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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1984

Ciaran Tuite

Sequel of no. 4/83, p. 24 Not many national associations hold conventions in countries other than their own. In Northwest Europe it is unlikely that any country is a net…

Abstract

Sequel of no. 4/83, p. 24 Not many national associations hold conventions in countries other than their own. In Northwest Europe it is unlikely that any country is a net recipient of national conventions from elsewhere in Europe. In fact, there is likely to be some small ‘leakage’ of national association conventions to destinations in the Mediterranean or further afield. However, Northwest Europe (particularly the U.K. and Ireland) receives a small number of North American association conventions. Based on the available data this may amount to some 25 large conventions yearly.

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The Tourist Review, vol. 39 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0251-3102

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Article
Publication date: 1 July 1959

D.E. Clippinger and G.J. Morris

THE use of liquid oxygen as an oxidizer for various fuels in liquid rocket propellent systems is not new. Professor Goddard used liquid oxygen in his rocket experiments…

Abstract

THE use of liquid oxygen as an oxidizer for various fuels in liquid rocket propellent systems is not new. Professor Goddard used liquid oxygen in his rocket experiments and the well known German V‐2 rockets used this material as an oxidizer. However, its effect on non‐metallic materials ordinarily used in rocket systems was not investigated until recent years. This investigation was prompted by phenomena which had been experienced by rocket engine and rocket aircraft manufacturers and by suppliers of the material. It was observed that when some organic materials came in intimate contact with liquid oxygen they became prone to detonation when subjected to certain impact energies. This was undoubtedly due to the formation of unstable organo‐peroxide compounds which when impacted released high levels of energy resulting in an explosion. Specifically, when liquid oxygen was accidently spilled on asphalt and inadvertently stepped on, the asphalt would often explode. Also, leather gaskets immersed in liquid oxygen and subjected to surge impact detonated with disastrous effects.

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Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 31 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1979

A.Y. AULIN‐AHMAVAARA

A cybernetic theory of hierarchical social systems is given, starting from an extension of Ashby's general theory of regulation and control to amplifying regulation…

Abstract

A cybernetic theory of hierarchical social systems is given, starting from an extension of Ashby's general theory of regulation and control to amplifying regulation. Regulation and control in human society are then discussed and the conditions for the existence of social classes and social hierarchy examined.

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Kybernetes, vol. 8 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1991

K. Horio and H. Yanai

I‐V characteristics of GaAs n‐i‐n structures are calculated by considering impact ionization of carriers. Impact ionization at reverse‐biased n‐i junction becomes a cause…

Abstract

I‐V characteristics of GaAs n‐i‐n structures are calculated by considering impact ionization of carriers. Impact ionization at reverse‐biased n‐i junction becomes a cause of steep current rise when an acceptor density in the i‐layer is high. It is shown that an optimum acceptor density exists to keep a good isolation. Photoconduction transients of GaAs n‐i‐n structures are also simulated, and are shown to be strongly affected by existence of n‐i junctions.

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COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 10 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1995

Esteban, J.A. Pardo, M.C. Pardo and M.L. Vicente

Several coefficients, called divergences, have been suggested in the statistical literature to reflect the fact that some probability distributions are “closer together”…

Abstract

Several coefficients, called divergences, have been suggested in the statistical literature to reflect the fact that some probability distributions are “closer together” than others and consequently that it may be easier to distinguish between the distributions of one pair than between those of another. When comparing three biological populations, it is often interesting to measure how two of them “move apart” from the third. Deals with the statistical analysis of this problem by means of bivariate divergence statistics. Provides a unified study, depicting the behaviour and relative merits of traditional divergences, by using the (h,ø), divergence family of statistics introduced by Menéndez et al.

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Kybernetes, vol. 24 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1986

Michal Polácek

In the course of development of human communities towards industrially advanced societies of today, there have been changes not only in economic conditions in the majority…

Abstract

In the course of development of human communities towards industrially advanced societies of today, there have been changes not only in economic conditions in the majority of fields of human activity but also in the ways of providing for food, which went hand in hand with changes in living conditions. Large‐scale industrial production has brought about major changes in the way of life of the population. The development of industrial agglomerations results in a growing number of city dwellers, most of whom have no chance of producing foodstuffs of their own in kind. The distance between residential and industrial areas has been growing, the number of employed women has risen considerably. These are but a few factors affecting the way of boarding, particularly in households.

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The Tourist Review, vol. 41 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0251-3102

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1990

Yi Lin

The concept of L‐fuzzy systems is introduced as a generalisation of that of general systems. A universal structure of a special kind of L‐fuzzy system is given, some…

Abstract

The concept of L‐fuzzy systems is introduced as a generalisation of that of general systems. A universal structure of a special kind of L‐fuzzy system is given, some mapping properties of L‐fuzzy systems are studied and a number of open questions posed.

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Kybernetes, vol. 19 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1988

Socrates I. Papadopoulos

Economic effects are only one aspect of the total impact of tourism. For example, the development of a tourist industry in a particular country has varying repurcussions…

Abstract

Economic effects are only one aspect of the total impact of tourism. For example, the development of a tourist industry in a particular country has varying repurcussions on the long term socio‐cultural, environmental and ecological development of the local community as a whole. This article examines the main non‐economic aspects of tourism in Greece.

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The Tourist Review, vol. 43 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0251-3102

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1988

Robert Datzer

12,2 Millionen Bundesbürger sind über 60 Jahre alt. Im Jahre 2000 werden es bereits 14 Millionen sein. Kein Wunder also, dass die Senioren für viele Wirtschaftszweige…

Abstract

12,2 Millionen Bundesbürger sind über 60 Jahre alt. Im Jahre 2000 werden es bereits 14 Millionen sein. Kein Wunder also, dass die Senioren für viele Wirtschaftszweige immer interessanter werden. Dies gilt auch für die Tourismusbranche, die mit der wachsenden Reisefreude der älteren Generation rechnen kann. Im vorliegenden Beitrag werden ausgewählte Ergebnisse einer Studie wiedergegeben, die das Institut für Freizeit‐ und Tourismusberatung aus Ettlingen Anfang des Jahres gemacht hatte.

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The Tourist Review, vol. 43 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0251-3102

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1986

A.M. O'Reilly

Hotelry and Tourism can be considered as synonymous especially when looked at in small‐state, developing‐country terms, in that, in these small economies, without tourism…

Abstract

Hotelry and Tourism can be considered as synonymous especially when looked at in small‐state, developing‐country terms, in that, in these small economies, without tourism, there can be no hotels and without hotels, nos tourism. Of course this is evident in both developing and developed countries that are dependent on tourism for their economic wellbeing, but it is certainly more marked in the former, especially the island state, where, as it were, hotels were and are still constructed dependent on the fact that tourism already exists in the country and the country has the potential for tourism growth. In other words the rationale for hotel development is based on the state of the tourism product in the developing territory, and this is usually dependent on outside marketing forces from the developed nations, as there is little or no domestic tourism in these small countries to merit the growth of the hotel plant. Therefore, the growth and potential of the industry is dictated usually by countries to the north and their influence on the culture and the habits of the developing host nation (usually to their south) is oftentimes enormous.

Details

The Tourist Review, vol. 41 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0251-3102

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