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Article
Publication date: 17 August 2021

Chengxi Zhang, Hui-Jie Sun, Jin Wu, Zhongyang Fei, Yu Jiang and Guanhua Zhang

This paper aims to study the attitude control problem with mutating orbital rate and actuator fading.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to study the attitude control problem with mutating orbital rate and actuator fading.

Design/methodology/approach

To avoid malicious physical attacks and hide itself, the spacecraft may irregularly switch its orbit altitude within a specific range, which will bring about variations in orbital rate, thereby causing mutations in the attitude dynamics model. The actuator faults will also cause changes in system dynamics. Both factors affect the control performance. First, this paper determines the potential switching orbits. Then under different conditions, design controllers that can accommodate actuator faults according to the statistical law of actuator fading.

Findings

This paper, to the best of the authors’ knowledge, for the first time, introduces the Markovian jump framework to model the possible unexpected mutating of orbital rate and actuator fading of spacecraft and then designs a novel control policy to solve the attitude control problem.

Practical implications

This paper also provides the algorithm design processes in detail. A comparative numerical simulation is given to verify the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm.

Originality/value

This is an early solution for spacecraft attitude control with dynamics model mutations.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1748-8842

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 13 August 2018

Jinliang Liu, Yanmin Jia, Guanhua Zhang and Jiawei Wang

During service period, due to the overload or other non-load factors, diagonal cracks of the pre-stressed concrete beam are seriously affecting the safety of the bridge…

Abstract

Purpose

During service period, due to the overload or other non-load factors, diagonal cracks of the pre-stressed concrete beam are seriously affecting the safety of the bridge structure. The purpose of this paper is to quickly realize the shear bearing capacity and shear stiffness through maximum width of the diagonal cracks and make correct judgments.

Design/methodology/approach

Through the shear failure test of four test beams, collecting data of diagonal cracks and shear stiffness loss value. According to the deformation curve of the shear stiffness, and combined with the calculation formula of the maximum width of diagonal cracks, the formula for calculating the effective shear stiffness based on the maximum width of diagonal cracks is deduced, then the results are verified by test data. Data regression method is used to establish the effective shear stiffness loss ratio calculation formula, the maximum width of diagonal cracks used as a variable factor, and the accuracy of this formula is verified by comparing the shear failure test results of pre-stressed hollow plates.

Findings

With the increase in width of the diagonal crack, the loss rate of shear stiffness of the concrete beams is initially fast and then becomes slow. The calculation formulae for shear stiffness based on the maximum width of the diagonal cracks were deduced, and the feasibility and accuracy of the formulae were verified by analysis and calculation of shear test data.

Originality/value

A method for quickly determine the shear stiffness loss of structures by using maximum width of the diagonal cracks is established, and using this method, engineers can quickly determine effective shear stiffness loss ratio, without complex calculations. So this method not only ensures the safety of human life, but also saves money.

Details

International Journal of Structural Integrity, vol. 9 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1757-9864

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 9 April 2018

Jinliang Liu, Yanmin Jia, Guanhua Zhang and Jiawei Wang

During service period, due to the overload or other non-load factors, cracks of the pre-stressed concrete beam are seriously affecting the safety of the bridge structure…

Abstract

Purpose

During service period, due to the overload or other non-load factors, cracks of the pre-stressed concrete beam are seriously affecting the safety of the bridge structure. The purpose of this paper is to quickly realize the bearing capacity and the loss of the section stiffness through fracture characteristics and make correct judgments.

Design/methodology/approach

Through the flexural failure test of two test beams: collecting data of fracture characteristics and section stiffness loss value. According to the fracture characteristic data, the flexural stiffness of the section is obtained by the nonlinear calculation method, and the results are verified by test data. Data regression method is used to establish the section flexural stiffness loss ratio calculation formula, nominal tensile strain at the bottom edge of the cross-section used as a variable factor, and the accuracy of this formula is verified by comparing the flexural failure test results of pre-stressed hollow plates.

