Search results

1 – 10 of 716
To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 7 December 2015

Nikolai Kashaev, Stefan Riekehr, Kay Erdmann, Alexandre Amorim Carvalho, Maxim Nurgaliev, Nikolaos Alexopoulos and Alexandra Karanika

Composite materials and metallic structures already compete for the next generation of single-aisle aircraft. Despite the good mechanical properties of composite materials…

Abstract

Purpose

Composite materials and metallic structures already compete for the next generation of single-aisle aircraft. Despite the good mechanical properties of composite materials metallic structures offer challenging properties and high cost effectiveness via the automation in manufacturing, especially when metallic structures will be welded. In this domain, metallic aircraft structures will require weight savings of approximately 20 per cent to increase the efficiency and reduce the CO2 emission by the same amount. Laser beam welding of high-strength Al-Li alloy AA2198 represents a promising method of providing a breakthrough response to the challenges of lightweight design in aircraft applications. The key factor for the application of laser-welded AA2198 structures is the availability of reliable data for the assessment of their damage tolerance behaviour. The paper aims to discuss these issues.

Design/methodology/approach

In the presented research, the mechanical properties concerning the quasi-static tensile and fracture toughness (R-curve) of laser beam-welded AA2198 butt joints are investigated. In the next step, a systematic analysis to clarify the deformation and fracture behaviour of the laser beam-welded AA2198 four-stringer panels is conducted.

Findings

AA2198 offers better resistance against fracture than the well-known AA2024 alloy. It is possible to weld AA2198 with good results, and the welds also exhibit a higher fracture resistance than AA2024 base material (BM). Welded AA2198 four-stringer panels exhibit a residual strength behaviour superior to that of the flat BM panel.

Originality/value

The present study is undertaken on the third-generation airframe-quality Al-Li alloy AA2198 with the main emphasis to investigate the mechanical fracture behaviour of AA2198 BMs, laser beam-welded joints and laser beam-welded integral structures. Studies investigating the damage tolerance of welded integral structures of Al-Li alloys are scarce.

Details

International Journal of Structural Integrity, vol. 6 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1757-9864

Keywords

Content available

Abstract

Details

International Journal of Structural Integrity, vol. 2 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1757-9864

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 15 November 2013

Jeremy Doucet, Xiang Zhang and Philip Irving

This paper aims to present the implementation of a finite element (FE) model used to establish crack and delamination development in a Glare reinforced aluminium plate…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to present the implementation of a finite element (FE) model used to establish crack and delamination development in a Glare reinforced aluminium plate under fatigue loading. This model predicts the behaviour of bonded GLARE straps used as crack retarders for life extension of aircraft structures. In particular, it takes into account the interaction that exists between the substrate crack and the delamination crack at the interface with the reinforcement.

Design/methodology/approach

In this work, a 3D FE model with three-layer continuum shell elements has been developed to calculate changes in substrate stress intensity and in fatigue crack growth (FCG) rate produced by bonded strap reinforcement. Both circular and elliptical strap delamination geometries were incorporated into the model. Calculated stress intensity factors (SIFs) were used together with measured FCG data for substrate material to predict FCG rates for the strapped condition.

Findings

The model predicted a decrease in the SIF and a retardation of FCG rates. The SIF was predicted to vary through the thickness of the substrate due to the phenomenon of secondary bending and also the bridging effect caused by the presence of the strap. The influence of delamination shape and size on substrate crack stress intensity and delamination strain energy release rate has been calculated.

Originality/value

This research aims at developing modelling techniques that could be used when studying larger reinforced structures found in aircraft.

Details

International Journal of Structural Integrity, vol. 4 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1757-9864

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 1 June 2000

A. Savini

Gives introductory remarks about chapter 1 of this group of 31 papers, from ISEF 1999 Proceedings, in the methodologies for field analysis, in the electromagnetic…

Abstract

Gives introductory remarks about chapter 1 of this group of 31 papers, from ISEF 1999 Proceedings, in the methodologies for field analysis, in the electromagnetic community. Observes that computer package implementation theory contributes to clarification. Discusses the areas covered by some of the papers ‐ such as artificial intelligence using fuzzy logic. Includes applications such as permanent magnets and looks at eddy current problems. States the finite element method is currently the most popular method used for field computation. Closes by pointing out the amalgam of topics.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 19 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 1 September 2002

C.P. Providakis and S.G. Kourtakis

The feasibility of advanced viscoplastic models for non‐linear boundary element analysis of metallic structural components with dependence on thermomechanical history is…

Abstract

The feasibility of advanced viscoplastic models for non‐linear boundary element analysis of metallic structural components with dependence on thermomechanical history is investigated. Several numerical examples are presented using the boundary element implementation of two different internal state variable viscoplastic models to the solution of time‐dependent inelastic problems arising in creeping metallic structural components under the combined action of high temperature loading gradients and quasi‐static mechanical loading conditions. To demonstrate the efficiency of the implemented viscoplastic models, the results obtained using the direct boundary element methodology are compared with those obtained by both analytical and finite element solution as well as, for different numerical results of plane strain thermoviscoplastic deformation problems under general thermomechanical loading.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 19 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 1 January 1994

