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Article
Publication date: 2 March 2015

Zhouyang Lian, Lirui Yuan, Wuji Wei, Qing Zhou and Juncheng Jiang

This paper aims to study the controlled release and synergistic effect of water-soluble polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) on phosphate corrosion inhibitor at the interface of…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to study the controlled release and synergistic effect of water-soluble polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) on phosphate corrosion inhibitor at the interface of thermal insulation cotton/carbon steel.

Design/methodology/approach

This study was carried out using a coating method, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy and AC impedance.

Findings

The single-phase phosphate particles were coated/adsorbed on the PVA film, which was formed on the fiber surface of corrosion inhibitor/PVA-impregnated rock wool sample. On the surface of Q235 steel, an effective protective film was formed by the corrosion inhibitor with partially dissolved PVA that can significantly increase the polarization resistance of corrosion reaction, and reduce the capacitive reactance of electric double layer. The rock wool impregnated with the phosphate corrosion inhibitor and 1.5 per cent PVA showed obvious controlled release and inhibition synergism.

Originality/value

The rock wool impregnated with the phosphate corrosion inhibitor and 1.5 per cent PVA showed the following advantages: the adsorption and release quantities of the corrosion inhibitor increased by 3.3 and 2.9 times, respectively; the release-adsorption equilibrium time increased from 2 to 6 h; and the corrosion inhibition efficiency increased from 61.55 per cent to 94.6 per cent.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 62 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

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Article
Publication date: 1 May 1994

John C. Groth

A vast array of factors can influence the purchase decision. Focuses ona specific subset of influential factors we term inhibitors. Recognizingand disarming inhibitors by…

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Abstract

A vast array of factors can influence the purchase decision. Focuses on a specific subset of influential factors we term inhibitors. Recognizing and disarming inhibitors by removing, neutralizing or using them to one′s advantage is crucial in terms of garnering sales. In addition, it can lead to added customer satisfaction. An effective marketing strategy and sales effort will take account of inhibitors for several reasons: to increase sales; to increase a customer′s perception of value and thus allow for a higher price; to increase product value realization. From the company′s perspective, greater value to cost ratios permit higher prices, greater units of sales, or both. The net results are: greater aggregate contribution margins; sometimes a reduction in business risk; and the greater value generation.

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 2016

Xianghong Lv, Guoxian Zhao, Fuxiang Zhang, Xiang Tong Yang, Dan Ba, Junfeng Xie and Yan Xue

The purpose of this investigation was to study the function mechanisms of a corrosion inhibitor package used for martensitic stainless steel tubulars in acid solution at…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this investigation was to study the function mechanisms of a corrosion inhibitor package used for martensitic stainless steel tubulars in acid solution at high temperatures.

Design/methodology/approach

The inhibition performance was evaluated by means of an acid corrosion test at high temperature and high pressure, and the functional mechanism of the inhibitor package at different temperatures was investigated using polarization curve and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements.

Findings

The results showed that the corrosion inhibitor package chosen for high-temperature and high-pressure gas well applications was very suitable for use with 13Cr super martensitic stainless steel. At lower temperatures, the function mechanism of the corrosion inhibitor package was characterized as a type of negative catalytic effect. As the temperature was increased, the effect of the intensifier in the package became more significant and the function mechanism changed to be the geometric covering effect type.

Originality/value

This study has the important practical value for guiding the oil field to conduct reasonable screening and using the acidizing corrosion inhibitor for martensite stainless steel tubulars.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 63 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

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Article
Publication date: 22 May 2009

S. Vishwanatham and P.K. Sinha

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the protective ability of mixtures of aniline and phenol as corrosion inhibitors for N80 steel in 15 per cent hydrochloric acid…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the protective ability of mixtures of aniline and phenol as corrosion inhibitors for N80 steel in 15 per cent hydrochloric acid, which may find application as corrosion inhibitors in acidization jobs in the petroleum industry. Owing to scale plugging at well bore there will be a decline in the crude production and acidization operation has to be carried out in the oil wells, normally by using 15 per cent hydrochloric acid to remove the scale plugging and enhance crude production. If the acid alone is poured in the oil wells through tubular and casing, corrosion of the metal (N80 steel) structures takes place for which an inhibitor is also is used along with the acid.

