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Article
Publication date: 11 July 2019

A. Zeeshan, R. Ellahi, F. Mabood and F. Hussain

The purpose of this study is to examine the simultaneous effects of Hafnium particles and partially submerged metallic particles for the flow of bi-phase coupled stress…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to examine the simultaneous effects of Hafnium particles and partially submerged metallic particles for the flow of bi-phase coupled stress fluid over an inclined flat plane.

Design/methodology/approach

An unflinching free stream flow that stretches far from the surface of the plane with the possibility of containing some partially submerged metallic particles is considered. Innovative model has been proposed and designed using Runge–Kutta–Fehlberg method.

Findings

The findings show that the drag force resists the couple stress fluid, whereas the Newtonian flow is supported by increasing the velocity. For both types of flows, movement of the particle is retarded gradually against the drag force coefficient.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this model is reported for the first time.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 29 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

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Article
Publication date: 1 July 2020

Emad H. Aly and Abdelhalim Ebaid

The purpose of this paper is to study flow of the Marangoni boundary layer pasta surface embedded in a porous medium saturated by a hybrid nanofluid in the presence of a…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study flow of the Marangoni boundary layer pasta surface embedded in a porous medium saturated by a hybrid nanofluid in the presence of a magnetic field and thermal radiation.

Design/methodology/approach

The governing model was converted into ordinary differential equations applying proper similarity transformations. Therefore, Laplace transform was used to exactly solve the resulted equations. Hence, the influence of the velocity profile and temperature distribution was investigated under impacts of the involved parameters.

Findings

In the case of regular fluid, i.e. the solid volume fractions are zeros, the current results are in a very good agreement with those in the literature. It was found that the velocity decreases (increases) on increasing the parameters of copper-nanoparticles volume fraction, magnetic field and suction (permeability and injection). Further, the temperature increases (decreases) with an increase of the copper-nanoparticles volume fraction, magnetic field, injection and radiation (permeability and suction).

Originality/value

The current results of the Marangoni boundary layer problem for hybrid nanofluids are new, original and extend the previous problems investigated by many authors for the case of regular/nano fluids.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 31 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

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Article
Publication date: 28 April 2020

Umair Rashid and Haiyi Liang

In this article, we consider the magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) nanofluid flow over a rotating stretchable disk through porous medium. For porous medium, Darcy’s relation is…

Abstract

Purpose

In this article, we consider the magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) nanofluid flow over a rotating stretchable disk through porous medium. For porous medium, Darcy’s relation is used. It also encompassed the impact of nanoparticles shape on MHD nanofluid flow and heat transfer. The effect of thermal radiation and Joule heating is also being considered.

Design/methodology/approach

Three categories of nanoparticles are taken into deliberation, i.e. copper, silver and titanium oxide. The nanofluid is made of pure water and various types of sphere- and lamina-shaped nanoparticles. By using appropriate similarity transformation, the governing partial differential equations are transformed to ordinary one. The coupled ordinary differential equations system is tackled numerically by bvp4c method.

Findings

The impact of various pertinent parameters, i.e. solid volume fraction, Hartman number, thermal radiations parameter, Reynolds number, Eckert number, porosity parameter and ratio parameter, on flow and Nusselt number with a fixed value of Prandtl number at 6.2 is discussed in details. The obtained results are presented in the concluding section. The lamina shape of nanoparticles in silver-water performed an excellent role on temperature distribution. The heat transfer rate of lamina shape in copper-water was found to be greater in the system of flow regime.

Originality/value

The authors have discussed the shape effect of nanoparticles on MHD nanofluid flow over a rotating stretchable disk through porous medium using three categories of nanoparticles, such as copper, silver and titanium oxide. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first study on mass and heat transfer nanofluid flow and no such study is yet published in literature. A detailed mathematical analysis has also to be carried out to prove the regularity of model. The authors believe that the numerical results are original and have not been copied from any other sources.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 30 no. 12
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

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Article
Publication date: 18 May 2020

Yuan Ma, Mohammad Mehdi Rashidi, Rasul Mohebbi and Zhigang Yang

The nanofluid natural convection heat transfer in a hollow complex enclosure, which is named as Shamse knot shape, is studied numerically. This paper aims to present how…

Abstract

Purpose

The nanofluid natural convection heat transfer in a hollow complex enclosure, which is named as Shamse knot shape, is studied numerically. This paper aims to present how the Rayleigh number, nanoparticle volume fraction, Hartmann number and hollow side length affect the fluid flow and heat transfer characteristics.

