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Article
Publication date: 1 October 2002

Yoshihiro Kusuda

Since the advent of Honda’s ASIMO and Sony’s AIBO, robot fever has broken out in the general public of Japan. However no significant business has yet materialized, except…

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Abstract

Since the advent of Honda’s ASIMO and Sony’s AIBO, robot fever has broken out in the general public of Japan. However no significant business has yet materialized, except in the pet robot business in the toy industry. On the other hand serious basic research for humanoid robots is going on which may have an impact on the future of robotics. This report describes the current status of Japanese humanoid fever and its reality.

Details

Industrial Robot: An International Journal, vol. 29 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-991X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 15 June 2020

Robert Bogue

This paper aims to provide technical details of humanoid robot developments from the 1970s to the present day and to consider their potential applications and prospects.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to provide technical details of humanoid robot developments from the 1970s to the present day and to consider their potential applications and prospects.

Design/methodology/approach

Following an introduction, this first identifies the motivations for developing humanoid robots. It then provides a technical review of developments conducted between the 1970s and the late 2010s. The most recent developments and their applications are then discussed and the paper concludes with a brief consideration of future prospects.

Findings

Since the first efforts to develop humanoid robots in Japan, the 1970s, the technology has attracted global interest and progress has been dramatic. Enabled by developments in computing, imaging, sensing, power sources, actuators and other technologies, today’s humanoid robots are agile, stable and capable of all manner of human-like capabilities such as running, climbing stairs and carrying heavy loads. Real-world uses in fields such as construction, assembly, disaster response and home assistance are expected to emerge in the near future as a result of application-specific developments.

Originality/value

This illustrates the technological evolution of humanoid robots from their inception in the 1970s to the present day.

Details

Industrial Robot: the international journal of robotics research and application, vol. 47 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-991X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 16 March 2021

Dunhai Wang and Amit Sharma

Humanoid robot has similar shape and action characteristics as humans, and it can complete some basic tasks instead of humans without changing the human environment, which…

Abstract

Purpose

Humanoid robot has similar shape and action characteristics as humans, and it can complete some basic tasks instead of humans without changing the human environment, which makes humanoid robot become the best structure and help form for robot to provide services for human beings.

Design/methodology/approach

The mobile operation control of humanoid robot is generated by the walking movement of humanoid robot's feet, and the robot's hand and arm complete grasping and other operations together.

Findings

On the basis of humanoid robot, the integrated system of software and hardware based on the KM34Z256 humanoid robot is described first, and a series of kinematics discussion on its mobile operation is carried out.

Originality/value

The research based on this project shows that the target recognition and positioning method is not only accurate and of high energy but also can realize the mobile operation of humanoid robot.

Details

International Journal of Intelligent Computing and Cybernetics, vol. 14 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1756-378X

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 7 October 2020

Laurens De Gauquier, Malaika Brengman and Kim Willems

  • Service robots (SRs) in retail is an emerging topic for both scholars and practitioners.
  • Most of the studies are performed in the field using observational methods.
  • To date…

Abstract

Learning Outcomes

  • Service robots (SRs) in retail is an emerging topic for both scholars and practitioners.

  • Most of the studies are performed in the field using observational methods.

  • To date, there is a lack of using uniform frameworks in order to fully understand customer–robot interactions.

  • The dark side of robots in retail is still an underexplored area.

Service robots (SRs) in retail is an emerging topic for both scholars and practitioners.

Most of the studies are performed in the field using observational methods.

To date, there is a lack of using uniform frameworks in order to fully understand customer–robot interactions.

The dark side of robots in retail is still an underexplored area.

Article
Publication date: 8 June 2020

Keqiang Bai, Yunzhi Luo, Guanwu Jiang, Guoli Jiang and Li Guo

This paper aims to propose a pulsing type joint servo driver-based obstacle surmounting method for a humanoid robot according to the whole-body dynamics model, which fully…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to propose a pulsing type joint servo driver-based obstacle surmounting method for a humanoid robot according to the whole-body dynamics model, which fully takes into account the relationship between the whole-body stability margin and instantaneous torque.

Design/methodology/approach

First, the authors designed a new practical instantaneous large torque strategy for a pulsing type joint servo driver by modeling the whole-body dynamics of the humanoid robot. The work also considered joint angle planning based on the dynamic model for crossing obstacles. Second, in the simulation and experimentation, the instantaneous torque of the driver is used to realize successful crossing of obstacles by the humanoid robot. This verifies the correctness of the whole-body dynamics model and the feasibility of the method for crossing obstacles.

Findings

The experimental data and results are described and analyzed, showing that the proposed method is feasible and effective through simulation and implementation.

