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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1992

J. Cisson, J. Seigo and K. Minten

This paper constitutes a follow‐up to earlier work published in Circuit World, Vol. 17, No. 4. The first paper studied the metallographic structures of two commercially…

Abstract

This paper constitutes a follow‐up to earlier work published in Circuit World, Vol. 17, No. 4. The first paper studied the metallographic structures of two commercially available full build electroless copper foils. Part 2 reports the investigations carried out into the etching characteristics of these copper foils, chemically deposited from full build electroless copper baths designated high elongation (HE) and high strength (HS). It is shown that, although attention should be given to the choice of etchant for these copper foils, they do not exhibit an uncontrollable etch rate, as is often feared.

Details

Circuit World, vol. 18 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0305-6120

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1994

K. Minten, K. Kitchens and J. Cisson

In the preceding three parts of this series, the authors have extensively reviewed and quantified the special processing sequences required for the ‘additive’ and…

Abstract

In the preceding three parts of this series, the authors have extensively reviewed and quantified the special processing sequences required for the ‘additive’ and ‘semi‐additive’ process strategies of PWB manufacture. In this, the fourth part of the series of five, they wish to present a series of full build processes which meet all the interconnect requirements of the 1990s while eliminating the drawbacks traditionally associated with additive processes.

Details

Circuit World, vol. 20 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0305-6120

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1993

K. Minten and J. Cisson

This, the third in a series of papers, reports an investigation of the semi‐additive process strategies of PWB manufacture. It will show that, although the adoption of a…

Abstract

This, the third in a series of papers, reports an investigation of the semi‐additive process strategies of PWB manufacture. It will show that, although the adoption of a ‘naked’ palladium catalyst is the optimal production strategy in terms of cost, caution must be exercised in its implementation, particularly with regard to material process flow and solder mask type employed. It will be demonstrated that the use of a thin, sacrificial ‘flash’ of electroless copper prior to circuitisation and full build deposition will be required for the liquid photoimageable soldermask (LPISM) approach.

Details

Circuit World, vol. 19 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0305-6120

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Book part
Publication date: 4 June 2019

Richard A. Young, L. Alejandra Botia, José F. Domene, Kesha Pradhan and Rosalynn Record-Lemon

The social inclusion of youth is addressed from the perspective of goal-directed action in order to understand and foster it effectively. Conceptualized from the…

Abstract

The social inclusion of youth is addressed from the perspective of goal-directed action in order to understand and foster it effectively. Conceptualized from the perspective of contextual action theory (CAT), the specific understanding of action as levels, perspectives and systems provides the basis to unpack the complexity of human action. One pertinent action system is identified as project. It refers to a series of actions over time with the same goal. Using this understanding, the social inclusion of youth is described though the joint actions and projects between youth and non-familial adults. These joint actions and projects include advocating for youth, providing instrumental knowledge and encouraging community involvement and civil engagement. CAT is also used to conceptualize and conduct research on the social inclusion of youth. Specifically, the action project method was used to describe the joint projects of both youth with disability and immigrant youth as these projects involved the youth’s social inclusion.

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Book part
Publication date: 1 February 2005

Soon Ang (Ph.D., Minnesota) is the distinguished Goh Tjoei Kok chair professor in strategy, management, and organization at the Nanyang Business School, Nanyang…

Abstract

Soon Ang (Ph.D., Minnesota) is the distinguished Goh Tjoei Kok chair professor in strategy, management, and organization at the Nanyang Business School, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. She has published in Academy of Management Journal, Information Systems Research, Journal of Applied Psychology, Journal of Organizational Behavior, Management Science, MIS Quarterly, Organization Science, Social Forces, and others. She has co-authored two books on cultural intelligence published by Stanford University Press. Her research focuses on cultural intelligence, global leadership development, foreign talent management, and outsourcing (E-mail: asang@ntu.edu.sg).

Details

Advances in Global Leadership
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76231-160-6

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1994

Belverd E. Needles

This paper provides, first, a historical perspective of accounting research relating to Asian/Pacific countries as seen from the vantage of the leading international…

Abstract

This paper provides, first, a historical perspective of accounting research relating to Asian/Pacific countries as seen from the vantage of the leading international journal in the United States and, second, a bibliographical data base and index of twenty‐six years of articles on this region of the world. It accomplishes the first objective by presenting a tabular profile of research in international accounting as it pertains to countries in the Asian/Pacific Rim region as shown in articles published in the International Journal of Accounting (formerly, the International Journal of Accounting, Education and Research) and related publications which appeared from 1965 to 1990. The articles are classified according to country, research methodology, subject, and five‐year time periods. The paper accomplishes the second objective by providing an annotated bibliography of 125 articles on Asian/Pacific Rim countries and indices by country and methodology, and subject.

Details

Asian Review of Accounting, vol. 2 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1321-7348

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Article
Publication date: 11 December 2017

Xiaoguang Wang, Ningyuan Song, Lu Zhang and Yanyu Jiang

The purpose of this paper is to understand the subjects contained in the Dunhuang mural images as well as their relation structures.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to understand the subjects contained in the Dunhuang mural images as well as their relation structures.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper performed content analysis based on Panofsky’s theory and 237 research papers related to the Dunhuang mural images. UNICET software was also used to study the correlation structures of subject network.

Findings

The results show that the three levels of subject have all captured the attention of Dunhuang mural researchers, the iconology occupy the critical position in the whole image study, and the correlation between iconography and iconology was strong. Further analysis reveals that cultural development, production, and power and domination have high centralities in the subject network.

Research limitations/implications

The research samples come from three major Chinese journal databases. However, there are still many authoritative monographs and foreign publications about the Dunhuang murals which are not included in this study.

Originality/value

The results uncover the subject hierarchies and structures contained in the Dunhuang murals from the angle of image scholarship which express scholars’ intention and contribute to the deep semantic annotation on digital Dunhuang mural images.

Details

Journal of Documentation, vol. 74 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0022-0418

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1982

Stephen Smith

Developments in the technology of electronic transmission of information are rapidly transforming the tools available to the general public for gathering information about…

Abstract

Developments in the technology of electronic transmission of information are rapidly transforming the tools available to the general public for gathering information about current events. Direct access to news and retrieval of bibliographic information pertaining to traditional printed news sources are a daily reality for a growing number of individuals, on the job, at home, through personal computer terminals or at libraries. The purpose of this paper is to examine the characteristics of electronic databases providing access to news, as well as applications of these tools to various library settings.

Details

Reference Services Review, vol. 10 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0090-7324

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Book part
Publication date: 30 December 2004

Thomas Roehl and Allan Bird

Struggling economies provide an interesting venue for international management researchers to build and test theory. Struggling economies are characterized by conflict and…

Abstract

Struggling economies provide an interesting venue for international management researchers to build and test theory. Struggling economies are characterized by conflict and confrontation between established forces trying to impose conformity and emerging forces seeking variety. Economies once healthy, but in sustained recession, are also fertile sites for exploring the conflict between problem-solving based on traditionally, but no longer, successful strategies and new solutions brought in from outside. Struggling economies also present opportunities for examining the interaction between people and structures, where established relationships are open to question. This volume explores change in one struggling economy – Japan. In doing so, it seeks to draw from the experience of Japanese companies in extending international management theory beyond the boundaries of that one country.

Details

Japanese Firms in Transition: Responding to the Globalization Challenge
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76231-157-6

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