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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1999

Jingsong Xue, Haibin Yu, Rulin Mu and Kemin Lin

Computer‐integrated manufacturing (CIM) has been paid serious attention in most of the industrialized countries. Shenyang Blower Works (SBW), the largest enterprise…

Abstract

Computer‐integrated manufacturing (CIM) has been paid serious attention in most of the industrialized countries. Shenyang Blower Works (SBW), the largest enterprise developing, designing and fabricating turbine compressors, blowers and large fans in China, made its production plan according to orders due to its single or small batch production mode. For this SBW decided to adopt the CIM philosophy and build CIM systems (CIMS) to increase the enterprise’s market competitiveness. SBW has begun to develop CIMS going through the steps of feasibility study, primary design, detailed design and a partial implementation‐breakthrough project since 1990. A relatively perfect computer support environment for the computer‐integrated manufacturing system in Shenyang Blower Works (SB‐CIMS), especially for the primary integrated application software systems, has been completed. This accounted for various economic benefits.

Details

Integrated Manufacturing Systems, vol. 10 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0957-6061

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Article
Publication date: 5 March 2018

Birk Wollenhaupt, Quang Hoa Le and Georg Herdrich

This paper aims to provide an overview of current and historical arcjet development. The reviewed arcjets are considered with respect to both design and thruster relevant…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to provide an overview of current and historical arcjet development. The reviewed arcjets are considered with respect to both design and thruster relevant parameters. Correspondingly, the paper enables the identification of adequate design criteria and of the probable thruster parameters.

Design/methodology/approach

The approach consists of a database for thruster relevant parameters in conjunction with relevant operational requirements (such as type of propellant) and specific design criteria (such as e.g. propellant injection systems).

Findings

The synopsis of both operational parameter and respectively assigned design allows for the derivation of development approaches for arcjets under given high level requirements such as power regime.

Research limitations/implications

The paper is a general review. However, its strength is in the synthesis of the arcjet classification, the functional evidence of design criteria and the application scenario.

Practical implications

Not only basic but also specific design criteria are analyzed and evaluated leading to a recommendation feature of the paper with respect to the overall design of adequate arcjets.

Social implications

Within the scope of the Clean Space initiative, new applications and scenarios from the operation of arcjets arise enabling EOL phases of spacecraft that fulfill respective levels of debris mitigation and, in addition, the requirements concerning the adequately adapted re-entry of spacecrafts that are at end of life.

Originality/value

The paper is a general review. However, its strength is in the synthesis of the arcjet classification, the functional evidence of design criteria and the application scenario.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 90 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1748-8842

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Article
Publication date: 2 October 2017

Shanjun Chen and Haibin Duan

The purpose of this paper is to propose an improved optimization method for image matching problem, which is based on multi-scale Gaussian mutation pigeon-inspired…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to propose an improved optimization method for image matching problem, which is based on multi-scale Gaussian mutation pigeon-inspired optimization (MGMPIO) algorithm, with the objective of accomplishing the complicated image matching quickly.

Design/methodology/approach

The hybrid model of multi-scale Gaussian mutation (MGM) mechanism and pigeon-inspired optimization (PIO) algorithm is established for image matching problem. The MGM mechanism is a nonlinear model, which can adjust the position of pigeons by mutation operation. In addition, the variable parameter (VP) mechanism is exploited to adjust the map and compass factor of the original PIO. Low-cost quadrotor, a type of electric multiple rotorcraft, is used as a carrier of binocular camera to obtain the images.

Findings

This work improved the PIO algorithm by modifying the search strategy and adding some limits, so that it can have better performance when applied to the image matching problem. Experimental results show that the proposed method demonstrates satisfying performance in convergence speed, robustness and stability.

Practical implications

The proposed MGMPIO algorithm can be easily applied to solve practical problems and accelerate convergence speed of the original PIO, and thus enhancing the speed of matching process, which will considerably increase the effectiveness of algorithm.

Originality/value

A hybrid model of the MGM mechanism and PIO algorithm is proposed for image matching problem. The VP mechanism and low-cost quadrotor is also utilized in image matching problem.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 89 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1748-8842

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Article
Publication date: 17 October 2008

Yunfeng Zhou and Feng Wan

The purpose of this paper is to present a neural network approach to control performance assessment.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present a neural network approach to control performance assessment.