Findings

The loss of the flexural stiffness of section shows the decrease trend of first-fast-then-slow and the structural stiffness is sensitive to the initial cracking of beam. The calculation formula on the loss ratio of the flexural stiffness of section established with the nominal tensile stress at the bottom edge of beam as a variable is accurate and feasible, it realizes the possibility of assessing the stiffness loss of pre-stressed concrete structure by adopting the statistic parameters on crack characteristics.

Originality/value

A method for quickly determine the stiffness loss of structures by using fracture characteristics is established, and using this method, engineers can quickly determine whether a bridge is a dangerous bridge, without loading test. So, this method not only ensures the safety of human life, but also saves money.

Details

International Journal of Structural Integrity, vol. 9 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1757-9864

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 13 August 2018

Jiawei Wang, Guanhua Zhang, Jinliang Liu and Yanmin Jia

During service period, the bridge structures will be affected by the environment and load, so the carrying capacity will decline. The purpose of this paper is to research…

Abstract

Purpose

During service period, the bridge structures will be affected by the environment and load, so the carrying capacity will decline. The purpose of this paper is to research on the bearing capacity of bridge structures with time.

Design/methodology/approach

Destructive test and non-linear finite element analysis are carried out by utilizing two pretensioning prestressed concrete hollow slabs in service for 20 years; using the structural test deflection value to simulate the stiffness degradation of the service bridge and the finite element calculation results verify the accuracy of the calculation.

Findings

The flexural rigidity of the main beam when the test beam is destructed is degraded to approximately 20 percent of that before the test, which agrees well with the result of finite element analysis and indicates that the method of deducing the flexural rigidity of the structure according to the measured deflection value can effectively simulate the rigidity degradation law of the bridge in service. The crack resistance property of the test beam degrades obviously and the ultimate bearing capacity of the bending resistance does not degrade obviously.

Originality/value

The research results truly reflect the destruction process, destructive form, bearing capacity and rigidity degradation law of the old beam of the concrete bridge in service for 20 years and can provide technical basis for optimization design of newly built bridges of the same type and maintenance and reinforcement design of existing old bridges.

Details

International Journal of Structural Integrity, vol. 9 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1757-9864

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 16 June 2020

Jiawei Wang, Jinliang Liu, Guanhua Zhang and Jigang Han

Considering the “size effect” and the properties degradation of building materials on the strengthened engineering, in this paper, the technology of pasting steel plate…

Abstract

Purpose

Considering the “size effect” and the properties degradation of building materials on the strengthened engineering, in this paper, the technology of pasting steel plate was adopted to shear strengthen a 16 m prestressed concrete hollow slab, which had serviced 20 years in cold regions. The shear properties of shear strengthen beams are analyzed.

Design/methodology/approach

Shear loading test of the shear strengthened beam and the contrast beam was conducted. Then the mechanical characteristics, failure mechanism, the mechanical response and shear capacity of shear strengthened beam and contrast beam had been discussed.

Findings

The failure mode of shear strengthened beam and contrast beam was shear compression failure, and the bond failure between concrete and prestressed reinforcement happened in both of test beams. The shear strengthening method of pasting steel plate can effectively improve the mechanical response for the shear strengthened beam. Compared with the contrast beam, the cracking load and failure shear capacity for the shear strengthened beam can be effectively increased by 12.2 and 27.6%, respectively.

Originality/value

The research results can be a reference for the detection and evaluation of shear strengthened bridges, which are strengthened by pasting steel plate. Engineers can refer to the shear strengthening method in this paper to strengthen the existing bridge, which can guarantee the safety of shear strengthened bridges.

Details

International Journal of Structural Integrity, vol. 12 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1757-9864

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 13 August 2018

Jinliang Liu, Yanmin Jia, Guanhua Zhang and Jiawei Wang

In the freeze-thaw zone, the pre-stressed concrete of bridge structure will be damaged by freezing-thawing, the bearing capacity of structure will decrease and the safety…

Abstract

Purpose

In the freeze-thaw zone, the pre-stressed concrete of bridge structure will be damaged by freezing-thawing, the bearing capacity of structure will decrease and the safety will be affected. The purpose of this paper is to establish the time-dependent resistance degradation model of structure in the freeze-thaw zone, and analysis the structural reliability and remaining service life in different freeze-thaw zones.

