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Article
Publication date: 2 October 2020

Xiu Wei Yeap, Hooi Hooi Lean, Marius Galabe Sampid and Haslifah Mohamad Hasim

This paper investigates the dependence structure and market risk of the currency exchange rate portfolio from the Malaysian ringgit perspective.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper investigates the dependence structure and market risk of the currency exchange rate portfolio from the Malaysian ringgit perspective.

Design/methodology/approach

The marginal return of the five major exchange rates series, i.e. United States dollar (USD), Japanese yen (JPY), Singapore dollar (SGD), Thai baht (THB) and Chinese Yuan Renminbi (CNY) are modelled by the Bayesian generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity (GARCH) (1,1) model with Student's t innovations. In addition, five different copulas, such as Gumbel, Clayton, Frank, Gaussian and Student's t, are applied for modelling the joint distribution for examining the dependence structure of the five currencies. Moreover, the portfolio risk is measured by Value at Risk (VaR) that considers the extreme events through the extreme value theory (EVT).

Findings

The finding shows that Gumbel and Student's t are the best-fitted Archimedean and elliptical copulas, for the five currencies. The dependence structure is asymmetric and heavy tailed.

Research limitations/implications

The findings of this paper have important implications for diversification decision and hedging problems for investors who involving in foreign currencies. The authors found that the portfolio is diversified with the consideration of extreme events. Therefore, investors who are holding an individual currency with VaR higher than the portfolio may consider adding other currencies used in this paper for hedging.

Originality/value

This is the first paper estimating VaR of a currency exchange rate portfolio using a combination of Bayesian GARCH model, EVT and copula theory. Moreover, the VaR of the currency exchange rate portfolio can be used as a benchmark of the currency exchange market risk.

Details

International Journal of Emerging Markets, vol. 16 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1746-8809

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 20 January 2020

Mohamad Hafiz Hazny, Haslifah Mohamad Hasim and Aida Yuzy Yusof

The capital asset pricing model (CAPM) is the most widely used asset pricing model that measures risk–return relationship. The CAPM is based on Markowitz’s mean variance…

Abstract

Purpose

The capital asset pricing model (CAPM) is the most widely used asset pricing model that measures risk–return relationship. The CAPM is based on Markowitz’s mean variance analysis. The advancement of Islamic finance leads to the question whether or not the practice of modern investment theories and analyses such as the Markowitz’s mean variance analysis and CAPM are in accordance to shariah and could be used in pricing Islamic financial assets. Therefore, this paper aims to present a review of the CAPM and to discourse the set of assumptions underlying the model in terms of shariah compliance.

Design/methodology/approach

Although most of the assumptions are not contradictory to shariah principles, there are Islamic variables such as prohibition of short selling, purification and zakat that should be taken into consideration when pricing Islamic financial assets. We then develop a mathematical model which is a modification of the traditional CAPM that incorporates principles of Islamic finance and integrating zakat, purification of return and exclusion of short sales.

Findings

As a proof-of-concept, this paper presents the results of an empirical study on the proposed shariah-compliant CAPM in comparison to the traditional CAPM. The results show that the proposed Islamic CAPM is appropriate and applicable in examining the relationship between risk and return in the Islamic stock market.

Originality/value

This study contributes to existing body of knowledge by presenting an algorithm and mathematical derivation of the shariah-compliant CAPM which has been lacking in the literature of Islamic finance. The paper offers a novel approach in pricing Islamic financial assets in accordance to shariah, advocated by modern investment theories of Markowitz’s mean variance analysis and CAPM.

Details

Journal of Islamic Accounting and Business Research, vol. 11 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1759-0817

Keywords

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