Search results

1 – 3 of 3
Click here to view access options
Article
Publication date: 6 February 2017

B. Brian Lee, Haeyoung Shin, William Vetter and Dong Wuk Kim

Charting the earnings numbers reported by Korean firms produces a bell curve, but for a sharp discontinuity in the area surrounding zero. The purpose of this paper is to…

Downloads
1401

Abstract

Purpose

Charting the earnings numbers reported by Korean firms produces a bell curve, but for a sharp discontinuity in the area surrounding zero. The purpose of this paper is to investigate if and how a large segment of Korean managers might manage accounting numbers to produce the observed result.

Design/methodology/approach

This study adopts an empirical research method using Korean listed firms as a sample. The primary focus of investigation is on major income statement variables that might produce the observed results in earnings from operations and net income.

Findings

Managers of Korean firms opportunistically use almost all income statement variables to influence earnings numbers. They manage revenues and selling, general & administrative expenses to report small positive earnings from operations, but manage non-operating gains (losses) to report small positive net income.

Research limitations/implications

This paper does not answer several questions related to loss avoidance. First, the paper did not examine which actions, such as discretionary accruals, opportunistic business decisions, or bogus transactions, were employed to affect line items on the income statement. Second, the paper did not investigate what specific incentives trigger Korean managers to report small positive earnings. Korean firms have traditionally raised capital by borrowing funds from creditors and governmental agencies. Thus, they may be concerned that reporting losses would reduce their borrowing capacity. Finally, corporate governance, such as CEO tenure and option grants may influence the extent of earnings management to avoid losses, but most corporate governance data for Korean companies must be manually collected. Accordingly, these subjects are left for future studies as well.

Originality/value

This study contributes to accounting literature by reporting how managers of Korean firms artificially coordinate major income statement variables and report small positive earnings figures, noting the differences between earnings management investigating methodology and ones used in previous studies.

Details

Asian Review of Accounting, vol. 25 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1321-7348

Keywords

Click here to view access options
Article
Publication date: 8 June 2010

Nan Hu, Ling Liu, Haeyoung Shin and Jin Zhang

The purpose of this paper is to propose and evaluate a new matching sample comparison method, the industry size peer matching method.

Downloads
457

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to propose and evaluate a new matching sample comparison method, the industry size peer matching method.

Design/methodology/approach

Based on archival financial data from Compustat and econometric methods, the paper first validates that such a method will result in firms being divided into more homogenous groups, making peer‐performance comparison more meaningful. Then it compares this new peer matching method with previous methods through two resource‐based related studies in the IT valuation context.

Findings

The results show that the industry size matching method is a better method because: it is theoretically grounded, addressing industry, size, and random shock effects and, at the same time, avoids the selection bias caused by using a single firm as benchmark; and empirically such a technique results in more homogeneous groups and can explain more firm‐level returns than the industry‐only classification.

Originality/value

Matched sample comparison group analysis is widely used in both academy and industry. The paper's theoretically grounds and empirically validated matching sample comparison method provides researchers and practitioners with a tool for their future research, performance evaluation, earning management detection, or compensation contract design, when selecting the right peers is called for.

Details

International Journal of Accounting & Information Management, vol. 18 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1834-7649

Keywords

Click here to view access options
Article
Publication date: 3 June 2014

Moonjung Choi, Han-Lim Choi and Heyoung Yang

The aim of this paper is to describe procedural characteristics of the 4th technology foresight (TF) using search engines to discover emerging issues; analytic framework…

Downloads
489

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this paper is to describe procedural characteristics of the 4th technology foresight (TF) using search engines to discover emerging issues; analytic framework development to discover future needs; future technologies considering future needs as well as technology development; detailed description of future technology; analytical discussions of Delphi survey results; developing spatial-specific scenarios and illustrations; and examining possible adverse effects of future technologies. Korea performs TF every 5 years to establish science and technology policy and strategies. In the 4th TF, future technologies that might be developed by 2035 were discovered and Delphi survey was conducted to examine current development status, anticipated times of technology development and public use, plans to secure these technologies, etc.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper divides procedure employed in the 4th TF into three steps and explains seven characteristics related to its procedure.

Findings

Improvement of the TF procedure will increase the reliability and applicability of its results.

Originality/value

This paper consists of original results which include improved procedure and its implication by researchers who participated in the 4th TF. It will provide a useful example for other nations, hoping to introduce TF to set up national science and technology policy.

Details

Foresight, vol. 16 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1463-6689

Keywords

1 – 3 of 3