Design/methodology/approach

First, according to the theory of structural design, a calculation model of the resistance of pre-stressed concrete structures in f freeze-thaw zone is established. Second, the time-dependent resistance model was verified by the test beam bending failure test results done by the research group, which has been in service for 20 years in freeze-thaw zone. Third, using JC algorithm in MATLAB to calculate the index on the reliability of pre-stressed concrete structure in frozen thawed zones, forecasting the s remaining service life of structure.

Findings

First, the calculation model of the resistance of pre-stressed concrete structures in freeze-thaw zone is accurate and it has excellent applicability. Second, the structural resistance deterioration time in Wet-Warm-Frozen Zone is the earliest. Third, once the pre-stressed reinforcement rusts, the structural reliability index will reach limit value quickly. Finally, the remaining service life of structure meets the designed expectation value only in a few of freeze-thaw zones in China.

Originality/value

The research will provide a reference for the design on the durability of a pre-stressed concrete structure in the freeze-thaw zone. In order to verify the security of pre-stressed concrete structures in the freeze-thaw zone, engineers can use the model presented in this paper for durability checking, it has an important significance.

Details

International Journal of Structural Integrity, vol. 9 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1757-9864

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 6 December 2018

Jinliang Liu, Yanmin Jia, Guanhua Zhang and Jiawei Wang

The calculation of the crack width is necessary for the design of prestressed concrete (PC) members. The purpose of this paper is to develop a numerical model based on the…

Abstract

Purpose

The calculation of the crack width is necessary for the design of prestressed concrete (PC) members. The purpose of this paper is to develop a numerical model based on the bond-slip theory to calculate the crack width in PC beams.

Design/methodology/approach

Stress calculation method for common reinforcement after beam crack has occurred depends on the difference in the bonding performance between prestressed reinforcement and common reinforcement. A numerical calculation model for determining the crack width in PC beams is developed based on the bond-slip theory, and verified using experimental data. The calculation values obtained by the proposed numerical model and code formulas are compared, and the applicability of the numerical model is evaluated.

Findings

The theoretical analysis and experimental results verified that the crack width of PC members calculated based on the bond-slip theory in this study is reasonable. Furthermore, the stress calculation method for the common reinforcement is verified. Compared with the model calculation results obtained in this study, the results obtained from code formulas are more conservative.

Originality/value

The numerical calculation model for crack width proposed in this study can be used by engineers as a reference for calculating the crack width in PC beams to ensure the durability of the PC member.

Details

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures, vol. 15 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1573-6105

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 17 July 2019

Guanhua Zhang, Jiawei Wang, Jinliang Liu, Yanmin Jia and Jigang Han

During service, cracks are caused in prestressed concrete beams owing to overload or other non-load factors. These cracks significantly affect the safety of bridge…

Abstract

Purpose

During service, cracks are caused in prestressed concrete beams owing to overload or other non-load factors. These cracks significantly affect the safety of bridge structures. The purpose of this paper is to carry out a non-linear iterative calculation for a section of a prestressed concrete beam and obtain the change in stiffness after the section cracks.

Design/methodology/approach

The existing stress of prestressed reinforcement was measured by performing a boring stress release test on two pieces of an in-service 16 m prestressed concrete hollow plate. Considering the non-linear effects of materials, the calculation model of the loss in the flexural stiffness of the prestressed concrete beam was established based on the existing prestress. The accuracy of the non-linear calculation method and the results obtained for the section were verified by conducting a bending destruction test on two pieces of the 16 m prestressed concrete hollow plate in the same batch and by utilising the measured strain and displacement data on the concrete at the top edge of the midspan section under all load levels.

