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Article
Publication date: 27 June 2022

Amir Asgharian, Reza Yadipour, Gholamreza Kiani and Hamed Baghban

The purpose of this study is to design a plasmonic structure that can be used simultaneously as a heater and a refractive index sensor applicable for heating and sensing

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to design a plasmonic structure that can be used simultaneously as a heater and a refractive index sensor applicable for heating and sensing cycles of lab-on-chip (LOC).

Design/methodology/approach

The authors report on the full optical method applicable in the heating and sensing cycles of LOC based on the plasmonic nanostructure. The novelty of this proposed structure is due to the fact that a structure simultaneously acts as a heater and a sensor.

Findings

In terms of the performance of the proposed structure as an analyte detection sensor, in addition to the real-time measurement, there is no need to labeling the sample. In terms of the performance of the proposed structure as a plasmonic heater, the uniformity and speed of the heating and cooling cycles have been greatly improved. Also, there is no need for experts and laboratory conditions; therefore, our proposed method can meet the conditions of point of care testing.

Originality/value

The authors confirm that this work is original and has not been published elsewhere nor it is currently under consideration for publication elsewhere.

Details

Sensor Review, vol. 42 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0260-2288

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 25 January 2008

Jessica Mytum-Smithson

40

Abstract

Details

Sensor Review, vol. 28 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0260-2288

Article
Publication date: 1 December 1964

W.E. Pryor

One of the main factors contributing to the effectiveness of the Royal Air Force is the quality of its equipment. To be most efficient the equipment should have the…

Abstract

One of the main factors contributing to the effectiveness of the Royal Air Force is the quality of its equipment. To be most efficient the equipment should have the highest possible performance coupled with complete reliability. Any departure from this standard of reliability must be compensated for by economy in maintainability. The high and unacceptable failure rates experienced by the Royal Air Force are discussed as are the effects on aircraft availability, mission success and flight safety. Other serious aspects are the consumption of spares, their replacement and the financial costs involved. Some failure patterns in different aircraft environments are discussed and the cause and effects of failures are examined, together with the modifications which have taken place. The paper concludes with a statement on the reliability and maintainability requirement which the Royal Air Force must have if it is to provide the maximum national insurance with its weapon systems.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 36 no. 12
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

Content available
Article
Publication date: 30 January 2007

39

Abstract

Details

Sensor Review, vol. 27 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0260-2288

Book part
Publication date: 1 February 2023

Pascal de Vries and Igor ter Halle

This chapter presents results of a research project in which we give direction to the further design of the technical research that will lay the foundation for an…

Abstract

This chapter presents results of a research project in which we give direction to the further design of the technical research that will lay the foundation for an automated digital feedback module. This module will help residents in saving energy and making home improvements in the context of the heat/energy transition. Interviews with residents and field experts were used to gain data about motivations and barriers residents experience when making home adjustments in the heat transition. Results reveal the experiences residents have in this transition. Based on the results, recommendations are made for the further development of an automated digital feedback module.

Details

(Re)discovering the Human Element in Public Relations and Communication Management in Unpredictable Times
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-80382-898-5

Keywords

Abstract

Details

Marketing in Customer Technology Environments
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83909-601-3

Article
Publication date: 1 May 2001

M.A.I. El‐Shaarawi and S.A. Haider

Conjugate laminar forced convection heat transfer in the entry region of eccentric annuli is numerically investigated. Heat transfer parameters are presented for a fluid…

Abstract

Conjugate laminar forced convection heat transfer in the entry region of eccentric annuli is numerically investigated. Heat transfer parameters are presented for a fluid of Pr = 0.7 flowing in an annulus of radius ratio 0.5 for four values of dimensionless eccentricity ranging from 0.1 to 0.7. Solid‐fluid conductivity ratio (KR) is varied to cover the range for practical cases with commonly encountered inner and outer tube thickness. Boundary conditions applied are isothermal heating of the inner surface of the core tube, while the outer surface of the external tube is maintained at the inlet fluid temperature. Limits for KR above which the conjugation can be neglected are obtained.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 11 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 September 2001

Gareth Monkman

Discusses the various sensors that can be used to measure temperatures at the high and low extremes of industrial processes. These include: mechanical sensors such as…

Abstract

Discusses the various sensors that can be used to measure temperatures at the high and low extremes of industrial processes. These include: mechanical sensors such as bimetal and expanding liquid thermometers; electrical sensors including resistance, thermistors, thermocouples and semiconductor; and optical pyrometers. Also describes the error effects that can be experienced and how these can be overcome.

