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Article
Publication date: 3 May 2016

Zhou Jiang, Zuoli Xiao, Yipeng Shi and Shiyi Chen

The knowledge about the heat transfer and flow field in the ribbed internal passage is particularly important in industrial and engineering applications. The purpose of…

187

Abstract

Purpose

The knowledge about the heat transfer and flow field in the ribbed internal passage is particularly important in industrial and engineering applications. The purpose of this paper is to identify and analyze the performance of the constrained large-eddy simulation (CLES) method in predicting the fully developed turbulent flow and heat transfer in a stationary periodic square duct with two-side ribbed walls.

Design/methodology/approach

The rib height-to-duct hydraulic diameter ratio is 0.1 and the rib pitch-to-height ratio is 9. The bulk Reynolds number is set to 30,000, and the bulk Mach number of the flow is chosen as 0.1 in order to keep the flow almost incompressible. The CLES calculated results are thoroughly assessed in comparison with the detached-eddy simulation (DES) and traditional large-eddy simulation (LES) methods in the light of the experimentally measured data.

Findings

It is manifested that the CLES approach can predict both aerodynamic and thermodynamic quantities more accurately than the DES and traditional LES methods.

Originality/value

This is the first time for the CLES method to be applied to simulation of heat and fluid flow in this widely used geometry.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 26 no. 3/4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 22 June 2020

A. Ali, Soma Mitra Banerjee and S. Das

The purpose of this study is to analyze an unsteady MHD Darcy flow of nonNewtonian hybrid nanoliquid past an exponentially accelerated vertical plate under the influence…

45

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to analyze an unsteady MHD Darcy flow of nonNewtonian hybrid nanoliquid past an exponentially accelerated vertical plate under the influence of velocity slip, Hall and ion slip effects in a rotating frame of reference. The fluids in the flow domain are assumed to be viscously incompressible electrically conducting. Sodium alginate (SA) has been taken as a base Casson liquid. A strong uniform magnetic field is applied under the assumption of low magnetic Reynolds number. Effect of Hall and ion-slip currents on the flow field is examined. The ramped heating and time-varying concentration at the plate are taken into consideration. First-order homogeneous chemical reaction and heat absorption are also considered. Copper and alumina nanoparticles are dispersed in base fluid sodium alginate to be formed as hybrid nanoliquid.

Design/methodology/approach

The model problem is first formulated in terms of partial differential equations (PDEs) with physical conditions. Laplace transform method (LTM) is used on the nondimensional governing equations for their closed-form solution. Based on these results, expressions for nondimensional shear stresses, rate of heat and mass transfer are also determined. Graphical presentations are chalked out to inspect the impacts of physical parameters on the pertinent physical flow characteristics. Numerical values of the shear stresses, rate of heat and mass transfer at the plate are tabulated for various physical parameters.

Findings

Numerical exploration reveals that a significant increase in the secondary flow (i.e. crossflow) near the plate is guaranteed with an augmenting in Hall parameter or ion slip parameter. MHD and porosity have an opposite effect on velocity component profiles for both types of nanoliquids. Result addresses that both shear stresses are strongly enhanced by the Casson effect. Also, hybrid nanosuspension in Casson fluid (sodium alginate) exhibits a lower rate of heat transfer than usual nanoliquid.

Social implications

This model may be pertinent in cooling processes of metallic infinite plate in bath and hybrid magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) generators, metallurgical process, manufacturing dynamics of nanopolymers, magnetic field control of material processing, synthesis of smart polymers, making of paper and polyethylene, casting of metals, etc.

Originality/value

The originality of this study is to obtain an analytical solution of the modeled problem by using the Laplace transform method (LTM). Such an exact solution of nonNewtonian fluid flow, heat and mass transfer is rare in the literature. It is also worth remarking that the influence of Hall and ion slip effects on the flow of nonNewtonian hybrid nanoliquid is still an open question.

Article
Publication date: 1 April 2006

Nawaf H. Saeid and K.N. Seetharamu

To study the thermal performance of both co‐current and counter‐current parallel flow heat exchangers. The hot stream is assumed to flow in the middle of two cold streams…

1541

Abstract

Purpose

To study the thermal performance of both co‐current and counter‐current parallel flow heat exchangers. The hot stream is assumed to flow in the middle of two cold streams and exchange heat with them.