Findings

The flexural stiffness of the section decreases rapidly at first and then gradually, and structural rigidity is sensitive to the initial cracking of the beam. The method for calculating the loss in the flexural stiffness of the section established with the existing stress of prestressed reinforcement as a parameter is accurate and feasible. It realizes the possibility of assessing the loss in the rigidity of a prestressed concrete structure by adopting the existing stress of prestressed reinforcement as a parameter.

Originality/value

A method for quickly determining the loss in the stiffness of structures using existing prestress is established. By employing this method, engineers can rapidly determine whether a bridge is dangerous or not without performing a loading test. Thus, this method not only ensures the safety of human life, but also reduces the cost of testing.

Details

International Journal of Structural Integrity, vol. 10 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1757-9864

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 October 2018

Jiawei Wang, Jinliang Liu, Guanhua Zhang and Yanmin Jia

The calculation of the shear capacity of inclined section for prestressed reinforced concrete beams is an important topic in the design of concrete members. The purpose of…

Abstract

Purpose

The calculation of the shear capacity of inclined section for prestressed reinforced concrete beams is an important topic in the design of concrete members. The purpose of this paper, based on the truss-arch model, is to analyze the shear mechanism in prestressed reinforced concrete beams and establish the calculation formula for shear capacity.

Design/methodology/approach

Considering the effect of the prestressed reinforcement axial force on the angle of the diagonal struts and regression coefficient of softening cocalculation of shear capacity is established. According to the shape of the cracks of prestressed reinforced concrete beams under shear compression failure, the tie-arch model for the calculation of shear capacity is established. Shear-failure-test beam results are collected to verify the established formula for shear bearing capacity.

Findings

Through theoretical analysis and experimental beam verification, it is confirmed in this study that the truss-arch model can be used to analyze the shear mechanism of prestressed reinforced concrete members accurately. The calculation formula for the angle of the diagonal struts chosen by considering the effect of prestress is accurate. The relationship between the softening coefficient of concrete and strength of concrete that is established is correct. Considering the effect of the destruction of beam shear plasticity of the concrete on the surface crack shape, the tie-arch model, which is established where the arch axis is parabolic, is applicable.

Originality/value

The formula for shear capacity of prestressed reinforced concrete beams based on this theoretical model can guarantee the effectiveness of the calculation results when the structural properties vary significantly. Engineers can calculate the parameters of prestressed reinforced concrete beams by using the shear capacity calculation formula proposed in this paper.

Details

International Journal of Structural Integrity, vol. 9 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1757-9864

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 October 2018

Jiawei Wang, Yanmin Jia, Guanhua Zhang, Jigang Han and Jinliang Liu

Most existing studies are confined to model beam tests, which cannot reflect the actual strengthening effects provided by prestressed carbon-fiber-reinforced polymer…

Abstract

Purpose

Most existing studies are confined to model beam tests, which cannot reflect the actual strengthening effects provided by prestressed carbon-fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) plates to existing bridges. Hence, the actual capacity for strengthening existing bridges with prestressed CFRP plates is becoming an important concern for researchers. The paper aims to discuss these issues.

Design/methodology/approach

Static load tests of in-service prestressed concrete hollow slabs before and after strengthening are conducted. Based on the results of the tests, the failure characteristics, failure mechanism and bending performance of the slabs are compared and analyzed. Nonlinear finite element method is also used to calculate the flexural strength of the strengthened beams prestressed with CFRP plates.

Findings

Test results show that prestressed CFRP plate strengthening technology changes the failure mode of hollow slabs, delays the development of deflection and cracks, raises cracking and ultimate load-carrying capacity and remarkably improves mechanical behavior of the slab. In addition, the nonlinear finite element analyses are in good agreement with the test results.

Originality/value

Strengthening with prestressed CFRP plates has greater advantages compared to traditional CFRP plate strengthening technology and improves active material utilization. The presented finite element method can be applied in the flexural response calculations of strengthened beams prestressed with CFRP plates. The research results provide technical basis for maintenance and reinforcement design of existing bridges.

Details

International Journal of Structural Integrity, vol. 9 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1757-9864

Keywords

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