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Book part
Publication date: 2 December 2019

Irina V. Gashenko, Elena N. Makarenko, Yuliya S. Zima and Tatyana V. Makarenko

The purpose of the chapter is to study the possibilities of systemic intellectual support for managerial decisions in modern business systems and perspectives of…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of the chapter is to study the possibilities of systemic intellectual support for managerial decisions in modern business systems and perspectives of authomatization of this process on the basis of intellectual technologies.

Methodology

The methodology of the chapter includes the methods of systemic and problem analysis, analysis of causal connections, modeling, and formalization.

Conclusions

Advantages of usage of technologies of intellectual support for decisions in modern business systems are substantiated; they are connected to multitask character, full determination of possibilities and problems of the business system regardless of employees’ involvement in this process, and “scale effect” during making of managerial decisions. Also, drawbacks of intellectual support for decision-making in modern business systems are determined: incompleteness of authomatization of the process of making of managerial decision, foundation primarily on digital data, necessity for complex digitization of the business system, and the problem of security of digital data and intellectual technologies.

Originality/Value

Large opportunities of systemic intellectual support for managerial decisions in modern business systems and wide perspectives of almost full authomatization of this process on the basis of intellectual technologies, accessible at all stages of the process of decision-making, are determined. For this, an algorithm of complex intellectual support for decisions in a modern business system is offered. The obtained results allow determining intellectual technologies of support for managerial decisions in modern business systems as a perspective direction of improving this process.

Details

The Leading Practice of Decision Making in Modern Business Systems
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83867-475-5

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 5 May 2022

Maqsood Ahmad, Qiang Wu and Muhammad Sualeh Khattak

This study aims to explore the mechanism by which intellectual capital and corporate social responsibility (CSR) influence the sustainable competitive performance of small…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to explore the mechanism by which intellectual capital and corporate social responsibility (CSR) influence the sustainable competitive performance of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), with the mediating role of organizational innovation in an emerging economy.

Design/methodology/approach

The data collection was conducted through a survey completed by 208 owners and top managers operating in the service, trading and manufacturing sector SMEs, positioned within twin cities of Pakistan. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was utilized for data analysis.

Findings

The results of the study suggest that intellectual capital and CSR have a markedly positive influence on the sustainable competitive performance of SMEs. The organizational innovation appears to mediate these relationships.

Originality/value

This study pioneers research on the links between intellectual capital, CSR organizational innovation and sustainable competitive performance of SMEs. The current research contributes to the literature by defining intellectual capital and CSR as an antecedent and organizational innovation as an intervening variable for the sustainable competitive performance of SMEs. In addition, this study underlines the significance of intellectual capital and CSR activities as valuable intangible assets for the achievement of sustainable competitive performance of SMEs.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 21 April 2022

Daniel Acton, Caroline Duncan and Sujeet Jaydeokar

This paper aims to underline the importance of using a collaborative approach when designing and adapting a post diagnostic psychosocial intervention of cognitive…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to underline the importance of using a collaborative approach when designing and adapting a post diagnostic psychosocial intervention of cognitive stimulation therapy (CST) for people with intellectual disability and dementia.

Design/methodology/approach

As part of a service improvement, a manual of CST was adapted, for delivery in clinical practice. A qualitative co-production method allowed participants with a lived experience to provide regular feedback relating to the development of the adapted CST manual and intervention programme. This feedback was used to make continual development changes to the CST manual.

Findings

The study demonstrated co-production with those who provide care is valuable in adapting psychosocial therapies for people with an intellectual disability and dementia. Additional findings identified the need for carer education in ageing, dementia care and the physical health needs for older people with intellectual disability.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first study that has used a co-production approach with families and carers in adapting a group therapy programme for people with an intellectual disability. This paper underlines the need for post diagnostic clinical interventions for people with dementia and those who provide care.

Details

Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2044-1282

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 25 April 2022

Hanady Bataineh, Sinan Suleiman Abbadi, Enas Alabood and Amneh Alkurdi

This study aims to investigate the effect of intellectual capital components on firms’ performance, and also examines the influence of the mediating role of family…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to investigate the effect of intellectual capital components on firms’ performance, and also examines the influence of the mediating role of family management on such a relationship.

Design/methodology/approach

The hypotheses are tested using structural equation modeling for a sample of 46 Jordanian service listed firms during 2014–2019.

