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This article describes the development of a Web Library Guide at the University of Birmingham, UK. Having developed a hypertext guide using Asymetrix Toolbook which gave…
This article describes the development of a Web Library Guide at the University of Birmingham, UK. Having developed a hypertext guide using Asymetrix Toolbook which gave guidance to users on the subjects and services available in the Main Library of the University, the information was repackaged for loading on to the World Wide Web. The reasons for this move are outlined, the process of the transposition is explained and future possibilities for the project are suggested.
From the early 1900's the French champagne industry has been ruthless in its political and legal battles to protect the name of champagne whether from usurpation by foreign wine producers or from makers of non‐wine products (www.champagnemagic.com). In 2003 a new weapon was added to the armoury. A consumer advertising campaign incorporating five book mark — sized teasers have posed such questions as “Washington apples from Nevada?” and “Alaska salmon from Florida?” The questions are answered in full page adverts which explain why champagne can only come from Champagne (www.champagne.fr).
In international marketing the search for suitable brand names is complicated by a number of issues. One of these is the decision as to whether to standardize, localize, or use some form of intermediate adapted strategy. In the case of the PR China, the situation is more complex still, owing to a number of factors, but, particularly because of its completely different logographic language structure. This paper examines several of the key issues in wine brand naming and then reports an empirical study into Chinese consumers' reactions to live different naming strategies, each applied to a selection of wine brands. The results indicated that the original foreign brand name was the most appealing whilst a Translation plus Transliteration with Positive Connotation naming strategy was the second most appealing approach.
The year 1971 saw the appearance on the University of Southern California campus of the Center for Futures Research, “dedicated to research into the fundamental causes and directions of social change and the design of new policies and strategies.” Under the leadership of its director, Dr. Burt Nanus, the Center has built up a first‐rate professional staff and acquired a well‐deserved reputation as one of the most competent and dynamic futures research organizations in the country, on or off campus. In little more than three and a half years the Center has completed a range of projects, and compiled a list of publications, that would do credit to an organization twice its size.
Rural Australian patients continue to receive inadequate medical attention. One potential solution to this is to train Indigenous Australians to become medical doctors and…
Rural Australian patients continue to receive inadequate medical attention. One potential solution to this is to train Indigenous Australians to become medical doctors and return to their community to serve their people. The study aims to examine whether Indigenous medical students have a stronger intention to practice in underserved communities.
A sample of Indigenous (N = 17) and non-Indigenous students (N = 188) from a medical program in Sydney was surveyed about their medical self-concept and motivation. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted, group differences were tested, and correlation patterns were examined.
CFA found seven distinct factors – three medical self-concepts (affective, cognitive, and cultural competence), one motivation factor, and three work-related variables – intention to serve underserved communities (intention), understanding of Indigenous health (understanding), and work-related anxiety (anxiety). Indigenous medical students were higher in cultural competence, intention, and understanding. Both the affective and cognitive components of medical self-concept were more highly correlated with intention and understanding for Indigenous students than for non-Indigenous students.
It is important to examine medical students’ self-concepts as well as their cultural characteristics and strengths that seed success in promoting service to underserved Indigenous communities.
The findings show that Indigenous medical students tended to understand Indigenous health issues better and to be more willing to serve underserved Indigenous communities. By enhancing both the affective and cognitive components of medical self-concepts, the “home-grown” medical education program is more likely to produce medical doctors to serve underserved communities with a good understanding of Indigenous health.
In the first article in this series Pat Terry showed that current organisation theory is very much concerned with the organisation within its changing environment. The…
In the first article in this series Pat Terry showed that current organisation theory is very much concerned with the organisation within its changing environment. The successful organisation is the one which is able to predict, sense and analyse the implications of changes in the environment and adapt its products, structures, systems and relationships to cope with these changes. Change and coping with it is then a theme of organisation theory and it is also an increasingly dominant thread in the field of training itself. Training can roughly be divided into two areas: • training people to do their current jobs better, including preparing people for their next jobs; • equipping people to manage/cope with change. Enough has already been written on the former and we propose in this article to concentrate on the latter. Before doing so, however, we wish to explore the dynamics of organisational change and the key importance of diagnosis in determining what kinds of change interventions, training and other, are necessary in order to create and maintain a healthy, adaptive and effective organisation.
The shift towards virtual organisation is related with a fundamental change in organising and managing daily operations. The success of collaborative work therefore relies…
The shift towards virtual organisation is related with a fundamental change in organising and managing daily operations. The success of collaborative work therefore relies not merely on the introduction of different technologies, but also on critically analysing the “human” aspects of organisation. Virtual teams bring people together across disciplines, departments, functions, and geographical locations. This paper draws on the literature with respect to organisational change, and particularly results from human and organisational research carried out in the OSMOS (IST‐1999‐10491) project. Within the context of the OSMOS project, interviews with senior managers of each of the participating industrial organisations were conducted. From the analysis of these interviews four major organisational issues emerged, which virtual teams or e‐businesses need to address before moving forward. These are: information sharing, organisational culture and teamworking, acceptance of change and training. The paper investigates the above issues and explores potential solutions in order to support virtual organisations and e‐businesses in dealing with continuous change. From this investigation the paper proposes critical success factors that the authors believe to be necessary in dealing with such change.
– The purpose of this paper is to show the development of Appropriate Adult services in Scotland over the past nine years and considers how this differs from the rest of the UK.
The purpose of this paper is to show the development of Appropriate Adult services in Scotland over the past nine years and considers how this differs from the rest of the UK.
New analysis of existing statistical information is provided to show pattern of demand, type of interview, nature of mental disorder involved and regional differences.
Growth in demand for services is identified for both suspect and witness interviews, with people with learning disabilities most frequently receiving support. There is significant variation in the pattern of referrals across Scotland.
The results reflect heightened awareness amongst police officers of the need for Appropriate Adults, but there should be examination of the different types of provision to promote equity of service.
This is the first time that these figures have been collated and subject to analysis. They provide comparative information within Scotland that is also of relevance to the rest of the UK.