Design/methodology/approach

Different concentration ratios of the inhibitor mixtures of aniline and phenol were added to the test solution (15 per cent HCl) and corrosion inhibition of N80 steel in hydrochloric acid medium containing the inhibitor additives was tested by weight loss and potentiodynamic polarization measurements. Influence of temperature (ambient temperature to 333 K) and exposure period (6‐24 h) on the inhibition behaviour was also studied. Corrosion products on the metal surface were analyzed by fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and a possible mechanism of inhibition by the compounds is suggested.

Findings

Provides information about the protective ability of inhibitor mixtures containing aniline and phenol against corrosion of N80 casing steel in 15 per cent HCl medium. The results in the present study have shown synergistic effect of all the formulations tested. The formulation of the mixture containing 0.1 per cent AL with 0.7 per cent PH has shown a maximum efficiency (75 per cent at ambient temperature) among other tested combinations in the acid medium. The inhibition efficiency exhibited by the inhibitor mixture (0.1 per cent AL with 0.7 per cent PH) in 15 per cent HCl medium at 333 K and after 24 h – test was found to be 43 and 31 per cent, respectively. The inhibitors, in appropriate combinations may find some usefulness at still higher temperatures. Electrochemical measurements indicate that the additives are active towards both sides, i.e. cathodic and anodic. FTIR results of the inhibition product film (formed on the metal surface after the corrosion test) reveal the presence of the inhibitor molecules in the surface film on the metal. Aniline and phenol molecules of the inhibitor mixture undergo condensation after their addition to the acid solution and may result in formation of protective surface film on the metal consisting of diphenylamine (as also revealed by FTIR spectroscopy) which may also contribute to the corrosion inhibition apart from the inhibition offered by aniline and phenol separately.

Research limitations/implications

Normal temperatures of oil wells will be about 363 K. The results presented in this paper refer to temperatures up to 333 K, which perhaps limits its usefulness in actual field conditions. However, further research work to test the inhibition potentiality of the compounds at higher temperatures (363 K and above) is in progress, and will be communicated at a later stage.

Practical implications

The tested inhibitor mixtures containing aniline and phenol exhibited synergistic effect and a significant inhibition (75 per cent) at ambient temperature that also shows good inhibitive properties after longer exposure period (24 h) and higher temperature (333 K). Appropriate formulations of the compounds may also be effective at still higher temperatures and that may be worked out for possible application in oil wells as corrosion inhibitors for acidization job.

Originality/value

This paper offers preliminary laboratory results of some inhibitor formulations on corrosion prevention of N80 steel casing and tubular in hydrochloric acid that may be of practical help to petroleum engineers for carrying out acidization jobs in oil wells after further investigations of the compounds at higher temperatures and actual field conditions.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 56 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

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Article
Publication date: 24 May 2011

Shah, V.A. Panchal, G.V. Mudaliar and N.K. Shah

The purpose of this paper is to describe the behavior of salicylidene‐N‐N′‐dimorpholine as a corrosion inhibitor for zinc in hydrochloric acid and the mechanism of its action.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to describe the behavior of salicylidene‐N‐N′‐dimorpholine as a corrosion inhibitor for zinc in hydrochloric acid and the mechanism of its action.

Design/methodology/approach

The effects of various parameters on the behavior of this inhibitor have been studied using weight loss, galvanostatic polarization, and cathodic protection methods. Thermodynamic parameters and adsorption data also were utilized.