Design/methodology/approach

The dimensionless governing equations are derived based on the conservation of energy principle and solved using FEM based on subdomain collocation method and Galerkin's method. The results show that the subdomain collocation method is more accurate than the Galerkin's method, as observed when the results obtained are compared with the analytical results for the classical two‐fluid heat exchangers.

Findings

The results are presented in terms of effectiveness and number of transfer units (Ntu) for different values of the governing parameters. The governing parameters are the Ntu, the heat capacity ratios, the overall heat transfer coefficient ratio, and the inlet temperatures parameter. The results show that the effectiveness of the three‐fluid heat exchanger is always higher than that of classical two‐fluid flow heat exchanger for fixed values of the governing parameters. The results also show that for fixed values of the governing parameters, the effectiveness of the counter‐current is higher than the co‐current parallel flow three‐fluid heat exchangers.

Research limitations/implications

One‐dimensional governing equations are derived based on the conservation of energy principle. The ranges of the governing parameters are: Ntu (0:5), the heat capacity ratios (0:1,000), the overall heat transfer coefficient ratio (0:2), and the inlet temperatures parameter (0:1).

Practical implications

Both co‐current and counter‐current parallel flow heat exchangers are used in the thermal engineering applications. The design and performance analysis of these heat exchangers are of practical importance.

Originality/value

This paper provides the details of the performance analysis of co‐current and counter‐current parallel flow heat exchangers, which can be used in thermal design.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 16 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 15 August 2018

Ulf Roland, Frank Holzer, Ulf Trommler, Björn Höhlig, Markus Kraus and Christian Hoyer

The aim of this study was to prove that radio-frequency (RF) energy with 13.56 MHz can be used for heating building structures in a controlled manner exploiting the…

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this study was to prove that radio-frequency (RF) energy with 13.56 MHz can be used for heating building structures in a controlled manner exploiting the advantage that homogeneous heating with sufficient penetration depths can be achieved.

Design/methodology/approach

Because parallel electrodes on both sides of the heated structure cannot be used in many practical applications, two special electrode designs have been developed by modeling the field distribution and energy absorption and by carrying out test experiments to validate the simulation results.

Findings

One solution is based on a two-dimensional surface capacitor providing certain penetration depths and being especially suitable for treating thin structures such as wooden parquet floor. Such an arrangement can be particularly used for pest control even when sensitive surfaces have to be protected. The other solution uses a capacitive coupling between the grounded shielding and an electrode or an equivalent structure (e.g. moist soil) at the other side of the masonry to establish a sufficiently strong electrical field between a “hot” electrode on the side of the shielding and the coupled rear electrode.

Originality/value

Both solutions significantly enhance the application potential of RF heating.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 37 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 28 October 2014

Z.X. Yuan and L. Chen

The purpose of this paper is to study the thermal and flow characteristics of a single annually finned-tube condenser. The velocity and the temperature field inside the…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study the thermal and flow characteristics of a single annually finned-tube condenser. The velocity and the temperature field inside the fin channel are revealed. Changes of the heat transfer and the flow resistance for typical fin configurations are analyzed. The optimal combinations of the fin dimension in terms of the enhancement of heat transfer are suggested.

Design/methodology/approach

The problem has been numerically investigated with the FLUENT software. K-ɛ model is applied in the solution of the turbulent cases. The local and the average feature of the thermal performance and the friction factor are determined. Furthermore, the effect of the fin spacing, the fin height, and the fin thickness on the heat transfer and the flow resistance are verified.

Findings

The numerical results reveal that the fin spacing is the most influential factor of all fin dimensions not only to the heat transfer but also to the flow resistance. Both the heat transfer and the flow resistance are compared with those related data available in the public literature. On the other hand, the fin height and the fin thickness affect the heat transfer of the condenser in a much less significant way in comparison to that of the fin spacing.

