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Article
Publication date: 3 August 2015

Reza Salehzadeh, Javad Khazaei Pool, Jafar Kia Lashaki, Hasan Dolati and Hadi Balouei Jamkhaneh

– The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of spiritual leadership on organizational performance based on the balanced scorecard (BSC).

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of spiritual leadership on organizational performance based on the balanced scorecard (BSC).

Design/methodology/approach

Statistical population includes the middle managers of 60 hotels across eight provinces in Iran. For data analysis, 207 accurate completed questionnaires have been used. Structural equation modeling has been used to explore the relationships between the research variables.

Findings

The findings showed that spiritual leadership has a significant positive effect on calling and membership. Also, spiritual leadership, calling and membership have a significant positive effect on organizational performance.

Originality/value

This paper by presenting a comprehensive model provides a framework and approach for studying the performance consequences of spiritual leadership in the hotel industry using the BSC.

Details

International Journal of Culture, Tourism and Hospitality Research, vol. 9 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1750-6182

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 8 July 2021

Ariful Islam, Nur Fadiah Mohd Zawawi and Sazali Abd Wahab

For Bangladeshi small and medium enterprises (SMEs), the COVID-19 economic shock is remarkable in both its complexity and intensity. SMEs need systemic inspiration to…

Abstract

Purpose

For Bangladeshi small and medium enterprises (SMEs), the COVID-19 economic shock is remarkable in both its complexity and intensity. SMEs need systemic inspiration to solve the crisis, aligned with a moral and authentic approach that serves both the leader and the follower’s interests. This study aims to conceptualize the innovation-focused success method of SMEs before and after the pandemic to manage the crisis by establishing spiritual leadership based on Islamic perspectives.

Design/methodology/approach

To discuss the impact of spiritual leadership on innovation-focused SME performance configuration through the lens of a crisis, a comprehensive literature study has been carried out in which over 360 articles are read and reviewed by the authors. It has also established the reliability and validity of literature analysis. Also, a qualitative investigation has been used to support the direction of the study.

Findings

For a subsequent process of scientific deployment and evaluation of its execution, a new applied strategic innovation-focused SME success configuration through spiritual leadership development is made available. The primary value of this paradigm is the potential to calculate and treat the aspects of spiritual leadership obtained from Islamic ideas.

Research limitations/implications

Prior analytical or empirical attempts from multiple viewpoints are subsequently needed to inquire about the proposed conceptualization.

Practical implications

Among the realistic consequences of this analysis is that while a number of leadership paradigms have been embraced by a broad body of leadership studies, the findings indicate that this paper should pay heed to the influential spiritual style of leadership, taking into account Islamic perspectives on the context of crisis. Therefore, Bangladeshi SMEs need to develop and run leadership training programs focused on the Islamic viewpoint of spirituality to encourage the actions of leaders during and after crises.

Social implications

The legal and moral values of the society would ultimately be upgraded from this conceptualization. Moreover, less corruption in corporate activities would improve the economic prosperity of a nation. It would also contribute to the cross-cultural portrayal of the positive picture of Islam.

Originality/value

This holistic conceptualization describes the mediating role of strategic innovation practices based on theoretical foundations, which have seldom been done in previous research, between the Islamic model of spiritual leadership and SME success during and after a crisis.

Details

PSU Research Review, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2399-1747

Keywords

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