Findings

The results indicate that intellectual capital efficiency is a key factor that enables firms to achieve higher financial performance and higher market value. Human capital efficiency has a significant positive effect on firms’ profitability as measured by return on assets and earnings per share. No evidence is shown to support that family management has a mediating role on the relationship between intellectual capital and firms’ performance.

Practical implications

The results indicate strong evidence of the important role of intellectual capital on firm performance. Accordingly, this study recommends that the managers of service firms should continue to enhance and improve the components of intellectual capital, especially investing more in the competencies and capabilities of employees, including their skills, education and training programs to achieve competitive advantage and ensure continued success in the future, and investors to pay special attention to the components of intellectual capital to predict the performance of the firm and be able to choose the best investment opportunities.

Originality/value

This study provides additional insights into the literature of both intellectual capital and family businesses by analyzing data from an emerging market.

Details

Journal of Islamic Accounting and Business Research, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1759-0817

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 12 April 2022

Behrooz Ghlichlee and Amirhossein Goodarzi

The paper investigates the effects of strategic human resource practices on intellectual capital and new product development performance in knowledge-based firms.

Abstract

Purpose

The paper investigates the effects of strategic human resource practices on intellectual capital and new product development performance in knowledge-based firms.

Design/methodology/approach

A quantitative approach was adopted to conduct the present study. The respondents were sampled from knowledge-based firms in Iran. Overall, 120 managers in 60 knowledge-based firms were selected using convenience sampling. A confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to ascertain the validity and reliability of the observed items, and a structural equation model was employed for testing the proposed hypotheses.

Findings

In the studied firms, strategic human resource practices have a positive and significant effect on intellectual capital. Moreover, the findings of this study indicate that those firms that use their intellectual capital have a higher new product development performance.

Research limitations/implications

The study focuses on knowledge-based firms in Iran, which limits the generalizability of the research results. Therefore, future studies should be carried out with samples from other settings and countries. Moreover, as the study was cross-sectional, the causal relationships could not be inferred directly.

Practical implications

With regard to key areas of improvement identified in this study, knowledge-based firms should focus on increasing new product development performance by improving employees' training, involving them in their job-related decision-making process, empowering employees to innovate, developing intellectual capital and monitoring the customer's satisfaction level of new products.

Originality/value

The study extends the intellectual capital literature by linking strategic human resource practices to new product development performance in knowledge-based firms via intellectual capital as a mediator.

Details

Journal of Intellectual Capital, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1469-1930

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 18 January 2008

Gregorio Martín de Castro and Pedro López Sáez

The literature shows several intellectual capital models. Nevertheless, there is little empirical evidence about the building blocks that form intellectual capital in…

2502

Abstract

Purpose

The literature shows several intellectual capital models. Nevertheless, there is little empirical evidence about the building blocks that form intellectual capital in practice. The purpose of this paper is to test the widespread categorization of human capital, structural capital, and relational capital with a survey applied to high‐technology firms from Spain.

Design/methodology/approach

Factor analysis was conducted with a sample of 49 firms (larger than 50 employees).

Findings

The results indeed demonstrate the existence of three main components of intellectual capital that, in general, fit the dominant structure proposed by other authors.

Research limitations/implications

Before moving into an internationally accepted system for classification and measurement of intellectual capital, future research should seek a geographical and industrial agreement about the main components of this construct. In that direction, our empirical evidence provides only the experience of Spanish high‐tech firms; this experience could be different in other countries or industries.

Practical implications

In this paper, managers interested in the field can find a useful guidance for structuring an intellectual capital balance sheet, taking the three proposed components as main dimensions, and the items of the survey as a measurement tool for analyzing the intellectual strengths and weaknesses of their firms.

Originality/value

Academics can also benefit from this research, taking it as a basis for replication studies about intellectual capital in other countries and/or industries. This article presents one of the first empirical tests of the theoretically accepted components of intellectual capital.

Details

Journal of Intellectual Capital, vol. 9 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1469-1930

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 24 January 2011

Hannah Kiddle and Dave Dagnan

This paper examines how developmental risk factors associated with depression in typically developing adolescents may interact with the particular life experience of…

518

Abstract

This paper examines how developmental risk factors associated with depression in typically developing adolescents may interact with the particular life experience of adolescents with intellectual disabilities and influence vulnerability to depression. We suggest that a consideration of developmental factors and their interaction with the person's social environment may offer a possible framework for prevention and early intervention with adolescents with intellectual disabilities.

