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Article
Publication date: 3 July 2018

Vasiliki Maria Panatsa and Georgios Malandrakis

This study aims to detect preschool and primary school student–teachers’ (STs) views about the social pillar of urban sustainability and particularly about the importance

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to detect preschool and primary school student–teachers’ (STs) views about the social pillar of urban sustainability and particularly about the importance they attach to various social aspects of urban sustainability, and the perceived effectiveness of education in influencing these aspects.

Design/methodology/approach

A custom-designed questionnaire comprising eight literature-based social aspects of urban sustainability was developed and administered to 207 STs during the spring semester of 2015-2016, in the school of education, of a university located in northern Greece.

Findings

The highest levels of importance were attached to the aspect of “Health”, whereas aspects related to “Policy and Governance” were considered as the least important of all social aspects of urban sustainability. The aspect considered most easily influenced through education was that of “Human Relations”, in contrast to the aspect of “Housing” in which education was considered as the least effective. Also, STs considered every aspect of social urban sustainability to be more important than able to be influenced by education, revealing that they are somewhat sceptical of the effectiveness of education in this field.

Research limitations/implications

The participation of only student-teachers and the use of quantitative research tools are among the main limitation of the study. Future research should include teachers, both in-service and pre-service, from various disciplines and educational levels, and should employ a combination of quantitative with qualitative methods of analysis.

Practical implications

Insight into STs’ views can serve as a useful guidance for teacher education programs, providing information about necessary actions that have to be taken for the improvement of both pre- and in-service teacher educations.

Originality/value

There is a great lack of research around pre- and in-service teachers’ views about the importance of sustainability and the role of education in influencing it. Existing research is further scarcer when it comes to the investigation of the social pillar of urban sustainability, as literature usually focuses either on the environmental pillar of sustainability or on the concept of sustainable development in general.

Details

International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, vol. 19 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1467-6370

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Article
Publication date: 15 May 2019

Salih Ceylan and Murat Deniz Soygeniş

Sustainability, especially in terms of development and growth, has been in the agenda of the world community for several decades. However, apparently not all the aspects of

Abstract

Purpose

Sustainability, especially in terms of development and growth, has been in the agenda of the world community for several decades. However, apparently not all the aspects of sustainability are given equal importance. Ecologic and economic components of sustainability have been in the focal point of many theoretical and practical works, as the social aspect has been mostly left out of emphasis. The purpose of this paper is to examine the social aspects of sustainability and its relation to architecture, with respect to the strong connection between the society and the built environment.

Design/methodology/approach

The core of the paper consists of a case study conducted at a design studio course for third-year architecture students whereas the outcomes of the student works on the design problem are evaluated as examples for design approaches to reflect the effects of the built environment on social sustainability. The case study is supported with a literature review and examination of existing approaches to similar subjects regarding social sustainability.

Findings

The findings resulted in a better understanding of social sustainability in architectural education which is reflected on the built environment through several architectural strategies.

Originality/value

This paper contributes to the literature by providing a holistic understanding of sustainability including its social aspects and creating an awareness for the importance of social sustainability in architectural education.

Details

Archnet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research, vol. 13 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2631-6862

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 2003

Angela V. Hausman

Distinct difference between professional services and other types of service may increase customer reliance on social aspects of the relationship as a means to increase…

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2847

Abstract

Distinct difference between professional services and other types of service may increase customer reliance on social aspects of the relationship as a means to increase satisfaction with the service encounter. These services are characterized by one‐on‐one interactions involving repeated, frequent encounters with the same professional service provider and contain differences including: complexity, the intimate nature of exchange, and co‐production of service outcomes by both the client and the service provider. This study investigates the relative impact of technical and functional (social) aspects of professional service relationships on client satisfaction in four different professional services contexts. Findings support the positive impact of social aspects of the relationship on satisfaction in all four contexts, however, the strength of the association varies with context. The more classically professional occupations, like medicine, show a stronger relationship between social aspects of the relationship and satisfaction than less professional occupations, such as hairstyling. Social aspects also affect positive organizational outcomes, specifically positive word‐of‐mouth and re‐patronization intentions, in three of the four contexts.

Details

Journal of Services Marketing, vol. 17 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0887-6045

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Article
Publication date: 1 July 2006

Vesa P. Taatila, Jyrki Suomala, Reijo Siltala and Soili Keskinen

The importance of innovations in business management is a widely accepted hypothesis. Lately the research on innovation has widened to include consideration of the impact…

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6282

Abstract

Purpose

The importance of innovations in business management is a widely accepted hypothesis. Lately the research on innovation has widened to include consideration of the impact of social networks on the innovation. This paper aims to contribute to research on this approach by suggesting a framework for studying the social aspects of economic innovations.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper discusses economic innovation as a product of organizational competencies, highlighting the importance of social network.

