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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1992

I.R. Davidson

Whereas the last decade has seen remarkable growth in United States (US) futures business, in the United Kingdom (UK) the volume in some sectors has been disappointing…

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Abstract

Whereas the last decade has seen remarkable growth in United States (US) futures business, in the United Kingdom (UK) the volume in some sectors has been disappointing. Although new markets are continuing to appear (such as the Baltic International Freight Futures Exchange, BIFFEX, which opened for business in May 1985), on 31 January 1985 the London Gold Futures Market (LGFM) announced its intention to close and from time to time there has been speculation that LIFFE, the London International Financial Futures Exchange, may not be able to continue in its present form because of lack of business (although the range of traded instruments continues to expand). Some factors that would tend to discourage business are:

Details

Managerial Finance, vol. 18 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0307-4358

Book part
Publication date: 7 July 2022

Matthew Bennett and Emma Goodall

In this book it was proposed that autistic females and African American autistics are usually not participants in autistic research because they rarely receive an autism…

Abstract

In this book it was proposed that autistic females and African American autistics are usually not participants in autistic research because they rarely receive an autism diagnosis. If diagnostic services were made more congenial for autistics from these groups, then the prospect of them being diagnosed as autistic and being available to be research participants would increase. To help achieve this outcome, this chapter begins by presenting some typical barriers that autistics encounter when trying to access autism diagnostic services. This is followed by an explanation of some consequences of this exclusion for autistics, their families and the research community. In an attempt to mitigate these consequences, and to increase the pool of potential autistic candidates for research, this chapter concludes with a series of suggestions to improve the public's accessibility to autism diagnostic services as well as suggestions for improving the autism diagnostic process for both children and adults.

The contribution that this chapter makes to the field of autism spectrum research is to provide clinicians with some important concepts that will help autistics feel valued and accepted during the diagnostic process. A potential flow-on effect of this knowledge is that more autistics who have experienced feeling valued and accepted by clinicians will be more inclined to be involved in research.

Details

Addressing Underserved Populations in Autism Spectrum Research
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-80382-463-5

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 16 March 2015

Louise Ritchie, Pauline Banks, Michael Danson, Debbie Tolson and Fiona Borrowman

Recent changes affecting state pension age, and earlier diagnosis, will result in more people with dementia in employment. The purpose of this paper is to establish the…

Abstract

Purpose

Recent changes affecting state pension age, and earlier diagnosis, will result in more people with dementia in employment. The purpose of this paper is to establish the nature of support that would enable/enables people with dementia or mild cognitive impairment to continue employment post diagnosis.

Design/methodology/approach

An integrative review was carried out supported by information derived from a thematic analysis of data from interviews with seven relatives supporting a younger person with dementia and one person with dementia.

Findings

Six papers were identified for inclusion in the review. Findings from the published papers and interviews indicated that work is a significant issue for people with dementia highlighting problems with job retention, work performance and the impact of diagnosis.

Research limitations/implications

The review highlighted a dearth of high-quality research in the area. Although employment was not the main focus of the interviews, the extracts highlight some of the challenges that face people who develop dementia while of working age, their families, and employers.

Practical implications

Vocational rehabilitation is primarily carried out by allied health professionals; however, there is a lack of research evidence relating to people with dementia in the workplace. Further research is needed in order to inform future practice.

Social implications

Loss of employment deprives families of financial security and employers of a skilled employee.

Originality/value

This is the first review to focus on dementia in employment, providing a starting point on which to base future research in this area.

