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Article
Publication date: 25 February 2014

Dawid J. D'Melo, Anagha S. Sabnis, Mohan A. Shenoy and Mukesh S. Kathalewar

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the efficiency of acrylated guar gum (AGG) as an additive in alkyd resin for improved mechanical properties and to optimize the…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the efficiency of acrylated guar gum (AGG) as an additive in alkyd resin for improved mechanical properties and to optimize the results of such an addition.

Design/methodology/approach

For studying the effect of AGG on coating properties, guar gum was modified to various degrees of esterification and various compositions of alkyd systems were made by incorporating different concentrations of AGG. The mechanical and solvent absorption of the unmodified and modified alkyd systems were characterized.

Findings

The incorporation of AGG into alkyd coating showed significant improvement of mechanical properties over the unmodified one. The modification caused an additional crosslink site through its unsaturation which led to increased crosslink density without phase separation of additive from the alkyd system which was confirmed by SEM scans.

Research limitations/implications

The reactive additive, AGG used in the present study was synthesised using acryloyl chloride. Besides, it could also be synthesised from methacryloyl chloride and the effect of methyl substitution on water and solvent absorption could be studied.

Practical implications

The method developed provided a simple and practical solution to improving the mechanical properties of alkyd coatings.

Originality/value

The method for enhancing mechanical properties of cured alkyd system was novel and could find numerous applications in surface coatings.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 43 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

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Article
Publication date: 12 September 2008

M.A. Shenoy and D.J. D'Melo

The purpose of this paper is to study the effect of acrylated guar gum (GG) compared with GG in acrylic emulsions with reference to its viscosity, film properties such as…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study the effect of acrylated guar gum (GG) compared with GG in acrylic emulsions with reference to its viscosity, film properties such as mechanical strength, weathering properties and clarity.

Design/methodology/approach

The acrylate derivatives were synthesised and characterised and then incorporated in acrylic emulsions and their rheology studied. Films were analysed for their clarity and mechanical properties. The films were then subjected to UV radiation and the influence of these additives on the weathering properties was studied.

Findings

The viscosity of acrylated GGs in emulsions was lower than that of GG in emulsion because of the increased hydrophobic nature and hence reduced water‐binding capacity. The mechanical properties of acrylated GGs were superior compared with GG due to increased compatibility of the additive with the polymer binder. This was further confirmed with increased clarity of the films. Acrylated GG was found to act as a protective additive with reference to UV degradation of the coatings.

Research limitations/implications

The performance of these additives was analysed on un‐pigmented coating formulations, which may not conform with pigmented coatings.

Practical implications

These biodegradable additives synthesised from renewable resources could be used to increase the mechanical strength as UV stabilisers and in some cases also as rheology modifiers.

Originality/value

The use of acrylated polysaccharides to increase mechanical and weathering properties allows the use of biodegradable, renewable resources as opposed to petroleum‐based compounds.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 37 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 4 January 2021

Mazrina Mazlan, Muhammad Rizwan, Ahmad Danial Azzahari, Vidhya Selvanathan, Faridah Sonsudin and Nurshafiza Shahabudin

The purpose of this study is to modify guar gum (GG) into guar gum acetate (GGA) and phthaloyl guar gum (PHGG) by transesterification and phthaloylation, respectively.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to modify guar gum (GG) into guar gum acetate (GGA) and phthaloyl guar gum (PHGG) by transesterification and phthaloylation, respectively.

Design/methodology/approach

GG has been modified into GGA through transesterification reaction between GG and vinyl acetate and PHGG through esterification reaction with phthalic anhydride. The modified GG was characterized by solubility test, Fourier-transform infra-red (FTIR) spectroscopy, proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffractometry (XRD) and thermogravimetric analysis. Swelling properties of GGA and PHGG hydrogels in water were evaluated.

Findings

These two types of modified GG have better solubility such as in dimethyl sulfoxide and N,N-dimethylformamide but no true organosolubility was achieved. The modifications were confirmed through FTIR with new absorption peaks at 1,733 cm−1 for GGA and 1,709 cm−1 for PHGG coupled with observed substitution peaks at 1.80 to 2.20 ppm and 7.40 to 7.90 ppm, respectively, from 1H NMR spectroscopies. XRD revealed both GGA and PHGG are less crystalline than native GG. GGA was found to be more thermally stable than native GG, whereas PHGG was slightly less thermally stable than native GG. The swelling property in distilled water for native GG, PHGG and GGA was 918.43 ± 46.62%, 537.04 ± 2.87% and 393.04 ± 13.42%, respectively.

Research limitations/implications

The GGA and PHGG hydrogels are expected to be useful for biomedical fields such as tissue engineering and drug-delivery.

Originality/value

Modifications of native GG into GGA using vinyl acetate and PHGG using phthalic anhydride are novel.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 1989

A successful conference was held at the Sheraton Hotel, Frankfurt from 23rd to 25th October 1989. The title covered High Solids, High Build, High Performance and High…

Abstract

A successful conference was held at the Sheraton Hotel, Frankfurt from 23rd to 25th October 1989. The title covered High Solids, High Build, High Performance and High Technology. 16 papers were presented by an international group of lecturers. Over 200 delegates from many countries attended, from as far away as Brazil, Japan, Israel, and surprisingly, both Iraq and Iran. A summary of papers follows:

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 18 no. 12
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 1983

Americus

Developments in the area of epoxy resins make rich contributions to the patent literature. The single subject on which more patents are issued than any other is curing…

Abstract

Developments in the area of epoxy resins make rich contributions to the patent literature. The single subject on which more patents are issued than any other is curing agents. Accordingly, this section will describe some of the patents on epoxy resin curing agents that have been issued in the past few years. Associated with the curing agents are catalysts, coreactants, and modifiers.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 12 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

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