Details

Sensor Review, vol. 21 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0260-2288

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 23 August 2021

Xiao Fang, Yajie Zeng, Feng Xiong, Jiang Chen and Fei Cheng

Seepage of the dam is an important safety problem, which may cause internal erosion of the structure. In the field of seepage monitoring in civil engineering, the…

Abstract

Purpose

Seepage of the dam is an important safety problem, which may cause internal erosion of the structure. In the field of seepage monitoring in civil engineering, the distributed optical fiber sensing technology based on the temperature tracing method has been paid more attention due to its unique advantages of high sensitivity, good stability and high resolution. The purpose of this paper is to make a review of the existing related research, so as to facilitate the later scholars to understand and further study more systematically.

Design/methodology/approach

In this paper, three kinds of commonly used distributed fiber temperature measurement technologies are introduced. Based on the working principle, monitoring system, theoretical analysis, experimental research and engineering application of the fiber seepage monitoring technology, the present situation of dam seepage monitoring based on distributed fiber is reviewed in detail and their advantages and disadvantages are compared.

Findings

The thermal monitoring technology of seepage measurement depends on the accuracy of optical fiber temperature measurement (including the accuracy of the system and the rationality of the discrimination method), the correct installation of optical fiber and the quantitative analysis of temperature data. The accuracy of the current monitoring system can basically meet the existing measurement requirements, but the correct installation of optical fiber and the calibration of temperature data need to be further studied for different discrimination methods, and this field has great research value.

Originality/value

At present, there are many applications and research studies of optical fiber sensing in the field of structural health monitoring, and there are also reviews of related aspects. However, there is little or no review only in the field of seepage monitoring. This paper summarizes the research and application of optical fiber sensing in the field of seepage monitoring. The possibility of the gradient method to find its new prospect with the development of monitoring systems and the improvement of temperature resolution is discussed. The idea of extending the seepage monitoring method based on distributed optical fiber thermal monitoring technology to other monitoring fields is also given in the paper.

Article
Publication date: 12 March 2018

Jiang Chen, Junli Zheng and Feng Xiong

The spatial resolution of seepage monitoring methods based on fiber Bragg grating (FBG) temperature sensing technology is limited by the distance between measurement…

Abstract

Purpose

The spatial resolution of seepage monitoring methods based on fiber Bragg grating (FBG) temperature sensing technology is limited by the distance between measurement points. Improving the spatial resolution for a given number of measurement points is a prerequisite for popularizing this technology in the seepage monitoring of rockfill dams. The purpose of this paper is to address this problem.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper proposes a mobile-distributed seepage monitoring method based on the FBG-hydrothermal cycling seepage monitoring system. In this method, the positions of the measurement points are changed by freely dragging the FBG sensing cluster within the inner tube of a dual-tube structure, consisting of an inner polytetrafluoroethylene tube and outer polyethylene of raised temperature resistance heating tube.

Findings

A seepage velocity calibration test was carried out using the improved monitoring system. The results showed that under a constant seepage velocity, the use of the dual-tube structure enables faster cooling, and the cooling rate accelerates with an increase in the diameter of the inner tube. The use of the dual-tube structure can improve the sensitivity of the seepage evaluation index ζv to the seepage velocity. When the inner diameter increases, ζv becomes more sensitive to the seepage velocity.

Originality/value

A mobile-distributed seepage monitoring method based on FBG sensing technology is proposed in which the FBG sensors are not fixed. Instead, the positions of the measurement points are changed to improve the spatial resolution. Meanwhile, the use of the dual-tube structure in the presented monitoring system can improve its sensitivity.

Details

Sensor Review, vol. 38 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0260-2288

Keywords

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