Originality/value

The main contribution is the humanoid robot’s actuation control technology and humanoid action realization, which could be used for squatting and moving heavy objects to help a humanoid robot adapt effectively.

Details

Industrial Robot: the international journal of robotics research and application, vol. 47 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-991X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 18 January 2019

Tran Thien Huan and Ho Pham Huy Anh

The purpose of this paper is to design a novel optimized biped robot gait generator which plays an important role in helping the robot to move forward stably. Based on a…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to design a novel optimized biped robot gait generator which plays an important role in helping the robot to move forward stably. Based on a mathematical point of view, the gait design problem is investigated as a constrained optimum problem. Then the task to be solved is closely related to the evolutionary calculation technique.

Design/methodology/approach

Based on this fact, this paper proposes a new way to optimize the biped gait design for humanoid robots that allows stable stepping with preset foot-lifting magnitude. The newly proposed central force optimization (CFO) algorithm is used to optimize the biped gait parameters to help a nonlinear uncertain humanoid robot walk robustly and steadily. The efficiency of the proposed method is compared with the genetic algorithm, particle swarm optimization and improved differential evolution algorithm (modified differential evolution).

Findings

The simulated and experimental results carried out on the small-sized nonlinear uncertain humanoid robot clearly demonstrate that the novel algorithm offers an efficient and stable gait for humanoid robots with respect to accurate preset foot-lifting magnitude.

Originality/value

This paper proposes a new algorithm based on four key gait parameters that enable dynamic equilibrium in stable walking for nonlinear uncertain humanoid robots of which gait parameters are initiatively optimized with CFO algorithm.

Article
Publication date: 29 October 2021

Hongyan Jiang, Mengmeng Xu, Peizhen Sun and Jing Zhang

Mixed products, while presenting new business opportunities, raise considerable concerns among managers and researchers. However, whether mixed products (functionally vs…

Abstract

Purpose

Mixed products, while presenting new business opportunities, raise considerable concerns among managers and researchers. However, whether mixed products (functionally vs culturally) trigger positive or negative consumer reactions is controversial. Hereby, the present research seeks to resolve the conflicting effects by examining the moderating role of service provider type (humanoid service robot vs human employee) in the impact of mixed products on consumer reactions.

Design/methodology/approach

Two studies were conducted to explore the effect of mixed products on consumer reactions. Specifically, study 1 was developed to examine the interplay of mixed products and service provider type in shaping consumers' product attitudes and purchase intentions under an offline shopping scenario; study 2 further provided evidence for the mediating roles of perceived usefulness and perceived enjoyment in the above processes under an online-shopping context.

Findings

The convergent findings of two studies conclude that, when served by a humanoid service robot (vs human employee), consumers exhibit more positive attitudes and higher purchase intentions toward functionally (vs culturally) mixed products. Furthermore, such effect is driven by the perceived usefulness (vs perceived enjoyment) when served by humanoid robot (vs human employee).

Originality/value

First, this is one of the first studies to conceptualize mixed products as the two-dimensional construct (i.e. functionally mixed and culturally mixed), and the findings sheds light on the mixed products literature. Second, this paper introduces service provider type as the boundary condition for the impact of mixed products on consumers' product attitudes and purchase intentions, which expands the match-up hypothesis and schema theory in service marketing. Third, the current research explores the mediating roles of perceived usefulness and perceived enjoyment in the above effects, which could make significant contribution to the motivation theory.

Details

International Journal of Emerging Markets, vol. 17 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1746-8809

Keywords

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 12 July 2022

Adeyinka Tella and Yusuf Ayodeji Ajani

Humanoid robots that are artificially intelligent have infiltrated almost every aspect of life, including libraries, and can do things that humans are incapable of doing…

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Abstract

Purpose

Humanoid robots that are artificially intelligent have infiltrated almost every aspect of life, including libraries, and can do things that humans are incapable of doing with greater efficiency in the library. It is on that note that this study has examined artificial intelligence (AI) humanoid robots for public libraries reference services. This study aims to discuss AI and draw the link between it and robotic technology.

Design/methodology/approach

This study adopted conceptual analysis and review of literature on AI humanoid robots for public libraries reference services.

Findings

This study focused not only on humanoid robots but also discovered that there are other types of robots relevant to libraries including chatbot, telepresence and shelve-reading robots as well as general robots such as aerospace robots, drones and army robots, commercial entertainment robots, industrial robots and medical-surgical robots. This paper also reported the usefulness of robots in libraries, and zero in on robots and reference services in the library. Lastly, this study reported the impact of humanoid robots on reference services in public libraries.