Design/methodology/approach

The continuity, momentum and energy equations have been solved using lattice Boltzmann method (LBM). Numerical simulation has been obtained for a wide range of Rayleigh number (103 ≤ Ra ≤ 106), nanoparticle volume fraction (0 ≤ ϕ 0.05) and Hartmann number (0 ≤ Ha ≤ 60) to analyze the fluid flow pattern and heat transfer characteristics. Moreover, the effect of hollow side length (D) on flow field and thermal performance is studied.

Findings

The results showed that the magnetic field has a negative effect on the thermal performance and the average Nusselt number decreases by increasing the Hartmann number. Because of the high conduction heat transfer coefficient of nanoparticles, the average Nusselt number increases by rising the nanoparticle volume fraction. The effect of adding nanoparticles on heat transfer is more effective at low nanoparticle volume fraction (0 ≤ ϕ ≤ 0.01). It was also found that at Ra = 106, when the hollow side length increases to 3, the flow pattern becomes different due to the small gap. The averaged Nu is an increasing function of D at low Ra and an opposite trend occurs at high Rayleigh number.

Originality/value

For the first time, the effects of magnetic field, Rayleigh number, nanoparticle volume fraction and hollow side length on natural convection heat transfer of hybrid nanofluid (Ag-TiO2/water) is investigated in a complicated cavity.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 31 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

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Article
Publication date: 15 October 2020

Ubaidullah Yashkun, Khairy Zaimi, Anuar Ishak, Ioan Pop and Rabeb Sidaoui

This study aims to investigate the flow and heat transfer of a hybrid nanofluid through an exponentially stretching/shrinking sheet along with mixed convection and Joule…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to investigate the flow and heat transfer of a hybrid nanofluid through an exponentially stretching/shrinking sheet along with mixed convection and Joule heating. The nanoparticles alumina (Al2O3) and copper (Cu) are suspended into a base fluid (water) to form a new kind of hybrid nanofluid (Al2O3-Cu/water). Also, the effects of constant mixed convection parameter and Joule heating are considered.

Design/methodology/approach

The governing partial differential equations are transformed into ordinary differential equations (ODEs) using appropriate similarity transformations. The transformed nonlinear ODEs are solves using the bvp4c solver available in MATLAB software. A comparison of the present results shows a good agreement with the published results.

Findings

Dual solutions for hybrid nanofluid flow obtained for a specific range of the stretching/shrinking parameter values. The values of the skin friction coefficient increases but the local Nusselt number decreases for the first solution with the increasing of the magnetic parameter. Enhancing copper volume fraction and Eckert number reduces the surface temperature, which intimates the decrement of heat transfer rate for the first and second solutions for the stretching/shrinking sheet. In detail, the first solution results show that when the Eckert number increases as 0.1, 0.4 and 0.7 at λ = 1.5, the temperature variations reduced to 10.686840, 10.671419 and 10.655996. While in the second solution, keeping the same parameters temperature variation reduced to 9.750777, 9.557349 and 9.364489, respectively. On the other hand, the results indicate that the skin friction coefficient increases with copper volume fraction. This study shows that the thermal boundary layer thickness rises due to the rise in the solid volume fraction. It is also observed that the magnetic parameter, copper volume fraction and Eckert number widen the range of the stretching/shrinking parameter for which the solution exists.

Practical implications

In practice, the investigation on the flow and heat transfer of a hybrid nanofluid past an exponentially stretching/shrinking sheet with mixed convection and Joule heating is crucial and useful. The problems related to hybrid nanofluid have numerous real-life and industrial applications, such as microelectronics, manufacturing, naval structures, nuclear system cooling, biomedical and drug reduction.

