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Article
Publication date: 18 October 2018

Elok Zubaidah, Raida Amelia Ifadah, Umi Kalsum, Diana Lyrawati, Widya Dwi Rukmi Putri, Ignatius Srianta and Philippe J. Blanc

This paper aims to study the anti-diabetes activity of the Kombucha prepared from different snake fruit cultivars.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to study the anti-diabetes activity of the Kombucha prepared from different snake fruit cultivars.

Design/methodology/approach

The juices of snake fruits of Suwaru, Madura, Pondoh and Bali cultivars were fermented for 14 days. Anti-diabetes activity of the products was analyzed. Twenty-four male albino Wistar rats were used and randomly divided into six experimental groups, i.e. four groups of the diabetic rats treated with the Kombucha, plus the normal group and diabetic control group. The Kombucha were orally administered to the streptozotocin induced-diabetic rats at 5 mL/kg body weight per day during the 28-day experiment. The fasting plasma glucose (FPG), oxidative stress indices (superoxide dismutase [SOD] activity and Malondialdehyde [MDA] level) and lipid profile of the blood plasma were measured. The pancreas was used for immunohistochemical study and β-cells quantification. Data were analysed by ANOVA followed by Fisher test using Minitab version 16.0.

Findings

FPG of the diabetic rats treated with the Kombucha (110.3-189.3 mg/dL) was significantly lower (p = 0.000) than the diabetic control group (413.3 mg/dL). Those were in line with the number of pancreatic β-cells of 42.1 in diabetic rats that lower (p = 006) than those in treated the diabetic rats (61.2-73.5). The treated diabetic rats had lower oxidative stress (SOD activity: 20.9-44.6 unit/100 µL with p = 0.000; MDA level: 0.37-0.48 ng/100 µL with p = 0.000) than those in the diabetic rats (SOD activity: 18.7 unit/100µL; MDA level: 0.84 ng/100 µL). The treated diabetic rats also showed better lipid profile than those in the diabetic control rats. There were cultivar differences, and the Suwaru and Madura snake fruit Kombucha demonstrated the most potential for diabetes management.

Originality/value

This is the first study on in vivo anti-diabetes activity of snake fruit Kombucha prepared from different snake fruit cultivars.

Details

Nutrition & Food Science, vol. 49 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

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Article
Publication date: 1 September 2010

Ignatius Srianta and Catharina Yayuk Trisnawati

Business planning project with experiential approach have been implemented in beverage processing technology course, as a part of entrepreneurship teaching in…

Abstract

Business planning project with experiential approach have been implemented in beverage processing technology course, as a part of entrepreneurship teaching in undergraduate food technology study program. Seventy one students were divided into 6 groups and each group designed a business plan of beverage production. The business plans (production of RosBerry juice, Alang‐alang jelly drink, Luo Tung Kua healthy drink, Aloe vera juice, Soycorn milk and Bumble bee) were realized by production each product in pilot plant and selling the products in campus area. Five groups succeed to realize their business plans and get profit varies from 11.67 per cent to 58.29 per cent, but one group (production of Bumble bee) suffered losses of 28.63 per cent. About 84 per cent of students possess sufficient self‐confidence to success as an entrepreneur. Significant increasing of self‐confidence to success in business planning and marketing occurred. However, declining of self‐confidence also occurred especially in financing and managerial skill aspects. It is needed to improve self‐confidence in financing and managerial skill aspects.

Details

World Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, vol. 6 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2042-5961

Keywords

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