Findings

This paper has three goals: we clarify the concept of economic innovation, we present the essential questions for studying the economic innovation process, and we present a proposal for an empirical approach and address problems in collecting data about economic innovations.

Originality/value

The paper opens a new, socio‐psychological approach to studying the innovation processes. It proposes a holistic approach to the phenomenon by combining these with the material aspects of an organization. The paper provides a scientific framework for a new research program.

Details

European Journal of Innovation Management, vol. 9 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1460-1060

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Article
Publication date: 10 August 2015

Matteo M. Savino, Marco Macchi and Antonio Mazza

The purpose of this paper is to primarily focus on labor in maintenance areas, addressing human rights issues, labor standards and safety standards. The main issue is to…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to primarily focus on labor in maintenance areas, addressing human rights issues, labor standards and safety standards. The main issue is to investigate how these factors are considered to drive the prioritization of maintenance interventions within maintenance plans. In particular, a method for criticality analysis of production equipment is proposed considering specific labor issues like age and gender, which can be useful to steer maintenance plans toward a more social perspective.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors focus on the two main social issues of SA 8000 norms, age and gender, exploring how these issues may drive the selection of maintenance policies and the relative maintenance plans. The research is conducted through fuzzy analytical hierarchy process (AHP) implemented within a failure mode effects analysis (FMEA).

Findings

The research is conducted through fuzzy AHP implemented within a FMEA. The maintenance plans resulting from the FMEA driven by social issues are evaluated by a benchmark of three different scenarios. The results obtained allowed the firm to evaluate maintenance plans, considering the impact on workers’ health and safety, the environment, social issues like gender and age.

Research limitations/implications

One of the main limitation of this research is that it should also encompass maintenance costs under social and safety perspective. The method developed should be extended by further study of maintenance planning decisions subject to budget constraints. Moreover, it would be worth evaluating the effect of adopting more proactive maintenance policies aimed at improving plant maintainability in view of what emerged during the test case in the presence of an aged workforce and the subsequent need to prevent and/or protect people from hidden risks.

Practical implications

With reference to the results obtained from the two models of this scenario, the authors observed an increase of equipment criticality, from B class to the A class, and similarly from C class to B class. No equipment has reduced its criticality. This depends on the particular context and the relative weights of drivers indicated in its AHP matrixes.

Social implications

The paper addressed the main social implication as well as other social issues represented by age and gender factors, which are normally neglected. The Action Research (AR) proved the effects resulted from considering either gender factor or gender and age factors at the same time for maintenance policy selection. All in all, an increase of criticality is evident even if “people” is a driver with less importance than “environment” and “structures.”

Originality/value

The present work focussed on a new definition of a criticality ranking model to assign a maintenance policy to each component based on workers’ know-how and on their status. The approach is conceived by the application of a fuzzy logic structure and AHP to overcome uncertainties, which can rise during a decision process when there is a need to evaluate many criteria, ranging from economic to environmental and social dimensions.

Details

Journal of Quality in Maintenance Engineering, vol. 21 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-2511

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Article
Publication date: 31 July 2009

Oksana Mont and Charlotte Leire

The purpose of the paper is to explore the factors that drive or hinder organisations to implement socially responsible purchasing.

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3285

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of the paper is to explore the factors that drive or hinder organisations to implement socially responsible purchasing.

Design/methodology/approach

A literature analysis is complemented with empirical data from interviews with 20 private and public Swedish organisations.

Findings

The findings from the literature analysis are compared with findings from Swedish organisations. The study finds that in Swedish organisations, the main drivers for socially responsible purchasing include stakeholder influence and organisational values, media and NGOs' attention and employees' concern. The main barriers are a lack of resources for supplier audits, difficulties to ensure that all suppliers fulfil the code of conduct, differences in culture and management style, low levels of social standards and high levels of corruption in some countries of supply, all of which makes assurance practices a very costly enterprise.

Research limitations/implications

Future research could compare socially responsible purchasing (SRP) practices of focal organisations from different countries and deepen the understanding of contextual factors that shape responses of suppliers situated in different regions.

Practical implications

Although exploratory in nature, this study assists managers and public procurers with a greater understanding of the drivers and barriers of socially responsible purchasing, as well as of success factors for integrating social aspects into purchasing practices.

Originality/value

The paper contributes to the limited body of literature on the drivers and barriers for organisations to initiate and maintain the work on socially responsible purchasing.