Originality/value

This paper provides some meaningful information of the fin-dimensional effect on the heat transfer and the flow resistance for a single finned tube condenser. For such kind of heat exchanger, the heat transfer coefficient, the friction factor, and the heat transfer amount per unit length tube are all important to describe the performance feature.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 24 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 16 January 2007

M.A. Mehrabian and M. Khoramabadi

The purpose of this paper is to investigate numerically the influence of variable fluid viscosity on thermal characteristics of plate heat exchangers for counter‐flow and…

1327

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate numerically the influence of variable fluid viscosity on thermal characteristics of plate heat exchangers for counter‐flow and steady‐state conditions.

Design/methodology/approach

The approach to fulfill the purpose of the paper is to derive the one‐dimensional energy balance equations for the cold and hot streams in the adjacent channels of a plate heat exchange composed of four corrugated plates. A finite difference method has been used to calculate the temperature distribution and thermal performance of the exchanger. Water is used as the hot liquid being cooled in the side channels, while a number of working fluids whose viscosity variation versus temperature is more severe were used as the cold fluid being heated in the central channel.

Findings

The program is run for a combination of working fluids such as water‐water, water‐isooctane, water‐benzene, water‐glycerin and water‐gasoline. The temperature distributions of both streams have been plotted along the flow channel for all the above combination of working fluids. The overall heat transfer coefficients have also been plotted against both cold and hot fluid temperatures. It is found that the overall heat transfer coefficient varies linearly with respect to either cold or hot fluid temperature within the temperature ranges applied in the paper. The exchanger effectiveness is not significantly affected when either the temperature dependent viscosity is applied or the nature of cold liquid is changed.

Originality/value

This paper contains a new method of numerical solution of energy balance equations for the thermal control volumes bounded by two plates. A comparison of the calculated results with documented experimental results validates the numerical method.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 17 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 June 2015

Kazem Esmailpour, Behnam Bozorgmehr, Seyed Mostafa Hosseinalipour and Arun S. Mujumdar

The purpose of this paper is to examine entropy generation rate in the flow and temperature field due pulsed impinging jet on to a flat plate. Heat transfer of pulsed…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine entropy generation rate in the flow and temperature field due pulsed impinging jet on to a flat plate. Heat transfer of pulsed impinging jets has been investigated by many researchers. Entropy generation is one of the parameters related to the second law of thermodynamics which must be analyzed in processes with heat transfer and fluid flow in order to design efficient systems. Effect of velocity profile parameters and various nozzle to plate distances on viscous and thermal entropy generation are investigated.

Design/methodology/approach

In this study, the flow and temperature field of a pulsed turbulent impinging jet are simulated numerically by the finite volume method with appropriate boundary conditions. Then, flow and temperature results are used to calculate the rate of entropy generation due to heat transfer and viscous dissipation.

Findings

Results show that maximum viscous and thermal entropy generation occurs in the lowest nozzle to plate distance and entropy generation decreases as the nozzle to plate distance increases. Entropy generation in the two early phase of a period in the most frequencies is more than steady state whereas a completely opposite behavior happens in the two latter phase. Increase in the pulsation frequency and amplitude leads to enhancement in entropy generation because of larger temperature and velocity gradients. This phenomenon appears second and even third peaks in entropy generation plots in higher pulsation frequency and amplitude.

Research limitations/implications

The predictions may be extended to include various pulsation signal shape, multiple jet configuration, the radiation effect and phase difference between jets.

Practical implications

The results of this paper are a valuable source of information for active control of transport phenomena in impinging jet configurations which is used in different industrial applications such as cooling, heating and drying processes.

Originality/value

In this paper the entropy generation of pulsed impinging jet was studied for the first time and a comprehensive discussion on numerical results is provided.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 25 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 21 May 2021

S. Das, S. Chakraborty and R. N. Jana

This study aims to expose the flow phenomena and entropy generation during a; magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) Poiseuille flow of water-based nanofluids (NFs) in a porous channel…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to expose the flow phenomena and entropy generation during a; magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) Poiseuille flow of water-based nanofluids (NFs) in a porous channel subject to hydrodynamic slip and convective heating boundary conditions. The flow caused by the uniform pressure; gradient between infinite parallel plates is considered steady and fully developed. The nanoparticles; namely, copper, alumina and titanium oxide are taken with pure water as the base fluid. Viscous dissipation and Joule heating impacts are also incorporated in this investigation.