Findings

The inhibitor showed excellent corrosion inhibition (>99 percent) at effective concentration. It appeared from thermodynamic parameters that an efficient inhibitor is characterized by a relatively greater decrease (i.e. more negative) in free energy of adsorption (ΔGA°), positive values of entropy of adsorption (ΔSA°), and lower heat of adsorption (QA). Galvanostatic polarization data indicate that this is a “mixed” type inhibitor with predominant effect on the cathode. The inhibitor followed Langmuir adsorption isotherm behavior. The cathodic protection indicated that the conjoint action of the inhibitor and the cathodic current was either synergistic or additive.

Originality/value

Very few inhibitors exhibit such excellent inhibitive effect on zinc in aggressive corrosive media as is shown in this paper.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 58 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

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Article
Publication date: 1 October 2002

R. Kahraman, A.A. Al‐Mathami, H. Saricimen, N. Abbas and S.U. Rahman

The weather in the Arabian Gulf region constitutes an environment that is corrosive to carbon steel. In the Gulf region, atmospheric corrosion is aggravated further by the…

Abstract

The weather in the Arabian Gulf region constitutes an environment that is corrosive to carbon steel. In the Gulf region, atmospheric corrosion is aggravated further by the high salinity of Gulf sea‐water. In addition, sulphur dioxide and deposits from combustion products tend to make the atmosphere in the Gulf region even more corrosive. Various inhibitors are reported in the literature that can help in the prevention of metal corrosion in aqueous environments. Among these, sodium dihydrogen orthophosphate, sodium benzoate, sodium nitrite and sodium nitrate were obtained and the effectiveness of certain corrosion inhibitors on carbon steel specimens was examined in a simulated atmospheric corrosion environment containing 2% NaCl and 1% Na2SO4 with various inhibitor concentrations. Test specimens were prepared from locally produced carbon steel reinforcing bars. It was found as a result of the test programme that treatment of the steel with 10 or 100mM sodium dihydrogen orthophosphate for one day at room temperature resulted in the best inhibition of corrosion. The results also demonstrated that inhibitors such as sodium benzoate and sodium nitrite were only similarly effective, as was sodium nitrate. Plans further study to examine the inhibition performance of sodium dihydrogen orthophosphate under actual atmospheric conditions.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 49 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 2001

Hassan Malik

Work has been performed to investigate the effect of inhibitor charge and pH, in the range 3.9 to 6.5, on the efficiency of various tertiary and quaternary amines. Results…

Abstract

Work has been performed to investigate the effect of inhibitor charge and pH, in the range 3.9 to 6.5, on the efficiency of various tertiary and quaternary amines. Results have revealed that for such adsorption type inhibitors performance at a given pH depends critically upon the charge of the adsorbing species. At pH 6.5 highest efficiencies were attained when the net charge on the inhibitor was negative, while at pH 3.9 positively charged species were discovered to give better results. Based on the data obtained it is suggested that at pH 6.5 the corrosion potential is more noble than the potential of zero charge causing the metal surface to be predominantly composed of positive charges. At the other end of the spectrum (pH 3.9), the situation is thought to be reversed thus aiding better the adsorption of positively charged inhibitors.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 48 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

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Article
Publication date: 23 May 2008

A. Amadeh, S.R. Allahkaram, S.R. Hosseini, H. Moradi and A. Abdolhosseini

Application of rare earth (RE) salts as a corrosion inhibitor was first proposed by Goldie and McCarrol in 1984. They showed that, with the addition of 0.001 M of Ce(NO3

Abstract

Purpose

Application of rare earth (RE) salts as a corrosion inhibitor was first proposed by Goldie and McCarrol in 1984. They showed that, with the addition of 0.001 M of Ce(NO3) or La(NO3) to 3.5% NaCl solution, the inhibition efficiencies were 91 and 82% for carbon steel, respectively. The aim of this paper is to study the inhibition of a mixture of Ce and La cations on the corrosion prevention of St37 carbon steel in aerated NaCl solutions using weight loss, potentiodynamic polarization, open circuit potential and constant potential measurements.