Details

Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities, vol. 5 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2044-1282

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 11 January 2013

Amanda Sinai, Andre Strydom and Angela Hassiotis

It is increasingly recognised that people with intellectual disabilities have poorer access to health care. One of the recommendations from the independent report…

397

Abstract

Purpose

It is increasingly recognised that people with intellectual disabilities have poorer access to health care. One of the recommendations from the independent report, Healthcare for All is compulsory undergraduate medical teaching about people with intellectual disabilities. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the attitudes of medical students towards people with intellectual disabilities. The authors hypothesised that knowledge and attitude will change over the course of a 14‐week Neurosciences block, which included a taught intellectual disabilities module and opportunity to undertake a clinical placement.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors conducted a naturalistic prospective study in a London university. Data were collected at the beginning and the end of each of the three 14‐week Neurosciences blocks during the year. Attitude was measured using a self‐report questionnaire, including an amended short form of the Community Living Attitudes Scale (CLAS), administered in hard and e‐copy.

Findings

In total 136 medical students (35 per cent response rate) completed the questionnaire at the beginning and 133 (34 per cent response rate) at the end of the block. By the end of the block, students had increased knowledge of the definition of intellectual disability. Medical students showed generally favourable attitudes towards people with intellectual disabilities but there was no significant change in attitude between the start and end of the block.

Originality/value

This study shows that didactic teaching and limited exposure to people with intellectual disabilities, although it increases knowledge, is not enough to affect the kind of changes required to improve attitude. Increased face to face contact with people with intellectual disabilities and other innovative teaching methods are more likely to influence attitude in future medical practitioners. These will require further evaluation.

Details

Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities, vol. 7 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2044-1282

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 13 July 2012

Emily Handley, Olivia Southwell and Julie Steel

Given the increased prevalence of mental health problems amongst people with intellectual disabilities, it seems pertinent to consider how the recovery approach could…

1003

Abstract

Purpose

Given the increased prevalence of mental health problems amongst people with intellectual disabilities, it seems pertinent to consider how the recovery approach could potentially benefit practice within mental health services for people with intellectual disabilities. This paper seeks to explore the similarities between recovery principles and existing approaches in services for people with intellectual disabilities; it also aims to reflect on the potential barriers to the explicit uptake of the “recovery” approach in this context.

Design/methodology/approach

The presence and implementation of “recovery” approaches within mental health services for people with intellectual disabilities are reviewed. This is achieved through an examination of existing practices that could be described as recovery oriented, along with reflections on how these relate to the recovery approach. Questions are raised regarding whether practices can be regarded as “recovery oriented”, without first consulting service users.

Findings

Further consideration is needed about the extent to which mental health services for people with intellectual disabilities are recovery oriented and how recovery would be defined amongst people with intellectual disabilities.

Research limitations/implications

It is suggested that further research using qualitative methodology is conducted, to enable the voice of service users to be heard.

Originality/value

The paper is one of the first to explore the relevance of the recovery approach to people with intellectual disabilities. Given the increasing emphasis on recovery approaches within mainstream services, it seems vital to give consideration to the potential for its meaningful application to people with intellectual disabilities and mental health problems.

Details

Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities, vol. 6 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2044-1282

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 November 1996

George Robinson and Brian H. Kleiner

Intellectual capital, as used here, is a concept that deals with intellectual property concepts, like patents and licences, but also includes less tangible assets like…

4932

Abstract

Intellectual capital, as used here, is a concept that deals with intellectual property concepts, like patents and licences, but also includes less tangible assets like know‐how, skills and information systems. The need to measure the amount of intellectual capital in an organization has grown in importance. The worth or value of an organization cannot be given by the values in the balance sheet alone. Just as the use of discounted cash‐flow analysis is being accepted as a more reliable measure of value and will eventually replace other accounting‐based valuations, the value of intellectual capital will need to be measured and determined. Intellectual capital will also be a useful concept for setting corporate goals and strategies. Describes some current conceptions of intellectual capital and looks at ways of measuring intellectual capital. Compares intellectual capital valuation with financial cash flow valuation. Suggests that additional studies regarding the measurement of intellectual capital are still needed, and recommends, when good measures of intellectual capital are not available, the use of indicators as a means of indicating that intellectual capital is present or growing.

Details

Managerial Auditing Journal, vol. 11 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0268-6902

Keywords

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