Originality/value

In specific, this study focuses on increasing thermal conductivity using a hybrid nanofluid mathematical model. The novelty of this study is the use of natural mixed convection and Joule heating in a hybrid nanofluid. This paper can obtain dual solutions. The authors declare that this study is new, and there is no previous published work similar to the present study.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 31 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

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Article
Publication date: 23 September 2020

H. Waqas, M. Imran, Taseer Muhammad, Sadiq M. Sait and R. Ellahi

The purpose of this study is to discuss the Darcy–Forchheimer nanoliquid bio-convection flow by stretching cylinder/plate with modified heat and mass fluxes, activation…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to discuss the Darcy–Forchheimer nanoliquid bio-convection flow by stretching cylinder/plate with modified heat and mass fluxes, activation energy and gyrotactic motile microorganism features.

Design/methodology/approach

The proposed flow model is based on flow rate, temperature of nanomaterials, volume fraction of nanoparticles and gyrotactic motile microorganisms. Heat and mass transport of nanoliquid is captured by the usage of popular Buongiorno relation, which allows us to evaluate novel characteristics of thermophoresis diffusion and Brownian movement. Additionally, Wu’s slip (second-order slip) mechanisms with double stratification are incorporated. For numerical and graphical results, the built-in bvp4c technique in computational software MATLAB along with shooting technique is used.

Findings

The influence of key elements is illustrated pictorially. Velocity decays for higher magnitude of first- and second-order velocity slips and bioconvection Rayleigh number. The velocity of fluid has an inverse relation with mixed convection parameter and local inertia coefficient. Temperature field enhances with the increase in estimation of thermal stratification Biot number and radiation parameter. A similar situation for concentration field is observed for mixed convection parameter and concentration relaxation parameter. Microorganism concentration profile decreases for higher values of bioconvection Lewis number and Peclet number. A detail discussion is given to see how the graphical aspects justify the physical ones.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors’ knowledge, original research work is not yet available in existing literature.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 31 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

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Article
Publication date: 3 March 2020

Asmaa F. Elelamy, Nasser S. Elgazery and R. Ellahi

This paper aims to investigate a mathematical model with numerical simulation for bacterial growth in the heart valve.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to investigate a mathematical model with numerical simulation for bacterial growth in the heart valve.

Design/methodology/approach

For antibacterial activities and antibodies properties, nanoparticles have been used. As antibiotics are commonly thought to be homogeneously dispersed through the blood, therefore, non-Newtonian fluid of Casson micropolar blood flow in the heart valve for two dimensional with variable properties is used. The heat transfer with induced magnetic field translational attraction under the influence of slip is considered for the resemblance of the heart valve prosthesis. The numeral results have been obtained by using the Chebyshev pseudospectral method.

Findings

It is proven that vascular resistance decreases for increasing blood velocity. It is noted that when the magnetic field will be induced from the heart valve prosthesis then it may cause a decrease in vascular resistance. The unbounded molecules and antibiotic concentration that are able to penetrate the bacteria are increased by increasing values of vascular resistance. The bacterial growth density cultivates for upswing values of magnetic permeability and magnetic parameters.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first study to investigate a mathematical model with numerical simulation for bacterial growth in the heart valve.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 30 no. 11
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 17 May 2021

Taza Gul, Abdul Qadeer, Wajdi Alghamdi, Anwar Saeed, Safyan Mukhtar Mukhtar and Muhammad Jawad

This paper aims to consider the heat transportation together with irreversibility analysis for the flow of couple stress hybrid nanofluid past over a stretching surface…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to consider the heat transportation together with irreversibility analysis for the flow of couple stress hybrid nanofluid past over a stretching surface. The innovative characteristics of this paper include electro-magnetohydrodynamic (EMHD) term, viscous dissipation, Joule heating and heat absorption\omission. The hybrid nanofluid is prepared due to the suspension of the solid nanoparticles of the single wall and multi-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs and MWCNTs) in the blood for the testing purpose of heat transfer and drug deliveries. The experimental value of the Prandtl number used for the blood is 21 from the available literature and very large as compared to the Prandtl number of the other base fluids. Appropriate transformations are incorporated to convert the modeled partial differential equations into the nonlinear ordinary differential equations. The homotopy analysis method (HAM) is used to obtain the solution. The explanation for velocity, energy and entropy are exposed under the influence of various parameters such as E, M, k, Q, S and Ec. The numerical values are calculated and summarized for dimensionless Cf and Nu.

