This paper examines the possible cooperation options in terms of empty container repositioning across alliances for shipping lines based in the Greater China Region…
This paper examines the possible cooperation options in terms of empty container repositioning across alliances for shipping lines based in the Greater China Region (China, Taiwan and Hong Kong SAR), after the three global shipping alliances reformed in April 2017.
This paper offers a comprehensive review to the latest shipping alliances and introduces a new cooperative dimension among shipping lines based in the Greater China Region which are member of different shipping alliances.
Cooperation among shipping lines in the Greater China Region in terms of empty container handling is possible in terms of resource sharing among shipping lines across alliances that fosters mega shipping line formation in the future.
Shipping lines should review their current empty container repositioning strategies and explore cooperation among non-alliance members having headquarters in proximity for quick responsiveness in empty container repositioning plan and execution.
This is a research directly analyzing the empty repositioning plan of the major shipping lines and their major service routes, fleet and containers.
To study the flow character in a micro nozzle.
The flow in the micro nozzle is simulated using the Direct Simulation Monte‐Carlo (DSMC) method. Considering characteristics of high‐temperature gas flow, the Cercignani‐Lampis‐Lord (CLL) gas‐surface interaction model is adopted in the simulation of high‐temperature gas flow in the Laval nozzle at different inlet pressures and temperatures.
The results showed that as the temperatures of inlet flow increased, the thrust efficiency will increased accordingly, however, the influence of inlet pressure variety on the nozzle performance is insignificant.
A useful reference to the design and performance improvement of micro thruster and MEMS power system.