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Book part
Publication date: 1 November 2007

Irina Farquhar and Alan Sorkin

This study proposes targeted modernization of the Department of Defense (DoD's) Joint Forces Ammunition Logistics information system by implementing the optimized…

Abstract

This study proposes targeted modernization of the Department of Defense (DoD's) Joint Forces Ammunition Logistics information system by implementing the optimized innovative information technology open architecture design and integrating Radio Frequency Identification Device data technologies and real-time optimization and control mechanisms as the critical technology components of the solution. The innovative information technology, which pursues the focused logistics, will be deployed in 36 months at the estimated cost of $568 million in constant dollars. We estimate that the Systems, Applications, Products (SAP)-based enterprise integration solution that the Army currently pursues will cost another $1.5 billion through the year 2014; however, it is unlikely to deliver the intended technical capabilities.

Details

The Value of Innovation: Impact on Health, Life Quality, Safety, and Regulatory Research
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-551-2

Article
Publication date: 29 March 2018

Robert Bogue

The purpose of this paper is to provide an insight on the use of robots in a range of industrial test and inspection applications.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to provide an insight on the use of robots in a range of industrial test and inspection applications.

Design/methodology/approach

Following a brief introduction, this discusses robotic test and inspection products and practices in the following applications: pipelines, storage tanks, bridges, marine uses, green energy generation and aerospace. Finally, concluding comments are drawn.

Findings

This shows that robotic test and inspection practices are being used in a wide range of applications across a diversity of industries. This reflects the many operational and economic benefits arising from their use which include the ability to automate certain laborious manual methods; operation in hazardous locations; uses in inaccessible environments such as within pipelines; the ability to deploy several different techniques simultaneously and thus detect multiple potential defects; reduced workforce costs; and, very often, more rapid testing and greater data acquisition rates than are possible with human operators.

Originality/value

This illustrates the increasingly important role played by robotic technologies in industrial test and inspection practices.

Details

Industrial Robot: An International Journal, vol. 45 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-991X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 September 1997

J. Fjelstad

This article comprises Chapter 6 from the recently published book ‘An Engineer’s Guide to Flexible Circuit Technology by J. Fjelstad

383

Abstract

This article comprises Chapter 6 from the recently published book ‘An Engineer’s Guide to Flexible Circuit Technology by J. Fjelstad

Details

Circuit World, vol. 23 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0305-6120

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 February 1985

K.J. Saulez

Any electrical installation which is designed correctly, installed to a good standard of workmanship and maintained regularly should give many years of trouble‐free…

Abstract

Any electrical installation which is designed correctly, installed to a good standard of workmanship and maintained regularly should give many years of trouble‐free service. This paper assumes that the first requirement has been met and sets out the inspection and test procedures which are considered necessary to ensure that the two latter requirements are also satisfied. It is, however, concerned only with installations not exceeding low voltage.

Details

Structural Survey, vol. 3 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-080X

Abstract

Details

Harnessing the Power of Failure: Using Storytelling and Systems Engineering to Enhance Organizational Learning
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78754-199-3

Article
Publication date: 1 February 1987

Christopher Urbanowicz

This paper reviews the most common building defects and techniques for their diagnosis. Problem areas are listed by their location within a structure and the information…

Abstract

This paper reviews the most common building defects and techniques for their diagnosis. Problem areas are listed by their location within a structure and the information is presented in tabular form for easy reference. The first paper in this series — ‘Effective diagnosis of material problems and defects in building and construction’ — was published in Structural Survey Volume 4 Number 1. Part 3 will be an appraisal of better known in situ testing and NDT techniques featuring specific items of equipment.