Design/methodology/approach

In this investigation, heat transportation together with irreversibility analysis for the flow of couple stress hybrid nanofluid past over a stretching surface is considered. The innovative characteristics of this paper include EMHD term, viscous dissipation, Joule heating and heat absorption\omission. The hybrid nanofluid is prepared due to the suspension of the solid nanoparticles of the SWCNTs and MWCNTs in the blood for the testing purpose of heat transfer and drug deliveries. The experimental value of the Prandtl number used for the blood is 21 from the available literature and very large as compared to the Prandtl number of the other base fluids. Appropriate transformations are incorporated to convert the modeled partial differential equations into the nonlinear ordinary differential equations. The HAM is used to obtain the solution. The explanation for velocity, energy and entropy are exposed under the influence of various parameters such as E, M, k, Q, S and Ec. The numerical values are calculated and summarized for dimensionless Cf and Nu.

Findings

The explanation for velocity, energy and entropy are exposed and the flow against various influential factors is discussed graphically. The numerical values are calculated and summarized for dimensionless In addition, the current study is compared for various values of to that published literature and an impressive agreement in terms of finding is reported. It has also been noticed that the and factors retards the hybrid nanofluid flow, while the temperature of fluid becomes upsurges by the rise in these factors.

Originality/value

This is examined while evaluating the previously discussed publications that study on EMHD aspects of magnetized Casson type hybrid nanofluid via entropy generation research is innovative but also acknowledging that the couple stress model challenged bilaterally on stretching surface has not yet been studied. So, there is an ongoing attempt to bridge such a space.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 21 January 2020

Ambreen A. Khan, S. Naeem, R. Ellahi, Sadiq M. Sait and K. Vafai

This study aims to investigate the effect of two-dimensional Darcy-Forchheimer flow over second-grade fluid with linear stretching. Heat transfer through convective…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to investigate the effect of two-dimensional Darcy-Forchheimer flow over second-grade fluid with linear stretching. Heat transfer through convective boundary conditions is taken into account.

Design/methodology/approach

Nonlinear coupled governing equations are tackled with a homotopy algorithm, while for numerical computation the computer software package BVPh 2.0 is used. The convergence analysis is also presented for the validation of analytical and numerical results.

Findings

Valuation for the impact of key parameters such as variable thermal conductivity, Dufour and Soret effects and variable magnetic field in an electrically conducted fluid on the velocity, concentration and temperature profiles are graphically illustrated. It is observed from the results that temperature distribution rises by Dufour number whereas concentration distribution rises by Soret number. The Forchheimer number and porosity parameter raise the skin friction coefficient. The permeable medium has a vital impact and can help in reining the rate of heat transfer.

Practical implications

The permeable medium has a vital impact and can help in reining the rate of heat transfer.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this study is reported for the first time.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 30 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 16 March 2020

Aaqib Majeed, Noorul Amin, A. Zeeshan, R. Ellahi, Sadiq M. Sait and K. Vafai

The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of activation energy with binary chemical reaction for unsteady flow on permeable stretching surface.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of activation energy with binary chemical reaction for unsteady flow on permeable stretching surface.

Design/methodology/approach

The simultaneous effects of multiple slip and magneto-hydrodynamic effects at the boundary are taken into account. The thermal buoyancy parameter and thermal radiation are included in both energy and momentum equations, while expression of activation energy is considered in concentration equation. Three-stage Lobatto IIIa finite difference collocation technique with bvp4c MATLAB package is used to obtained numerical results.

Findings

The influence of key elements (Schmidt number, buoyancy force ratio factor, factor of radiation, magnetic element, unsteadiness factor, suction/injection parameter, Prandtl number, activation energy, chemical reaction rate parameter, heat source and sink parameters, velocity, thermal and concentration slips, porosity parameter and temperature difference parameter) on velocity, temperature and concentration profiles are illustrated pictorially. A detailed discussion is presented to see how the graphical aspects justify the physical prospect.

Originality/value

In the best of author’s knowledge, this work is yet not available in existing literature.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 30 no. 11
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

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