Details

Journal of Public Mental Health, vol. 14 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1746-5729

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 November 1907

WE have to announce with deep regret the death of Mr. I. Chalkley Gould, founder and director of the Library World since its establishment in 1898. Mr. Gould was a member…

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Abstract

WE have to announce with deep regret the death of Mr. I. Chalkley Gould, founder and director of the Library World since its establishment in 1898. Mr. Gould was a member of an old Essex family associated with Loughton and its neighbourhood, and was born in 1844, his father being the late George Gould, of Traps Hill House, Loughton. His connection with the firm of Marlborough, Gould & Co. and other stationery and printing concerns led him many years ago to give some attention to library and museum work, towards which he had always been attracted because of his personal interest in archaeology and literature. In this way he became associated with many museums, libraries and antiquarian societies, and identified himself more particularly with the movement for the preservation of ancient British earthworks. He was a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries, vice‐president of the Essex Archaeological Society, the Essex Field Club, and the British Archaeological Association. Within recent years he acted as hon. secretary of the Committee for Recording Ancient Earthworks and Fortified Enclosures—a committee for the formation of which he was largely responsible and in the work of which he took a very deep interest. He was chairman of the Committee for the Exploration of the Red Hills of Essex—an important undertaking which is not yet completed. He also contributed several valuable papers to the Victoria History of Essex, and assisted the editor of that publication in revising the earthworks sections of other counties.

Details

New Library World, vol. 10 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0307-4803

Book part
Publication date: 7 July 2022

Matthew Bennett and Emma Goodall

Literature about autistic females remains scant despite the amount of research about the autism spectrum substantially increasing over the previous decade. This chapter…

Abstract

Literature about autistic females remains scant despite the amount of research about the autism spectrum substantially increasing over the previous decade. This chapter begins with an examination of the discrepancies between research about autistic males and females. It then examines three reasons why autistic females have rarely been researched, followed by some of the main topics that have been researched about autistic females. This chapter concludes with several suggestions for the creation of research about autistic females.

The original contribution that this chapter makes to the field of autism spectrum research is to explain the lack of research about autistic females. This objective is accomplished by presenting a synthesis of the literature about some of the barriers that prevent females from being diagnosed as autistic.

Details

Addressing Underserved Populations in Autism Spectrum Research
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-80382-463-5

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 11 March 2021

Bethany Driver and Verity Chester

Autistic women and girls have received comparatively less attention within clinical practice and research. Research suggests women tend to be diagnosed later than men, and…

Abstract

Purpose

Autistic women and girls have received comparatively less attention within clinical practice and research. Research suggests women tend to be diagnosed later than men, and are more likely to experience misdiagnosis.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper aims to report a narrative literature review that examines research on the presentation, recognition, and diagnosis of autistic women and girls.

Findings

Findings suggest that autistic females present differently to males and highlight low recognition of the female presentation of autism among the general public, in social spheres, educational, clinical and forensic settings. This lack of recognition appears to affect the likelihood of females being referred for diagnosis, the reliability of diagnostic assessments and subsequent access to support.

Originality/value

Recommendations for clinical practice focus on initiatives to increase awareness of the female presentation of autism, improving the diagnostic process for females, increasing female representation within autism training and for future research to support these goals.

Article
Publication date: 1 March 2006

S.S.S. Imihezri, S.M. Sapuan, S. Sulaiman, M.M. Hamdan and E.S. Zainudin

This paper presents the simulation results of a glass fiber reinforced PA 6,6 composite automotive clutch pedal. The analysis is carried out using Moldflow Plastics…

Abstract

This paper presents the simulation results of a glass fiber reinforced PA 6,6 composite automotive clutch pedal. The analysis is carried out using Moldflow Plastics Insight (MPI) software to investigate the effects of increasing gate number from 1 to 2 on temperature and pressure. The results of temperature show that for single gate, the temperature was 291.3 °C and for double gate was 292.3 °C. Double gates mold induce higher temperature due to longer runner length. Both designs revealed different hot spots locations indicating probable areas of excess shear heating. The results of pressure (end of fill), for the single gate it was 61.31 MPa and for double gate was 60.73 MPa. Double gates mold reduce the required injection pressure as well as pressure variation, hence a lower volumetric shrinkage. Lower injection pressure produces lower shear rate and shear stress level.