Details

Social Responsibility Journal, vol. 5 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1747-1117

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Book part
Publication date: 29 November 2016

Hanna Lehtimäki

Abstract

Details

The Strategically Networked Organization
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78635-292-7

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Article
Publication date: 29 June 2012

Hiu Kwan Esther Yung and Hon Wan Edwin Chan

The purpose of this paper is to identify the critical factors for enhancing social sustainability of the conservation of built heritage projects and to highlight the…

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2285

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to identify the critical factors for enhancing social sustainability of the conservation of built heritage projects and to highlight the importance of addressing social sustainability in urban conservation.

Design/methodology/approach

First of all, a list of social sustainability factors is compiled from the international literature and then verified by a panel of experts in the field of heritage conservation and laymen through a pilot study in Hong Kong. Afterwards, through a questionnaire survey carried out in Hong Kong for an urban conservation project, the citizens' responses were obtained and evaluated. Results were derived from factor analysis.

Findings

The results indicated that social considerations should be incorporated for achieving social sustainability in urban heritage conservation. “Educational and local cultural promotion means”, “Meanings of the place”, “Social inclusion and psychological needs” and “Public participation and opportunity for skills development” were found to be the significant underlying factors for enhancing social sustainability of the case study project.

Social implications

The underlying social factors found in this study can help enhance planning, management and implementation in conservation projects that should promote social well being in society.

Originality/value

The case study provides a valid basis for an interesting analysis on the relevance of the social sustainability aspects to an urban conservation project that also provides insights for other urban conservation projects of a similar nature. The factors identified can form an evaluation framework to measure the social sustainability level of a significant urban conservation and revitalization project in practice.

Details

Facilities, vol. 30 no. 9/10
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-2772

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 30 April 2021

Kiwon Lee, Ning Kuang Chuang, Seonjeong Ally Lee and Aviad A. Israeli

Crises influence individuals’ career development. The COVID-19 crisis has global impacts in financial, health and social aspects and service industries are at the…

Abstract

Purpose

Crises influence individuals’ career development. The COVID-19 crisis has global impacts in financial, health and social aspects and service industries are at the forefront of the pervasive impacts. This study investigated how college students’ perceptions of COVID-19 interplayed with self-efficacy on their academic plans and further identified major differences between students in service-oriented and nonservice-oriented majors.

Design/methodology/approach

A self-administered online survey was conducted with 299 undergraduates at a large Midwestern university during COVID-19. Regression analyses, including conditional analyses, examined the study hypotheses using SPSS.

Findings

The results showed that, in general, students’ self-efficacy reduced their intentions to change their academic majors. The joint effects of self-efficacy and perception of COVID-19 diverged among students in nonservice-oriented majors but converged among students in service-oriented majors (e.g. hospitality and tourism). These students in the service fields showed more commitment to their current majors even as their concerns about the social implications of COVID-19 increased.

Practical implications

This study suggests that academic institutions should try to improve students’ self-efficacy to maintain their career commitments during crisis times. Furthermore, service organizations should highlight the importance of social aspects as recovery from COVID-19 begins as a tool to recruit college graduates.

Originality/value

The literature on career decisions of students in service industries is quite limited. This study enriches the body of career decisions research in the context of service management by highlighting how service sectors are influenced by COVID-19.

Details

Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Insights, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2514-9792

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Article
Publication date: 23 June 2020

Gen-Yih Liao, Tzu-Ling Huang, T.C.E. Cheng and Ching-I Teng

Relational cohesion theory posits that relational cohesion helps build relationships among communication partners, implying that users would expect a growth in relations…

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421

Abstract

Purpose

Relational cohesion theory posits that relational cohesion helps build relationships among communication partners, implying that users would expect a growth in relations or making more friends in the future. However, little is known about expectancy of a better future state of relations, i.e. expectancy of relational growth, and its impact on users' continued engagement in online communication. Our study extends relational cohesion theory to explain how expectancy of relational growth impacts online gamer loyalty.

Design/methodology/approach

We test the framework using structural equation modeling to analyze a large sample of 1,429 responses from online gamers.

Findings

We find that expectancy of relational growth is positively related to norm compliance and relational cohesion, which are further related to network convergence and interdependence, fostering online gamer loyalty.

Originality/value

The findings contribute to relational cohesion theory by identifying novel sources of relational cohesion, i.e. expectancy of relational growth and norm compliance. Hence, game providers should create gamers' expectancy of growth in online relationships. Such expectancy could motivate continued gaming communication, even when gamers are not satisfied with the current state of online relationships. Moreover, we propose the new concept of expectancy of relational growth, which should have a strong impact on online communication in various areas.

Details

Internet Research, vol. 30 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1066-2243

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