Biometric identification system has become emerging research field because of its wide applications in the fields of security. This study (multimodal system) aims to find…
Biometric identification system has become emerging research field because of its wide applications in the fields of security. This study (multimodal system) aims to find more applications than the unimodal system because of their high user acceptance value, better recognition accuracy and low-cost sensors. The biometric identification using the finger knuckle and the palmprint finds more application than other features because of its unique features.
The proposed model performs the user authentication through the extracted features from both the palmprint and the finger knuckle images. The two major processes in the proposed system are feature extraction and classification. The proposed model extracts the features from the palmprint and the finger knuckle with the proposed HE-Co-HOG model after the pre-processing. The proposed HE-Co-HOG model finds the Palmprint HE-Co-HOG vector and the finger knuckle HE-Co-HOG vector. These features from both the palmprint and the finger knuckle are combined with the optimal weight score from the fractional firefly (FFF) algorithm. The layered k-SVM classifier classifies each person's identity from the fused vector.
Two standard data sets with the palmprint and the finger knuckle images were used for the simulation. The simulation results were analyzed in two ways. In the first method, the bin sizes of the HE-Co-HOG vector were varied for the various training of the data set. In the second method, the performance of the proposed model was compared with the existing models for the different training size of the data set. From the simulation results, the proposed model has achieved a maximum accuracy of 0.95 and the lowest false acceptance rate and false rejection rate with a value of 0.1.
In this paper, the multimodal biometric recognition system based on the proposed HE-Co-HOG with the k-SVM and the FFF is developed. The proposed model uses the palmprint and the finger knuckle images as the biometrics. The development of the proposed HE-Co-HOG vector is done by modifying the Co-HOG with the holoentropy weights.