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The purpose of this paper to aim at exploring the links between employees’ perceptions of distributive, procedural and interactional justice on one hand and innovation…
The purpose of this paper to aim at exploring the links between employees’ perceptions of distributive, procedural and interactional justice on one hand and innovation climate and readiness to innovate on the other hand. The role of innovation climate in predicting readiness to innovate is also examined. Further, the study attempts to test the mediating role of innovation climate in justice-readiness to innovate relationship.
This paper aims at exploring the links between employees’ perceptions of distributive, procedural and interactional justice on one hand and innovation climate and readiness to innovate on the other hand. The role of innovation climate in predicting readiness to innovate is also examined. Further, the study attempts to test the mediating role of innovation climate in justice-readiness to innovate relationship.
The findings revealed that perception of justice played a key role in employees’ perception of innovation climate. Innovation climate was found to be positively and significantly related to readiness to innovate. Employees’ readiness to try new ways of doing things and question the existing habits of the work tended to show significant and positive relationship to organizational justice. Innovation climate played a significant yet a partial role in mediating the link between justice and readiness to innovate.
The sample represented only governmental sector and only one emirate of the UAE's seven emirates. The implications of the findings for researchers together with some future guidelines are discussed in the paper.
The paper provides practitioners with some advice about understanding and managing justice and innovation.
The paper is the first study in the UAE and the Middle East that examines the links between justice, innovation climate and readiness to innovate.
By treating work as socially constructed and innovating as integrated learning, organizations can create new knowledge, models and tools and acquire new experiences to…
By treating work as socially constructed and innovating as integrated learning, organizations can create new knowledge, models and tools and acquire new experiences to achieve the result they desire in support of their survival and growth. Provides a framework for innovating, and demonstrates the way in which different types of individuals and learning can contribute towards innovating within organizations.
This paper studies strategic R&D policy with endogenous timing of firms’ moves within a two‐period framework. Within this framework the government can make a policy commitment only in the second period due to an information lag vis‐à‐vis the firms. The firms can, if they choose, make their moves in the first period, but they will incur extra costs. An activist government policy may decrease national welfare by forcing the foreign firm to take preemptive action against the home government.
The innovation success requires a deep understanding of risks and benefits of the process, as well as of the best moment for innovating. The purpose of this paper is to…
The innovation success requires a deep understanding of risks and benefits of the process, as well as of the best moment for innovating. The purpose of this paper is to explore the current retailers’ choice of innovating in terms of being the first innovator imitating competitors’ innovations, by declining the benefits and risks associated with the both strategies.
Building on qualitative data from retail industry, with emphasis on fashion (including clothes, jewelry, and accessories), the investigation provides an empirical contribution to the emerging area on innovation management in retailing through its in-depth investigation of the strategies of eight case retailers who introduced technological innovations in the last three years, and by mapping the patterns between strategy and outcomes.
The analysis revealed how pioneers and followers acted their strategies for achieving benefits and reducing the encountered risks. In particular, findings identify to what extend pioneers act according the technology push and followers according to the demand pull.
The research starts from the definition of the time choice of innovating, and the subsequent choice of being the first innovation adopter or the imitator. The insights support scholarly exploration of innovation management by offering a new marketing management perspective, and providing practitioners with a better understanding on the time choice for innovating in retailing and also in broader empirical settings.
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the role of the modes of organizing the technological knowledge (make, buy and hybrid organization) in the decision to innovate…
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the role of the modes of organizing the technological knowledge (make, buy and hybrid organization) in the decision to innovate the production process.
The study first develops a conceptual framework drawing the concept of mode of organization from the Transaction Cost Economics. The three research questions are coherently formulated which concern: the influence of the modes of organization on the decision to innovate and to invest in supporting instruments; the variability of this influence and the complementarity degree between the decision to innovate and to invest. The empirical analysis is carried out with respect to the olive oil sector considering a representative sample of olive millers (Umbria, Central Italy) and a complementary accidental sample drawn from an existing database.
