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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1991

Piet Sercu

Facts vs Fantasies about the ECU. Advantages frequently ascribed to the ECU include the following:

Abstract

Facts vs Fantasies about the ECU. Advantages frequently ascribed to the ECU include the following:

Details

Managerial Finance, vol. 17 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0307-4358

Article
Publication date: 1 March 1992

I.R. Davidson

Whereas the last decade has seen remarkable growth in United States (US) futures business, in the United Kingdom (UK) the volume in some sectors has been disappointing…

101

Abstract

Whereas the last decade has seen remarkable growth in United States (US) futures business, in the United Kingdom (UK) the volume in some sectors has been disappointing. Although new markets are continuing to appear (such as the Baltic International Freight Futures Exchange, BIFFEX, which opened for business in May 1985), on 31 January 1985 the London Gold Futures Market (LGFM) announced its intention to close and from time to time there has been speculation that LIFFE, the London International Financial Futures Exchange, may not be able to continue in its present form because of lack of business (although the range of traded instruments continues to expand). Some factors that would tend to discourage business are:

Details

Managerial Finance, vol. 18 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0307-4358

Article
Publication date: 1 May 1997

Anghel N. Rugina

The equation of unified knowledge says that S = f (A,P) which means that the practical solution to a given problem is a function of the existing, empirical, actual…

2624

Abstract

The equation of unified knowledge says that S = f (A,P) which means that the practical solution to a given problem is a function of the existing, empirical, actual realities and the future, potential, best possible conditions of general stable equilibrium which both pure and practical reason, exhaustive in the Kantian sense, show as being within the realm of potential realities beyond any doubt. The first classical revolution in economic thinking, included in factor “P” of the equation, conceived the economic and financial problems in terms of a model of ideal conditions of stable equilibrium but neglected the full consideration of the existing, actual conditions. That is the main reason why, in the end, it failed. The second modern revolution, included in factor “A” of the equation, conceived the economic and financial problems in terms of the existing, actual conditions, usually in disequilibrium or unstable equilibrium (in case of stagnation) and neglected the sense of right direction expressed in factor “P” or the realization of general, stable equilibrium. That is the main reason why the modern revolution failed in the past and is failing in front of our eyes in the present. The equation of unified knowledge, perceived as a sui generis synthesis between classical and modern thinking has been applied rigorously and systematically in writing the enclosed American‐British economic, monetary, financial and social stabilization plans. In the final analysis, a new economic philosophy, based on a synthesis between classical and modern thinking, called here the new economics of unified knowledge, is applied to solve the malaise of the twentieth century which resulted from a confusion between thinking in terms of stable equilibrium on the one hand and disequilibrium or unstable equilibrium on the other.

Details

International Journal of Social Economics, vol. 24 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0306-8293

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 12 November 2016

Zsuzsa R. Huszár, Ruth S. K. Tan and Weina Zhang

This study seeks to explore the presence and the relative strength of market efficiency in the onshore and offshore Renminbi (RMB) forward markets.

Abstract

Purpose

This study seeks to explore the presence and the relative strength of market efficiency in the onshore and offshore Renminbi (RMB) forward markets.

Methodology/approach

In the onshore and offshore foreign exchange markets, the RMB forward contracts are designed in similar ways. However, the underlying economic forces and regulatory frameworks are very different in these two markets. We first analyze the functioning of each market, by examining the covered interest rate parity (CIRP) conditions. Second, we explore the CIRP deviations in the two markets and quantify the role of market frictions and government interventions.

Findings

We find that the CIRP condition does not hold in either the onshore or the offshore RMB forward markets. We also find that the offshore market is more efficient than the onshore market in conveying private information about investors’ expectation.

Originality/value

Our results reveal that the onshore RMB forward market provides an imperfect platform for investors to manage their currency exposures. We suggest that by opening the offshore market to domestic participants and the onshore market to more foreigners, the forward rates may become more informative with a greater investor mix. These liberalization efforts are important steps in the right directions to improve market efficiency in the Chinese FOREX market.

