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what is ‘evaluation’ anyway? THEORY IS HEAVILY PUNCTUATED BY DEFINITIONS, WHICH contribute to the impression of dreariness which generally surrounds theoretical writings. Undeniably, definitions have a useful function. They are tools which can help refine and clarify concepts; they provide a negotiable basis of understanding, an exchange rate between those people for whom concepts are currency. But tools can be misused. On the negative side, definitions provide a wonderful excuse for retreating comfortably into semantic argument and avoiding the messy business of doing any real work in the field.
In her regular column examining key issues facing community safety practitioners, Sarah Morton from Matrix Research and Consultancy considers evaluation.Everyone agrees…
In her regular column examining key issues facing community safety practitioners, Sarah Morton from Matrix Research and Consultancy considers evaluation.Everyone agrees that evaluation allows services to systematically investigate the effectiveness of interventions, determining their value, allowing for evidence‐informed decision‐making and increasing the accountability of such decisions.
Since the present university leading cadre capability evaluations are mainly static, there is a lack of evaluation methods to address dynamic and multi‐scale‐based…
Since the present university leading cadre capability evaluations are mainly static, there is a lack of evaluation methods to address dynamic and multi‐scale‐based situations. Some important factors to address people's performances, such as the developing trends and potentialities are considered. The purpose of this paper is to attempt to propose a dynamic evaluation model based on multivariate delay connection number.
First, evaluation results of previous periods are taken into the current period and values of uncertain numbers are revised. Next, a dynamic evaluation model is built for university leading cadre. Last, a numerical example is used to prove its feasibility and effectiveness.
This paper promotes a corrected equal portion value method of uncertain numbers i1(τ), … ,in(τ) from the adjacent two periods to multi periods, and builds a dynamic evaluation model, which proved simple‐structured and easy to apply.
The new model is applied in the evaluation of university leading cadre, and could give a more comprehensive, dynamic, scientific analysis for evaluation by model application.
The paper develops a novel evaluation model based on a multivariate delay connection number, which expands traditional methods from a static situation to a dynamic and multi‐scale‐based situation.
The evaluation of maintenance tenders is a task that involves not only consideration of the prices offered, but the financial and technical expertise of the tenderers as…
The evaluation of maintenance tenders is a task that involves not only consideration of the prices offered, but the financial and technical expertise of the tenderers as well. The evaluations can be highly complicated and lengthy when dealing with large projects and numerous tenderers. Presents an evaluation methodology in the form of a tabular procedure to be used by the evaluators of maintenance contracts. Develops seven tables to provide quantitative values for the submitted tenders. The first five tables are designed to evaluate the technical efficiency of the tenderers, while the sixth table is designed for the final evaluation including prices. In the first table, the tender compliance as per the requirement of the tender document is evaluated. Uses the second table to evaluate the support and maintenance plan. The third table presents an evaluation of the experience and the financial status of the tenderer. The fourth and fifth tables are used to evaluate the tenderer’s staffing proposal and how it is related to the requirements of the project. The sixth table summarizes the evaluation of the previous four tables for each evaluator. The seventh table illustrates the final evaluation of each tenderer, and hence a decision could be made. By adding the average technical score of each tenderer to his price score, the evaluator can easily rate each tenderer’s ability to carry out the work rather than depending only on price, which might not always mean a good choice.
The feasibility of using job evaluation procedures to establish non‐biased pay structure is a central issue in the debate over comparable worth. Results of two…
The feasibility of using job evaluation procedures to establish non‐biased pay structure is a central issue in the debate over comparable worth. Results of two investigations indicate that even under carefully controlled conditions job evaluation results are highly susceptible to random and systematic errors on the part of the evaluators, and are apt to vary significantly from the concept of worth underlying the evaluation plan. The choice of evaluation instruments or scoring procedure can also have a major impact on results. Thus, the feasibility of using job evaluation results as the governing criterion of the relative worth of jobs is highly questionable.