Design/methodology/approach

The reduced governing equations are solved analytically in closed form. The physical insights of noteworthy parameters on the important flow quantities are demonstrated through graphs and analyzed elaborately. The thermodynamic analysis is performed by calculating entropy generation; rate and Bejan number. A graphical comparison between solutions corresponding to NFs and regular fluid in the channel is also provided.

Findings

The analysis of the results divulges that entropy generation minimization can be achieved by an appropriate combination of the geometrical and physical parameters of thermomechanical systems. It is reported that ascent in magnetic parameter number declines the velocity profiles, while the inverse pattern is witnessed with augmentation in hydrodynamic slip parameters. The temperature dissemination declines with the growth of Biot numbers. It is perceived that the entropy generation rate lessens with an upgrade in magnetic parameter, whereas the reverse trend of Bejan number is perceived with expansion in magnetic parameter and Biot number. The important contribution of the result is that the entropy generation rate is controlled with an appropriate composition of thermo-physical parameter values. Moreover, in the presence of a magnetic field and suction/injection at the channel walls, the shear stresses at the channel walls are reduced about two times.

Practical implications

In various industrial applications, minimizing entropy generation plays a significant role. Miniaturization of entropy is the utilization of the energy of thermal devices such as micro heat exchangers, micromixers, micropumps and cooling microelectromechanical devices.

Originality/value

An attentive review of the literature discloses that quite a few studies have been conducted on entropy generation analysis of a fully developed MHD Poiseuille flow of NFs through a permeable channel subject to the velocity slip and convective heating conditions at the walls.

Details

World Journal of Engineering, vol. 18 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1708-5284

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 9 September 2019

Yang Xia and Pan Guo

Numerical instability such as spurious oscillation is an important problem in the simulation of heat wave propagation. The purpose of this study is to propose a time…

Abstract

Purpose

Numerical instability such as spurious oscillation is an important problem in the simulation of heat wave propagation. The purpose of this study is to propose a time discontinuous Galerkin isogeometric analysis method to reduce numerical instability of heat wave propagation in the medium subjected to heat sources, particularly heat impulse.

Design/methodology/approach

The essential vectors of temperature and the temporal gradients are assumed to be discontinuous and interpolated individually in the discretized time domain. The isogeometric analysis method is applied to use its property of smooth description of the geometry and to eliminate the mesh-dependency. An artificial damping scheme with proportional stiffness matrix is brought into the final discretized form to reduce the numerical spurious oscillations.

Findings

The numerical spurious oscillations in the simulation of heat wave propagation are effectively eliminated. The smooth description of geometry with spline functions solves the mesh-dependency problem and improves the numerical precision.

Originality/value

The time discontinuous Galerkin method is applied within the isogeometric analysis framework. The proposed method is effective in the simulation of the wave propagation problems subjecting to impulse load with numerical stability and accuracy.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 36 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 14 September 2012

Lawrence J. De Chant

Although most physical problems in fluid mechanics and heat transfer are governed by nonlinear differential equations, it is less common to be confronted with a “so …

175

Abstract

Purpose

Although most physical problems in fluid mechanics and heat transfer are governed by nonlinear differential equations, it is less common to be confronted with a “so – called” implicit differential equation, i.e. a differential equation where the highest order derivative cannot be isolated. The purpose of this paper is to derive and analyze an implicit differential equation that arises from a simple model for radiation dominated heat transfer based upon an unsteady lumped capacitance approach.

Design/methodology/approach

Here we discuss an implicit differential equation that arises from a simple model for radiation dominated heat transfer based upon an unsteady lumped capacitance approach. Due to the implicit nature of this problem, standard integration schemes, e.g. Runge‐Kutta, are not conveniently applied to this problem. Moreover, numerical solutions do not provide the insight afforded by an analytical solution.

Findings

A predictor predictor‐corrector scheme with secant iteration is presented which readily integrates differential equations where the derivative cannot be explicitly obtained. These solutions are compared to numerical integration of the equations and show good agreement.

Originality/value

The paper emphasizes that although large‐scale, multi‐dimensional time‐dependent heat transfer simulation tools are routinely available, there are instances where unsteady, engineering models such as the one discussed here are both adequate and appropriate.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 22 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

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