Details

Structural Survey, vol. 5 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-080X

Article
Publication date: 1 March 1993

LAUNCHED at the Farnborough International Airshow last year by FT Technologies Ltd. the FT280 Synchro/Resolver Test Set incorporates in one versatile instrument an Angle…

Abstract

LAUNCHED at the Farnborough International Airshow last year by FT Technologies Ltd. the FT280 Synchro/Resolver Test Set incorporates in one versatile instrument an Angle Position Indicators, Simulator and Reference Oscillator and is designed for testing and evaluating a wide range of synchro and resolver‐based avionics equipment.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 65 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

Article
Publication date: 1 October 2006

Nesar Ahmad, Ariful Islam and Abdus Salam

The aim of this research paper is to generalize the previous works on the design of accelerated life tests (ALTs) for periodic inspection and Type I censoring and to…

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this research paper is to generalize the previous works on the design of accelerated life tests (ALTs) for periodic inspection and Type I censoring and to promote the use of an exponentiated Weibull (EW) distribution in accelerated life testing.

Design/methodology/approach

Statistically optimal ALT plans are suggested for items whose lifetime follows the EW distribution under periodic inspection and Type I censoring. It is assumed that the mean lifetime (scale parameter) is a log‐linear function of stress and that the shape parameters are independent of stress. Given shape parameters, design stress and high test stress, the test plan is optimized with respect to the low test stress and the proportion of test units are also allocated to this test stress. The asymptotic variance (AsVar) of the maximum likelihood estimator of log mean life at the design stress is used as an optimality criterion with equally spaced inspection times. A FORTRAN program was written to calculate the optimal plans. Procedures for planning of an ALT, including selection of sample size, have also been discussed. An illustration of the optimal ALT plans has been done through a numerical example.

Findings

Computational findings for various values of the shape parameters indicate that the AsVar of log mean life at the design stress is insensitive to the number of inspection times and to misspecifications of imputed failure probabilities at design and high test stresses. Computational findings also show that optimal designs of ALT previously obtained for exponential, Rayleigh, and Weibull distributions become special cases of the EW distribution. Thus, the EW distribution is a useful and widely applicable reliability model for optimal ALT plans.

Originality/value

The present investigation features the EW distribution of lifetimes of test items and it generalizes the previous works on accelerated life testing. Furthermore, the propose test plans can be applied to estimate the lifetime of highly reliable product or material, if a researcher designs a test under the assumption of this model.

Details

International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, vol. 23 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0265-671X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 24 August 2010

Robert Bogue

The paper aims to provide a review of the uses of robots in non‐destructive testing (NDT).

1282

Abstract

Purpose

The paper aims to provide a review of the uses of robots in non‐destructive testing (NDT).

Design/methodology/approach

Following a brief introduction, this paper considers the uses of robotic NDT, with an emphasis on applications in certain key industries. While some development activities are considered, the emphasis is on existing systems rather than research and reference is made to a selection of commercial products.

Findings

It is shown that robotic NDT finds limited uses in most of the industries using conventional NDT methodologies. These include oil and gas, offshore and shipping, petrochemicals, aerospace and power generation. In some instances, financial benefits arise from their use while in other cases the use reflects access difficulties or the hazards associated with testing.

Research limitations/implications

Applications in the nuclear power industry is not considered but will be covered in a subsequent article. Remotely operated vehicles, which are not considered to be true robots, are also excluded.

Originality/value

This paper provides details of NDT robots and their uses in a selection of key industries.

Details

Industrial Robot: An International Journal, vol. 37 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-991X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 April 1989

Majid Jaraiedi and Eugene Bem

Most companies with incoming raw materials in bulk form receive test results from the vendor. The receiving department either does not test the material for acceptance at…

Abstract

Most companies with incoming raw materials in bulk form receive test results from the vendor. The receiving department either does not test the material for acceptance at all, or duplicates the testing done by the vendor. A joint quality programme is presented between the vendor and the buyer that will reduce inspection costs and improve the quality and consistency. The vendor in this plan will practise process control and forward the results to the receiving department of the buyer. The buyer will exercise a multi‐level skip‐lot sampling plan to accept or reject incoming lots, based on the comparison of the vendor′s test data with its own test results. Detailed information for full implementation of this plan is provided.

Details

International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, vol. 6 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0265-671X

Keywords

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