The purpose of this paper is to provide a framework for developing an effective evaluation practice within health care settings. Three features are reviewed; capacity…
The purpose of this paper is to provide a framework for developing an effective evaluation practice within health care settings. Three features are reviewed; capacity building, the application of evaluation to program activities and the utilization of evaluation recommendations. First, the organizational elements required to establish effective evaluation practice are reviewed emphasizing that an organization’s capacity for evaluation develops over time and in stages. Second, a comprehensive evaluation framework is presented which demonstrates how evaluation practice can be applied to all aspects of a program’s life cycle, thus promoting the scope of evidence‐based decision making within an organization. Finally, factors which influence the adoption of evaluation recommendations by decision makers is reviewed accompanied by strategies to promote the utilization of evaluation recommendations in organization decision making.
With high-speed urbanization and strict requirements on energy conservation and environmental protection, eco-city has become the priority of urban development in China…
With high-speed urbanization and strict requirements on energy conservation and environmental protection, eco-city has become the priority of urban development in China. Governments of all levels promote various eco-city planning schemes within a short term, but most schemes are characterized by randomness and subjectivity. To solve the lack of scientific pre-implementation evaluation for eco-city planning and improve eco-city construction quality, a systematic analysis is conducted in this study from three dimensions, namely, eco-city planning scheme, operating mechanism, and guarantee measures. A 3D evaluation model for eco-city planning is constructed through index selection. Schemes are ranked comprehensively with the distance measure method, and projection analysis is performed with the four-grid evaluation screen. Finally, the 3D evaluation model is applied to evaluate eco-city planning for Shenzhen, Chongqing, and Weifang. Results show that the model can be used to evaluate eco-city planning schemes effectively and comprehensively and offers targeted optimization suggestions in accordance with the evaluation results. Construction of the 3D evaluation model of eco-city planning based on the distance measure to determine the reasonability of eco-city planning reduces the institutional and social costs of eco-city planning practices.
The ergonomic performance of protective clothing for earthquake disaster search and rescue team members is significant for its protective performance. The paper aims to…
The ergonomic performance of protective clothing for earthquake disaster search and rescue team members is significant for its protective performance. The paper aims to discuss these issues.
By experimental simulations of the rescue tasks, an evaluation system for the protective clothing in both static and dynamic conditions was designed and established in this study. In static evaluation, motion capture system was used to measure the ranges of motions. The mobility was analyzed by the comprehensive evaluation method. In dynamic experiments, three types of rescue tasks were simulated for ergonomic evaluation. The results were analyzed based on the multi-levels joint evaluation method.
It was shown that the established evaluation system could meet well with the requirements of the ergonomic evaluation.
Fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method is an effective tool in ergonomic evaluation of clothing. The newly designed coverall and suit are of better ergonomic performance compared with the in-service clothing.
This article examines the perceptions of both administrators and faculty relating to the validity of student evaluations and the existence of possible biasing factors. The…
This article examines the perceptions of both administrators and faculty relating to the validity of student evaluations and the existence of possible biasing factors. The results indicate that administrators believe student evaluations measure teaching effectiveness to a greater degree than faculty, while faculty members believe their personality is the primary determinant of ratings on student evaluations. Faculty also believe that the type of course, the work load of a course, and the grade distribution of a course have a larger impact on student evaluations when compared with administrators’ beliefs.
This paper is based on a study which examined the current training evaluation activity and challenges that face Kuwaiti organisations. The study sample was five UK…
This paper is based on a study which examined the current training evaluation activity and challenges that face Kuwaiti organisations. The study sample was five UK organisations (recognised as best practice organisations in their T&D activities) and 77 Kuwaiti organisations (40 government and 37 private). Interviews and questionnaires were used. The study reveals that the majority of respondents, both in government and in private sectors, only evaluate their training programme occasionally. The most popular evaluation tools and technique used by government and private sectors were questionnaires. The most common model used by Kuwaiti organisations is the Kirkpatrick model, while the most common level of evaluation for both government and private sector is reaction type.