Originality/value

This paper is the original idea from the authors and does not reflect on any copyrighted materials. This study recommended among others that public libraries (in collaboration with their parent organisations) devise a strategic plan for new and emerging technologies such as humanoid robots.

Details

Library Hi Tech News, vol. 39 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0741-9058

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 4 March 2021

Abhishek Kumar Kashyap and Dayal R. Parhi

Humanoid robots have complicated dynamics, and they lack dynamic stability. Despite having similarities in kinematic structure, developing a humanoid robot with robust…

Abstract

Purpose

Humanoid robots have complicated dynamics, and they lack dynamic stability. Despite having similarities in kinematic structure, developing a humanoid robot with robust walking is quite difficult. In this paper, an attempt to produce a robust and expected walking gait is made by using an ALO (ant lion optimization) tuned linear inverted pendulum model plus flywheel (LIPM plus flywheel).

Design/methodology/approach

The LIPM plus flywheel provides the stabilized dynamic walking, which is further optimized by ALO during interaction with obstacles. It gives an ultimate turning angle, which makes the robot come closer to the obstacle and provide a turning angle that optimizes the travel length. This enhancement releases the constraint on the height of the COM (center of mass) and provides a larger stride. The framework of a sequential locomotion planer has been discussed to get the expected gait. The proposed method has been successfully tested on a simulated model and validated on the real NAO humanoid robot.

Findings

The convergence curve defends the selection of the proposed controller, and the deviation under 5% between simulation and experimental results in regards to travel length and travel time proves its robustness and efficacy. The trajectory of various joints obtained using the proposed controller is compared with the joint trajectory obtained using the default controller. The comparison shows the stable walking behavior generated by the proposed controller.

Originality/value

Humanoid robots are preferred over mobile robots because they can easily imitate the behaviors of humans and can result in higher output with higher efficiency for repetitive tasks. A controller has been developed using tuning the parameters of LIPM plus flywheel by the ALO approach and implementing it in a humanoid robot. Simulations and experiments have been performed, and joint angles for various joints are calculated and compared with the default controller. The tuned controller can be implemented in various other humanoid robots

Details

International Journal of Intelligent Unmanned Systems, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2049-6427

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 16 October 2017

Joanne Pransky

The following paper is a “Q&A interview” conducted by Joanne Pransky of Industrial Robot Journal as a method to impart the combined technological, business and personal…

Abstract

Purpose

The following paper is a “Q&A interview” conducted by Joanne Pransky of Industrial Robot Journal as a method to impart the combined technological, business and personal experience of a prominent, robotic industry PhD-turned-entrepreneur regarding the commercialization and challenges of bringing a technological invention to market. This paper aims to discuss these issues.

Design/methodology/approach

The interviewee is Dr Jun Ho Oh, Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) and Director of KAIST’s Hubolab. Determined to build a humanoid robot in the early 2000s to compete with Japan’s humanoids, Dr Oh and KAIST created the KHR1. This research led to seven more advanced versions of a biped humanoid robot and the founding of the Robot for Artificial Intelligence and Boundless Walking (Rainbow) Co., a professional technological mechatronics company. In this interview, Dr Oh shares the history and success of Korea’s humanoid robot research.

Findings

Dr Oh received his BSc in 1977 and MSc in Mechanical Engineering in 1979 from Yonsei University. Oh worked as a Researcher for the Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute before receiving his PhD from the University of California (UC) Berkeley in mechanical engineering in 1985. After his PhD, Oh remained at UC Berkeley to do Postdoctoral research. Since 1985, Oh has been a Professor of Mechanical Engineering at KAIST. He was a Visiting Professor from 1996 to 1997 at the University of Texas Austin. Oh served as the Vice President of KAIST from 2013-2014. In addition to teaching, Oh applied his expertise in robotics, mechatronics, automatic and real-time control to the commercial development of a series of humanoid robots.

Originality/value

Highly self-motivated and always determined, Dr Oh’s initial dream of building the first Korean humanoid bipedal robot has led him to become one of the world leaders of humanoid robots. He has contributed widely to the field over the nearly past two decades with the development of five versions of the HUBO robot. Oh led Team KAIST to win the 2015 DARPA Robotics Challenge (DRC) and a grand prize of US$2m with its humanoid robot DRC-HUBO+, beating 23 teams from six countries. Oh serves as a robotics policy consultant for the Korean Ministry of Commerce Industry and Energy. He was awarded the 2016 Changjo Medal for Science and Technology, the 2016 Ho-Am Prize for engineering, and the 2010 KAIST Distinguished Professor award. He is a member of the Korea Academy of Science and Technology.

Details

Industrial Robot: An International Journal, vol. 44 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-991X

Keywords

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