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Article
Publication date: 5 April 2021

Beatriz López, Niko Kargas, Julie Udell, Tomáš Rubín, Linda Burgess, Dominic Dew, Ian McDonald, Ann O’Brien and Karen Templeton-Mepstead

The purpose of this study was to explore the views of autistic people, carers and practitioners regarding the barriers autistic employees face at work (Study 1) and to use these…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to explore the views of autistic people, carers and practitioners regarding the barriers autistic employees face at work (Study 1) and to use these views to inform the design of an employment programme for autistic employees without learning disabilities (Study 2).

Design/methodology/approach

In Study 1, 16 (20%) carers, 17 (21%) practitioners and 47 (59%) autistic adults who had been or were currently employed, answered a survey regarding barriers at work. Study 2 evaluates the efficacy of a set of profiling assessment tools (PA) developed to help employers make individually-tailored adjustments for their autistic employees by delivering an employment programme consisting of 15, 8-week work placements.

Findings

In Study 1, only 25% of autistic adults reported having had adjustments in the workplace and all groups reported this as the main barrier – alongside employers’ lack of understanding. Two sets of results demonstrate the efficacy of the PA tools in addressing this barrier. First, a comparative cost simulation revealed a cost-saving in terms of on-job support of £6.67 per participant per hour worked relative to published data from another programme. Second, 83% of autistic employees reported having had the right adjustments at work.

Research limitations/implications

This is an exploratory study that did not include a comparison group. Hence, it was not possible to evaluate the efficacy of the PA tools relative to a standard employment programme intervention, nor to assess cost reduction, which currently is only estimated from already available published data.

Practical implications

Overall the findings from these studies demonstrate that the time invested in the high-quality assessment of the profile of autistic employees results in saving costs over time and better outcomes.

Originality/value

The originality of the Autism Centre for Employment programme resides in that, unlike other programmes, it shifts the focus from helping autistic employees to helping their employers.

Details

Advances in Autism, vol. 7 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2056-3868

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 April 1991

Ian McDonald

The progress towards introducing quality management in line with British Standard 5750 is outlined. The advantages of BS5750 are in controlling quality initiatives, making savings…

Abstract

The progress towards introducing quality management in line with British Standard 5750 is outlined. The advantages of BS5750 are in controlling quality initiatives, making savings in operational costs, achieving accreditation and increasing job satisfaction. Interpretation and adaptation of British Standards, for use in the National Health Service, has resulted in progress towards accreditation in the Chiropody Service.

Details

International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, vol. 4 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0952-6862

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 April 1988

Ian McDonald Wood

Entrepreneurship is crucial to corporate success and growth: how can it be encouraged? The idea of an Entrepreneurship Programme is put forward.

Abstract

Entrepreneurship is crucial to corporate success and growth: how can it be encouraged? The idea of an Entrepreneurship Programme is put forward.

Details

Management Decision, vol. 26 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0025-1747

Article
Publication date: 1 April 1988

Ian McDonald Wood

Innovation is not an action, but is a state of mind — moreover, it needs to be an ongoing one.

Abstract

Innovation is not an action, but is a state of mind — moreover, it needs to be an ongoing one.

Details

Management Decision, vol. 26 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0025-1747

Article
Publication date: 1 January 1990

John Creedy

In the last decade there has been considerable interest in theanalysis of Trade Union behaviour, but surprisingly little discussion ofthe effect of tax changes on wage demands…

Abstract

In the last decade there has been considerable interest in the analysis of Trade Union behaviour, but surprisingly little discussion of the effect of tax changes on wage demands. Previous analyses have been limited by the use of simple tax structures. The discussion is extended by considering a multi‐rate tax system that can easily be applied to most countries. The effect on unions′ wage demands of eliminating the top marginal tax rate, while raising VAT, is examined in detail. It is shown that this policy can be expected to lead to an increase in the wage demands of all unions, producing a once‐and‐for‐all increase in nominal wages and unemployment.

Details

Journal of Economic Studies, vol. 17 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-3585

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 22 May 2007

John Ling

68

Abstract

Details

Circuit World, vol. 33 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0305-6120

Article
Publication date: 1 September 2002

Ian McDonald, Mohamed Zairi and Mohd Ashari Idris

In the world of quantum improvement, managing paradigm shifts has aroused unprecedented interest among academics and practitioners. Better and better ways of managing business…

2477

Abstract

In the world of quantum improvement, managing paradigm shifts has aroused unprecedented interest among academics and practitioners. Better and better ways of managing business processes are needed to create sustainable improvement. Excellence is the product of a complex mixture of strategic components, which often exist in different paradigm curves, which need to be smoothed while the organisation transforms one quality era to the next. Proposes an empirically‐based framework of TQM transformation, following a synthesis of literature on quality management practices in winners of the MBNQA and EFQA. The framework incorporates critical factors of each phase of quality evolution, and hence implied sustainability of TQM implementation. The evolutionary path was identified as product, service, customer, and market‐based orientation, which were linked to corresponding conditions for sustainability, which could be empirically tested through advanced research. This framework broadens the scope of quality management and offers a tremendous opportunity to operationalise quality management as a universal and generically‐based corporate strategy.