The main results of the study provide evidence for the role of modes of organization in the knowledge acquisition finalized to the process innovation. The role of the “buy” option is important, while the collaboration – the “hybrid” organization – seems to influence strongly the innovation and the related investment decision. The important role of the information sources appears effective and articulated. Finally, despite the great economic importance of the quality requirements, the millers appear to be more sensitive to the difficulties to build up a clear process vision in terms of technology.
The main limitation of the study is that it refers to a specific supply system including small enterprises and does not account for the pattern of innovation in other olive oil production systems. Moreover, one of the samples that was observed and analyzed is accidental in nature and does not allow a clear and robust comparison for the representative sample.
The findings of this study can contribute to the identification of organizational constraints to the rate on process innovation.
The originality of the study is based on the main focus, i.e. the attention to the role of the modes of organization in the decision to innovate, which provides complementary information to the extant literature on the choice of modes of organizing the technological knowledge acquisition. Moreover, the conceptual framework and findings are connected to the current research on the variety of the agribusiness organizations which is still a partially explored field of inquiry.
This research study identifies the factors influencing innovation and technology management in Indian manufacturing small- and medium -sized enterprises (SMEs) with a…
This research study identifies the factors influencing innovation and technology management in Indian manufacturing small- and medium -sized enterprises (SMEs) with a focus on the auto-ancillary sector. The study further investigates the impact of types of innovation on business performance. The purpose of this paper is to come up with a flexible strategic framework for managing innovation and technology in SMEs from a perspective of continuity and change.
The data on which this study is based were generated through secondary research using published sources and primary research. The study was done through group discussions with industry experts and personally focused interviews with 88 entrepreneurs from SMEs selected using a structured questionnaire.
The study shows SMEs pursuing more types of innovations display higher performance levels when compared to those pursuing fewer types of innovations. SMEs pursuing more types of innovations are significantly different from less innovating firms from the perspective of underlying change forces.
This research paper represents one of the few efforts to study innovation and technology management in SMEs and come up with a flexible strategic framework for managing forces of continuity and change for guiding this sector for long-term survival and growth. The flexible framework suggested, and the continuity and change matrix (C-C matrix), can be of interest to researchers and practising managers to validate the applicability for other sectors. The framework suggested can be adapted for application in a global context.
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the joint effect of persistency in innovation and export on firms’ total factor productivity. In particular, the aim is to…
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the joint effect of persistency in innovation and export on firms’ total factor productivity. In particular, the aim is to determine if exporting in international markets along subsequent periods, and being also continuously innovating over the same periods, can be associated with increases in firms’ productivity. The underlying idea is that time recurrence of these strategies is related to the firms’ ability to optimize external knowledge flows enhancing their productivity.
By using data on Italian manufacturing firms over the period 1998–2006, the authors distinguish between repeated and temporary exporting firms, as well as repeated and temporary innovators, to test (through two-step system generalized methods of moments) the existence of any combined learning-by-exporting and learning-by-doing effects.
This paper provides empirical findings about persistent innovation efforts being better associated with a permanent presence in foreign markets. More in detail, persistently innovative and exporting firms have better productivity results than persistently exporting (innovating) firms with non-persistent innovation (export). Combining both strategies could be an opportunity to internalize knowledge flows coming from long-lasting exposure to foreign markets. These results hold especially for small firms.
The novelty of this paper is twofold. First, the authors argue that the temporal dimension of firms’ exporting and innovating activities may influence firms’ productivity. Second, while previous studies explored the role of export and innovation on productivity in isolation, the authors consider the joint effect of this relationship and also explore it across the temporal dimension finding evidence that they have a positive, reinforced effects if firms implement these activities continuously and jointly. In this case, the effect of innovation and export on productivity is significantly higher than if firms with intermittent strategies do not have the time to internalize knowledge flows coming from participating in export market.
The purpose of this paper is to examine the role that collaborations, both foreign and domestic, play on product innovation, sales mix, and sales revenue for Chinese…
The purpose of this paper is to examine the role that collaborations, both foreign and domestic, play on product innovation, sales mix, and sales revenue for Chinese firms. Both statistical correlations and marginal (economic) effects of collaborations feature in the analysis.
