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Article
Publication date: 24 January 2018

I-Chiu Chang, Chia-Hui Chang, Jiunn-Woei Lian and Ming-Wei Wang

Understanding elders’ experience and knowledge-sharing behaviors online have become significant issues in this aging society. In this study, the purpose of this paper is…

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Abstract

Purpose

Understanding elders’ experience and knowledge-sharing behaviors online have become significant issues in this aging society. In this study, the purpose of this paper is to summarize and validate the factors that influence the intention of elders to share knowledge online, and assess whether seniors’ knowledge-sharing behaviors affect their sense of meaning in life.

Design/methodology/approach

In total, 49 senior students were invited as participants to join the social networking site (SNS) and share knowledge on the platform. After a month of knowledge-sharing activities, questionnaires were distributed to all the participants. All the 49 participants returned completed questionnaires. To verify the results obtained via the above quantitative data analysis, follow-up interviews were conducted with one popular computer instructor and four seniors (who are experienced users of the SNS). Open-ended questions were employed to understand the motivations for sharing knowledge in a virtual community and the benefits obtained from sharing.

Findings

The results indicate that sharing vision, community identification, and social interaction ties are the main factors that influence the sharing of knowledge by seniors on SNSs. In addition, sharing knowledge on SNSs has a positive influence on seniors’ meaning in life. Follow-up interviews conducted also validate the results obtained.

Originality/value

Understanding elders’ experience and knowledge-sharing behaviors online have become significant issues in this aging society. It can not only benefit younger generations but also enable them to age gracefully. Rare SNSs similar to the one used in the study were found on the Facebook during our research.

Details

Library Hi Tech, vol. 36 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0737-8831

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 2004

Ning Zhao, David C. Yen and I‐Chiu Chang

Financial statements are not as important to investors as they once were, as technology has changed the way companies create value today. While these changes pose serious…

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6495

Abstract

Financial statements are not as important to investors as they once were, as technology has changed the way companies create value today. While these changes pose serious threats to the economic viability of auditing, they also create new opportunities for auditors to pursue. Both the American Institute of Certified of Public Accountants and the Canadian Institute of Chartered Accountants (CICA) Task Force on Assurance Services have identified continuous auditing as a service that should be offered. Continuous auditing is significantly different from an annual financial statement audit. A latest research report produced by the CICA defines a continuous audit as: “a methodology that enables independent auditors to provide written assurance on a subject matter using a series of auditors’ reports issued simultaneously with, or a short period of time after, the occurrence of events underlying the subject matter.” However, continuous auditing would present significant technical hurdles. These technical hurdles could be overcome if certain conditions exist. Computer‐assisted audit tools (CAATs) are one of the conditions that must exist in order to conduct the continuous auditing. CAATs are defined as computer‐assisted tools that permit auditors to increase their productivity, as well as that of the audit function. Therefore, with the real‐time accounting and electronic data interchange popularizing, CAATs are becoming even more necessary. The demand for timely and forward‐looking information hints that the continuous audit will eventually replace the traditional audit report on year‐end results.

Details

Information Management & Computer Security, vol. 12 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0968-5227

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Article
Publication date: 17 November 2020

Sakunthala Durairatnam, Siong Choy Chong, Mazuki Jusoh and Isuri Roche Dharmaratne

The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationships between people-related total quality management (PTQM) practices and employee work attitudes, as well as the…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationships between people-related total quality management (PTQM) practices and employee work attitudes, as well as the impact of the specific PTQM practices on work attitudes in the context of the Sri Lankan apparel industry.

Design/methodology/approach

The five PTQM practices included top management commitment, employee empowerment, training, employee involvement and teamwork. Employee work attitudes comprised of job satisfaction, affective commitment, job involvement and turnover intention. Data collected from the machine operator-level employees in the top 100 apparel exporters in Sri Lanka were analysed using structural equation modelling (SEM).

Findings

The findings suggest that the PTQM practices were significant drivers of job involvement but not of job satisfaction, affective commitment and turnover intentions. It was also found that teamwork, training and employee involvement were the most important PTQM practices towards employee work attitudes. Top management commitment drove affective commitment and job involvement, while employee empowerment was important only for job involvement.

Research limitations/implications

The research only considered the top 100 export- apparel manufacturers in Sri Lanka; hence, care has to be taken for the findings to represent the entire manufacturing industry in Sri Lanka.

Originality/value

Based on the perceptions of floor level employees, which is scarcely investigated in the PTQM domain, the paper presents an interesting and unique perspective on the relationship between the PTQM practices and employee work attitudes, challenging majority of previous research findings. Besides making theoretical contributions, the findings offer valuable insights into the management of Sri Lankan apparel companies by highlighting the PTQM practices, which need to be strengthened.

Details

The TQM Journal, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1754-2731

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Article
Publication date: 21 June 2011

Jianjun Wang, Yizhong Ma and Guojin Su

The purpose of this paper is to propose a new method of robust parameter design for dynamic multi‐response system. The objectives are to resolve the correlations among…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to propose a new method of robust parameter design for dynamic multi‐response system. The objectives are to resolve the correlations among multiple responses and the uncertainty of system with incomplete information.

Design/methodology/approach

First, desirability function is used to measure dynamic system sensitivity and system variation, and principal component analyses on the two indices are conducted. Second, the grey relational grade (GRD) between principal component sequences of the two indices and their respective ideal sequences, gained by grey relational analysis, is converted to an integrated GRD (IGRD) index by means of TOPSIS method, and then the optimal level combination of controllable factors is identified based on the IGRD index.

Findings

It was found that the optimal factor level combination obtained by the proposed method is nearest the ideal solution and farthest from the negative ideal solution. The validity and superiority of the proposed method are confirmed through two illustrative examples.

Research limitations/implications

It should be noted that the proposed method fails to consider the interaction effects between controllable factors and noise factors.

Originality/value

The method proposed in the paper effectively integrates several common methods to optimize a dynamic multiple responses system based on Taguchi's robust parameter design. These methods do not involve complicated mathematical theory, and are therefore easy for practitioners to use in engineering practice.

Details

Asian Journal on Quality, vol. 12 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1598-2688

Keywords

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