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Article
Publication date: 7 May 2019

Qianqian Zhang and Huichen Zhang

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the effect of micro-nano mixed super-hydrophobic structure on corrosion resistance and mechanism of magnesium alloys.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the effect of micro-nano mixed super-hydrophobic structure on corrosion resistance and mechanism of magnesium alloys.

Design/methodology/approach

A super-hydrophobic surface was fabricated on AZ91 and WE43 magnesium alloys by laser etching and micro-arc oxidation (MAO) with SiO2 nanoparticles coating and low surface energy material modification. The corrosion resistance properties of the prepared super-hydrophobic surfaces were studied based on polarization curves and immersion tests.

Findings

Compared with bare substrates, the corrosion resistance of super-hydrophobic surfaces was improved significantly. The corrosion resistance of super-hydrophobic surface is related to micro-nano composite structure, static contact angle and pretreatment method. The more uniform the microstructure and the larger the static contact angle, the better the corrosion resistance of the super-hydrophobic surface. The corrosion resistance of super-hydrophobic by MAO is better than that of laser machining. Corrosion of super-hydrophobic surface can be divided into air valley action, physical shielding, pretreatment layer action and substrate corrosion.

Originality/value

The super-hydrophobic coatings can reduce the contact of matrix with water so that a super-hydrophobic coating would be an effective way for magnesium alloy anti-corrosion. Therefore, the corrosion resistance properties and mechanism of the prepared super-hydrophobic magnesium alloys were investigated in detail.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 66 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

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Article
Publication date: 8 April 2019

Dezun Sheng, Tao Ni, Ming Zou and Huichen Zhang

This paper aims to investigate the effect of laser surface texturing on the tribological performance of Ti-6Al-4V disks sliding against Si3N4 balls under…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to investigate the effect of laser surface texturing on the tribological performance of Ti-6Al-4V disks sliding against Si3N4 balls under hydroxyethyl-cellulose water-based lubrication. The friction coefficients and wear losses of textured and untextured disks were measured and compared. The results indicate that the texture patterns can lead to reduction of friction and wear in the condition of water-based lubrication.

Design/methodology/approach

Solutions of hydroxyethyl cellulose were used as water-based lubricants. To find the optimal laser texturing parameters for the best performance enhancement, three line-like patterns were fabricated onto the disks and three machining parameters were used for each type of pattern. Tribological tests were conducted in rotation sliding with ball-on-disk contact configuration on UMT-2.

Findings

A higher density of texture lines leads to a larger friction and wear reduction. Compared with untextured disks, the friction coefficient is reduced from 0.043 to 0.028 for textured disks. Some unworn parts were detected in the contact region of the balls against textured disks, which were not found on the balls against untextured disks. The worn surfaces indicated that periodic geometry of the contact track was rebuilt during run-in period, which was beneficial for the formation of lubricant films.

Originality/value

In this work, laser surface texturing was used to reduce the friction and wear of Ti-6Al-4V specimens in water-based lubrication, which can be used to improve the tribological performance of Ti-6Al-4V components in mechanical equipment.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 71 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 30 January 2020

Dingding Xiang, Xipeng Tan, Zhenhua Liao, Jinmei He, Zhenjun Zhang, Weiqiang Liu, Chengcheng Wang and Beng Tor Shu

This paper aims to study the wear properties of electron beam melted Ti6Al4V (EBM-Ti6Al4V) in simulated body fluids for orthopedic implant biomedical applications compared…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to study the wear properties of electron beam melted Ti6Al4V (EBM-Ti6Al4V) in simulated body fluids for orthopedic implant biomedical applications compared with wrought Ti6Al4V (Wr-Ti6Al4V).

Design/methodology/approach

Wear properties of EBM-Ti6Al4V compared with Wr-Ti6Al4V against ZrO2 and Al2O3 have been investigated under dry friction and the 25 Wt.% newborn calf serum (NCS) lubricated condition using a ball-on-disc apparatus reciprocating motion. The microstructure, composition and hardness of the samples were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), x-ray diffraction and a hardness tester, respectively. The contact angles with 25 Wt.% NCS were measured by a contact angle apparatus. The wear parameters, wear 2D and 3D morphology were obtained using a 3D white light interferometer and SEM.

Findings

EBM-Ti6Al4V yields a higher contact angle than the Wr-Ti6Al4V with the 25 Wt.% NCS. EBM-Ti6Al4V couplings exhibit lower coefficients of friction compared with the Wr-Ti6Al4V couplings under both conditions. There is only a slight difference in the wear resistance between the Wr-Ti6Al4V and EBM-Ti6Al4V alloys. Both Wr-Ti6Al4V and EBM-Ti6Al4V suffer from similar friction and wear mechanisms, i.e. adhesive and abrasive wear in dry friction, while abrasive wear under the NCS condition. The wear depth and wear volume of the ZrO2 couplings are lower than those of the Al2O3 couplings under both conditions.

Originality/value

This paper helps to establish baseline bio-tribological data of additively manufactured Ti6Al4V by electron beam melting in simulated body fluids for orthopedic applications, which will promote the application of additive manufacturing in producing the orthopedic implant.

Details

Rapid Prototyping Journal, vol. 26 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-2546

Keywords

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