This study includes 2,700 Chinese firms across 15 industry sectors and 25 cities from a World Bank survey conducted in 2012; the data are stratified by firm size. Given the different types of dependent variables to be estimated, several methodologies are employed: logistic regression, Poisson regression, and ordinary least squares. The marginal effects of key variables are then calculated to demonstrate their economic impact.
Regarding the likelihood of product innovation, collaboration with domestic (Chinese) companies is significant for Chinese micro, medium, and large enterprises. Being a foreign subsidiary is significant for the proportion of new products in the sales mix for small, medium, and large firms. Domestic collaboration can boost the sales of innovating small firms and innovating medium companies by nearly 113 and 140 percent, respectively.
This study builds on the current literature by examining the impact of foreign vs domestic collaboration on Chinese firms, whereas most research examines foreign players only. It offers a more nuanced analysis by stratifying estimates according to firm size, and it goes beyond statistical significance to quantify the real economic effect of collaborations on Chinese companies.
The purpose of this paper is to argue that school innovation is a complex process requiring a detailed accounting of the relational activity characterising everyday…
The purpose of this paper is to argue that school innovation is a complex process requiring a detailed accounting of the relational activity characterising everyday innovating activity. It is further proposed that complex accounts of innovation practice that describe social factors only are insufficient.
Using a case study methodology, a focus on ideas of resistance and tension is used to explore the character of actual innovating experiences. Underpinned by assumptions of relationality and indicative of a poststructuralist and postmodern perspective, Actor‐Network Theory is applied as an analytical tool to investigate the sociomaterial character of everyday enactments of innovation practice in four independent boys' schools in Australia.
Four data stories describe multiple patterns of innovating activity that cannot accurately be accounted for in terms of a general notion of resistance. The idea that tension enables innovation practice is proposed.
Approaches to school innovation that assume difference should be smoothed out or there is a risk of obstructing its practical accomplishment.
This paper provides a case for school leaders to expect and cultivate conditions that enable innovative tension and the co‐presence of multiple patterns of innovating activity.
In addition to critically viewing managerial notions of school innovation, this paper draws on the cross‐disciplinary research to include materiality as an active agent shaping, as opposed to providing a context for, innovating in schools.
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the differential impact each of the dominant theoretical explanations has on innovation persistence. The authors hereby…
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the differential impact each of the dominant theoretical explanations has on innovation persistence. The authors hereby differentiate the degree of novelty, distinguishing between innovation based on invention (new products for the international market) and those based on imitation or adoption processes (new products for the company or new products in the national market).
Placing this study in the context of a developing country, the authors apply an ordered probit model inflated in zeros (ZIOP). This methodology enables one to not only provide results not biased by the excess of zeros but also take into account the unobserved heterogeneity with respect to the sources of zeros (that is those firms which do not innovate). The empirical analysis is based on three Colombian innovation surveys carried out between 2003 and 2008 by the Colombian National Statistics Department.
The results provide empirical evidence that two elements are essential for both types of innovation persistence: accessing external financial resources and learning through interaction. Furthermore, the sunk R&D cost approach and technological learning explain persistence in innovation of new products for the international market.
The limitations of this study are directly related to the methodological choice. The authors were unable to take into consideration two sources of heterogeneity: the one related to initial conditions and the one related to the source of the many non-innovators. They opted to focus on the latter due the research question and setting of this study. Additionally, macroeconomic instability did not allow to consider a long panel; instead the authors had to rely on a short panel.
The results provide important insights to managers. Continuous investments in innovation activities are important bot to become an innovative firm as well as to improve the odds of persistently innovating. Particularly, R&D investments are a pre-requisite for new-to-the-world innovations. Finally, it is not one specific set of capabilities which is a prerequisite for the generation of innovation; rather it is a strategic combination of various skills that increase the probability to (persistently) innovate.
With innovation persistence being especially relevant for long-run dynamics behind economic growth, the results of this study provide insights into potential public policies. Governments are in a position to at least lower barriers, which might enable more firms to persistently innovate. Continuous access – less than the actual amount – to financial resources aimed at innovation activities and learning through interaction with external agents is fundamental for both kinds of innovation persistence. Both are market characteristics where governments can – at least indirectly – intervene.