Details

The Political Economy of Chinese Finance
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78560-957-2

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 18 April 2020

K.P. Prabheesh and Bhavesh Garg

This paper aims to investigate the interrelations between purchasing power parity (PPP) and uncovered interest parity (UIP) in BRICS economies, namely, Brazil, Russia…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to investigate the interrelations between purchasing power parity (PPP) and uncovered interest parity (UIP) in BRICS economies, namely, Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, by checking the validity of the capital-enhanced equilibrium exchange rate (CHEER) approach. Further, this study tests whether the CHEER results are data frequency-dependent.

Design/methodology/approach

The present study uses monthly data ranging from 1997M01 to 2016M12 and considers the US economy as the representative foreign country. The study uses structural break unit root test and structural break cointegration technique to test the presence of economic relationships between nominal exchange rates and each of the price and interest rate differentials. Then, the study examines the validity of the CHEER approach by testing the appropriate theoretical restrictions.

Findings

The cointegration results suggest the existence of two cointegrating vectors representing UIP and PPP conditions. For all countries, the data appear to support the hypothesis that the system contains UIP and PPP relations. However, each of the international parity hypotheses is strongly rejected when formulated in isolation and jointly, leading to repudiation of the CHEER validity. Further, it is found that the results are data frequency-dependent and suggest that higher frequencies should be used as they provide additional information.

Originality/value

First, the literature on equilibrium exchange rates in BRICS economies is scanty. BRICS economies are large-emerging economies and one of the fastest growing economies and thus entail an empirical enquiry on their exchange rates. Second, the empirical application has mainly used monthly data to test the validity of the CHEER approach. However, data frequencies could affect the results. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this study is the first to check data frequency-dependency in examination of the CHEER approach.

Details

Studies in Economics and Finance, vol. 38 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1086-7376

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 January 1981

John H. Morgan

Since the widespread introduction of floating exchange rate regimes amongst the major currencies in the early 1970s, the problem of correctly anticipating exchange rate

Abstract

Since the widespread introduction of floating exchange rate regimes amongst the major currencies in the early 1970s, the problem of correctly anticipating exchange rate fluctuations is one that corporate treasurers of companies having any international dealings have had to face in order to manage successfully the exchange risk inherent in international contracts.

Details

Managerial Finance, vol. 7 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0307-4358

Book part
Publication date: 18 January 2022

Alessandro Rebucci, Jonathan S. Hartley and Daniel Jiménez

This chapter conducts an event study of 30 quantitative easing (QE) announcements made by 21 central banks on daily government bond yields and bilateral US dollar exchange…

Abstract

This chapter conducts an event study of 30 quantitative easing (QE) announcements made by 21 central banks on daily government bond yields and bilateral US dollar exchange rates in March and April 2020, in the midst of the global financial turmoil triggered by the COVID-19 outbreak. The chapter also investigates the transmission of innovations to long-term interest rates in a standard GVAR model estimated with quarterly pre-COVID-19 data. The authors find that QE has not lost effectiveness in advanced economies and that its international transmission is consistent with the working of long-run uncovered interest rate parity and a large dollar shortage shock during the COVID-19 period. In emerging markets, the QE impact on bond yields is much stronger and its transmission to exchange rates is qualitatively different than in advanced economies. The GVAR evidence that the authors report illustrates the Fed’s pivotal role in the global transmission of long-term interest rate shocks, but also the ample scope for country-specific interventions to affect local financial market conditions, even after controlling for common factors and spillovers from other countries. The GVAR evidence also shows that QE interventions can have sizable real effects on output driven by a very persistent impact on long-term interest rates.

