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Article
Publication date: 1 March 2000

K.J. Brazier, P.C. Russell, G.R. Jones and I. Shankland

A system is described that uses a low‐cost off the shelf camera and computing components, along with software developed at the Centre for Intelligent Monitoring Systems…

Abstract

A system is described that uses a low‐cost off the shelf camera and computing components, along with software developed at the Centre for Intelligent Monitoring Systems (CIMS), to provide an economical solution to colour matching problems. It is aimed primarily at applications in which small differences between the colours of objects need to be identified. In a prototype system, tests have so far yielded favourable results in comparison with existing quality assurance, which relies on the judgement of a human expert. Colour differences between samples at the limit of human perception are repeatably detected.

Details

Sensor Review, vol. 20 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0260-2288

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Article
Publication date: 23 October 2020

Sook Cheng Lau, Hon Jie Chow, Siew Chin Wong and Chui Seong Lim

The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between perfectionism, self-efficacy, coping strategies and academic burnout among Malaysian undergraduates in…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between perfectionism, self-efficacy, coping strategies and academic burnout among Malaysian undergraduates in higher education institutions.

Design/methodology/approach

Data were collected from 251 respondents who were public and private university undergraduates. Partial least square structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM) was used to investigate the influences of coping strategies, perfectionism and self-efficacy on academic burnout among undergraduates.

Findings

The results showed that all independent variables, namely coping strategies, perfectionism and self-efficacy are statistically correlated to academic burnout.

Research limitations/implications

This article provides an empirical framework for explaining the academic burnout of undergraduates’ based on the review of related career works of literature.

Practical implications

To provide insights in order to improve understanding of existing stress models and provide practical implications for local higher education institutions and undergraduates to reduce academic burnout.

Social implications

The study seeks to enhance awareness and destigmatise the mental health issues of undergraduates, which is important to help them to maintain a healthy lifestyle and well-being.

Originality/value

This paper offers new insight to identify the predictors of academic burnout among undergraduates from Malaysian higher education institutions.

Details

Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2050-7003

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 2017

Emad Mushtaha and Faisal Hamid

In recent times, residential districts in modern cities face certain new and undesired problems related to antisocial behaviour by adolescents in its urban public spaces…

Abstract

In recent times, residential districts in modern cities face certain new and undesired problems related to antisocial behaviour by adolescents in its urban public spaces. In this study, we investigate the relationship between the design features of public spaces in residential areas and the problem of vandalism within the districts. This paper examines the current literature reviews on vandalism, the main reasons behind the increase of in the problem, types of vandalism, and a mathematical model for assessing visibility and accessibility in addition to proving the results of a field study conducted in a UAE city. We believe that visibility of vandalism-prone areas through dwelling windows, accessibility of such areas by residents through dwelling entrances, and recognition of ownership of such areas can definitely play a role in mitigating vandalism. Our findings indicated the following: (1) There is a strong relationship between vandalism and visibility through dwelling windows. (2) Residents' accessibility to dwelling entrances and recognition of ownership play an important role in reducing vandalism. (3) In areas where the visibility and accessibility by residents is low, the severity of the problem of vandalism increase if there is an increase in the percentage of adolescent residents. (4) The design characteristics of the housing areas, such as the height of the blocks or the limits of public spaces, do not have any influence on the occurrence of vandalism.

Details

Open House International, vol. 42 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0168-2601

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 2011

Quazi M. Mahtab-uz-Zaman

At a time, when there are world-wide calls for sustainable building design and construction focusing on building adaptation and remodeling rather than demolition and…

Abstract

At a time, when there are world-wide calls for sustainable building design and construction focusing on building adaptation and remodeling rather than demolition and replacement, a local system of remodeling and functional adaptation has been applied in many residential and commercial buildings in Bangladesh. Focusing on case studies in Dhaka city where major urban regeneration takes place, building adaptation is an emerging practice where economy has a critical role to play in convincing client, users, designers and builders to encourage the local method of adaptation process to suit the changing need of the occupants.

A case of adaptation of a residential building has been studied to generate an understanding of the local adaptation process. This process is found in many parts of the inner city built environment, which collectively affects urban regeneration process and reshape the urban form of the city and its edge condition. Findings from the exploratory studies suggest that despite the absence of Habraken's support-infill knowledge, the local practice of adaptation can be institutionalized as a sustainable building development process that is more economic and place-responsive approach than rebuilding.

Details

Open House International, vol. 36 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0168-2601

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1985

Mary Weir and Jim Hughes

Introduction Consider a hi‐fi loudspeaker manufacturing company acquired on the brink of insolvency by an American multinational. The new owners discover with growing…

Abstract

Introduction Consider a hi‐fi loudspeaker manufacturing company acquired on the brink of insolvency by an American multinational. The new owners discover with growing concern that the product range is obsolete, that manufacturing facilities are totally inadequate and that there is a complete absence of any real management substance or structure. They decide on the need to relocate urgently so as to provide continuity of supply at the very high — a market about to shrink at a rate unprecedented in its history.