Despite the existence of various theoretical approaches, the bulk of empirical research focuses on the verification of true state innovation persistence. Thus, while innovation persistency has been widely confirmed to exist to a certain degree, knowledge regarding which theoretical approach is likely to drive a firm to persistently innovation is still scarce. Additionally, this study is placed in the context of a developing country, which by most empirical research has been overlooked but is characterized by one element which is decisive for the empirical methodology: many firms do not innovate, let alone persistently innovate.
El objetivo de este artículo es analizar el impacto diferencial que cada una de las explicaciones teóricas dominantes tiene sobre la persistencia de la innovación. Para esto, diferenciamos el grado de novedad, distinguiendo entre la innovación basada en la invención (nuevos productos para el mercado internacional) y aquellas basadas en procesos de imitación o adopción (nuevos productos para el mercado nacional).
Este estudio se lleva a cabo en el contexto de un país en desarrollo, en el cual la mayoría de empresas no innovan. Consecuentemente, aplicamos un modelo probit ordenado inflado en ceros (ZIOP). Esta metodología no sólo proporciona resultados no sesgados por el exceso de ceros, sino que también tiene en cuenta la heterogeneidad no observada con respecto a las fuentes de ceros (es decir, aquellas empresas que no innovan). El análisis empírico se basa en tres Encuestas de Innovación en Colombia realizadas entre 2003 y 2008 por el Departamento Nacional de Estadísticas de Colombia.
Nuestros resultados proporcionan evidencia empírica de que tanto el enfoque de éxito genera éxito con el de capacidades son importantes. Sin embargo, se encontró que todas las variables que se desprenden de estos enfoques teóricos no están relacionadas en forma significativa con los dos tipos de persistencia estudiados. Además, el enfoque de costos hundidos de I + D se relaciona en forma robusta con la persistencia en la innovación de nuevos productos para el mercado internacional.
Las limitaciones de este estudio están directamente relacionadas con la elección metodológica. No pudimos tomar en consideración simultáneamente dos fuentes de heterogeneidad: la relacionada con las condiciones iniciales y la relacionada con el exceso de empresas no innovadoras. Optamos por centrarnos en lo último debido a la pregunta de investigación y el contexto país en el que se desarrolla esta investigación. Adicionalmente, la inestabilidad macroeconómica no permitió considerar un panel largo; por el contrario, se usó un panel corto que cubre un periodo de tiempo de estabilidad económica.
Nuestros resultados proporcionan información importante para los gerentes. Las inversiones continuas en actividades de innovación son importantes tanto para aumentar la probabilidad de convertirse en una empresa innovadora como para mejorar las posibilidades de innovación persistente. En particular, las inversiones en I + D son un requisito para lograr innovaciones nuevas en el mundo. Finalmente, no se identificaron un conjunto único de capacidades necesarias para la generación de cualquier tipo de innovación; más bien se debe adoptar un enfoque estratégico diferenciado.
Dado que la persistencia de la innovación es especialmente relevante para las dinámicas de crecimiento económico de largo plazo, los resultados de nuestro estudio proporcionan información útil para el diseño de políticas públicas. Los gobiernos están en posición de al menos reducir las barreras que impiden que las empresas innoven persistentemente. El acceso continuo a los recursos financieros destinados a actividades de innovación y el aprendizaje a través de la interacción con agentes externos son fundamentales para ambos tipos de persistencia de innovación. Ambas son condiciones del mercado que pueden ser intervenidas, al menos indirectamente, por el gobierno.
A pesar de la existencia de tres enfoques principales sobre la persistencia en la innovación, la mayor parte de las investigaciones se han centrado en la verificación de la existencia de verdadera persistencia en innovación. Por lo tanto, aunque se ha confirmado ampliamente que la persistencia de la innovación existe hasta cierto punto, el conocimiento sobre qué enfoque teórico es probable que impulse a una empresa a innovar de manera persistente es aún escaso. Además, este estudio se ubica en el contexto de un país en desarrollo, contexto que ha sido pasado por alto en la mayoría de las investigaciones empíricas, aspecto que decisivo para la selección de la metodología empírica: muchas empresas no innovan, y mucho menos innovan persistentemente.
