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Grete Brochmann

Immigration represents one of the most contentious and complicated issues for social democracy in many national contexts. In Scandinavia, the social democratic parties…

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Immigration represents one of the most contentious and complicated issues for social democracy in many national contexts. In Scandinavia, the social democratic parties have been particularly tormented, being split internally on central concerns related to immigration policy. Social democratic parties in Scandinavia have had a basically ambiguous relationship to the issue from the initiation of the era of ‘new immigration’. This chapter argues that this can be explained by the specifically strong attachment and ‘ownership’ of these parties to the Scandinavian welfare model, with its particular claims on a strong tax base and an orderly labour market. ‘Social democracy’ is dealt with mainly as an institutional and political entity, close to what goes as ‘The Nordic Model’ in the international literature. The chapter describes and analyses similarities and differences between the three Scandinavian countries, through a historical exposé of the period after the early 1970s; on the one hand, the institutional and normative prerequisites for social democracies in handling migration, and on the other hand, the way in which recent flows of migrants have influenced the very same social democracies. Theoretically, the chapter is drawing on conceptual tools from political economy, citizenship discourse and institutional theory.

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Social Democracy in the 21st Century
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83909-953-3

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Multicultural Challenge
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76231-064-7

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Multicultural Challenge
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76231-064-7

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Comparative Perspectives on Universities
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76230-679-4

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Tordis Borchgrevink and Grete Brochmann

“Multiculturalism” is a troubled concept, in a political as well as in a scholarly sense. What has triggered this paper is the authors’ experience of the hardships…

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“Multiculturalism” is a troubled concept, in a political as well as in a scholarly sense. What has triggered this paper is the authors’ experience of the hardships involved in understanding the power structures embedded in societies termed “multicultural”; we find ourselves equipped with a set of conceptual tools that are confusing, and with policy makers that compound that confusion. This presentation takes as its point of departure the tension engendered at the interface between popular democracy ground rules and minority rights, and turns in its second part to current political vocabulary in Norway. Thematically, the discussion moves from the intricacies of “cultural rights” to a closer look at the bias implicit in the benevolent phrase “fair terms of integration.” The suggestion is that hidden underneath the niceties, we find the unavoidable and seemingly unspeakable dilemmas of a welfare state confronted with non-economic, humanitarian principles. Let us be clear about one thing, however; the aim of this presentation is not to solve problems, but to face them.

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Multicultural Challenge
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76231-064-7

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Grete Brochmann

Cultural pluralization – reinforced by immigration – has had major consequences for the political agenda in recent years in liberal democratic states. New types of…

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Cultural pluralization – reinforced by immigration – has had major consequences for the political agenda in recent years in liberal democratic states. New types of tensions have arisen – new forms of social and cultural differentiation, and new patterns of inequality. The diversity also reshapes the frame of reference for traditional policy instruments employed by modern welfare states: new issues arise that are linked to rights, legitimacy, and policy measures of a general and targeted nature.

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Multicultural Challenge
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76231-064-7

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Multicultural Challenge
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76231-064-7

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Comparative Perspectives on Universities
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76230-679-4

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Comparative Perspectives on Universities
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76230-679-4

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Jeroen Huisman and Eric Beerkens

This chapter analyzes the behavior of early adopters of innovations and followers in the Dutch university sector from 1974–1993. The innovations we concentrate on are…

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This chapter analyzes the behavior of early adopters of innovations and followers in the Dutch university sector from 1974–1993. The innovations we concentrate on are (comparable) new study programs. We formulate contrasting expectations bearing on institutional and strategic choice theory concerning the consequences for early adopters versus followers. From an institutional perspective we predict that followers are less successful measured in terms of the quality of the program, the enrollments, and fundamental changes in the program (including closing down the program). Seven chains of innovations (in total 35 new programs) are analyzed. This analysis points out that the behavior of the adopters can be seen as a combination of both strategic choice and institutional adjustment.

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Comparative Perspectives on Universities
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76230-679-4

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