Details

Essays in Honor of M. Hashem Pesaran: Prediction and Macro Modeling
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-80262-062-7

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 7 March 2016

Harald Braml

The “London InterBank Offered Rate” (LIBOR) is one of the most important short-term interest rates with trillions of US dollar in financial products tied to it. Due to…

Abstract

Purpose

The “London InterBank Offered Rate” (LIBOR) is one of the most important short-term interest rates with trillions of US dollar in financial products tied to it. Due to recent allegations of manipulation of the LIBOR, this paper aims to investigate the integrity of this rate.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper analyzes the LIBOR and its rate fixing process using different screens to detect potential manipulative behavior on the macro and micro level. As main frameworks, an interest rate parity approach and the construction of a theoretical LIBOR using Credit Default Swap (CDSs) are applied. A simulation on the potential impact from one through four banks manipulating the LIBOR is performed as well.

Findings

The results on the macro level show that the LIBOR deviates heavily from other short-term interest rates from mid-2007 onwards, reaching its peak in September 2008 with the collapse of Lehman Brothers. On the micro level, the individual submissions of the panel banks are investigated, finding inconsistencies for Barclays and HSBC. Furthermore, a simulation on the influence from potential manipulation under the current calculation method reveals substantial effects on the LIBOR fixing. Even one bank trying to manipulate the fixing has a strong influence on the rate setting.

Originality/value

This paper contributes to the academic landscape in that it investigates the LIBOR rate setting process and if irregular behavior can be detected, given the screens used. Due to the findings of conspicuous behavior in the fixing during certain periods, the integrity of the rate setting process is more than questionable.

Details

Studies in Economics and Finance, vol. 33 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1086-7376

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 11 March 2005

Kang H. Park

The purpose of this paper is to examine the extent of financial integration occurring in East Asia. Increasing economic integration in East Asia over the last two decades…

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to examine the extent of financial integration occurring in East Asia. Increasing economic integration in East Asia over the last two decades has been evidenced by consistent growth in intra‐regional trade and investment. Greater economic integration in the region, accompanied by financial deregulation and liberalization, has contributed to greater financial integration. This study confirms increasing degree of financial market integration in East Asia by comparing movements of monthly money market rates before and after the Asian financial crisis. Convergence of interest rates across the countries in East Asia is examined by analyzing deviations, correlation coefficients and multivariate co‐integration tests of interest rates.

Details

Multinational Business Review, vol. 13 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1525-383X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 3 July 2009

Arun Kumar Misra and Jitendra Mahakud

Financial sector reform measures, which were initiated in 1991, have provided some degree of maturity and integration of different segments of India's financial markets…

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Abstract

Purpose

Financial sector reform measures, which were initiated in 1991, have provided some degree of maturity and integration of different segments of India's financial markets. The purpose of this paper is to articulate the impact of financial sector reform measures on integration of various segments of financial markets in India.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper surveys various methodologies for measurement of financial integration and uses the recently developed technique of co‐integration in a VAR framework to assess the extent of integration of various segments of India's financial markets.

Findings

The paper concludes that the financial market integration is inconclusive in India. Only a few segments of money market, Gilt market and foreign exchange market are integrated. Interest rate parity does not hold in India's case, which indicates poor evidence in support of international integration of domestic financial markets. Similarly, the analysis of the relationship between domestic saving and domestic investment does not support international integration. The study of co‐integration of Nasdaq and Bombay sensitive index (BSE), also revealed absence of international integration.

Research limitations/implications

Owing to non‐availability of time series data, the paper could not consider the mutual fund market, pension market and various derivatives markets in the overall process of assessment of financial integration. However, the impact on the findings is minimal, as these markets are not so far developed in India.

Practical implications

The findings have significant practical implications particularly in the formulation of policies on management and interventions in the money market, foreign exchange and equity markets and in the overall formulation of monetary policy for the economy.

Originality/value

This paper presents a quite comprehensive research study on financial integration in India and is original, particularly in the area of application of the co‐integration technique for assessment of financial integration.

Details

International Journal of Emerging Markets, vol. 4 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1746-8809

Keywords

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