K. Pawluk, U. Krauze and M. Kucharska

Metallic elements placed in the vicinity of coils and conducting rings exert an influence on the inductance of them. Authors' BIMS package based on the boundary‐integral

Abstract

Metallic elements placed in the vicinity of coils and conducting rings exert an influence on the inductance of them. Authors' BIMS package based on the boundary‐integral approach leads up to determine the monopole and/or dipole surface densities of the ‘magnetic charge’ on the walls of simple metallic boxes. The special considerations have been performed in order to study the influence of these boundary magnetic charge densities on the magnetic flux of the coils. The general algorithms for computing the magnetic flux is presented.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 13 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 1 February 2001

Howard Smith

Describes preliminary structural design work on a notional uninhabited tactical aircraft (UTA), carried out at Cranfield University. UTAs are seen as an important future…

Abstract

Describes preliminary structural design work on a notional uninhabited tactical aircraft (UTA), carried out at Cranfield University. UTAs are seen as an important future element of military fleets. A notional baseline requirement was derived, leading to the evolution of a design solution. The basic requirements for such a UTA are naturally highly classified but, although industry has been hesitant to comment, the baseline requirements and design solution developed herein are believed to be reasonable.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 73 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 19 June 2007

Giovanni Miano, Fabio Villone and Walter Zamboni

To study optical resonances in metallic nanoparticles.

Abstract

Purpose

To study optical resonances in metallic nanoparticles.

Design/methodology/approach

The metallic nanoparticle is modeled as a dielectric body dispersive in frequency with assigned dielectric constant. The electric field is expressed as function of the charge distribution through an integral formulation. By imposing the boundary conditions on the nanoparticle surface, the equations for the induced charge in the nanoparticle is obtained. The numerical solution of such equations allows to treat arbitrary geometries and to estimate the effects of deviations from ideality on the resonance values.

Findings

Plasmon resonances in metallic nanoparticles can be safely studied with an electro‐quasistatic approximation. The resonance frequencies depend greatly on the details of the geometry of the nanoparticles.

Research limitations/implications

The free‐space wavelength is supposed to be much greater than the largest characteristic dimension of the nanoparticles. Consequently, a electro‐quasistatic model is used to evaluate the distribution of the charges induced in the metallic nanoparticle.

Originality/value

Two methods are presented for the evaluation of the resonance frequencies starting from the numerical solution for a given geometry.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 26 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 19 June 2007

Fabio Freschi, Maurizio Repetto, Giambattista Gruosso, Antonio Maffucci, Fabio Villone and Walter Zamboni

To apply two different integral formulations of full‐Maxwell's equations to the numerical study of interconnects in a low‐frequency range and compare the results.

Abstract

Purpose

To apply two different integral formulations of full‐Maxwell's equations to the numerical study of interconnects in a low‐frequency range and compare the results.

Design/methodology/approach

The first approach consists of a surface formulation of the full‐Maxwell's equations in terms of potentials, giving rise to a surface electric field integral equation. The equation, given in a weak form, is solved by using a finite element technique. The solenoidal and non‐solenoidal components of the electric current density are separated using the null‐pinv decomposition to avoid the low‐frequency breakdown. The second model is an extension of partial element equivalent circuit technique to unstructured meshes allowing the use of triangular meshes. Two systems of meshes tied by duality relations are defined on multiconductor systems. The key point in the definition of the equivalent network is to associate the pair primal edge/dual face to a circuit branch. Solution of the resulting electrical network is performed by a modified nodal analysis method and regularization of the outcoming matrix is accomplished by standard techniques based on the addition of suitable resistors.

Findings

Both the formulation have a regular behaviour at very low frequency. This is automatically achieved in the first approach by using the null‐pinv decomposition.

Research limitations/implications

Surface sources of fields.

Originality/value

Two different integral formulations of full‐Maxwell's equations for the numerical study of interconnects are compared in terms of low‐frequency behaviour.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 26 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 19 June 2007

Andrea Gaetano Chiariello, Giovanni Miano, Antonio Maffucci, Fabio Villone and Walter Zamboni

To investigate the possible application of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as interconnects and antennas.

Abstract

Purpose

To investigate the possible application of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as interconnects and antennas.

Design/methodology/approach

An electromagnetic macroscopic modelling of CNT is derived. The conduction electrons of the nanotube are considered as a 2D fluid moving on the surface representing the positive ion lattice. The linearized Euler's equation describing the fluid motion is used as a macroscopic constitutive relationship to be coupled to Maxwell's equation. A surface integral formulation coupled to the fluid model is solved numerically using a finite element method. For peculiar configurations, transmission line‐like parameters of CNTs are derived.

Findings

Single wall CNT interconnects, due to the high resistance and characteristic impedance with respect to ideally scaled silicon technology, should be used in arrays and bundles.

Research limitations/implications

Only single wall CNTs are considered.

Originality/value

The paper present a novel approach to CNTs and provides a comparison among the behaviour of CNTs with respect to ideally‐scaled silicon technology.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 26 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

1 – 10 of 716