Details

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures, vol. 2 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1573-6105

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 27 March 2009

S. Kumar, J.‐P. Kruth, J. Van Humbeeck and A. Voet

Surface changes like wear or local plastic deformation occurring during service of a mould make it unsuitable for further use and determine its life‐time. The performance…

Abstract

Purpose

Surface changes like wear or local plastic deformation occurring during service of a mould make it unsuitable for further use and determine its life‐time. The performance of the mould and its design are important aspects that influence its longevity. The purpose of this paper is to study the behaviour of mould materials manufactured by laser sintering, a type of rapid manufacturing process, and to explain their relative in‐service performance.

Design/methodology/approach

Mould specimens were made by two laser‐sintering machines (a DTM Sinterstation and an EOSint M250 Xtended equipped with CO2 lasers) using two iron‐based commercial powders, i.e. LaserForm ST‐100 and DirectSteel 20 V1, respectively. They have been subjected to two types of wear tests, i.e. bidirectional fretting and unidirectional pin‐on‐disc tests, under loading conditions leading to wear and/or plastic deformation of the specimens. The results obtained show similar trends to that obtained from the real‐life performance of polymer injection moulds manufactured using such materials and processes.

Findings

LaserForm is a better material for injection moulds material than DirectSteel; however, and its performance will deteriorate under impact injection moulding conditions where plastic surface deformation will occur in addition to abrasive wear. Both materials show high coefficient of friction, their performance will be enhanced by redesigning the composition of the powders by incorporating hard and low friction components. The methodology adopted here for investigating the surface degradation behaviours of materials is able to give sufficient and reliable information about the wear behaviour of mould materials for practical applications.

Originality/value

It is concluded that the wear tests used here are suited to characterize the in‐service mould wear strength, and such tests could be preferably used to shorten the mould development/validation time.

Details

Rapid Prototyping Journal, vol. 15 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-2546

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 24 December 2020

Jeffrey A. Stone and S. Hakan Can

The purpose of this paper is to determine the demographic, resource and internal competition factors that influence both the level of citizen engagement provided by…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to determine the demographic, resource and internal competition factors that influence both the level of citizen engagement provided by municipal Twitter accounts as well as the primary purposes for which those accounts are used.

Design/methodology/approach

This research uses a mixed-methods approach. Twitter data were content analyzed and categorized according to their specific purposes (information dissemination, community building or calls to action). Twitter engagement was measured as an index variable constructed from prior research, and multiple regression was used to determine the factors which best predict both account engagement and tweet purposes.

Findings

The results show that two factors (a multiplatform approach and fiscal health) along with the interaction of those factors predict the level of Twitter-based citizen engagement. Median citizen age was found to significantly predict the percentage of municipal tweets with purposes of information dissemination and community building.

Originality/value

This study adds to the literature on public sector social media use by examining the purposes and practices of local government Twitter use, providing a context for examining how Twitter is employed by local governments for citizen engagement.

Details

Online Information Review, vol. 45 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1468-4527

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Article
Publication date: 4 June 2018

Adel AlSharji, Syed Zamberi Ahmad and Abdul Rahim Abu Bakar

This paper aims to investigate the key drivers of social media adoption intention by small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).

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Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to investigate the key drivers of social media adoption intention by small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).

Design/methodology/approach

It uses a multi-perspective framework combining technological, organizational and environmental elements affecting SMEs. Data were collected from a random sample of 1,700 SMEs operating in the UAE. Partial least squares structural equation modeling was used to analyze the data.

Findings

The results showed that the technology construct had no significant effect on social media adoption, but both organization and environment constructs were significant.

Research limitations/implications

This has implications for social media experts and anyone wishing to encourage social media use by SMEs.

Originality/value

Conceptually, it develops a suitable multi-perspective framework covering various factors that may affect social media use. It also tests the framework empirically on a sample of SMEs from the UAE.

Details

Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies, vol. 10 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2053-4604

Keywords

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