such methodologies allow for continuous measurement of…

Abstract

Unobtrusive measurement methodologies are critical to implementing intelligent tutoring systems (ITS) for teams. Such methodologies allow for continuous measurement of team states and processes while avoiding disruption of mission or training performance, and do not rely on post hoc feedback (including for the aggregation of data into measures or to develop insights from these real-time metrics). This chapter summarizes advances in unobtrusive measurement developed within Army research programs to illustrate the variety and potential that unobtrusive measurement approaches can provide for building ITS for teams. Challenges regarding the real-time aggregation of data and applications to current and future ITS for teams are also discussed.

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Article
Publication date: 12 April 2008

Judy Hutchings, Tracey Bywater, Catrin Eames and Pam Martin

This article reports on three pragmatic randomised controlled trials (RCTs) to help children at risk of conduct disorder (CD): two involved the Incredible Years (IY) BASIC…

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This article reports on three pragmatic randomised controlled trials (RCTs) to help children at risk of conduct disorder (CD): two involved the Incredible Years (IY) BASIC parent programme and the other concerned the IY teacher programme. All three interventions took place in regular service settings in North‐ and Mid‐Wales. In all three studies, staff from the provider agency delivered the programme and participated in RCT evaluations in which participants were randomly allocated to intervention or waitinglist control conditions. After a brief introduction to research into the prevention or treatment of CD, and the issues to be considered by services in selecting and delivering interventions, this article summarises the structure, content and evidence base of the IY programmes. The three Welsh studies are briefly described before exploring what factors contributed to service participation in the trials and the benefits and lessons learned in undertaking them.

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Journal of Children's Services, vol. 3 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1746-6660

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1976

D.J. Bartholomew, R.F.A. Hopes and A.R. Smith

The role of uncertainty in manpower planning is discussed and illustrated by reference to manpower planning in the Civil Service. The nature of the planning process is…

Abstract

The role of uncertainty in manpower planning is discussed and illustrated by reference to manpower planning in the Civil Service. The nature of the planning process is described, and an account given of the principal statistical methods employed. Uncertainty is classified in terms of random error, specification error, estimation error and data error. Strategies for containing error are discussed, and examples used to illustrate the relative importance of each type. Parameter specification error is usually dominant, and experience suggests that sensitivity analysis is the most practical way of dealing with it. The mutually‐dependent roles of statistician and manager in the process of working towards effective decisions, and the importance of a flexible and continuous planning process which can adapt to the unexpected, are both stressed.

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Personnel Review, vol. 5 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0048-3486

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1991

L.J. Turbini, G.B. Freeman, M.H. Smith, J.D. Finney, R.D. Boswell and J.F. Lane

A new corrosion test for assessing flux residues is applied to marginally cleaned water soluble fluxed test boards and low solids/no clean fluxed test boards. This test…

Abstract

A new corrosion test for assessing flux residues is applied to marginally cleaned water soluble fluxed test boards and low solids/no clean fluxed test boards. This test method developed by Bono has been modified to accelerate the corrosion process. The corrosion mechanism observed in this study is conductive anodic filament (CAF), a corrosion mechanism proposed in 1979 by Lando et al. It is postulated that this degradation mechanism is due to the high bias voltage (190 V) coupled with the high humidity (85%) and high temperature (85°C) conditions used in this test. Important parameters in the test method are discussed and recommended refinements are given.

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Soldering & Surface Mount Technology, vol. 3 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0954-0911

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Exploring Self Toward Expanding Teaching, Teacher Education and Practitioner Research
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83982-262-9

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Book part
Publication date: 11 July 2019

Annette Bergemann, Erik Grönqvist and Soffia Guðbjörnsdóttir

We investigate how career disruptions in terms of job loss may impact morbidity for individuals diagnosed with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Combining unique, high-quality…

Abstract

We investigate how career disruptions in terms of job loss may impact morbidity for individuals diagnosed with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Combining unique, high-quality longitudinal data from the Swedish National Diabetes Register (NDR) with matched employer–employee data, we focus on individuals diagnosed with T2D, who are established on the labor market and who lose their job in a mass layoff. Using a conditional difference-in-differences evaluation approach, our results give limited support for job loss having an impact on health behavior, diabetes progression, and cardiovascular risk factors.

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Health and Labor Markets
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78973-861-2

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1966

R.J. Lane

THE problem of providing engines suitable for high Mach number aircraft is a fascinating study which at the moment has only been taken to the stage where many solutions…

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THE problem of providing engines suitable for high Mach number aircraft is a fascinating study which at the moment has only been taken to the stage where many solutions look feasible, thus the choice of engines for the different roles for which high Mach number aircraft may be used is still fairly wide open.

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Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 38 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

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