Search results

1 – 10 of over 72000
To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 28 October 2013

Xinhuan Huang and Wenping Wang

This paper aims to construct evaluation index system of industrial economy-ecology-coordinated development based on “driving-force-pressure-state-impact-response”…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to construct evaluation index system of industrial economy-ecology-coordinated development based on “driving-force-pressure-state-impact-response” conceptual model. Grey target theory is introduced to evaluate industrial economy-ecology-coordinated development level and identify its key influencing factors. On that basis, the countermeasures are proposed to improve industrial economy-ecology-coordinated development in China.

Design/methodology/approach

Bull's-eye degree of grey target theory is introduced to evaluate industrial economy-ecology-coordinated development level of 31 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions in China. The contribution degree of influence factors is analyzed by contribution degree theory.

Findings

The results show that first, the overall level of industrial economy-ecology-coordinated development in China is not high, there is a big gap of coordinated development level between provinces, municipalities and autonomous region, and there is still a large room to improve the status quo. Second, the major factors affecting industrial economy-ecology-coordinated development are gross industrial output value (GIOV) share of investment completed in the treatment of industrial pollution, common industrial solid wastes produced per GIOV, sulphur dioxide emission per GIOV, energy consumption per 10,000 yuan of gross regional product.

Originality/value

This paper constructs evaluation index system of industrial economy-ecology-coordinated development and applies grey target theory to evaluate industrial economy-ecology-coordinated development level and identify its key influencing factors.

Details

Grey Systems: Theory and Application, vol. 3 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2043-9377

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 1 April 2003

Georgios I. Zekos

Aim of the present monograph is the economic analysis of the role of MNEs regarding globalisation and digital economy and in parallel there is a reference and examination…

Abstract

Aim of the present monograph is the economic analysis of the role of MNEs regarding globalisation and digital economy and in parallel there is a reference and examination of some legal aspects concerning MNEs, cyberspace and e‐commerce as the means of expression of the digital economy. The whole effort of the author is focused on the examination of various aspects of MNEs and their impact upon globalisation and vice versa and how and if we are moving towards a global digital economy.

Details

Managerial Law, vol. 45 no. 1/2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0309-0558

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 4 January 2014

Raphael Kaplinsky

After some years in which industrial policy was frowned upon, it is now widely considered to be a legitimate arena for policy formulation. The danger is that policymakers…

Abstract

Purpose

After some years in which industrial policy was frowned upon, it is now widely considered to be a legitimate arena for policy formulation. The danger is that policymakers will seek to return to previously implemented policies. However many elements of this historic policy agenda are not replicable because of changes in global governance regulations. But changing framing conditions in the global economy also mean that the historic agenda is no longer optimal.

Methodology/approach

This chapter discusses four disruptive structural changes which affect the industrial policy agenda – the changing manufactures-commodities terms of trade, the centrality of global value chains in world industrial production, the growth of environmental externalities which affect growth and development, and the need to develop more inclusive patterns of growth.

Findings

The key findings are that there is scope for industrial policies to successfully confront these challenges, but that this will be contextual and may require a mix of policies designed to meet multiple objectives.

Value/originality

Significantly, industrial policy should be seen as a process aligning the operations of key stakeholders and subject to change as conditions alter, rather than as an industrial policy roadmap of the sort which frequently characterised policy in the past.

Details

International Business and Sustainable Development
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78190-990-4

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 24 May 2007

Frederic Carluer

“It should also be noted that the objective of convergence and equal distribution, including across under-performing areas, can hinder efforts to generate growth

Abstract

“It should also be noted that the objective of convergence and equal distribution, including across under-performing areas, can hinder efforts to generate growth. Contrariwise, the objective of competitiveness can exacerbate regional and social inequalities, by targeting efforts on zones of excellence where projects achieve greater returns (dynamic major cities, higher levels of general education, the most advanced projects, infrastructures with the heaviest traffic, and so on). If cohesion policy and the Lisbon Strategy come into conflict, it must be borne in mind that the former, for the moment, is founded on a rather more solid legal foundation than the latter” European Commission (2005, p. 9)Adaptation of Cohesion Policy to the Enlarged Europe and the Lisbon and Gothenburg Objectives.

Details

Managing Conflict in Economic Convergence of Regions in Greater Europe
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-451-5

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 1 September 2017

Liming Xiao, Bin Han, Sainan Yang and Shuai Liu

The construction of industrial park in the current development model of circular economy has been widely regarded as one of the important modes of macroeconomic…

Abstract

The construction of industrial park in the current development model of circular economy has been widely regarded as one of the important modes of macroeconomic exploration all over the world. Therefore, the research on the application of multi-project management theory based on circular economy in the construction of industrial park was proposed in this paper. First, the circular economy and multi-project management theory were expounded in detail. Then, the geographical location of multi project management in Qingyuan recycled plastic industrial park in Guangdong Province and the distribution of each building community were explained. And on this basis, the construction of the park's production, plant areas, residential areas and the planning objectives after completion were analyzed in detail. On the basis of analysis, the multi project management model used in the park was explained. It is pointed out that the construction of the park should be based on its own planning and practical needs, and the appropriate multi project management model should be chosen.

Details

Open House International, vol. 42 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0168-2601

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 17 November 2008

Chin Yau Laurence Yuen

The purpose of this paper is to focus on the regional development of Northeast China and recommend certain alternatives to revive its economies.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to focus on the regional development of Northeast China and recommend certain alternatives to revive its economies.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper reviews and analyses the transitional situations of the major three constituent provinces of Northeast China, namely Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang during the economic reform.

