Search results

1 – 10 of over 2000
Book part
Publication date: 14 July 2014

Sunday O. Obi, Festus E. Obiakor, Stephanie L. Obi, Tachelle Banks, Sean Warner and Natalie Spencer

The historian, Arthur M. Schlesinger (1999), once wrote that “a basic theme of American history has been the movement, uneven but steady, from exclusion to inclusion” – a…

Abstract

The historian, Arthur M. Schlesinger (1999), once wrote that “a basic theme of American history has been the movement, uneven but steady, from exclusion to inclusion” – a movement “fueled by ideals” (p. 173). He might well have been talking about the United States’ public education system where it has become evident that segments of its pupil population have been overlooked or neglected. The good news is that there have been some efforts to ameliorate this problem. However, despite these efforts, there continues to be lingering problems for culturally and linguistically diverse students with gifts and talents. In this chapter, we address how to maximize the success potential of these students.

Details

Gifted Education: Current Perspectives and Issues
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78350-741-2

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 14 July 2014

Donna Y. Ford

This chapter examines underrepresentation among African American and Hispanic students in gifted education using the perfect storm analogy, arguing that social inequality…

Abstract

This chapter examines underrepresentation among African American and Hispanic students in gifted education using the perfect storm analogy, arguing that social inequality, elitism, and colorblindness are three forces that contribute to the poor presence of these groups in gifted education. Underrepresentation trends are presented, along with methods for calculating underrepresentation and inequity. Underrepresentation is placed under the larger issues of achievement gaps, and inequitable school practices, specifically de jure segregation. Models and discussions of social inequality, elitism, and colorblindness are presented to explain that the magnitude of underrepresentation is beyond statistical chance and a function of decision makers’ attitudes and beliefs grounded in deficit paradigms. The primary theses and admonitions are that gifted education underrepresentation is counterproductive in such a culturally different nation, and that desegregating gifted education is nonnegotiable. Suggestions for desegregating gifted education and eliminating inequities are provided.

Details

Gifted Education: Current Perspectives and Issues
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78350-741-2

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 14 July 2014

Joy Lawson Davis

Family involvement in the education of children and youth is recognized throughout research and practice as critical to the success of children in schools. This…

Abstract

Family involvement in the education of children and youth is recognized throughout research and practice as critical to the success of children in schools. This involvement has been described as impactful across population and ability groups. This chapter examines contemporary literature and practice as it relates to the engagement of parents of high ability and gifted learners. These families, whose children and youth have unique learning needs, originate from a variety of cultural groups nationwide. Innovative practices specifically designed to improve connections with families and enhance services for culturally different gifted students are emphasized in this chapter.

Details

Gifted Education: Current Perspectives and Issues
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78350-741-2

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 May 1999

Hong Liu and Yen Po Wang

Examines the pattern of relationships between foreign manufacturing firms and local third‐party distributors and the effective management and co‐ordination of…

2260

Abstract

Examines the pattern of relationships between foreign manufacturing firms and local third‐party distributors and the effective management and co‐ordination of supplier‐distributor relationships in China. Case studies of four foreign‐funded food manufacturers in China have been conducted. Different distributorship and styles of relationship management have been identified in each firm. Major relational constructs examined include channel conflicts and relationships, power sources and relational outcomes. Nine propositions have been derived from the findings. Research and managerial implications have also been discussed.

Details

Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing, vol. 14 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0885-8624

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 9 March 2012

Rajesh K. Aithal

The aim of this paper is to understand the influence of the external environment and rural retailer purchase preference on the length of channels in rural areas in India.

2941

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this paper is to understand the influence of the external environment and rural retailer purchase preference on the length of channels in rural areas in India.

Design/methodology/approach

The methodology involved the survey of over 686 rural retailers in 103 villages across rural India, to trace the structure of distribution channels.

Findings

The correlation analysis and ANOVA test show that channel length varies in regions based on variation in the external environment. Village retailer with his unique buying preferences also influences the distribution channel.

Research limitations/implications

The study involves only two product categories and ignores the evolutionary aspect of distribution channels.

Practical implications

The study provides pointers to marketers interested in gaining access to rural markets.

Originality/value

The paper is one of the first empirical studies which focuses on understanding the distribution channel in rural areas, by starting from the village retailer onwards to the channel intermediaries in the nearest small town.

Details

International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management, vol. 40 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0959-0552

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 June 1989

Gary L. Frazier and Sudhir H. Kale

The differences that exist in manufacturer – distributorrelationships across diverse markets and countries have been largelyignored in the marketing channels literature. A…

Abstract

The differences that exist in manufacturer – distributor relationships across diverse markets and countries have been largely ignored in the marketing channels literature. A conceptual framework is built designed to explain how the initiation, implementation, and review of manufacturer – distributor relationships are likely to vary, based on whether such relationships take place in buyers′ markets in developed countries or in sellers′ markets in developing countries. Several cultural and structural dimensions of markets in developing countries also play an important role in the conceptual framework. A comparative channel systems approach is taken and a number of propositions are developed that require empirical testing in the future.

