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Article

Toyoshige Tanaka

This article introduces the outlines, objectives and concreteprogrammes of training performed at the Hitachi Institute of ManagementDevelopment, Japan, as an example of…

Abstract

This article introduces the outlines, objectives and concrete programmes of training performed at the Hitachi Institute of Management Development, Japan, as an example of in‐house education in Japanese industry. The institute serves as a common education centre among the companies of the Hitachi Group to provide their management with education and training. Emphasis is laid on the following: (1) thorough understanding of management concepts; (2) promotion of the entrepreneur spirit; (3) developing a point of view that is adequate for the broad scope of international business management; (4) breeding of a cohesive feeling and sense of direction; and (5) learning important management skills such as management strategy, marketing, and financial management. In order to achieve these objectives, a number of training courses are given with the participation of as many as 5,000 trainees every year. How the institute motivates, directs and assists self‐improvement efforts of managers through these training courses is described.

Details

Journal of Management Development, vol. 8 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0262-1711

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Book part

Tomoko Kubo, Toshiki Yamamoto, Michihiro Mashita, Misao Hashimoto, Konstantin Greger, Tom Waldichuk and Keisuke Matsui

Drawing on a case study in Hitachi City, Ibaraki prefecture, this chapter aims to analyze the relationship between community support and the behavior of residents after…

Abstract

Drawing on a case study in Hitachi City, Ibaraki prefecture, this chapter aims to analyze the relationship between community support and the behavior of residents after the Tohoku Pacific Earthquake in the regions affected by the disaster. The chapter will examine residents’ behavior and the community’s roles by way of the following process: (1) We will review Japan’s natural disaster prevention regimes; (2) we will examine the result of a field survey conducted in Hitachi City detailing the city’s natural disaster prevention procedures and the operation of some neighborhood evacuation sites; (3) the behavior of residents following the earthquake is analyzed. In this part, questionnaires were sent to 2000 households, of which 492 (24.6%) were collected and used for this analysis. The earthquake and tsunami destroyed lifelines such as water supply for several days in the city. According to the city, a total of 65 buildings were judged to be in dangerous condition, 251 as requiring care, and 478 were only partially damaged. The most serious damage was found mainly in the city’s coastal areas, where a total of 85 houses were entirely or partly damaged, and 483 houses were flooded above the floorboards by the tsunami. On March 11, a total of 69 evacuation sites opened, and 13,607 residents rushed into them. After the disaster, residents initially tried to go back to their homes. Depending on the damage done, they either stayed there or moved to a relative’s or friend’s house, or to a neighborhood evacuation site. Due to the failure of the lifelines, transportation systems, and the damage caused by the disaster, most residents had to stay within an area more limited than usual, around which they could walk or ride by bicycle. Residents had only the human and physical resources of their neighborhoods. Therefore, the characteristics of their local communities affected how residents behaved during and after the earthquake.

Details

Risks and Conflicts: Local Responses to Natural Disasters
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78190-821-1

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Article

Hitachi, Fanuc and Nachi have developed off‐line programming systems. John Hartley reports

Abstract

Hitachi, Fanuc and Nachi have developed off‐line programming systems. John Hartley reports

Details

Industrial Robot: An International Journal, vol. 12 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-991X

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Article

H. Akahoshi, K. Kogawa, Y. Suzuki and M. Wajima

A new treatment method for the copper innerlayers of polyimide multilayer printed wiring boards has been developed. Conventional oxide coatings experience acid penetration…

Abstract

A new treatment method for the copper innerlayers of polyimide multilayer printed wiring boards has been developed. Conventional oxide coatings experience acid penetration through the bonding interface during through‐hole plating pretreatment. This problem was eliminated by substitution of metallic copper for the surface oxide. Promotion of the copper innerlayer adhesion to the prepreg by the oxide coating was based upon a mechanical interlocking effect caused by the minute roughness of the oxide crystals. Reduction treatment of the surface oxide layer was found to give a metallic copper surface with no changes in its morphology. Adhesion strength of polyimide prepregs to copper foils after the reduction treatment was equivalent to that of the original brown oxide coating. Acid resistance was enhanced by elimination of the oxide layer from the bonding interface. The reduction treatment, combined with the conventional oxide coating technique, can realise high density multilayer printed wiring boards with greater reliability and performance.

Details

Circuit World, vol. 14 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0305-6120

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Article

T. Oishi, M. Kaneyasu and A. Ikegami

An integrated sensor with three elements (zinc oxide, tin oxide and tungsten oxide) was fabricated by thick film techniques in order to develop a smell sensor. Using this…

Abstract

An integrated sensor with three elements (zinc oxide, tin oxide and tungsten oxide) was fabricated by thick film techniques in order to develop a smell sensor. Using this sensor and pattern recognition method, the possibility of identifying 15 chemical compounds which belong to the alcohol, ester, ketone, benzene and hydrocarbon group was examined. The following results were obtained: All 15 compounds have different patterns, so they can be individually identified; compounds which have the same functional groups have similar patterns; and, when gas sensitivity of three elements is displayed in a three‐dimensional space, the compounds with the same functional group form a specific closed space. This indicates that the sensor can identify functional groups of chemical compounds.

Details

Microelectronics International, vol. 5 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1356-5362

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Article

Hsi‐An Shih, Yun‐Hwa Chiang and In‐Sook Kim

This study tries to explore through multiple case studies how expatriate performance management is conducted in multinational enterprises (MNEs) of different national origins.

Abstract

Purpose

This study tries to explore through multiple case studies how expatriate performance management is conducted in multinational enterprises (MNEs) of different national origins.

Design/methodology/approach

Multiple interviews were conducted with expatriate employees and human resource managers of five MNE subsidiaries operating in the information technology industry, namely, Applied Material (American), Philips (Dutch), Hitachi (Japanese), Samsung (Korean), and Winbond (Taiwan).

Findings

The findings show that all of the firms surveyed use standardized performance forms set by headquarters, which are not tailored to local operating environments. Also, lack of on‐the‐job training for expatriates was found to be prevalent among the five MNE subsidiaries. Divergent practices in goal setting, performance appraisal, and performance‐related pay were largely attributed to the parent company's culture. The nature of the expatriate mission was another reason for different arrangements in expatriate performance management.

Originality/value

This study is one of the first to explore expatriate performance management practices of multinational firms. There does not seem to exist a prevalent form of expatriate performance management and such a practice is to some extent more strongly subjected to the influence of the parent company's culture.

Details

International Journal of Manpower, vol. 26 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-7720

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Article

Hitachi's Production Engineering Laboratory believes in being close to its production lines, as Stephen McClelland found out during a visit.

Abstract

Hitachi's Production Engineering Laboratory believes in being close to its production lines, as Stephen McClelland found out during a visit.

Details

Assembly Automation, vol. 10 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-5154

Abstract

Details

Microelectronics International, vol. 18 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1356-5362

Keywords

Abstract

Details

Soldering & Surface Mount Technology, vol. 22 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0954-0911

Content available

Abstract

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 72 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

Keywords

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