Details

International Journal of Manpower, vol. 6 no. 1/2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-7720

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 2001

Kimball E. Bullington and John V. Mullane

As market valuation shifts from earnings toward growth potential, entrepreneurial companies have become a more important part of a contract manufacturer’s customer…

Abstract

As market valuation shifts from earnings toward growth potential, entrepreneurial companies have become a more important part of a contract manufacturer’s customer portfolio. As a contract manufacturer emphasizes small, potentially fast‐growing companies, the risk of customer failure increases. However, the opportunity cost of missing a possible star customer justifies exposing the contract manufacturer to considerable risk that the entrepreneurial venture will fail. Explores characteristics of the ideal entrepreneurial supply chain from the viewpoint of contract manufacturers interested in doing business with startups. Emphasis is placed on a customer selection process and on nurturing the high‐risk startup customers. By choosing to do business with startups, but providing nurturing processes, the contract manufacturer simultaneously reduces the risks of missed opportunities and failed startup ventures.

Details

Management Decision, vol. 39 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0025-1747

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 2005

Tanuja Singh and Donnavieve Smith

To determine whether direct‐to‐consumer prescription drug advertising influences consumers' behavioral intentions.

Abstract

Purpose

To determine whether direct‐to‐consumer prescription drug advertising influences consumers' behavioral intentions.

Design/methodology/approach

Gathered data from 288 respondents using a pencil and paper mail survey. Respondents were asked about their knowledge and behavior regarding prescription drugs.

Findings

Indicated that while consumers generally have favorable perceptions of prescription drug advertising, their behavioral intentions are nevertheless influenced by a heightened awareness of specific branded drugs. Consumers feel empowered by the information provided in direct‐to‐consumer advertising and they are concerned about governmental attempts to regulate prescription drug advertising.

Research limitations/implications

Data was collected from a relatively homogenous sample with respect to ethnicity. Future research efforts could include respondents from diverse ethnic backgrounds and could incorporate questions regarding respondents' actual behaviors with respect to branded prescription drug medications.

Practical implications

Useful information for researchers, public policy makers and prescription drug manufacturers. Results suggest that consumer motivation to request branded drugs may be impacted by factors related to the quality of advertisements, trust in their physician, and personal competence. Consumer interest in advertised drugs may also depend on the strength of the relationship that they have with their physician.

Originality/value

This research fills an identified gap in the literature. While researchers have examined consumers' general perceptions of direct‐to‐consumer prescription drug advertising, little research has been done on the link between consumer perceptions and behavioral intentions.

Details

Journal of Consumer Marketing, vol. 22 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0736-3761

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Article
Publication date: 9 May 2008

Venkata Ratnadeep Suri and Harmeet Sawhney

The purpose of this paper is to chart the evolving internet‐mobile internet relationship in Japan.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to chart the evolving internet‐mobile internet relationship in Japan.

Design/methodology/approach

The approach takes the form of a case study.

Findings

The original i‐Mode‐based model for mobile internet in Japan was largely an ordered system except for relatively marginal unofficial web sites, which unlike official web sites were not listed on the browser, where an element of chaos reigned. The introduction of Google search engine changed the ecosystem by giving the unofficial web sites new visibility.

Practical implications

The interface between the internet and its wireless extensions is a potential source of powerful influences both ways and needs to be watched.

Originality/value

The paper looks at the little studied interface between the chaotic internet and its mobile extensions, largely ordered systems, to see whether the chaos of the internet will spill over to its mobile extensions or whether the order of the latter will march on to the former.

Details

info, vol. 10 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1463-6697

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Book part
Publication date: 4 October 2013

Abstract

Details

The Development of Higher Education in Africa: Prospects and Challenges
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78190-699-6

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Article
Publication date: 6 July 2015

Jennifer Shankland and Dave Dagnan

The purpose of this paper is to describe the views and experiences of Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) practitioners in providing therapy to patients who…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to describe the views and experiences of Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) practitioners in providing therapy to patients who have an intellectual disability in order to support IAPT services in increasing their capability in this area.

Design/methodology/approach

An online survey was conducted of IAPT practitioners in four IAPT services in the north of England. The survey collected respondents demographic information and their experience, confidence and attitudes to working with people with intellectual disabilities. Qualitative responses regarding respondents attitudes, views of barriers, problems, successes and possible solutions to the delivery of therapy to people with intellectual disabilities within IAPT services were collected. The survey results were interpreted by thematic and statistical analysis.

Findings

The majority of respondents report having worked with people with intellectual disabilities and identify the need to adapt therapy, but also believe that such therapy should be offered within mainstream services. Thematic analysis identifies the needs for support in training, therapy adaptation and adjustment to pathways. However, the majority of respondents could identify positive outcomes and experiences.

Research limitations/implications

This data supports the further development of pathways and offers some broad frameworks for the focus of training and development work for people with intellectual disabilities within IAPT.

Social implications

This project has identified a positive attitude and willingness to consider adaptation of therapy for people with intellectual disabilities in practitioners working within IAPT services.

Originality/value

Until now the views and experiences of IAPT practitioners in working with this patient group were relatively unknown.

Details

Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities, vol. 9 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2044-1282

Keywords

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