Design/methodology/approach

The performance index under study is based on the minimum variance control benchmark, a radial basis function network (RBFN) is used as the pre‐whitening filter to estimate the white noise sequence, and a stable filtering and correlation analysis method is adopted to calculate the performance index by estimating innovations sequence using the RBFN pre‐whitening filter. The new approach is compared with the auto‐regressive moving average model and the Laguerre model methods, for both linear and nonlinear cases.

Findings

Simulation results show that the RBFN approach works satisfactorily for both linear and nonlinear examples. In particular, the proposed scheme shows merits in assessing controller performance for nonlinear systems and surpasses the Laguerre model method in parameter selection.

Originality/value

A RBFN approach is proposed for control performance assessment. This new approach, in comparison with some well‐known methods, provides satisfactory performance and potentials for both linear and nonlinear cases.

Details

International Journal of Intelligent Computing and Cybernetics, vol. 1 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1756-378X

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 3 January 2017

Jiaqi Jia and Haibin Duan

The purpose of this paper is to propose a novel target automatic recognition method for unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), which is based on backpropagation – artificial…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to propose a novel target automatic recognition method for unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), which is based on backpropagation – artificial neural network (BP-ANN) algorithm, with the objective of optimizing the structure of backpropagation network, to increase the efficiency and decrease the recognition time. A hardware-in-the-loop system for UAV target automatic recognition is also developed.

Design/methodology/approach

The hybrid model of BP-ANN structure is established for aircraft automatic target recognition. This proposed method identifies controller parameters and reduces the computational complexity. Approaching speed of the network is faster and recognition accuracy is higher. This kind of network combines or better fuses the advantages of backpropagation artificial neural algorithm and Hu moment. with advantages of two networks and improves the speed and accuracy of identification. Finally, a hardware-in-the-loop system for UAV target automatic recognition is also developed.

Findings

The double hidden level backpropagation artificial neural can easily increase the speed of recognition process and get a good performance for recognition accuracy.

Research limitations/implications

The proposed backpropagation artificial neural algorithm can be ANN easily applied to practice and can help the design of the aircraft automatic target recognition system. The standard backpropagation algorithm has some obvious drawbacks, namely, converging slowly and falling into the local minimum point easily. In this paper, an improved algorithm based on the standard backpropagation algorithm is constructed to make the aircraft target recognition more practicable.

Originality/value

A double hidden levels backpropagation artificial neural algorithm is presented for automatic target recognition system of UAV.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 89 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1748-8842

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 4 January 2019

Wenhao Wang, Rujing Shi, Wei Zhang, Haibin Sun, Xiaolu Ge and Chengfeng Li

The purpose of this paper is to improve the generation efficiency of singlet oxygen of methylene blue molecules through finely controlling their aggregation states in drug…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to improve the generation efficiency of singlet oxygen of methylene blue molecules through finely controlling their aggregation states in drug carriers.

Design/methodology/approach

As a photosensitiser in photodynamic therapy, methylene blue (MB) was loaded on citrate-modified hydroxyapatite (HAp) through an electrostatic interaction and followed by encapsulation of coordination complexes of tannic acid (TA) and Fe(III) ions. Ultraviolet-visible absorption spectrum of the supernatant after incubation of samples was recorded at certain time interval to investigate the release behaviour of MB. Photodynamic activity of MB was determined by the oxidation reaction of uric acid by singlet oxygen generated by MB under illumination.

Findings

Almost all MB molecules were immediately released from HAp-MB, whilst an initial burst release of MB from HAp-MB@TA was followed by a sustainable and pH-sensitised release. In comparison with HAp-MB, photocatalystic reduction of HAp-MB@TA by titanium dioxide hardly occurred under illumination, indicating the stability against reduction to leukomethylene blue in vitro. Generation efficiency of singlet oxygen by MB released from HAp-MB@TA was significantly higher than that from HAp-MB because of the control of TA and Fe(III) ions complexes on molecular structures of released MB.

Originality/value

A facile method was herein demonstrated to optimise the generation efficiency of singlet oxygen by controlling aggregation states of PS molecules and improve PDT efficiency to damage tumour tissues.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 48 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

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Article
Publication date: 6 March 2017

Soyinka Olukunle Kolawole and Duan Haibin

Keeping satellite position within close tolerances is key for the utilization of satellite formations for space missions. The presence of perturbation forces makes control…

Abstract

Purpose

Keeping satellite position within close tolerances is key for the utilization of satellite formations for space missions. The presence of perturbation forces makes control inevitable if such mission objective is to be realised. Various approaches have been used to obtain feedback controller parameters for satellites in a formation; this paper aims to approach the problem of estimating the optimal feedback parameter for a leader–follower pair of satellites in a small eccentric orbit using nature-based search algorithms.