O objetivo deste artigo é analisar o impacto diferencial que têm sobre a persistência da inovação cada uma das explicações teóricas dominantes. Para isso diferenciamos o grau de novidade, distinguindo entre inovação baseada em invenção (novos produtos para o mercado internacional) e aqueles baseados em processos de imitação ou adoção (novos produtos para o mercado nacional).
Esta pesquisa ocorre no contexto de um país em desenvolvimento, no qual a maioria das empresas não inovam. Assim sendo, temos aplicado o modelo Probit ordenado inflado-zero (ZIOP). Essa metodologia permite não só que os resultados da pesquisa não sejam influenciados por excesso de zeros, mas também a inclusão da heterogeneidade não observada em relação às fontes de zeros (isto é, aquelas empresas que não inovam). A análise empírica baseia-se em três pesquisas sobre Inovação na Colômbia realizadas entre 2003 e 2008 pelo Departamento Nacional de Estatísticas da Colômbia.
Nossos resultados fornecem evidências empíricas que indicam que tanto a abordagem de sucesso gera sucesso quanto a abordagem de capacidade é importante. No entanto, não se encontrou que todas as variáveis que emergiram dessas abordagens teóricas foram significativamente relacionadas aos dois tipos de persistência pesquisados. Além disso, a abordagem dos custos irrecuperáveis de P and D está relacionada de forma robusta à persistência na inovação de novos produtos para o mercado internacional.
Limitações de pesquisa/implicações
As limitações desta pesquisa estão diretamente relacionadas à escolha metodológica. Não temos podido considerar duas fontes de heterogeneidade: a relacionada às condições iniciais e a relacionada ao excesso de empresas não inovadoras. Optou-se por centrar-se nesse último devido à questão de pesquisa e ao contexto do país em que foi realizada. Além disso, a instabilidade macroeconômica não permitiu um painel longo; pelo contrário, foi utilizado um painel curto que cobre um período de estabilidade econômica.
Nossos resultados provêem informação importante para os gerentes. Investimentos contínuos em atividades de inovação são importantes tanto para aumentar a probabilidade de se tornar numa empresa inovadora quanto para melhorar as possibilidades de inovação persistente. Em particular, os investimentos em P and D são um requisito para alcançar inovações no mundo. Finalmente, um conjunto único de capacidades necessárias para a geração de qualquer tipo de inovação não foi identificado; ao contrário, uma abordagem estratégica diferenciada deve ser adotada.
Dado que a persistência da inovação é especialmente relevante para as dinâmicas de longo prazo por trás do crescimento econômico, os resultados obtidos provêem informação útil para o desenho de políticas públicas. Os governos estão em posição de, pelo menos, reduzir as barreiras que impedem as empresas de inovar persistentemente. O acesso contínuo a recursos financeiros para atividades de inovação e a aprendizagem por meio da interação com agentes externos são fundamentais para os dois tipos de persistência de inovação. Ambas são condições do mercado que podem ser intervencionadas, pelo menos indiretamente, pelo governo.
Embora da existência de três abordagens principais sobre persistência na inovação, a maior parte das pesquisas concentraram-se em verificar a existência de verdadeira persistência na inovação. Portanto, ainda quando tem sido amplamente confirmado que a persistência da inovação existe até certo ponto, o conhecimento sobre qual abordagem teórico provavelmente alavanca uma empresa a inovar persistentemente ainda é escasso. Além disso, esta pesquisa está localizada num contexto de um país em desenvolvimento, que tem sido negligenciado na maioria das pesquisas empíricas, aspecto decisivo para a seleção da metodologia empírica: muitas empresas não inovam e muito menos inovam persistentemente.
- Manufacturing firms
- Developing country
- Product innovation
- Innovation persistence
- Product adoption
- Zero inflated ordered probit
- Persistencia en la innovación
- Innovación de productos
- Adopción de productos
- Empresas manufactureras
- País en desarrollo
- Probit ordenado inflado cero
- Persistência na inovação
- Inovação de produtos
- Adoção de produtos
- Empresas de manufatura
- País em desenvolvimento
- Probit ordenou inflação zero