Details

Measuring Business Excellence, vol. 6 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1368-3047

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 17 July 2014

Brian Wilson

To outline strategies for balancing a critical approach to sport for development and peace (SDP) interventions with approaches that highlight the potentially positive outcomes of…

Abstract

Purpose

To outline strategies for balancing a critical approach to sport for development and peace (SDP) interventions with approaches that highlight the potentially positive outcomes of SDP. Two examples of attempts to balance these approaches are highlighted. One is a critical analysis of responses to sport-related environmental problems. The other is a study of how a sport-related reconciliation event led by celebrity athletes was successfully organized.

Design/methodology/approach

In the first part of the chapter, the complexity of the SDP concept (and the terms sport, peace, and development) is discussed along with the challenges of negotiating critical and more optimistic stances on SDP. In the second part, two approaches to navigating between “extremely critical” and “unwaveringly optimistic” stances on SDP are outlined through two case studies.

Findings

The two case studies are described along with preliminary findings from studies that were conducted. Each case study is accompanied by a discussion of how the author “middle-walked” between “extremely critical” and “unwaveringly optimistic” positions on SDP. A focus in this section is on how theory, methods, and strategies for reporting findings were accounted for in the process of balancing these distinct positions.

Research limitations/implications

The difficulties attempting to balance critical and optimistic positions are discussed. The difficulties connecting critical analysis with practical suggestions for improving SDP-related work were also outlined.

Details

Sport, Social Development and Peace
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78350-885-3

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 30 July 2020

Liv Yoon and Brian Wilson

To discuss our experiences producing a short documentary film focused on a sport-related environmental issue – and reflect on our attempts throughout production to “do” what we…

Abstract

To discuss our experiences producing a short documentary film focused on a sport-related environmental issue – and reflect on our attempts throughout production to “do” what we are calling “Environmental Sports Journalism” (ESJ).

Following ESJ principles, and in collaboration with Vancouver-based filmmakers, we produced a short documentary entitled, Mount Gariwang: An Olympic Casualty, about the destruction of an ancient forest for a sport mega-event (i.e., the PyeongChang Olympics). We discuss and reflect on our approach and methods for producing the documentary, and identify key issues faced throughout the process – as we attempted to negotiate the intricacies of documentary work and collaboration between academics and media producers, while attending to a set of principles for producing “Environmental Sports Journalism.”

We reflect on strategies used and challenges faced when attempting to produce a short film on a sport-related environmental issue. We note our attempt to: (1) include interview segments with definitions of key concepts and how they are relevant to power relations around sport mega-events; (2) value the lives and voices of local and marginalized people – while noting problems we faced providing adequate context; (3) focus on problems of nonhumans as well as humans – and the challenges we faced including nonhuman issues and perspectives, challenges that reflected the limits of our chosen data collection and reporting techniques; (4) offer some form of hope and identify alternatives around an event that we were critical of; and (5) highlight the complexities of prioritizing social and environmental justice (i.e., taking a side) while attempting to offer what we might think of as “balanced” coverage.

This chapter illuminated barriers we faced in our attempts to produce “excellent” coverage, and in going from media critics to critical media producers. Our hope is to inspire reflection on what is possible around the production of “excellent” sport-related environmental journalism, and to contribute to thinking about the pursuit of public sociology through media.

Although involvement in documentary-making as academics is not new, our attempt to apply principles associated with environmental journalism to the study of sport-related environmental and social problems is in some ways novel, and therefore our reflections on our experiences are also in some ways novel.

Details

Sport and the Environment
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78769-029-5

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 February 1965

The death was announced on 21st December 1964 of Mr H. R. Verry, who was known to many members of Aslib. Up to his retirement in 1963 Mr Verry was Adviser on Photographic and…

Abstract

The death was announced on 21st December 1964 of Mr H. R. Verry, who was known to many members of Aslib. Up to his retirement in 1963 Mr Verry was Adviser on Photographic and Allied Processes to the O & M Section of the Treasury. He was the author of a number of textbooks on photographic reproduction techniques and often contributed to the book reviews in the Journal of Documentation.

Details

Aslib Proceedings, vol. 17 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0001-253X

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