Details

International Marketing Review, vol. 6 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0265-1335

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 2 July 2007

Sonita Sarker

The significance of feminisms appears and disappears from where you stand. In the 20th century, feminisms of different contexts have been the very basis of struggles for…

Abstract

The significance of feminisms appears and disappears from where you stand. In the 20th century, feminisms of different contexts have been the very basis of struggles for equity and justice at the same as time as they have faced charges of illegitimacy or irrelevance. As in the last century, the current era can be read not as the histories of feminisms only but as chronicles of feminisms intertwined unevenly with other movements for social, political, and economic justice. In this sense, feminisms have disappeared or metamorphosed.1 Both verbs signify either that many feminisms are not recognizable as some had known or interpreted them to exist, or that they have altered beyond familiar shapes to forms that have displaced or substituted them. These transformations have led to debates on purist and reconstituted versions; these disputes have, in fact, maintained the vitality of feminisms.2

Details

Sustainable Feminisms
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-7623-1439-3

Article
Publication date: 30 January 2007

S.S. O'Brien, D. Lindsay and A. von Holy

The purpose of this paper is to assess equipment surfaces associated with the production of Baker's compressed yeast for microbial biofilms.

1080

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to assess equipment surfaces associated with the production of Baker's compressed yeast for microbial biofilms.

Design/methodology/approach

Yeast and bacteria (aerobic plate counts – APC, Enterococcus, E. coli and coliforms) attached to five processing equipment surfaces in a yeast processing factory were enumerated after dislodging from stainless steel squares (“mock” surfaces), or swabbing, after 7, 14, 21 and 28 days of yeast of production. Attached populations were visualized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM).

Findings

A similar increasing trend in attached bacterial counts on all equipment surfaces was observed over 28 days using both “mock” surface and swabbing techniques. However, bacterial and viable yeast counts obtained using “mock” surfaces were significantly higher (P<0.05) by ca. 1 to 2.5 log CFU/cm2 compared to corresponding counts obtained by swabbing. Overall E. coli and coliform counts were below the lower detection limit (0.7 log CFU/cm2), Enterococcus counts ranged from 2.30 log CFU/cm2 to 4.69 CFU/cm2, and APC ranged from 2.17 CFU/cm2 to 4.89 CFU/cm2. Highest attached bacterial counts were consistently recorded on the hopper and extruder. SEM of “mock” surfaces confirmed the accumulation of yeast cells and attachment of rod and coccoid‐shaped bacterial cells. Predominant surface‐associated bacterial populations were Enterococcaceae (70%), Lactobacillus (20%) and Gram‐negative rods (10%).

Originality/value

Biofilms on stainless steel yeast processing equipment surfaces may act as potential sources of during production spoilage contamination of Baker's compressed yeast.

Details

British Food Journal, vol. 109 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-070X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 May 1988

John F. Gaski

The author sets out to achieve a better measurement of interorganisational power in distribution channels.

Abstract

The author sets out to achieve a better measurement of interorganisational power in distribution channels.

Details

International Journal of Physical Distribution & Materials Management, vol. 18 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0269-8218

Article
Publication date: 21 June 2021

Farahnaz Amini, Kok Wah Yee, Siew Chin Soh, Abdulateef Alhadeethi, Roya Amini and Edmond Siah Chye Ng

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a group of complex neurodevelopmental disorders with uncertain etiology. Evidence shows that genetic testing can explain about 20% of…

Abstract

Purpose

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a group of complex neurodevelopmental disorders with uncertain etiology. Evidence shows that genetic testing can explain about 20% of cases. This study aims to assess the level of awareness and perception of medical genetic services among Malaysian parents with ASD children.

Design/methodology/approach

A cross-sectional survey using an interviewer-administered questionnaire was done among 111 parents of children with ASD from August 2017 to September 2019 in two clinics in Malaysia.

Findings

A majority of children with ASD (80.20%) were male and diagnosed at the age of 3–4 years old (47.80%). When the autistic child was born, most mothers and fathers were aged 26–30 (40.50%) and 31–35 years old (42.30%), respectively. Another child with ASD in nuclear and extended families was reported for 11.70% and 13.50%, respectively. Only 24.30% have seen a professional genetic consultant, and 19.8% have done genetic testing for affected children. The mean score of awareness of genetic services for ASD was 2.48 ± 3.30. Having medical insurance and another child with ASD in the nuclear family was significantly associated with a higher level of awareness (p = 0.01 and p < 0.001, respectively). Most of the participants have a positive perception of these services.

Originality/value

Regardless of demographic factors, participants have poor awareness of genetic services for ASD, likely because the primary physician did not recommend it upon diagnosis. Increasing health-care providers’ knowledge about the current potential of genetic testing for ASD and educational campaigns for the public are critical components of using available genetic tests to improve ASD management.

Details

Advances in Autism, vol. 8 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2056-3868

Keywords

1 – 10 of over 2000