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Article

Heather Salt, Simon Callow and Robert Bor

The extent to which an employer has the right to information aboutan employee′s mental and physical health is a much debated topic, offsetby the employee′s right to…

Abstract

The extent to which an employer has the right to information about an employee′s mental and physical health is a much debated topic, offset by the employee′s right to privacy. Indeed, privacy is often confused with confidentiality and secrecy. Identifies some of the dilemmas facing management, personnel, and occupational health departments about confidential health matters in relation to recruitment, retention and dismissal of employees believed or known to have physical or mental health problems. Gives a case example of an employee who is infected with the virus which causes AIDS, to highlight confidentiality issues. Makes recommendations for confidentiality policy, giving guidelines for management on information relating to employees′ mental and physical health.

Details

Employee Councelling Today, vol. 4 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0955-8217

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Article

Heather K. Salt and Simon Callow

AIDS is a relatively new disease associated with stigma and death.In the UK, mass media AIDS campaigns have increased public knowledgeabout this disease but there is still…

Abstract

AIDS is a relatively new disease associated with stigma and death. In the UK, mass media AIDS campaigns have increased public knowledge about this disease but there is still misinformation and fear about how it is spread and how it affects people. This is the basis for fear of discrimination at work towards people suspected or known to be infected with HIV, the virus which causes AIDS. How might HIV infection or AIDS affect the workforce and what can be done to promote the physical and mental wellbeing of employees? How can employees be helped to reduce their risk of contracting this disease? Discusses ideas for personnel, management and occupational health services. Addresses AIDS counselling issues at work and provides a framework for organizational assessment, counselling and training, intervention and evaluation. This is in conjunction with policy development. Describes the role of the external consultant to provide objective confidential and expert advice.

Details

Employee Councelling Today, vol. 4 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0955-8217

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Article

Joanna Gibson, Gillian Armstrong and Heather McIlveen

Salt is one of the most valuable substances available to man, with a definitive role in the human body and in food production. However, the continued use or indeed misuse…

Abstract

Salt is one of the most valuable substances available to man, with a definitive role in the human body and in food production. However, the continued use or indeed misuse of salt has led to adverse effects on health. The increasing consumption of convenience foods has contributed greatly to a high salt intake. Highly processed, convenience foods are known to contain large quantities of salt to optimise storage stability and flavour acceptability. Current high salt intakes have therefore been attributed to processed foods, accounting for 75‐85 per cent of total salt intake. Such findings and associated health implications have prompted a call from health professionals and food researchers to reduce salt intake. Effective salt reduction, however, can only be achieved with the co‐operation and commitment of the food industry in the development of lower‐salt processed foods.

Details

Nutrition & Food Science, vol. 30 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

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Article

Douglas W. Murray, Heather Hartwell, Charles H. Feldman and Meena Mahadevan

Public health policy has long called for significant reductions in salt intake. To date most research has been confined to processed foods. This approach fails to include…

Abstract

Purpose

Public health policy has long called for significant reductions in salt intake. To date most research has been confined to processed foods. This approach fails to include the foodservice industry and its impact on population health. The purpose of this paper is to understand perceptions of what responsibility, if any, these professionals felt they had within the public health agenda. International comparisons were made to assess whether previous reductions of salt intake among UK adults was attributable to groundswell attitudinal changes at the chef/manager level, which US counterparts may not have embraced.

Design/methodology/approach

This study took the qualitative approach of phenomenology as the research strategy to explore prevailing perceptions of the role and responsibility of food service regarding salt intake. Chefs and managers who deal directly with consumers were given in-depth semi-structured interviews designed to reveal the underlying themes that inform the participant’s perceptions of added salt.

Findings

Major findings from both the USA and UK indicate that ground-level chef/managers do not feel a social responsibility to limit public salt consumption. Chef/managers of both countries exhibited little nutritional understanding of the health impacts of salt intake and strong reluctance to make any reductions in salt use in their daily operations. The participants cite a lack of consumer interest and the fear that any salt adjustment would change the food’s sensory acceptability putting them at a competitive disadvantage.

Originality/value

To the authors’ knowledge this is the first study to examine professional foodservice personnel’s perceptions and knowledge of salt intake and the public health perspective.

Details

British Food Journal, vol. 117 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-070X

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Article

Heather Melton

The family justice center (FJC) model centralizes social and legal services available to intimate partner abuse (IPA) victims in order to facilitate their help-seeking and…

Abstract

Purpose

The family justice center (FJC) model centralizes social and legal services available to intimate partner abuse (IPA) victims in order to facilitate their help-seeking and improve their experiences and the response to IPA. Little, yet promising, research has highlighted the effectiveness of this model. The purpose of this paper is to explore experiences of victims of IPA at one FJC.

Design/methodology/approach

In total, 24 respondents who utilized a FJC in a western county in the USA were interviewed using a survey that included both descriptive quantitative and qualitative questions. Descriptive analysis was performed on the quantitative portion and content analysis on the qualitative portion.

Findings

Most of the respondents used the FJC multiple times and for multiple services. Most were referred by a shelter or a hotline. The most common services used were housing services, followed by counseling. Overall, these respondents felt supported by FJC staff and were satisfied. However, some of the respondents who did indicate satisfaction in the quantitative portion of the survey expressed concerns in the qualitative portion.

