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Article
Publication date: 1 October 1998

Howard Rosenbaum

61

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Internet Research, vol. 8 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1066-2243

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Article
Publication date: 1 October 1999

Herbert Snyder and Howard Rosenbaum

The paper investigates the problems of using commercial search engines for web‐link research and attempts to clarify the nature of the problems involved in the use of these…

607

Abstract

The paper investigates the problems of using commercial search engines for web‐link research and attempts to clarify the nature of the problems involved in the use of these engines. The research finds that search engines are highly variable in the results they produce, are limited in the search functions they offer, have poorly and/or incorrectly documented functions, use search logics that are opaque, and change the search functions they offer over time. The limitations which are inherent in commercial search engines should cause researchers to have reservations about any conclusions that rely on these tools as primary data‐gathering instruments. The short‐comings are market‐driven rather than inherent properties of the web or of web‐searching technologies. Improved functionalities are within the technical capabilities of search engine programmers and could be made available to the research community. The findings also offer mild support for the validity of the connection between web links and citations as analogues of intellectual linkage.

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Journal of Documentation, vol. 55 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0022-0418

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1993

Joe Ryan

Identifies key activities that network users can perform in orderto use the network effectively. Offers recommended reading, frombeginner to expert user status. Explains some…

Abstract

Identifies key activities that network users can perform in order to use the network effectively. Offers recommended reading, from beginner to expert user status. Explains some commonly used terms (e.g. Turbo Gopher with Veronica!). Lists useful Internet resources.

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Internet Research, vol. 3 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1066-2243

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Article
Publication date: 1 May 1991

Joe Ryan and Charles R. McClure

Describes research undertaken to investigate the role of publiclibraries in developing and exploiting the next generationof nationalnetworks, such as Internet. Considers…

Abstract

Describes research undertaken to investigate the role of public libraries in developing and exploiting the next generationof national networks, such as Internet. Considers developments in Internet and NREN, public libraries and networking, and the impact of the network on public libraries. Surmises that the research will help identify factors that affect the library′s role in electronic networks, although many questions about networks may have more to do with how libraries define themselves than with the technology itself.

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OCLC Micro, vol. 7 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 8756-5196

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Content available
Article
Publication date: 1 July 2005

57

Abstract

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Library Hi Tech News, vol. 22 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0741-9058

Article
Publication date: 1 April 1993

Gregory B. Newby

Takes a broad look at Computer‐Mediated Communication (CMC) norms.Examines some of the simpler procedural norms as well as broader normsfor social behaviour in particular types of…

Abstract

Takes a broad look at Computer‐Mediated Communication (CMC) norms. Examines some of the simpler procedural norms as well as broader norms for social behaviour in particular types of networked communities.

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Internet Research, vol. 3 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1066-2243

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 February 1991

William L. Schrader

Analogies used to describe the National Research and Education Network (NREN) range from the national highway system, to the regional canals, to an intertwined postal‐telephone…

Abstract

Analogies used to describe the National Research and Education Network (NREN) range from the national highway system, to the regional canals, to an intertwined postal‐telephone system. Five years from today, I believe the NREN will have earned its rightful place as a new model for building a strong America and enabling still undreamed of concepts to flourish.

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Internet Research, vol. 1 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1066-2243

Article
Publication date: 1 January 1996

SÁNDOR DARÁNYI, ROBERT ZAWIASA and ZOLTÁN HAJNAL

The idea of conceptual mapping goes back to the semantic differential and conceptual clustering. Using multivariate statistical techniques, one can map a dispersion of texts onto…

Abstract

The idea of conceptual mapping goes back to the semantic differential and conceptual clustering. Using multivariate statistical techniques, one can map a dispersion of texts onto another dispersion of their content indicators, such as keywords. The resulting configurations of texts/indicators differ from one another according to their meaning, expressed in terms of co‐ordinates of a semantic field. We suggest that by using principal component analysis, one can design a user‐friendly semantic space which can be navigated. Further, to learn the names of embedded magnitudes in semantic space, the idea of conceptual clustering is used in a broader context. This is a two‐mode statistical approach, grouping both documents and their index terms at the same time. By observing the agglomerations of narrower, related terms over a corpus, one arrives at broader, more general thesaurus entries which denote and conceptualise the major dimensions of semantic space.

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Journal of Documentation, vol. 52 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0022-0418

Article
Publication date: 1 February 1994

Jeris F. Cassel and Sherry K. Little

A national multi‐gigabit‐per‐second research and education network known as the National Research and Education Network is to be established by 1996, according to the…

Abstract

A national multi‐gigabit‐per‐second research and education network known as the National Research and Education Network is to be established by 1996, according to the High‐Performance Computing Act of 1991 (P.L. 102–194) passed in December 1991. Commonly known as the NREN and referred to as the “information highway,” this electronic network is expected to provide scientific, educational, and economic benefits for the United States and to serve as the basis for an all‐encompassing National Information Infrastructure available to all citizens. The idea of the NREN began in the late 1960s in the Department of Defense and its Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) with the development of ARPANet, the first packet‐switching network. This evolved into the Internet, or Interim NREN, after the National Science Foundation (NSF) linked its national supercomputing centers with the NSFNet. The NSFNet is to be the technological backbone for the NREN, which will continue the networking begun by the Internet. Initially, the NREN is intended to interconnect researchers and resources of research institutions, educational institutions, industry, and government in every state.

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Reference Services Review, vol. 22 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0090-7324

Article
Publication date: 1 April 1992

Charles R. McClure, William E. Moen and Joe Ryan

This article summarizes a study that identified and described federal information inventory/locator systems. Such locator systems provide an important means of accessing a range…

Abstract

This article summarizes a study that identified and described federal information inventory/locator systems. Such locator systems provide an important means of accessing a range of government information not previously available to the public or other government officials. Overall, the study's goal was to improve access to and use of U.S. government information. The study produced a final report describing study efforts, identifying issues and conclusions, and recommending the design of an networked‐based government‐wide information inventory/locator system (GIILS) (Volume I), the Federal Locator Database (FLD) — a machine‐readable database of descriptive information on some 250 federal databases, of which fifty‐three met the study's criteria as a locator, and a user's guide to that database (Volume II includes a machine‐readable version of the database and the user guide and codebook). The study recommends that the U.S. Office of Management and Budget develop a policy framework requiring agencies to design and maintain machine‐readable locators, meeting certain requirements and standards and that these be accessible over the Internet/NREN.

Details

Internet Research, vol. 2 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1066-2243

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