Design/methodology/approach

The chaotic artificial bee colony algorithm is a variant of the basic artificial bee colony algorithm. The algorithm mimics the behaviour of bees in their search for food sources. This paper uses the algorithm in optimizing feedback controller parameters for a satellite formation control problem. The problem is formulated to optimize the controller parameters while minimizing a fuel- and state-dependent cost function. The dynamical model of the satellite is based on Gauss variational equations with J2 perturbation. Detailed implementation of the procedure is provided, and experimental results of using the algorithm are also presented to show feasibility of the method.

Findings

The experimental results indicate the feasibility of this approach, clearly showing the effective control of the transients that arise because of J2 perturbation.

Originality/value

This paper applied a swarm intelligence approach to the problem of estimating optimal feedback control parameter for a pair of satellites in a formation.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 89 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1748-8842

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Article
Publication date: 17 October 2008

Zhihui Gao, Chao Yun and Yushu Bian

The purpose of this paper is to examine a new idea of vibration control which minimizes joint‐torques and suppresses vibration of the flexible redundant manipulator.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine a new idea of vibration control which minimizes joint‐torques and suppresses vibration of the flexible redundant manipulator.

Design/methodology/approach

Using the kinematics redundancy feature of the flexible redundant manipulator, the self‐motion in the joint space can be properly chosen to both suppress vibration and minimize joint‐torques.

Findings

The study shows that the flexible redundant manipulator still has the second optimization feature on the premise of vibration suppression. The second optimization feature can be used to minimize joint‐torques on the premise of vibration suppression.

Research limitations/implications

To a flexible redundant manipulator, its joint‐torques and vibration can be reduced simultaneously via its kinematics redundancy feature.

Practical implications

The method and algorithm discussed in the paper can be used to minimize joint‐torques and suppress vibration for the flexible redundant manipulator.

Originality/value

The paper contributes to the study on improving dynamic performance of the flexible redundant manipulator via its kinematics redundancy feature. The second optimization capability of the flexible redundant manipulator is discovered and used to both minimize joint‐torques and suppress vibration.

Details

International Journal of Intelligent Computing and Cybernetics, vol. 1 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1756-378X

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 4 October 2018

Yajuan Zhang, Xiaoyan Song, Haibin Wang and Zuoren Nie

The purpose of this paper is to propose a novel method to prepare pure Ti powder for 3D printing with tailorable particle size distribution.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to propose a novel method to prepare pure Ti powder for 3D printing with tailorable particle size distribution.

Design/methodology/approach

The main procedures of the present method consist of gas state reaction to synthesize TiH2 nanoparticles, agglomeration to obtain micronscale powder particles by spray drying, and densification of particle interior by heat treatment.

Findings

The prepared Ti powder has a specific bimodal particle size distribution in a range of small sizes, good sphericity and high flowability. Particularly, this new technique is capable of controlling powder purity and adjusting particle size.

Originality/value

To the best knowledge of the authors, the approach for preparing 3D printing metallic powders from nanoparticles has not been reported in the literature so far. This work provides a novel method that is particularly applicable to prepare 3D printing metallic powders which have small initial particle sizes and high reactivity in the air.

Details

Rapid Prototyping Journal, vol. 24 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-2546

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 27 November 2007

Lianyu Fu, Jianguo Qu and Haibin Chen

To provide a clear picture of the current status of mechanical drilling of printed circuit boards (PCBs).

Abstract

Purpose

To provide a clear picture of the current status of mechanical drilling of printed circuit boards (PCBs).

Design/methodology/approach

A review paper detailing the developments of micro‐drill bit and PCB mechanical drilling techniques.

Findings

Mechanical drilling will still dominate the PCB hole processing methods. A design method on the basis of theoretical analysis, numerical simulation and experimental verifications is proved as an applicable way to improve the drill bit design efficiency. Newly developed tungsten carbide, novel coating techniques and high‐performance steel‐shank micro‐drill bits are expected. Solutions of micro‐drill bits for high‐density interconnection, IC substrate flexible PCBs, halogen and lead‐free assembly compatible PCBs, as well as 2 mm shank diameter drill bit are worthy of being concerned.

Originality/value

The paper highlights the state‐of‐the‐art techniques of micro‐drill bit manufacturing and novel developed micro‐drill bit. The development direction of micro‐drill bit in the future is concluded.

Details

Circuit World, vol. 33 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0305-6120

Keywords

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