Research limitations/implications

The study is limited by a small sample size; however, it has implications for recruitment, outreach and training as well as methodological implications for how FJCs should be evaluated.

Originality/value

This paper adds to the scant literature on FJCs and the FJC model.

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Article

David La Rooy, Sonja P Brubacher, Anu Aromäki-Stratos, Mireille Cyr, Irit Hershkowitz, Julia Korkman, Trond Myklebust, Makiko Naka, Carlos E. Peixoto, Kim P Roberts, Heather Stewart and Michael E Lamb

The purpose of this paper is to review an evidence-based tool for training child forensic interviewers called the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to review an evidence-based tool for training child forensic interviewers called the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Protocol (NICHD Protocol), with a specific focus on how the Protocol is being adapted in various countries.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors include international contributions from experienced trainers, practitioners, and scientists, who are already using the Protocol or whose national or regional procedures have been directly influenced by the NICHD Protocol research (Canada, Finland, Israel, Japan, Korea, Norway, Portugal, Scotland, and USA). Throughout the review, these experts comment on: how and when the Protocol was adopted in their country; who uses it; training procedures; challenges to implementation and translation; and other pertinent aspects. The authors aim to further promote good interviewing practice by sharing the experiences of these international experts.

Findings

The NICHD Protocol can be easily incorporated into existing training programs worldwide and is available for free. It was originally developed in English and Hebrew and is available in several other languages.

Originality/value

This paper reviews an evidence-based tool for training child forensic interviewers called the NICHD Protocol. It has been extensively studied and reviewed over the past 20 years. This paper is unique in that it brings together practitioners who are actually responsible for training forensic interviewers and conducting forensic interviews from all around the world.

Details

Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice, vol. 1 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2056-3841

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Article

The new authorities created by this Act, probably the most important local government measure of the century, will be voted into existence during 1973 and commence…

Abstract

The new authorities created by this Act, probably the most important local government measure of the century, will be voted into existence during 1973 and commence functioning on 1st April 1974. Their responsibilities and the problems facing them are in many ways quite different and of greater complexity than those with which existing councils have had to cope. In its passage through the Lords, a number of amendments were made to the Act, but in the main, it is a scheme of reorganization originally produced after years of discussion and long sessions in the Commons. Local government reorganization in Scotland takes place one year later and for Northern Ireland, we must continue to wait and pray for a return of sanity.

Details

British Food Journal, vol. 75 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-070X

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Article

The Departmental Committee appointed in June, 1924, to inquire into the question as to whether and to what extent the practice of treating flour with chemical substances…

Abstract

The Departmental Committee appointed in June, 1924, to inquire into the question as to whether and to what extent the practice of treating flour with chemical substances is objectionable on grounds of health and whether it is desirable that the practice should be prohibited or restricted, have issued their report. The Committee observe :—

Details

British Food Journal, vol. 29 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-070X

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Article

Renata Carvalho Oliveira, Ana Carolina Fernandes, Rossana Pacheco da Costa Proença, Heather Hartwell, Vanessa Mello Rodrigues, Claudia Flemming Colussi and Giovanna M.R. Fiates

The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of different menu labelling formats on healthy food choices in a real restaurant setting.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of different menu labelling formats on healthy food choices in a real restaurant setting.

Design/methodology/approach

This cross-sectional, randomised and controlled parallel-group trial was conducted in Brazil in 2013. In total, 313 university students were randomly assigned to one of three parallel groups with different menu labelling formats. Of these, data from 233 students were analysed. The others did not attend and were excluded. Intervention Group 1 (n=88) received information in the form of a traffic light plus guideline daily amounts, while Intervention Group 2 (n=74) was presented with ingredients list plus highlighted symbols (IL+S). The control group (n=71) received a menu with no menu labelling. Data were collected on one weekday in a restaurant setting. Trial outcomes were assessed by healthy food choices.

Findings

Healthy food choices of students who received the menu showing IL+S were significantly higher when compared to the other groups. This same menu labelling format positively affected healthy food choices in women, not overweight participants and in participants who often ate out more than twice a week.

Originality/value

Menu labelling format presenting ingredients list and highlighted symbols was positively associated with healthy food choices among the university students in Brazil. This type of labelling could be adopted in future legislation on menu labelling in Brazil and around the world.

Details

British Food Journal, vol. 120 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-070X

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Article

Heather McIlveen and Claire Vallely

Given factors such as increasing competition, price and quota influences and changing consumer trends, many dairy companies have tried to move away from an overdependence…

Abstract

Given factors such as increasing competition, price and quota influences and changing consumer trends, many dairy companies have tried to move away from an overdependence on the production of staple dairy products, towards diversification into newer and broader product ranges. Outlines work carried out in conjunction with a UK manufacturer to develop a good quality smoked processed cheese. However, also illustrates the benefits of a logical and systematic approach to the development process, making best use of available techniques, including chemical and sensory analysis. Such an approach is not particularly innovative, nor need it be very expensive, but it can be extremely effective. Work involved modifying recipe and process parameters, followed by consideration of suitable smoking methods. Options were tested by an in‐house trained sensory panel, as well as by a consumer panel and a final product was obtained, incorporating Cheddar cheese and a liquid smoke flavour.

Details

British Food Journal, vol. 98 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-070X

Keywords

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