Design/methodology/approach

In this study, St37 steel was used as an experimental sample. The applied inhibitor was a powder mixture of Ce and La oxides with the ratio of Ce/La = 2/1. Each gram of this powder was dissolved in 4 cc acetic acid because of their insolubility in water. Steel samples were polished with 120 to 800 grit SiC polishing papers, deoxidized in 15 per cent HCl, and then ultrasonically cleaned in ethanol. They were degreased in acetone and were dried in a flow of hot air.

Findings

It has been shown that a mixture of RE cations (Ce and La) can be used as a corrosion inhibitor for carbon steel in NaCl containing solutions. The optimum inhibitor concentration was found to be 500 ppm with a maximum inhibition efficiency of 76%. An increase in Cl ion concentration and a rise in temperature from room temperature to 70°C can have an adverse effect on corrosion inhibition efficiency.

Originality/value

The results obtained from various experiments indicated that the mixture of Ce and La cations could be considered as a suitable inhibitor for carbon steel in low to medium chloride‐containing solutions. Owing to their non‐toxic nature, they may be suitable to use in potable water pipelines.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 55 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

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Article
Publication date: 1 July 1968

M.N. Desai, G.H. Thanki and M.H. Gandhi

Organic compounds containing sulphur, nitrogen and oxygen atoms are capable of retarding metallic corrosion. As the thiourea molecule contains one sulphur and two nitrogen…

Abstract

Organic compounds containing sulphur, nitrogen and oxygen atoms are capable of retarding metallic corrosion. As the thiourea molecule contains one sulphur and two nitrogen atoms, thiourea and its derivatives are potential corrosion inhibitors. While extensive investigations have been carried out on inhibitor properties of thiourea, due attention has not yet been paid to a systematic study of inhibitor action of thiourea derivatives. However, several substituted thioureas have been investigated as corrosion inhibitors. The applications of thiourea and its derivatives as corrosion inhibitors reported in literature up to 1967 are narrated in this article.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 15 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

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Article
Publication date: 25 February 2020

Nikhil Dhakate and Rohit Joshi

Environmental sustainability in health care is an important issue due to the limited available healthcare resources and increase in demand. For instance, organ recycling…

Abstract

Purpose

Environmental sustainability in health care is an important issue due to the limited available healthcare resources and increase in demand. For instance, organ recycling and transplantation may reduce the increasing pressure on healthcare resources. The purpose of this paper is to set out to identify and interrelate the inhibitors that significantly influence the recycling of human organs and their implications to the environment in developing economies such as India.

Design/methodology/approach

The study uses Delphi–ISM–regression, a three-step method, to investigate the possible reasons for the poor supply chain efficiency of organ recycling and to explore the consequence of excessive use of healthcare resources on the environment. The Delphi technique facilitates the identification, synthesis, and prioritization of the inhibitors. Then, using focused group discussion, the interpretive structure modeling (ISM) presents the interaction among the inhibitors into a hierarchy. Further, on the basis of 257 valid responses received on the structured survey instrument, the regression model examines the influence of identified constructs on one of the identified root causes.

Findings

The ISM presents the hierarchy-based model that depicts high driving power and low dependence inhibitors leading to reduced organ recycling rate. “Negative Intentions of family members” toward organ donation t “Willingness to discuss with family” and “Perceived Behavioral Control” emerged as the significant factors influencing organ recycling rate, which adversely impact the environment sustainability.

Originality/value

The patients on the organ waiting list put pressure on the availability of medical resources and, ultimately, on the environment through the consumption of different drugs and disposable of medical wastes. The study suggests policymakers and hospitals improve on the existing policies for an efficient supply chain of human organ recycling. The Indian situation echoes the situation in most of the emerging economies, and similar solutions can apply there too.

Details

Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, vol. 31 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1477-7835

Keywords

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