Findings

The paper finds that, in the initial couple of decades since the foundation of The People's Republic of China, a significant part of the northeast economy mirrored the economic model of the USSR, which ineffectively reacted to market economy. The transitional economy reformed the weaknesses of the economic systems of Northeast China but led to regional economic issues in unemployment, productivity, non‐recurrent resources, and duplicated investments.

Practical implications

With the state's northeast revitalization policy and the reform measures of provincial governments, the economic situation of the region has progressively improved over the years, reflected in a higher increase rate in added value of industrial output, international trade and investments. However, the northeast still has shortfalls compared with other economic poles in China.

Originality/value

The paper concludes that the Northeast should strengthen its regional comparative advantages and adopt industrial cluster development for its revival; and it is presumed that regional international trade and foreign direct investments will be further advanced through the more open policies implemented in recent years.

Details

Journal of International Trade Law and Policy, vol. 7 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1477-0024

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 30 December 2020

Sheng Xu, Qingde Yue and Binbin Lu

The implementation of the innovation-driven development strategy is of practical significance for improving the quality and efficiency of economic growth and accelerating…

Abstract

Purpose

The implementation of the innovation-driven development strategy is of practical significance for improving the quality and efficiency of economic growth and accelerating the transformation of economic development mode. The purpose of this paper is to study the impact of innovation-driven strategies on marine industry agglomeration and industrial transformation.

Design/methodology/approach

In traditional grey correlation analysis, when the positive and negative areas cancel each other out during the integration process, the calculation result of the correlation degree is often inconsistent with the qualitative analysis. For this reason, from the perspective of curve similarity, this paper constructs two response curves through the relative change area of the two curves and the relative area change ratio of similar degree, thus constructing an improved grey relational model.

Findings

The authors find that the innovation investment has a better correlation with marine industrial agglomeration. It also found that Guangdong Province has the highest degree of correlation between innovation indicators and marine industrial agglomeration. Much beyond the authors’ expectation, in the areas where marine industrial agglomeration is high, the synergistic effect is not obvious by using the location entropy method.

Originality/value

The improved grey correlation analysis method can effectively overcome the phenomenon that the positive and negative areas cancel each other in the integration process of the original algorithm, and it can also effectively measure the negative correlation between variables. This paper explores the impact of innovation drive on the agglomeration of marine industries, which is of great significance to the sustainable development of marine economy.

Details

Grey Systems: Theory and Application, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2043-9377

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 1 October 1992

Tatsuya Ohmori

During the 1950s and 1960s the Japanese government promotedindustrial organization in the form of a “competitive oligopoly” andfostered the institutionalizing of the…

Abstract

During the 1950s and 1960s the Japanese government promoted industrial organization in the form of a “competitive oligopoly” and fostered the institutionalizing of the strong competitive investment‐drive among large‐scale enterprises which came to characterize her economy. Reviews the economy of post‐war Japan as an economic system, and the necessity for government intervention and market competition to promote industrialization.

Details

International Journal of Social Economics, vol. 19 no. 10/11/12
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0306-8293

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 29 October 2018

Karina V. Kuznetsova, Elena N. Klochkova, Tatiana L. Lukyanchikova and Mikhail S. Shmarkov

The purpose of this chapter is to determine the basic characteristics of information economy, including consideration of the theoretical features and distinguishing the…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this chapter is to determine the basic characteristics of information economy, including consideration of the theoretical features and distinguishing the analytical aspects of functioning of this phenomenon under modern conditions. The authors offer a hypothesis that basic characteristics of information economy are transformed under the influence of digitization and the change in telecommunication interaction.

Methodology

The following methodological tools were used: analytical introspection (determining estimate phenomena of the studied object with the help of practical materials analysis), theoretical cognition (grouping and synthesis of scientific studies of foreign and Russian scholars in the sphere of information economy), and group evaluation of phenomena (studying the modern regularities of information economy development).

Results

The following conclusions are made: the theory of information economy is based on presenting information as a tool of economy management (information is the main economic value that creates national wealth); the modern idea of information economy is connected to the aspects of digital and telecommunication interaction; the information economy of the twenty-first century is aimed at monetization of information on households; and a new basic direction of information economy is information and program economy.

Recommendations

The sphere of application of the received results is rather wide. They will be of interest for practitioners, government employees, and researchers in the sphere of macro-economic development of the country during the period of transformation of the paradigm of economic growth. The main direction of future research is substantiation of approaches to formation of a new economic thought based on information and digital technologies.

Details

Models of Modern Information Economy
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78756-287-5

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 6 June 2017

Erik Poutsma, Paul E. M. Ligthart and Ulke Veersma

Taking an international comparative approach, this chapter investigates the variance in the adoption of employee share ownership and stock option arrangements across…

Abstract

Taking an international comparative approach, this chapter investigates the variance in the adoption of employee share ownership and stock option arrangements across countries. In particular, we investigate the influence of multinational enterprises (MNEs), industrial relations factors, HRM strategies, and market economies on the adoption and spread of the arrangements across countries. We find that industrial relations factors do not explain the variance in adoption by companies in their respective countries. MNEs and HRM strategies are important drivers of adoption. Market economy does not moderate the influence of MNEs on adoption, suggesting that MNEs universally apply the arrangements across borders.

1 – 10 of over 72000